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Topic: Accident philosophy


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In the News (Fri 26 Apr 19)

  
  Accident - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A common misconception is that a gun can "go off" accidentally, where in truth, such gun accidents are extremely rare, and most gun injuries are caused by intentional acts that create the hazard of injury (i.e., pulling the trigger of a loaded gun).
An accident at work is defined as an external, sudden, unexpected, unintended, and violent event, during the execution of work or arising out of it, which causes damage to the health of or loss of the life of the employee (the insured).
A bicycle accident, an incident in which a bicycle ride goes wrong, can result in injury to the rider or another person in their path, and damage to the bicycle or nearby objects.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Accident   (731 words)

  
 Accident (philosophy) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In philosophy, an accident is a property that its bearer has contingently—that is, a property which its bearer could have failed to have (without having failed to exist), had things been different.
Accidental properties are defined by contrast to essential properties—properties which their bearer could not have failed to have without having failed to exist (or at least to exist as what it is).
Thus, for example, the high value of gold in the jewelry market is an accident of gold: if humans did not exist, or did not make jewelry, or found gold ugly, then gold would not have a high value in the jewelry market, but it would still be gold.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Accident_(philosophy)   (189 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Accident
This element is likewise dissolved in the philosophy of Hume and the Associationists.
Kant considered accidents to be simply subjective categories of sense and intellect, forms according to which the mind apprehends and judges of things -- which things are, and must remain, unknowable.
The teaching of Catholic philosophy on the distinct reality of certain absolute, not purely modal, accidents was occasioned by the doctrine of the Real Presence of the Body and Blood of Christ in the Eucharist, though the arguments for the theory are deduced from natural experience.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/01096c.htm   (1282 words)

  
 SAFETY IS NO ACCIDENT
Accidents rarely happen from a single, simple cause such as “unsafe action” or “lack of guard” or “not trained”.
Rather, accident occurrence is a complex matter, in which the “real” causes often include a combination of unsafe physical conditions, unsafe actions, inadequate administrative procedures and other factors.
The main reason for investigating accidents is to prevent the recurrence of similar accidents in the future.
www.manningsmith.com /safety_is_no_accident.htm   (982 words)

  
 Right Reason: Analytic/Continental Philosophy Archives
As the standard potted history of analytic philosophy would have it, analytic philosophers of the early to mid twentieth century tended to be either logical positivists of the Schlick, Neurath, or Carnap sort, or “therapeutic positivists” of the (later) Wittgenstein, Austin, or Ryle sort.
A philosophy which tends to regard traditional metaphysical conceptions with contempt, and demands, absurdly, that all rational discourse be modeled on physical science, can hardly fail to have radical moral and political consequences.
What distinguishes analytical philosophy, in its diverse manifestations, from other schools is the belief, first, that a philosophical account of thought can be attained through a philosophical account of language, and secondly, that a comprehensive account can only be so attained.
rightreason.ektopos.com /archives/cat_analyticcontinental_philosophy.html   (3923 words)

  
 Uncertainty and Idealism
In philosophy, however, accident is a property of a thing which is a merely contingent attribute, that is, something which is not part of its essential nature.
Accident, chance, contingencies, etc. are phenomena which cannot be defined solely in terms of the known properties of the objects under consideration.
The accidental phenomena which constantly flash in and out of existence, like the waves on the face of an ocean, express a deeper process, which is not accidental but necessary.
www.marxist.com /science/uncertaintyandidealism.html   (11338 words)

  
 [No title]
Accident signifies an unessential (accidental) characteristic of a substance which does not constitute the nature of the substance or one of its non-essential elements (=attribute).
In the contemporary Western philosophy, reason was ambiguously used by Spinoza, and in Leibniz, reason is understood as the principle of being, the reason of necessity is the principle of necessary being, while the principle of sufficient reason is the principle of accidental or contingent being.
In logical positivism and philosophy of science, semantics is considered as inferior to formal structure of logic and language, but later Carnap had to recognize the significance of semantics since truth is discovered as incapable of formalization and belongs to semantics.
www.csudh.edu /phenom_studies/study/glossary.htm   (9142 words)

  
 Cloudband : Magazine : Reviews : THE WORLD ACCORDING TO GANI   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
'Accident and Design' is the first major celebration of Gani Odutokun's paintings, drawings, designs and sculptural work outside Africa, and it's easy to see why many artists across Nigeria saw him as an inspirational figure.
But mostly it was his philosophy of "accident and design" which charged not only his works but those of other artists he encountered throughout his 49 years.
This philosophy entailed allowing the materials he was using to take on a life of their own; Odutokun would develop an idea based on random shapes and patterns made by paint on the canvas, creating recognisable images from abstract forms.
www.cloudband.com /magazine/articles/rev_daines_accident_0200.html   (525 words)

  
 bmj.com Rapid Responses for Davis and Pless, 322 (7298) 1320-1321
Some 'accidents' are the consequences of other people's actions, but the very word 'accidental' gives us the opportunity to accept that injuries may not be as a result of a deliberate plan to harm.
It may be that accidents are due to human failings, or to a mixture of human failing and an unlikely or unforseeable event/s.
The premise that because accidents are unpredictable they are therefore unavoidable is patent nonsense, and actually runs counter to the mainstream philosophy of accident prediction (such as exploring and learning from critical incidents).
bmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/eletters/322/7298/1320   (7653 words)

  
 National Safety Management Society - Chapters
What is needed now is a scientific means for diagnosing what is going wrong within the corporate “body.” In their opening statements concerning accident research, Hadden, Suchman, and Klein allude to the similarity of the accident-prevention problem today with that of preventive medicine a century ago.
They were materially helped by a textbook written by Heinrich, whose concept of a new ‘basis and philosophy of accident prevention” influenced the whole movement for the next quarter of a century.
If, for example, the 300 no-injury accidents were being reported, the true accident researcher would have a greater base for extracting the “vital few” from the “trivial many” which is so badly needed for a scientific approach to accident problem solving.
www.nsms.us /pages/movement.html   (1908 words)

  
 Moral Philosophy footnotes 8
And philosophy itself is entirely bound up in time, there is nothing supra-temporal or non-temporal in it; it is only the consciousness of what is substantial in its time.
In philosophy "we find ourselves by ourselves (bei uns) without depending on anything else," because in philosophy (in absolute knowledge) we are the Spirit thinking itself and hence we depend neither on an extra-notional reality nor on a Spirit which transcends us.
"Philosophy having the general as its object is not liable to the variability of the subject.
www.nd.edu /Departments/Maritain/etext/jmorfn08.htm   (4203 words)

  
 SOAS: The Brunei Gallery: Previous Exhibitions: "Accident & Design" - Gani Odutokun and his Influence
Accident and Design: Gani Odutokun and his influence, which opens at the Brunei Gallery, is a tribute to his genius, and to the art and artists that he inspired across Nigeria, but particularly at Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria, Northern Nigeria where he taught and practised for most of his career.
His philosophy of "accident inducing design…" is not only an apt description of his life and death, but also of the works of numerous artists whose lives he touched, and who saw him as their mentor.
The Brunei Gallery was built as a result of a generous benefaction from HM The Sultan of Brunei Darussalam, and was inaugurated by HRH The Princess Royal, as Chancellor of the University of London, on 22 November 1995.
www.soas.ac.uk /gallery/Nigeria/home.html   (549 words)

  
 Accident   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Technically, "accidents" do not include incidents where someone is at fault, i.e., negligent: where someone fails to take reasonable precautions under the circumstances.
For example, a pharmacist negligently mixes the wrong chemicals and mislabels them for sale; a person ingesting the chemicals according to the label instructions has been "accidentally" poisoned, but the pharmacist's mistake was not accidental — it was negligent.
A common misconception is that a gun can "go off" accidentally, where in truth, such gun accidents are extremely rare.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/A/Accident.htm   (736 words)

  
 [No title]
As a way to relax, philosophy may not be as healthy as yoga, but it's more edifying than watching TV or getting drunk (you can combine all three if you want, cracking open a few beers and deconstructing an Arnold Schwarzenegger film, but let's not get too ambitious here).
Philosophy does not proceed in the orderly manner of the physical sciences, but at least it provides the opportunity for criticism and self-criticism, a model which we would do well to follow in our everyday lives.
Philosophy would be worth practicing if it did nothing more than provide a rational basis for social action, in other words, if there were no more to it than ethics and politics (which as Joad said, can be seen as "ethics writ large").
pluto.spaceports.com /~words/empty.html   (2622 words)

  
 NRC: SECY-01-0009 - Modified Reactor Safety Goal Policy Statement
The risk to an average individual in the vicinity of a nuclear power plant of prompt fatalities that might result from reactor accidents should not exceed one-tenth of one percent (0.1 percent) of the sum of prompt fatality risks resulting from other accidents to which members of the U.S. population are generally exposed.
In its response to the recommendations of the President's Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) stated that it was "prepared to move forward with an explicit policy statement on safety philosophy and the role of safety-cost tradeoffs in the NRC safety decisions." This policy statement is the result.
Consistent with the traditional defense-in-depth approach and the accident mitigation philosophy requiring reliable performance of containment systems, the overall mean frequency of a large release of radioactive materials to the environment from a reactor accident should be less than 1 in 1,000,000 per year of reactor operation.
www.nrc.gov /reading-rm/doc-collections/commission/secys/2001/secy2001-0009/2001-0009scy.html   (9562 words)

  
 Safety   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Accident investigation, reporting, and analysis with emphasis on trend analysis, statistical displays, report preparation, accident investigation, and system validation.
First aid for chemical agent accidents and operational procedures and techniques for nuclear, biological, and chemical detection equipment; decontamination and protective equipment; individual and collective protection; radiac instruments; and nuclear, biological, and chemical research programs.
Philosophy of weapons accident prevention, safety, and transportation with emphasis on inspection, classification, and mishap investigation and reporting.
www.au.af.mil /au/ccaf/catalog/1999cat/cd_saf.htm   (309 words)

  
 The Radical Academy Glossary of Philosophical Terms
The fallacy which confuses the accidental and essential characteristics of a thing, so that what is affirmed of something as adventitious to a thing is also applied to the subject itself.
The definite disposition or determination of an indifferent and determinable accidental entity in such a manner that it does not confer any positive and new entity upon the substance.
An accident that has its being in a subject only because of the bearing which one thing has to another.
radicalacademy.com /aipphilglossary1.htm   (1139 words)

  
 About Philosophy, cont.
The charges that philosophy is nebulous, unproductive, and even pointless arise from a failure to see the place it occupies in the human quest to understand the world and humans' place in it.
It is no accident that philosophy appears to be difficult.
By pursuing those questions, philosophy becomes both the parent discipline from which the other emanate, and it occupies a crucial place at the boundary of what we know, what we don't know, and what we can come to know.
www.csus.edu /indiv/m/mccormickm/aboutphil2.html   (289 words)

  
 Philosophy At Eckerd College
Philosophy literally means "the love of wisdom." And while throughout history this love has taken many forms, common to any type of philosophy is an attitude of questioning, based on reason, and rooted in wonder.
Students majoring in philosophy develop with their mentor a program of study including a minimum of eight courses, including one logic course and one ethics course; at least three courses from the History of Philosophy series; Contemporary Philosophical Methodology; and other upper level courses focused on the student's particular philosophical interests.
Philosophy majors are to have a working knowledge of the issues and methods covered in their required courses in logic, ethics, and the history of philsophy sequence, in addition to those in their chosen area of focus.
www.eckerd.edu /academics/ltr/pll   (3478 words)

  
 Safety Improvement: Fix the system, not the workers
Since the 1930's the philosophy of accident prevention has been based on the premise that "unsafe actions" of the worker cause 85% of accidents at work.
Accident investigations - or interrogations - are way too late, and prejudiced by presumptions of guilt about the employee.
Processes, including those that produce accidents, do not operate in isolation but are intertwined and interdependent with the rest of the system.
www.skymark.com /resources/safety.asp   (772 words)

  
 window   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
This is a pity since philosophy only appears to be complex because those who write about it choose to do so in a very esoteric (written for the "in" crowd) way.
People who operate on the accidental theory are constantly dealing with frustration because although they have no foundation or base to refer to as their authority, their feelings convince them that they are absolutely right about their beliefs and that anyone who doesn't agree with them is heartless and mercenary.
Accident theory people can (and delight to) point out all the pain and suffering that the creation theory people have caused in past ages trying to impose their beliefs on unwilling populations.
users2.ev1.net /~henthorn/window.htm   (5063 words)

  
 Marx's Second Notebook on Epicurean Philosophy
Greek philosophy begins with seven wise men, among whom is the Ionian philosopher of nature Thales, and it ends with the attempt to portray the wise man conceptually.
It is no more an accident that philosophy gravitates round these substantial individuals, than that the political downfall of Greece takes place at the time when Alexander loses his wisdom in Babylon.
The eternity of matter, which is connected with the fact that time is considered as an accident of accidents, as proper only to composites and their eventis, and hence is relegated to outside the material principle, outside the atom itself.
www.marxists.org /archive/marx/works/1839/notebook/ch02.htm   (6948 words)

  
 My Philosophy
This term is currently the accepted term to describe the collection of symptoms and diseases that are generally found in our TMD patients.
y professional philosophy includes the notion that it is inappropriate to treat any but the most seriously ill of chronic pain patients with continuing medication.
Following an appropriate healing time, which could be six months or longer, the patient is re-evaluated to determine the need, if any, for any additional treatment to stabilize and support the positive result.
www.drsidholleman.com /my_philosophy.htm   (1261 words)

  
 Converse Accident
Abstract: Converse Accident or hasty generalization is the fallacy of drawing a general conclusion based on one or several atypical instances.
Converse Accident: (hasty generalization) the fallacy of considering certain exceptional cases and generalizing to a rule that fits them alone.
Note that the fallacy of converse accident is the opposite of accident.
philosophy.lander.edu /logic/converse.html   (453 words)

  
 The Philosophy Resource Center: Chance, Luck, Accident
The following are instances of the occurrences which are usually considered to be the result of "chance" or "luck" or "accident." A man spades his garden, in order to plant some vegetables, and uncovers a hidden treasure of which he had no knowledge.
This is a case of "good luck," and he is said to find this treasure by "chance" or "accident"; it is also spoken of as "good fortune." Years after a war, a farmer plows a field which had been the scene of a battle, hits a hidden shell, and is hurt by the explosion.
He had "bad luck" or "misfortune," and his injury was the result of an "accident." Two cars, speeding along separate highways which cross each other at right angles, meet at the intersection, and a collision occurs.
radicalacademy.com /studentrefphil6h.htm   (1041 words)

  
 Auto Accident Attorneys   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The general intro is fine, but then to have a (longish) section on bicycle accidents yet not mentioning significant shipwrecks, air accidents, major car pile-ups, etc is weird!!!
This is a list of fatal accidents for O.A. flights, which includes the ''Olympic Airways'', ''Olympic Aviation'' and ''Olympic Airlines'' companies.
''A is for Accident'', a collection of live recordings from 2001-2003, is the first album by The Dresden Dolls, which was released on May 27, 2003 by Important Records.
www.wwwtln.com /finance/12/auto-accident-attorneys.html   (587 words)

  
 Accident - TheBestLinks.com - Bicycle, Gun, Social security, 1842, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Accident - TheBestLinks.com - Bicycle, Gun, Social security, 1842,...
Accident, Bicycle, Gun, Social security, 1842, Collision, Jumping, Judge...
Physical examples include an unintended collision (including a person or object unintendedly falling, and including a gun going off unintendedly or pointing in the wrong direction or while unintendedly containing a bullet), getting injured by touching something sharp or getting injured by not properly landing when jumping.
www.thebestlinks.com /Accident.html   (424 words)

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