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Topic: Accusative

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  Accusative case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The accusative case exists (or existed once) in all the Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Russian), in the Finno-Ugric languages, and in Semitic languages (such as Arabic).
In morphosyntactic alignment terms, both perform the accusative function, but the accusative object is telic, while the partitive is not.
"Whom" is the accusative case of "who"; "him" is the accusative case of "he" (the final "m" of both of these words can be traced back to the Proto-Indo-European accusative case suffix); and "her" is the accusative case of "she".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Accusative_case   (528 words)

The accusative case is used for the direct object of transitive verbs, for the internal object (mostly of intransitive verbs), for the subject of a subordinate infinitive (that is, not as the subject of the historical infinitive), to indicate place to which, extent or duration, and for the object of certain prepositions.
It is believed that the accusative case originally had a "local" function; it was the case that indicated the end or ultimate goal of an action or movement.
The Cognate Accusative is the easiest form of the internal accusative to identify; it is called a "cognate accusative" because the noun in the accusative case uses a same linguistic stem or root as (in other words, it is cognate with) the stem or root of the verb.
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /latin/grammar/accusative_case.htm   (806 words)

 Accusative case
The accusative case of a noun marks the direct object of a verb or the object of a preposition.
English, which lacks declension in its nouns, has an accusative case in a few pronouns (e.g.
"whom" is the accusative case of "who", and "him" is the accusative case of "he").
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ac/Accusative_case.html   (213 words)

 RWT: Accusative case
The accusative case endings of adjectives that describe masculine inanimate nouns are the same as in the nominative case.
Possessive adjectives that accompany masculine animate nouns in the accusative case have the same forms as in the genitive.
In Russian we use the accusative case with the prepositions × and ÎÁ when the noun indicates the direction (place) toward which something or someone is moving.
www.auburn.edu /~mitrege/RWT/tutorials/accusative.html   (632 words)

 Language Log: Here comes the accusative
Accusative case is a stipulation, as it apparently is in the construction that poor me is an exemplar of.
Another way is to analyze the inverted motion construction as having two parts, in a kind of setup/payoff paratactic arrangement also seen in some other constructions: Here's the problem: the frammis and The issue is: the virus and even What bothers me (is): their passivity.
That is, the inverted motion construction has two immediate constituents, a setup consisting of a motional adverbial followed by a motion verb, and a phrase serving as the payoff.
itre.cis.upenn.edu /~myl/languagelog/archives/001762.html   (745 words)

 [No title]
As a result, Fijian is analyzed as accusative, and Tongan is analyzed as ergative, since the Nominative marks the [actr] in the former, while it marks the [PAT] in the latter.
One is that the Accusative clitic pronoun in Fijian was originally attached to the verb as a suffix, possibly a cross-referencing marker in the proto-language.
At this point, the language became clearly accusative, with the form ko marking the [actr], or the [AGT] of the transitive clause and the [PAT] of the intransitive clause.
www3.aa.tufs.ac.jp /~ritsuko/papers/8ical_97pr.doc   (12427 words)

 Accusative case.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Nouns that end in the letter -a in the nominative case, have the ending -у in the accusative.
Their accusative case form is the same as the nominative.
Accusative case: The modifiers этот, эта, это, эти, один, одна, одно, одни and весь - tutorial #0045
www.auburn.edu /forlang/russian/tutorials/0040.html   (234 words)

 Accusative - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A form of morphosyntactic alignment, as found in nominative-accusative languages.
The accusative case, which is a grammatical case found in nominative-accusative languages that employ explicit morphology to mark direct objects, such as Latin.
This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Accusative   (112 words)

 Learn Greek: nominative, genitive, accusative, vocative
The hardest part of this case and the accusative is probably learning how to change the words to agree.
It is easy to recognize the accusative (or another case, for that matter) no matter where it is in the sentence.
This means that it is accusative and is still the direct object of the sentence, i.e.
www.kypros.org /LearnGreek/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=61   (1410 words)

 The Study of Syntax
Indirect Object: the accusative is the equivalent of the English indirect object (this is not that common).
Or, it may be the accusative of the internal object in which the noun indicates an action identical with or analogous to the action of the verb (equal to the cognate accusative for emphasis):
State: the accusative is the explicative of the state of the subject or of the object.
www.christianleadershipcenter.org /exsyntax.htm   (5460 words)

 The Accusative: 2 (Gaston WARINGHIEN)
So the accusative became not simply one of the various elements of the morphology, but the main and essential means of support of the entire Esperanto syntax, and passibly its most characteristic trait.
Many indirect objects, which must be shown be a prepositional phrase, are not clear on which preposition to use; for instance, the English "she became pregnant with evil" does not justify the use of "kun" in Esperanto, since "with" is not used in its standard sense, and the Esperanto prepositions are fairly narrowly defined.
Here the accusative was found after every preposition, showed the object of the verb, and, when it came to personal names, was also used for the genitive and the dative.
donh.best.vwh.net /Languages/akuzativo2.html   (3875 words)

 Case in German
The direct object is in the accusative case.
"She" is nominative, and "her" can be either an accusative pronoun, functioning as an object, or a possessive adjective.
The word "her" cannot be the subject, because it is not nominative.
www.acampitelli.com /explain_case_in_German.htm   (869 words)

 Accusative   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The accusative case in Latin shows which noun is direct object of the sentence.
In Latin, the accusative case endings show which noun in the sentence is the direct object no matter where it is.
Rule I.  When you have an action verb, you have a direct object which is in the accusative.
members.tripod.com /~LtnTcha/accusative.htm   (368 words)

 Viking Answer Lady Webpage - Old Norse Men's Names
The runic accusative form aþal:miki is found, but it is unclear which of the two second elementes listed here is represented.
Runic examples include the nominative forms amuit, amuti, [amut]in, [amuti], hamunti, the accusative forms hamnta, omunta and one example for which the case is uncertain, omuta.
The runic evidence is uncertain: this name may occur as the accusative form ausburn, or the inscription may actually be the name Ásbjörn.
www.vikinganswerlady.com /ONMensNames.shtml   (8890 words)

 SynCat : Nouns : Accusative
Two accusative are used in connection with the same verb, one refers to a person.
The accusative is used with an infinitive and is the 'subject' of it.
The accusative is used alongside another accusative and refers to the same thing.
euaggelion.port5.com /syncat/accusative.html   (102 words)

 Accusative Case
The accusative case is also used after a series of prepositions, of which the largest group are those denoted some kind of motion into a location.
Another major use of the accusative is in time expressions and the duration of time an action was performed ("в пятницу" -- "on Friday" is in the accusative case, as is "Сестра читала час" -- "(My) sister read for an hour.").
Hence the accusative of "тётя" ("aunt") would not be "*тёту", which would suddenly change the final "т" from soft to hard, but rather "тётю", which maintains its softness.
www.du.edu /langlit/russian/acc.htm   (524 words)

 Latin Grammar Aid: Accusative
accusative place to which : he is going to [ad] AMERICA.
accusative space of time : the battle lasted [for] MANY HOURS.
accusative predicate : they considered Odo [to be] A SCHOLAR.
www.nd.edu /~archives/acc.htm   (71 words)

 Accusative case : search word
The accusative case of a noun is, generally, the case used to mark the direct object of a verb.
"Whom" is the accusative case of "who"; "him" is the accusative case of "he"; and "her" is the accusative case of "she".
Most modern English grammarians feel that due to the lack of declension except in a few pronouns, where accusative and dative have been merged, that making case distinctions in English is no longer relevant, and frequently employ the term objective instead (see Declension in English).
www.searchword.org /ac/accusative-case.html   (379 words)

 German For Travellers - Accusative Case
In English, the definite ("the") and indefinite ("a") articles are the same in the nominative and the accusative case.
In German, the definite ("der") and indefinite ("ein") articles used with masculine nouns in the accusative also indicate case.
Articles for feminine nouns, neuter nouns, and for plural forms are exactly the same in the nominative and in the accusative case.
www.germanfortravellers.com /learn/lesson/grammar/accusative.htm   (147 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for accusative
accusative ACCUSATIVE [accusative] [Lataccusing], in grammar of some languages, such as Latin, the case typically meaning that the noun refers to the entity directly affected by an action.
Because the Slavic group of languages seems to be closer to the Baltic group than to any other, some scholars combine the two in a Balto-Slavic subfamily of the Indo-European
Javier Rivas: Ergativity and Transitive Gradients in the Accusative and Infinitive Construction.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=accusative   (619 words)

 Accusative - PeppyFool.com
is the direct object of the sentence, the accusative case pronoun for "he".
Expressions of measurement, such as length, weight, or age, are in the accusative case.
Again, like for the accusative expressions of time, any measurement units that are feminine or neuter don't appear to be in the accusative case, but they are.
www.peppyfool.com /index.php?content=25   (612 words)

 [No title]
The existence of an accusative in Esperanto is often, for beginners or outside viewers, an object of surprise and criticism.
From the viewpoint of general grammar, the accusative is a means of expressing the transformation from a subject to an object.
The Esperanto accusative morpheme is invariant with respect to the stem to which it is attached; and it satisfies no other function than showing the accusative.
donh.best.vwh.net /Languages/akuzativo.html   (5324 words)

 "Retained accusative"? (was: RE: instances of (accusative) objects in passive constructions)
Although the active form would in >this instance use a double accusative construction (just as in English we >say 'teach somebody something'), the accusative of TAS PARADOSEIS in the >active is similarly maintained in the passive recasting of the sentence.
The so-called synecdochical or Greek Accusative, found in poetry and later Latin, is used to denote the part affected:-- * caput nectentur (Aen.
In many apparently similar expressions the accusative may be regarded as the direct object of a verb in the middle voice (§ 156.
lists.ibiblio.org /pipermail/b-greek/2001-October/018921.html   (1448 words)

 The Russian Prepositions (Accusative Case)
Let us begin our review of the prepositions governing the accusative case by simply checking out all twelve of them and their general meanings.
The accusative case is associated with the direction of a motion, so the most prominent prepositions which demand the accusative case are those prepositions used with verbs of motion to indicate the direction of the motion.
Four Russian prepositions govern the accusative case to indicate motion toward a place and either the prepositional or instrumental case to indicate presence at that place.
www.alphadictionary.com /rusgrammar/prepacc.html   (576 words)

 Accusative Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The accusative case marks an noun as the `object' of `patient' of some action; it is the thing that is subjected to the action of the verb.
Inanimate nouns are not normally marked for accusative unless the speaker wishes to indicate a SPECIFIC or DEFINITE thing; this is similar to the function of the definite article in English (which Tamil otherwise lacks).
Animate nouns, however, are always marked accusative when they are the objects of verbs.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /plc/tamilweb/book/chapter2/node25.html   (212 words)

 Predicate accusative
It is the use of two accusatives, instead of two nominatives: one is a direct object, the other a “predicate accusative.” Rather than a linking verb, these two accusatives are found with transitive verbs that mean call, consider, deem, name, make, appoint, choose, and the like.
The latter is not part of the Direct Object before the action of the verb occurs, but it is (to put it graphically) “thrown” upon the D O through the action of calling, considering, etc.
Note that the adjective or noun that we mark as predicate accusative is, of course, in the predicative position with respect to the DO.
www.class.uh.edu /MCL/faculty/pozzi/grnl1/less7/ee7.5.htm   (462 words)

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