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Topic: Accusative case


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  Accusative case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The accusative case of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a verb.
The accusative case exists (or existed once) in all the Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Russian), in the Finno-Ugric languages, and in Semitic languages (such as Arabic).
"Whom" is the accusative case of "who"; "him" is the accusative case of "he" (the final "m" of both of these words can be traced back to the Proto-Indo-European accusative case suffix); and "her" is the accusative case of "she".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Accusative_case   (536 words)

  
 ACCUSATIVE
The accusative case is used for the direct object of transitive verbs, for the internal object (mostly of intransitive verbs), for the subject of a subordinate infinitive (that is, not as the subject of the historical infinitive), to indicate place to which, extent or duration, and for the object of certain prepositions.
It is believed that the accusative case originally had a "local" function; it was the case that indicated the end or ultimate goal of an action or movement.
The Cognate Accusative is the easiest form of the internal accusative to identify; it is called a "cognate accusative" because the noun in the accusative case uses a same linguistic stem or root as (in other words, it is cognate with) the stem or root of the verb.
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /latin/grammar/accusative_case.htm   (806 words)

  
 Dative case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The dative case is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given.
In this case, the noun or pronoun's case is determined by the preposition, NOT by its function in the sentence.
Here, the subject, Ich, is in the nominative case; the direct object, das Buch, is in the accusative case, and zum Kassierer is in the dative case, since zu always requires the dative.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dative_case   (790 words)

  
 Accusative case
The accusative case of a noun is the case used to mark the direct object of a verb.
The accusative case exists (or existed once) in all the Indo-European languages (including Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, German, Russian), and the Finno-Ugric languages.
English morphologically distinguishes only one case, the possessive case -- which in reality is not a case at all, but a clitic (see the entry for genitive case for more information).
www.guajara.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/a/ac/accusative_case.html   (272 words)

  
 RWT: Accusative case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The accusative case endings of adjectives that describe masculine inanimate nouns are the same as in the nominative case.
Possessive adjectives that accompany masculine animate nouns in the accusative case have the same forms as in the genitive.
In Russian we use the accusative case with the prepositions × and ÎÁ when the noun indicates the direction (place) toward which something or someone is moving.
www.auburn.edu /~mitrege/RWT/tutorials/accusative.html   (632 words)

  
 ASPECTUAL AND THEMATIC LICENSING OF GRAMMATICAL CASE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Accusative is the case of objects and delimiting adjuncts of a predicate which takes an external argument as a subject.
Nominative is the case of arguments available for direct case and delimiting adjuncts of a predicate which takes a subject with the aspectual prominence of the internal argument as well as the case of subjects.
The accusative case marking is generally optional in Korean for arguments as well as adverbials, and this optionality will not be indicated with parentheses in the examples.
csli-publications.stanford.edu /LFG/4/lee/lfg99-lee.html   (4204 words)

  
 The Russian Noun Case System
The Accusative Case serves primarily to indicate the direct object of the verb, the noun to which something is done.
The Genitive Case is the 'of' case in that it translates English prepositional phrases beginning with 'of'.
The pattern in Declension IV is for the accent to fall on the stem in the nominative-accusative and on the ending in the remaining four cases.
www.alphadictionary.com /rusgrammar/case.html   (1696 words)

  
 Accusative Case
What (the blue book) is in the accusative case and in English generally corresponds to the direct object.
The accusative case is also used after a series of prepositions, of which the largest group are those denoted some kind of motion into a location.
Another major use of the accusative is in time expressions and the duration of time an action was performed ("в пятницу" -- "on Friday" is in the accusative case, as is "Сестра читала час" -- "(My) sister read for an hour.").
www.du.edu /langlit/russian/acc.htm   (524 words)

  
 Engl401 | Lessons | The Four Main Cases: Masculine and Neuter Strong Nouns
(sé fæder is in nominative case, and þone fæder is in accusative case).
Unlike masculine nouns for which the demonstrative changes in the accusative (the object case, in the sentences we saw in Lesson 2) to þone, the neuter demonstrative does not change from nominative to accusative: it remains þæt, so word order alone may indicate which noun is the subject and which the object.
The masculine nominative plural is identical to the masculine accusative plural; the neuter accusative plural is identical to the neuter nominative plural.
www.ucalgary.ca /UofC/eduweb/engl401/lessons/casestmn.htm   (770 words)

  
 Declensions and Cases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
To show that a word is in the nominative case, (i.e., the word functions as the subject of a clause), modern English speakers put that word in front of a verb.
To show that a word is in the accusative case (functioning as a direct objective), modern English speakers put that word after the verb.
Accusative Case: Words in this case commonly function as the direct object of a verb, though often certain prepositions will require an object of the preposition to be in the accusative case.
web.cn.edu /kwheeler/declensions.html   (655 words)

  
 Case in German
The subject of a sentence is in the nominative case.
The direct object is in the accusative case.
The indirect object is in the dative case.
www.acampitelli.com /explain_case_in_German.htm   (869 words)

  
 Accusative
The accusative case in Latin shows which noun is direct object of the sentence.
In Latin, the accusative case endings show which noun in the sentence is the direct object no matter where it is.
There is also another special case that may arise when you have an adjective by itself after a linking verb.  e.g.  Shaquille is tall.  In this sentence, Shaquille is the subject or nominative.
members.tripod.com /LtnTcha/accusative.htm   (368 words)

  
 Exceptional Case Marking Verbs
This is in contrast to verbs in the Tnx0Vnx1s2 family (section 6.7), which assign accusative case to an NP which is not part of the sentential complement.
The subject of an ECM infinitive complement is assigned accusative case in a manner analogous to that of a subject in a for-to construction, as described in section 8.5.
The ECM and for-to cases are analogous in how they are used together with the correct infinitival to to assign accusative case to the subject of the lower infinitive.
www.cis.upenn.edu /~xtag/tech-report/node96.html   (515 words)

  
 Case: Interaction between Syntax and Discourse Grammar   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Under this view, accusative Case morphology in ergative languages is generally morphologically null (or identical to the nominative morphology).
The conclusion to be drawn is that syntax and discourse grammar jointly determine the morphological Case that surfaces.
If we are correct in hypothesizing that the widespread absence of accusative Case in ergative languages is due to discourse grammar effects rather than being somehow linked to the presence of ergative Case, we might expect to find similar effects in nominative-accusative languages.
csli-publications.stanford.edu /LFG/3/falk.html   (4528 words)

  
 KET DL | Latin 3 | Grammatica | Prepositions
In Latin, prepositions are used with nouns or pronouns in either the ablative or accusative case.
These nouns or pronouns are also in the ablative or accusative cases so they are recognized by the ending of the word or words.
Accusative of direction towards when the name of cities, towns or small islands are used.
www.dl.ket.org /latin3/Grammar/prepositions/prepositions_gen.htm   (485 words)

  
 NOTES ON GRAMMAR 4
The nominative and the accusative case are two of six cases in Russian.
The noun or pronoun in the accusative case has a different relationship to the other words in the sentence than does the noun or pronoun in the nominative.
In short, the main use of the accusative case is to show the direct object of the sentence.
facstaff.bloomu.edu /spring/courses/Russian/grammar/grammar4.htm   (872 words)

  
 Usage of All Cases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The cases that we will be studying are the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and locative.
This usage of the genitive case is used simply to indicate the ownership or holding of an object by a person, thing or group.
The locative case is not a difficult case.
www.fordhamprep.com /floodd/gram9a.htm   (1139 words)

  
 [No title]
So the accusative became not simply one of the various elements of the morphology, but the main and essential means of support of the entire Esperanto syntax, and passibly its most characteristic trait.
Many indirect objects, which must be shown be a prepositional phrase, are not clear on which preposition to use; for instance, the English "she became pregnant with evil" does not justify the use of "kun" in Esperanto, since "with" is not used in its standard sense, and the Esperanto prepositions are fairly narrowly defined.
Translator's note: a fourth case may be the empty grammatical ending -aý which is found, in fossilized form, in several adverbs and prepositions, as well as the "determinant" ankaý and the (usually referred to as a preposition but actually a) coordinating conjunction anstataý.
donh.best.vwh.net /Languages/akuzativo2.html   (3875 words)

  
 E-Intro to Old English - 4. Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Case is the inflection of nouns, pronouns and adjectives to signal their functions in sentences and clauses.
In all of the Germanic languages the dative case is an amalgam of several older cases that have fallen together: dative, locative, ablative, and instrumental.
With other prepositions the case may be either dative or accusative, depending on the writer's dialect or the meaning of the preposition.
www.wmich.edu /medieval/research/rawl/IOE/case.html   (1699 words)

  
 Accusative case.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Nouns that end in the letter -a in the nominative case, have the ending -у in the accusative.
Feminine nouns that end in soft sign, neuter and masculine inanimate nouns, and all plural inanimate nouns, don't have endings in the accusative case.
All animate plural nouns will have the same endings in the accusative case as in the genitive.
www.auburn.edu /forlang/russian/tutorials/0040.html   (234 words)

  
 ENGLISH CASE
As in Latin, so in English "case" refers to a change in the form of a word which indicates how that word is used in a sentence, that is, how it relates syntactically to other words in the sentence.
However, the Dative case is really indistinguishable from the accusative case: "I gave him the book" ("him" is Dative) or "I saw him." ("him" is Accusative).
Originally it was as flexible as the genitive case in Latin, and as a result may still in English indicate relationships that are more subtle or complex than ownership.
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /latin/grammar/english_cases.htm   (730 words)

  
 Learn English Free and Fast - Objective / Accusative Case
A noun or pronoun is in the objective case when it is used as a direct object, an indirect object, or an object.
A noun which is directly affected by the action of a verb is put into the objective case.
In the example above, the "car" is in the objective case because it's the direct object of Robert's action of fixing.
www.zozanga.com /grammar/caseobjacc.htm   (107 words)

  
 Accusative Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Case refers to 1) the ending of a noun and to 2) the function of that noun.
Words that function as subjects of verbs or complements are in the nominative case.
In your English sentence, translate the word in the nominative case first, then the verb, then look for a direct object, which will be in the accusative case.
www.mccsc.edu /~blaw/Chapter_4.htm   (348 words)

  
 The Russian Prepositions (Accusative Case)
Let us begin our review of the prepositions governing the accusative case by simply checking out all twelve of them and their general meanings.
The accusative case is associated with the direction of a motion, so the most prominent prepositions which demand the accusative case are those prepositions used with verbs of motion to indicate the direction of the motion.
Four Russian prepositions govern the accusative case to indicate motion toward a place and either the prepositional or instrumental case to indicate presence at that place.
www.alphadictionary.com /rusgrammar/prepacc.html   (576 words)

  
 case - Wiktionary
(grammar): An instance of grammatical case; a category of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, specialized (usually by inflection) to indicate a particular syntactic relation to other words in a sentence.
The accusative case canonically indicates a direct object.
In typography, the nature of a piece of alphabetic type, whether a "capital" (upper case) or "small" (lower case) letter.
en.wiktionary.org /wiki/Case   (419 words)

  
 [No title]
2.3 Accusative Case As seen in Table 3, the DCK (and likewise SK and LK) accusative and nominative forms have merged in the definite articles — this is also the situation for the indefinite articles and possessive pronouns (discussed further in 2.4).
One possibility is that the dative forms merged with the accusative, as is the case for the articles (which will be discussed shortly) creating two competing pronouns.
The first person pronouns [mIx] (accusative) and [mi:r] (dative are often reduced to [mi:] or [m´]; in the same fashion, the second person accusative [dIx] and dative [di:r] are reduced or converge to [di:] or [d´]).
www.jgmf.org /thor/schrift/papers/ByCatergory/MAThesisDCK/Sect2.doc   (3146 words)

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