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Topic: Aceh


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  Aceh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aceh (IPA pronunciation: [ʔaˈtɕɛh], pronounced approximately Ah-Cèh, but with [e], not [ei] at the end) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra.
Aceh was the closest point of land to the epicenter of the massive 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which triggered a tsunami that devastated much of the western coast of the region, including part of the capital of Banda Aceh.
The western coastal areas of Aceh, including the cities of Banda Aceh, Calang, and Meulaboh, were among the areas hardest-hit by the tsunami resulting from the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on December 26, 2004.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Aceh   (2532 words)

  
 INDONESIA TOURISM : WELCOME TO ACEH
Aceh has a fascinating history which over the centuries has shaped and transformed the region into what it is today.
Aceh's dominance in trade and politics in northern parts of Sumatra and in the entire region had begun and would last until it reached its zenith between 1610 and 1640.
Aceh's decline began with the death of Sultan Iskandar Thani in 1641, and as a result the British and Dutch both began vying for domination of the area.
www.indonesia-tourism.com /aceh/history.html   (404 words)

  
 Aceh - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Aceh also resisted Indonesian control and in 1959 was designated a special region with autonomy in religion, culture, and education.
Late in 1976 the Movement for a Free Aceh declared the province independent but was suppressed; guerrilla warfare resumed in the late 1980s and continued through the rest of the century.
An autonomy law for Aceh was passed by the Indonesian parliament in 2006, but some Acehnese criticized it for provisions that left the central government with more powers in Aceh than had been envisioned by the peace agreement.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-aceh.html   (558 words)

  
 Mass graves begin to reveal scale of atrocities in Indonesia
Mass graves were unearthed last week in the Aceh region, on the northern tip of Sumatra, pointing to the murder of thousands of people by the Indonesian military regime during the late 1980s and early 1990s and also last year.
Aceh, formally a "semi-autonomous province" of Indonesia, has been under military occupation since 1980, when it was declared a military operational zone, giving the armed forces powers to conduct house-to-house searches, roadblocks, identity checks and body searches.
Together with the eastern island of Bali, Aceh was the last area of the so-called East Indies subjugated by the Dutch.
www.wsws.org /news/1998/aug1998/aceh-a28.shtml   (1353 words)

  
 Free Aceh Movement
Aceh (Ah-chay), located in the northern tip of Sumatra, is considered one of Indonesia's three most "troubled areas" along with East Timor and Irian Jaya.
Aceh, also known as Acheh, Atjeh or Achin, is the westernmost part of Sumatra and the part of Indonesia where the Islamic character of the population is the most pronounced.
Aceh was put under Operational Military status in 1991 after a resurgence of separatist activity.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/para/aceh.htm   (2580 words)

  
 Banda Aceh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Banda Aceh is the provincial capital and largest city of Aceh, Indonesia, located on the island of Sumatra at 5°31′N 95°25′E, with an elevation of 21 m.
It is also proudly referred to as the "port to Meccah", as Islam first arrived in Aceh and spread throughout Southeast Asia.
Banda Aceh was the closest major city to the earthquake's epicentre.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Banda_Aceh   (158 words)

  
 Indonesian Crackdown and Continuing Ethnic Cleaning of Aceh
Aceh's police chief Colonel Bachrumsyah said a force of 7,000 soldiers and paramilitary police was being assembled to deal with a rebel force estimated to number about 200 fighters.
Free Aceh Movement spokesman Ismail Sahputra said military informers were vital witnesses to military atrocities and would be needed to testify against abuses committed by troops in the nine-year operation that has killed thousands of people.
But he said Free Aceh had never embarked on a witch-hunt for informers because the rebels knew many civilians were forced to work for the military out of fear for their own lives.
www.geocities.com /TheTropics/Cove/4232/9909/INA-aceh9909.html   (4004 words)

  
 ZNet Commentary: Aceh Goes To Heaven!
An earthquake off the coast of Aceh, reaching magnitude of 9 on the Richter scale, was followed by a tsunami - a monstrous 10 meters high tidal wave - which crashed mercilessly and with unimaginable force against the shores of several unfortunate countries.
Then Aceh suddenly appeared in the spotlight of interest of the international community and after some hesitation, the government "benevolently" allowed foreign aid and some international press agencies to enter the province.
Aceh is bleeding and the worst may still be ahead.
www.zmag.org /Sustainers/Content/2005-01/12vltchek.cfm   (1969 words)

  
 AsiaSource Interview on Aceh with Shadia Marhaban
The Free Aceh Movement or GAM was born in December 1976, but it expressed the century-old desire for Achenese sovereignty.
Part of the context of its birth was the discovery in 1971 of vast quantities of natural gas in North Aceh and the realization by GAM founder Hasan di Tiro and others that Acehnese would continue to be denied the benefits of - and even suffer because of - their homeland's natural wealth.
Aceh is one of the two or three most lucrative provinces of Indonesia.
www.asiasource.org /news/special_reports/marhaban.cfm   (1273 words)

  
 Travelling in Indonesia  (ACEH)
Of all the regions in Indonesia, Aceh, at the northwestern end of Sumatra, is the first to have come into contact with the world outside.
Islam is believed to have reached Aceh somewhere between the seventh and eighth centuries A.D. and the first Islamic kingdom, Perlak was established in 804 A.D. Others followed: Samudera Pasai in 1042, Tamiah in 1184, Aceh in 1205 and Darussalam in 1511.
Aceh's dominance in trade and politics in northern parts of Sumatra began, reaching its climax between 1610 and 1640.
www.emp.pdx.edu /htliono/Aceh.html   (996 words)

  
 Aceh Relief Fund
The damage in Aceh was particularly devastating where nearly a quarter of its four million people population was affected.
Despite its proximity to the center of Banda Aceh, Punge Jurong V is no different from other villages with regards to the state of reconstruction post-tsunami.
Half of the surviving 400 villagers are still living in barracks seven miles away from the village and the other half are living under tents or in the remains of their destroyed houses.
www.acehrelief.org   (769 words)

  
 Aceh.Net: Information about Aceh   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Aceh (pronounced Ah-chay) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra.
Aceh was the closest point of land to the epicenter of the massive 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which triggered Tsunamis that devastated much of the western coast of the region, including the capital city of Banda Aceh.
Aceh is known for its political independence and fierce resistance to control by outsiders, including the former Dutch colonists and, until recently, the central government of Indonesia.
www.aceh.net   (251 words)

  
 BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Indonesia flashpoints: Aceh
Aceh became part of the Republic of Indonesia, despite not having been formally incorporated into the Dutch colonies.
Aceh has a higher proportion of Muslims than other areas of Indonesia, and was allowed to introduce Sharia law in 2001.
In December 2004, Aceh was devastated by the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/asia-pacific/3809079.stm   (633 words)

  
 Aceh Unrest. ABC News Online.
An American journalist is to stand trial in Indonesia's Aceh province next week for alleged immigration offences, a court official said today.
The separatist war in the Indonesian province of Aceh is spreading to the cities.
Two Indonesian journalists and their driver have gone missing in Aceh province while travelling on a highway that passes by areas where rebels and government troops have regularly clashed, officials have said.
www.abc.net.au /news/indepth/aceh   (432 words)

  
 Aceh Aceh.Net: Welcome to Aceh - About Aceh
Built by the Dutch in 1879 and completed in 1881, it was intended to appease the Acehnese during the bloody Dutch led Aceh War.
When the kingdom of Aceh resisted Dutch mercantile treaties in 1873, the Dutch invaded Banda Aceh, starting the 30 years Aceh War, and destroying the newly constructed Mesjid Raya.
For many years after the Dutch presented the mosque to Banda Aceh, religious leaders considered it inappropriate for worship and banned the public from using it for prayer.
www.aceh.net /mosques.html   (456 words)

  
 A Brief History of Aceh
Aceh is a province in Northern Sumatra, which, like most of Indonesia, is overwhelmingly Muslim.
The Kingdom of Aceh was included in the agreements despite not having been formally incorporated into the Dutch colonial possession.
The precursor to Aceh's independence movement began in the 1950s when the Darul Islam ("House of Islam") rebels on the major Indonesian island of Java tried to establish an Islamic state.
www.etan.org /estafeta/01/winter/6aceh.htm   (1141 words)

  
 Online NewsHour: The Aceh Question -- November 12, 1999
Rais said he supports an independence referendum for Aceh, but thinks the government should wait until the country is stable enough to carry the vote out properly.
Aceh was at the center of one of Dutch Indonesia's longest and bloodiest wars, the Aceh War, which raged from 1873 to 1903 between the Acehnese and colonial authorities.
Aceh provides a third of Indonesia's liquefied gas exports and contributes significantly to Indonesian exports of gold, silver, rubber and timber.
www.pbs.org /newshour/bb/asia/july-dec99/aceh_11-12.html   (655 words)

  
 Inside Indonesia 61 - Aceh's failed election
The streets of Aceh's capital Banda Aceh seemed quiet as I strolled outside the grand white mosque at dusk on Sunday 6 June 1999.
The military's task was not easy, as proportionally less voters had registered to vote in Aceh than in any of Indonesia's 27 provinces, apparently due to a combination of fear, intimidation and fraud during the registration process, cynicism about the value of participating, and outright boycott of the process.
After a period of conflict with the Indonesian army in the 1950s, Aceh received only minimal recognition for the special role it had played in the struggle for Indonesian independence, and for what it regards as its cultural uniqueness.
www.serve.com /inside/edit60/aceh2.htm   (1578 words)

  
 Aceh - (Indonesia: Transition and Regional Conflict - Focus on Human Rights)
In an open letter sent to the Indonesian government and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), Human Rights Watch urged both sides to reconvene negotiations without delay.
Jafar, a leading human rights activist from Aceh, Indonesia, and a permanent resident of New York, disappeared in the North Sumatran city of Medan on August 5.
His body was found with four other as yet unidentified victims some 83 km west of Medan on Sunday and was positively identified by the family on Wednesday.
www.hrw.org /campaigns/indonesia/aceh.htm   (938 words)

  
 CNN.com - Aceh rebels say army disbanded - Dec 27, 2005
BANDA ACEH, Indonesia -- Indonesia's Aceh rebels formally disbanded their armed military wing on Tuesday, they said, apparently fulfilling the next step of a tsunami-inspired peace plan to end one of Asia's longest separatist conflicts.
Aceh has suffered nearly 30 years of often savage internal violence resulting in 15,000 deaths as independence fighters sought autonomy from Jakarta's control and access to the revenue generated by the province's energy resources.
The Free Aceh Movement rebels, or GAM, were asked to confirm in writing that they had forfeited all of their arms, ammunition, and explosives, Feith said, "laying to rest all further speculation" that more weapons were being stashed away.
edition.cnn.com /2005/WORLD/asiapcf/12/27/aceh.peacedeal/index.html   (791 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Tsunami inspires Aceh rebels to disband armed wing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
BANDA ACEH, Indonesia (AP) — Indonesia's Aceh rebels formally disbanded their armed wing on Tuesday, effectively ending their 30-year separatist insurgency one year after the tsunami destroyed their battlefield.
The announcement came shortly after rebel representatives met with Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in Banda Aceh, the capital of the province that was the area worst hit by the Indian Ocean tsunami.
Under the peace accord, the government has agreed to withdraw its troops from Aceh, grant the province broad autonomy and allow former rebels to stand in the elections.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2005-12-26-aceh-peace_x.htm   (641 words)

  
 Democracy Now! | Aceh: A Victim of Tsunami & Occupation; Will the Indonesian Army Use the Tsunami As A Cover to ...
On TV, people may have seen footage of the Grand Mosque of Banda Aceh, one of the few big structures left standing, and in the yard in front of the mosque, it's litters with bloated bodies and dead animals, and debris and the building itself is cracked.
When he went back to Aceh in 2000, he was abducted, his body turned up wrapped in barbed wire, multiple stab wounds in his chest, his face sliced off.
The thousands, many thousands of Aceh, even before the quake and tsunami were driven off the land by the military, and many were put into reeducation camps, where they were indoctrinated and sorted by the military.
www.democracynow.org /article.pl?sid=04/12/29/161219   (2927 words)

  
 The Light That Came from Darkness - TIME Asia Magazine, Aug. 08, 2005
When I landed in Banda Aceh a few days after the tsunami struck on Dec. 26 last year, I was surprised that among the jumble of feelings swirling through me, one of the strongest was also one I least expected: anger.
While many in Aceh support the idea of independence from Indonesia or some form of autonomy, after so many years of being caught between two implacable foes—by most accounts more than 12,000 have died in the fighting, most of them civilians—they are desperate to avoid seeing full-scale conflict again.
Even before the tsunami, when the only news from Aceh came from refugees (the military had sealed off the province while it attempted—vainly—to crush the rebels), the longing for peace was obvious.
www.time.com /time/asia/magazine/article/0,13673,501050808-1088772,00.html   (967 words)

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