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Topic: Achaemenid dynasty

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  Achaemenid dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cyrus II is considered to be the first king of the Achaemenid dynasty to be properly called so, as his predecessors were subservient to Media.
An important Achaemenid artifact is the Cyrus Cylinder, a declaration issued by Cyrus the Great, son of the founder of the dynasty.
This Achaemenid artistic style is evident in the iconography of Persepolis, which celebrates the king and the office of the monarch.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Achaemenid_dynasty   (2778 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Achaemenid dynasty
The Achaemenid Dynasty (Hakamanishiya in the Avestan language, هخامنشی - transliterated Hakamanshee in Modern Persian) was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire, including Cyrus II the Great, Darius the Great and Xerxes I.
The zenith of Achaemenid power was achieved during his reign (521 BC-485 BC) and that of his son Xerxes I (485 BC - 465 BC, Old Persian Xšāyaršā "Hero Among Kings").
The religion of the Achaemenids was Zoroastrianism, whose adherents at the time were noted for their dedication to clear lines of right and wrong, and for their apparent honesty.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Achaemenid   (1977 words)

 Ancient Persia
The Achaemenid kings had to devise a system of empire strong enough to keep themselves in control and flexible enough to provide for the needs of all their subjects.
Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions - The aim of the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions project is to create an electronic study edition of the inscriptions of the Achaemenid Persian kings in all of their versions--Old Persian, Elamite, Akkadian, and, where appropriate, Aramaic and Egyptian.
It was in fact the beginning of a new religious movement, the new dynasty being looked upon as the true and genuine successor of the old and noble Achaemenid dynasty, and of the Zoroastrian religion.
www.ancientpersia.com /history/hist.htm   (795 words)

 Hakhamaneshian: Empire of Achaemenid Dynasty (CAIS)
Ultimately, the achievement of the Achaemenid dynasty was that they ruled with much creative tolerance over an area and a time that, for both the Middle East and for Europe, saw the end of the ancient and the beginning of the modern world.
What is clear is that the Achaemenid Empire, the largest anyone had ever yet tried to hold together and one that was not to be surpassed until Rome reached its height, was a profound force in western Asia and in Europe during an important period of ferment and transition in human history.
In a sense the Achaemenid dynasty passed on a concept of empire that, much modified by others, has remained something of a model throughout history of how it is possible for diverse peoples with variant customs, languages, religions, laws, and economic systems to flourish with mutual profit under a central government.
www.cais-soas.com /CAIS/History/hakhamaneshian/achaemenid.htm   (7444 words)

 Persia - free-definition
As an empire and civilization, Persia began in the 7th century BC with the rise of the Achaemenid dynasty and has endured to the present day.
The Achaemenid dynasty was the first line of Persian rulers, founded by Achaemenes, chieftain of the Persians around 700 BC.
The Sassanian dynasty (named for Ardashir's grandfather) was the first native Persian ruling dynasty since the Achaemenids; thus they saw themselves as the successors of Darius and Cyrus.
www.netlexikon.akademie.de /Persia.html   (3207 words)

 CHN NEWS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Achaemenids ruled over a vast empire including today Iran and lots of other neighboring countries since the foundation of the dynasty by Cyrus the great in 570 BC until invasion of Alexander the Macedonian in 330 BC which consequently caused the fall of this dynasty.
This dynasty was founded by Cyrus the great in 570 BC and was terminated by Alexander the Macedonian invading Iran and dethroning Darius III some 300 years later.
Achaemenid Empire, which in terms of geographical vastness was the largest ever Persian empire through out history, engulfed an extremely large area consisted of the whole or a part of numerous countries today including Iran, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Iraq, Kuwait, Egypt, Syria, and Jordan.
www.chn.ir /en/news/Print?Section=2&id=5336   (386 words)

 History of Iran: Achaemenid Empire
The quality of the Achaemenids as rulers began to disintegrate, however, after the death of Darius in 486 BCE.
By the time his successor, Artaxerxes I, died in 424 BCE, the imperial court was beset by factionalism among the lateral family branches, a condition that persisted until the death in 330 of the last of the Achaemenids, Darius III, at the hands of his own subjects.
The Achaemenid art and architecture found there is at once distinctive and also highly eclectic.
www.iranchamber.com /history/achaemenids/achaemenids.php   (772 words)

 Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The dynasty was founded by Ahmose, the brother of Kamose, the last ruler of the Seventeenth Dynasty.
With this dynasty, the Second Intermediate Period of Egypt ended, and the New Kingdom of Egypt or the Egyptian Empire began.
The Nineteenth dynasty of Ramesses I succeeded it in 1292 BC.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Eighteenth_dynasty_of_Egypt   (501 words)

 IRANIAN COINS & MINTS: ACHAEMENID DYNASTY: Daric, The Achaemenid Currency - (The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies ...
The fundamental type of the Achaemenid daric and siglos is that bearing the image of the royal archer (toxo‚tês), which remained stereotyped as the obverse, with only a few minor variations.
The major mint was certainly Sardis, the seat of the Achaemenid administration for the whole of Asia Minor; it had already been the mint of the former Lydian kings and was kept in operation by the Achaemenids (Kraay, pp.
The Achaemenids thus at first adopted two different weight standards for gold and silver, with a fixed ratio of value between the denominations; in particular, they attempted to gear the two types of coinage to the needs of the respective groups of recipients and users.
www.cais-soas.com /CAIS/Economy/daric.htm   (2753 words)

 Iran News - 'Slaves Opening' dating back to Achaemenid era   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The residential, religious and industrial Dahan-e Gholaman area reminiscent of Achaemenid dynasty measuring 1,500x500 meters was a conventional city.
Unlike other monuments of Achaemenid period mostly comprising large palaces resided by the kings and princes, Dahan-e Gholaman was the residence of common people and the only city serving as a residential area during the rule of Achaemenid dynasty.
The stamps used by Achaemenid monarchs, colored mural paintings as well as human and animal figures including cows representing the continuity of the practice of pre-Islamic rituals during this period are some of the discovered items.
www.iranmania.com /News/ArticleView?ArchiveNews=Yes&NewsCode=37256&NewsKind=CurrentAffairs   (1570 words)

The ruling dynasty of the Persians settled in Fars in southwestern Iran (possibly the Parsumash of the later Assyrian records) traced its ancestry back to an eponymous ancestor, Haxamanish, or Achaemenes.
The pharaoh Ahmose II of the 26th dynasty sought to shore up his defenses by hiring Greek mercenaries, but was betrayed by the Greeks.
The situation was ripe for exploitation by the famous "Persian archers," the gold coins of the Achaemenids that depicted an archer on their obverse and that were used with considerable skill by the Persians in bribing first one Greek state and then another.
www.rezaabbasimuseum.ir /chornology/Achaemenids.htm   (4093 words)

 History of Iran: Parthian History and Language
After Alexandria overthrew the Achaemenid dynasty in 330 BC, Parth went under the control of Selukis until the year 247 BC when Arsac revolted against the Saluki king with the help of his brother, Tirdad, and founded the Arsacide dynasty.
Because of the weakness of Mithridates I successors, the Arsacide dynasty lost a lot of its territories and about 15 years after the death of Mithridates, it was about to be overthrown but with the efforts of Mithridates II, a new spirit came to the dynasty.
The Arsacide dynasty was able to fight for years with the Roman Empire until 224 AD, when finally the last king of the Arsacide dynasty was killed in a war with Artaxerxes and the Sassanide dynasty replaced the Arsacide dynasty.
www.iranchamber.com /history/articles/parthian_history_language.php   (1700 words)

 Achaemenid, World’s First Empire to Respect Cultural Diversity
The Achaemenid dynasty was the first empire in the world that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples.
Achaemenids (550-330 B.C.) led by Cyrus II (also known as Cyrus the Great or Cyrus the Elder) used to respect cultural values among the various nations living in their empire, announced the China’s official news agency, Xinhua in a story about the inscription of Pasargadae on the World Heritage list.
The first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire was founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th century BC.
www.payvand.com /news/04/jul/1010.html   (367 words)

 Chapter One - The Historical Background
Achaemenid art influenced India, and even later the Maurya dynasty of India and its ruler Asoka owed much to Achaemenid influence.
Between 1381 and 1404 Iran was ravaged by the repeated invasion of yet another conqueror from the steppes, Taimur—known in the West as Timurlane ("Timur the lame").
In 1501, the tribal leader Ismail was crowned king and founded the Safavid Dynasty, the greatest representative of which was Shah Abbas who ruled from 1587 to 1629.
www.marxist.com /iran/chapter1.html   (3339 words)

 Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: Introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The aim of the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions project is to create an electronic study edition of the inscriptions of the Achaemenid Persian kings in all of their versions--Old Persian, Elamite, Akkadian, and, where appropriate, Aramaic and Egyptian.
From 550 B.C. on, Cyrus the Great and his successors, the kings of the Achaemenid dynasty, conquered and held an empire on a scale that was without precedent in earlier Near Eastern history, and without parallel until the formation of the Roman Empire.
At the same time, the Achaemenid texts were the ipsissima verba of the Great Kings whose warfare and diplomacy had profound effects on the formation of Greek historical and political consciousness, hence documents of fundamental value for Classical and Biblical historians, scholars of Old Persian, Elamite and other ancient languages of Iran, and others.
oi.uchicago.edu /OI/PROJ/ARI/ARIIntro.html   (1796 words)

 The Achaemenids
According to the official story, the Achaemenid or Persian empire was founded by Cyrus the Great, who became king of Persis in 559 BCE and defeated his overlord
After the second coup in one year, many provinces of the Achaemenid empire revolted; the most important rebellions were those of Phraortes of Media and Nidintu-Bêl of Babylonia.
The Achaemenids developed a policy of dividing the Greek powers (Athens, Sparta, Thebes) and were able to strengthen their grip on Asia Minor, where the Greek towns were again subdued.
www.livius.org /aa-ac/achaemenians/achaemenians.html   (727 words)

 Achaemenian Dynasty --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The progenitors of the dynasty were members of the Parni tribe living east of the Caspian Sea.
From about 700 the founder of the dynasty, Perdiccas I, led the people who called themselves Macedonians eastward from their home on the Haliacmon (modern Aliákmon) River.
The Pahlavi Dynasty was founded by Reza Khan, a man of humble origin who had gained control over the elite Cossack Brigade and used it to unify the country under his command.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9003517   (792 words)

 Brink-Day-Johnston-Fletcher - Person Page 155
Darius was the greatest royal architect of his dynasty, and during hisreign Persian architecture assumed a style that remained unchanged untilthe end of the empire.
Codomannus the dynasty became extinct and the Persianempire came to an ed (330 B.C.)...The name Achaemenes is born by a son ofDarius I., brother of Xerxes.
It is noteworthy thatafter the Achaemenid empire the name does not appear again in sourcesrelating to Iran, which may indicate some special sense of the name.Most scholars agree, however, that Cyrus the Great was at least thesecond of the name to rule in Persia.
www.brinkfamily.net /tree/p155.htm   (7868 words)

 Aspects of Empire in Achaemenid Sardis - Cambridge University Press   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Elspeth R. Dusinberre proposes a new approach to understanding the Achaemenid empire based on her study of the regional capital, Sardis.
The urban structure of Achaemenid Sardis: sculpture and society; 5.
Achaemenid bowls: ceramic assemblages and the non-elite; 9.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=052181071X   (234 words)

 Achaemenid bronze ornament, handle of dagger discovered at Bardak Siah
TEHRAN, June 10 (MNA) -- A bronze eagle ornament symbolizing the Achaemenid dynasty and an ivory handle of a dagger have been discovered at the Darius Palace at Bardak Siah by a team of archaeologists working at the 2500-year-old site, the director of the team announced on Thursday.
The eagle was a symbol of power and wisdom during the Achaemenid era.
Built during the Achaemenids’ zenith, the palace had been destroyed by fire in a war, the archaeologists explained.
www.mehrnews.ir /en/NewsDetail.aspx?NewsID=193546   (411 words)

 Notes File 54   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The fifth king of the 20th Dynasty usurped the throne from his nephew, Ramesses V. However, the son of Ramesses III allowed mortuary ceremonies to continue for Ramesses V, who was only on the throne for four years.
Because of the widespread looting of tombs during the 21st Dynasty the priests removed Ramesses body and took it to a holding area where the valuable materials such, as gold-leaf and semi-precious inlays, were removed.
Akhenaton was the last important ruler of the 18th dynasty and notable as the first historical figure to establish a religion based on the concept of monotheism.
www.jaenfield.com /genealogy/Enf_Bry/n54.html   (5182 words)

 Historical Setting
During the seventh century B.C., the Persians were led by Hakamanish (Achaemenes, in Greek), ancestor of the Achaemenid dynasty.
The quality of the Achaemenids as rulers began to disintegrate, however, after the death of Darius in 486.
Among the most important of these overlapping dynasties were the Tahirids in Khorasan (820-72); the Saffarids in Sistan (867-903); and the Samanids (875-1005), originally at Bukhara (also cited as Bokhara).
www.parstimes.com /history/historicalsetting.html   (20953 words)

 [No title]
She is interested in cultural interactions in Anatolia, particularly in the ways in which the Achaemenid Empire affected local social structures and in the give-and-take between the Achaemenid and other cultures.
Her research is mainly focused on the cultural interaction between east and west in antiquity, especially during the so-called Orientalising period of Greek art and in the period of the Achaemenid Empire.
Her publications include: Achaemenid History with Helen Sancisi-Weerdenburg (eds.) (1984-91; 1994), Hellenism in the East; the Interaction of Greek and Non-Greek Civilisations From Syria to Central Asia After Alexander with Susan Sherwin-White (eds.) (1987); From Samarkhand to Sardis (1993), The Ancient Near East, c.3000-330 BC (1995), Greeks and Greece in Mesopotamian and Persian Perspectives (2002).
www.iranheritage.org /achaemenidconference/biogs_full.htm   (8870 words)

 Fluted bowl [Iran] (54.3.1) | Object Page | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Achaemenid rulers include such famed kings as Cyrus, Darius I (r.
The Achaemenid dynasty lasted for two centuries and was ended by the sweeping conquests of Alexander the Great, who destroyed Persepolis in 331 B.C. The Achaemenid period is well documented in the descriptions of Greek and Old Testament writers as well as by abundant archaeological remains.
Fluted bowls and plates of the Achaemenid period continue a tradition begun in the Assyrian empire.
www.metmuseum.org /TOAH/hd/acha/hod_54.3.1.htm   (185 words)

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