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Topic: Acrophonic

In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  Acrophonic numerals
Acrophonic numeral signs use the first letter of certain numbers and currency values to stand for the whole: pi stands for πέντε, delta for δέκα, heta for ἑκατόν, and so on.
Individual signs may be combined within a single character to represent compund values: the value 50, for example, in the acrophonic system is represented by a delta (δέκα: 10) written within a pi (πέντε: 5), to indicate 5 x 10.
The Greek acrophonic numerals are now in Unicode, and EpiDoc recommend that these characters now be used and simply tagged as any other numeral or currency measure.
www.stoa.org /epidoc/gl/5/acrophonic.html   (107 words)

 Ancient Scripts: Proto-Sinaitic
A sign is a picture of an object, and the first consonant of the word for this object becomes the sound the sign represents.
In short, this is called the acrophonic principle.
For example, the word for an ox is /'aleph/, which is the first sign on the left Proto-Sinaitic column.
www.ancientscripts.com /protosinaitic.html   (460 words)

 Acrophony - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
To explain the adjective acrophonic, consider a collection of ideograms such as the hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt.
Since the initial sound of a word is selected out to stand for the whole, and the results of this process are concatenated to form a new word, the term acrophonic is similar in derivation to acronym.
The Latin alphabet is descended from the Phoenician, and you can still see the stylized head of an ox if you turn the Latin letter A upside-down: ∀.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Acrophonic   (321 words)

 Mathematics Magazine
This meant that they each had their own currency, weights and measures etc. These in turn led to small differences in the number system between different states since a major function of a number system in ancient times was to handle business transactions.
The first Greek number system we examine is their acrophonic system which was use in the first millennium BC.
'Acrophonic' means that the symbols for the numerals come from the first letter of the number name, so the symbol has come from an abreviation of the word which is used for the number.
www.mathematicsmagazine.com /NumberSystems/Greeknumbersystems.htm   (286 words)

 Greek numerals
Greek numerals are a system of representing numbers using letters of the Greek alphabet.
The earliest system of numerals in Greek was acrophonic, operating much like Roman numerals with the following scheme: Ι = 1, Π = 5, Δ = 10, Η = 100, Χ = 1000, and Μ = 10000.
Starting in the 4th century BC, the acrophonic system was replaced with a quasi-decimal alphabetic system, sometimes called the Ionic numeral system.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/io/Ionic_numeral_system.html   (202 words)

 Unicode Project
Maria C. Pantelia and Richard Peevers (April 25, 2004) A proposal to encode the Greek Capital and Small Letter San in the UCS
Maria Pantelia and Richard Peevers (April 2, 2004) A proposal to encode Greek Acrophonic characters in UCS
Maria C. Pantelia and Richard Peevers (April 2, 2004) A proposal to encode the Greek Rho with Stroke Symbol in the UCS
repositories.cdlib.org /tlg/unicode   (344 words)

 Egyptian Numbers
Traditionally, the system is thought to have been developed by Greeks in western Asia Minor, in modern day Turkey.
Between 475 BC and 325 BC, alphabetic numerals fell out of use in favour of a system of written numbers known as acrophonic numerals.
But from the late 4th Century BC onwards, alphabetic numerals became the preferred system throughout the Greek-speaking world.
www.homestead.com /wysinger/egyptiannumbers.html   (432 words)

 Development of the Alphabet
Acrophonic pictograms make excellent phonograms because they establish a meaningful connection between the shape of the mark and the associated sound category.
An English acrophonic equivalent would be "hurdle" which happens to have an H shape.
Pictographic acrophonic alphabets are language specific and have to be rebuilt for every new language.
fortunecity.com /victorian/vangogh/555/Spell/alfabet-abbr.html   (2176 words)

For instance, were the English alphabet named acrophonically, the letter "A" may be named "axe" or "aardvark" or any other word beginning with A. The canonical acrophony is an ideographic or; pictographic writing system, where the letter's name and glyph both represent the same thing or concept - if e.g.
The paradigm for acrophonic alphabets is the Late Bronze Age Proto-Canaanite alphabet in which the letter A, representing the sound /a/, is a pictogram representing an ox, and is; called "ox" - ʾalp.
Modern radiotelephony and aviation uses spelling alphabets (the most well-known of which is the NATO Phonetic Alphabet) in which the letters of the; English alphabet are arbitrarily assigned words and names in an acrophonic manner to avoid misunderstanding.
acrophonic.zdnet.co.za /zdnet/Acrophonic   (1020 words)

 Alphabet Origins, Ancient Alphabets, Iconic Acrophonic Letters, Egyptian Hieroglyphics
If we are dealing with acrophonic phoneticized pictograms, these will be language specific.
Iconic acrophonic alphabets cannot be adapted in the same way that the Greeks adapted the Semitic script (Cadmean letters).
If the goals it to develop a pictographic alphabet that uses familar words as the bridge between shape and sound, one is limited in terms of what can be borrowed from another culture.
victorian.fortunecity.com /vangogh/555/Spell/alfabet2.html   (2229 words)

 Archaic Period - Society - Numerical System
The numerical system we know from antiquity made its appearance for the first time in inscriptions of the 5th century B.C., but was obviously formed during the Archaic period.
This system is based on a method of writing that was known in Assyria and Phoenicia, and is called acrophonic.
That is, the number was written with the first letter of the word that indicated it: Ð for pente, D for deka, H for hekaton, X for chilia, and M for myriads (tens of thousands).
www2.fhw.gr /chronos/04/en/society/414writing_numbers.html   (154 words)

  Hebrew language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Numerous older tablets have been found in the region with similar scripts written in other Semitic languages, for example Protosinaitic.
It is believed that the original shapes of the script go back to the hieroglyphs of the Egyptian writing, though the phonetic values are instead inspired by the acrophonic principle.
The common ancestor of Hebrew and Phoenician is called Canaanite, and was the first to use a Semitic alphabet distinct from Egyptian.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_language   (5492 words)

 Attic numerals at AllExperts
They were also known as Herodianic numerals because they were first described in a 2nd century manuscript by Herodianus.
They are also known as acrophonic numerals because all of the symbols used (except for 1) derive from the first letters of the words for 'five', 'ten', 'hundred', 'thousand' and 'ten thousand'.
The use of Η for 100 reflects the early date of this numbering system: Η (Eta) in the early Attic alphabet represented h whereas in classical Greek it came to be used for Ä", and the spiritus asper was invented to represent h.
en.allexperts.com /e/a/at/attic_numerals.htm   (260 words)

 Acrophonic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Acrophonic was a stage in my music after Anatomy of the Seven Sins that I felt like making everything by scratch.
Still not having a keyboard, I decided to download dozens and dozens of one shots off of different sites, and hooking up my guitar to the pc and playing away.
Anatomy, while focusing on freaky elements, is different from acropohonic, which creates a mellow amience with some surreal aspects.
www.angelfire.com /ultra/luismusic/AcrophonicMain.html   (95 words)

 Phoenician Language - Crystalinks
A sign is a picture of an object, and the first consonant of the word for this object becomes the sound the sign represents.
In short, this is called the acrophonic principle.
For example, the word for an ox is /'aleph/, which is the first sign on the left Proto-Canaanite column.
www.crystalinks.com /phoenician.html   (358 words)

 Amazon.com: "acrophonic principle": Key Phrase page   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The acrophonic principle Another way to extend logograms according to the sounds of their words employed the acrophonic principle (Greek akros `highest'), according...
The system that survived into later periods had a set of characters whose reading was based on the acrophonic principle: e.g., the drawing of a house represented the sound /b/, the first in the Semitic word for house, baytu.
This, the acrophonic principle, finds an echo in the nursery in the form of `B is for ball, C is for cat'.
amazon.com /phrase/acrophonic-principle   (508 words)

 Ancient Greek Number Codes   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Acrophonic numerals, which were never used as ordinals, were used to denote cardinal numbers and units of value, weight and measure.
This rule is observed everywhere in numbers exceeding 1000, though in some parts of the Greek world examples of a reversed or mixed order in the representation of numbers below 1000 are very common.
To distinguish it from the M which represents 40, and to show what multiple of a thousand it represented, a smaller letter was placed above it.
www.fargonasphere.com /piso/numcode.html   (310 words)

 BibleDudes: Bible: Writing
You might imagine like how it was totally painful and not to mention time killing to learn the thousands and thousands of cuneiform or hieroglyphic signs necessary to read and write.
This simply means that the first sound of a word is represented by a picture of the word.
So, from then on, because of the acrophonic thing, the house pictograph represented the first sound of bet, or "b." The Greeks called the letter beta or β.
bibledudes.com /bible/writing.php   (1566 words)

 Theology 1120 Blog » Blog Archive » Week 3: Archaeology & The Alphabet
It was a writing system based on acrophonic principles.
It began with the Phoenicians and progressed to the Abecediary in 1400 BCE where all the letters of the alphabet were in order.
Then came the Acrophonic alphabet in which the first sound of a picture or word became that letter of the alphabet.
cat.xula.edu /blogs/theology1120/2006/05/20/week-3-archaeology-the-alphabet   (814 words)

 Acute The Fear Of Heights
acrophonic Brief definitions of obscure words beginning with the letter A disease or illness of the extremities.
acrophonic This reflects acute the underlying fear of looking foolish and fearful in front of Fear is usually like that and social anxiety can be a real a Thought Field becomes active.
For example someone with acrophobia may feel intense nausea saw an interview with one of the crane operators.
www.stlinusreview.com /acrophobia-the-fear-of-heights.htm   (293 words)

 Greek numbers
Also we shall look briefly at some systems proposed by various Greek mathematicians but not widely adopted.
A sum of money involving both drachmas and obols would be written as:
A very similar system was also used in dealing with weights and measures which is not surprising since the value of money would certainly have evolved from a system of weights.
www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/HistTopics/Greek_numbers.html   (1648 words)

 Ancient greek numbers   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This 'alphabetical' system below was not the first number system to be adopted by the Greeks.
Originally they used an 'acrophonic' system, where the symbols for the numerals came from the first letter of the number name.
This 'alphabetical' sytem was based upon using the position of letters in the alphabet as number values.
www.blss.portsmouth.sch.uk /resources/greeknums.shtml   (170 words)

 Definition of acrophonic - Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
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www.m-w.com /dictionary/acrophonic   (41 words)

 TLG Beta Code Summary
Click here to download File 4 (More ancient editorial characters, acrophonic numerals, weights and measures, Mathematical Characters, Astrological Characters)
Click here to download File 5 (More ancient editorial characters, abbreviations, musical characters)
Click here to download File 6 (More astrological characters, Arabic numerals, more acrophonic numerals epigraphical characters, Latin characters, Franklin's Phonetic alphabet, more abbreviations)
www.tlg.uci.edu /~tlg/BetaCode.html   (212 words)

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