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Topic: Adaptation


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 Adaptation. - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Adaptation is a 2002 film directed by Spike Jonze and written by Charlie Kaufman, although the fictional character Donald Kaufman is also given writing credit.
As he came under increasing pressure to turn in a screenplay, the "adaptation" became a story of a screenwriter's attempt to write a screenplay about a book that can't be adapted into a screenplay.
Where real life ends and adaptation begins is the question, as Orlean herself (Meryl Streep) and the orchid thief, John Laroche (Chris Cooper), are drawn into the story.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Adaptation_(movie)   (771 words)

  
 Adaptations to Stream Life
Adaptations are structures or features unique to a species, or a group of species, which allow them to survive and reproduce in a specific habitat.
Adaptations are the results of two evolutionary processes: random mutation in the genetic code (DNA) of an animal and natural selection through the environment of a species.
This amphidromous life cycle is a crucial adaptation for the survival on an oceanic island where the stream environment is often subjected to catastrophic events such as hurricanes, flashfloods, and lava flows.
www.hawaii.gov /dlnr/dar/streams/stream_adapt.htm   (992 words)

  
 Adaptation Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com
In dramatics and cinema, an adaptation is a film or a stageplay, whose theme, story, screenplay or structure is based on another work (which may be a play, novel, short story or even another film) suitably adapted for the medium.
A biological adaptation is an inheritable characteristic of an organism that increases its reproductive success.
Adaptation was also a movie starring Nicolas Cage and Meryl Streep that was released in 2002.
wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/a/ad/adaptation.html   (117 words)

  
 ADAPTATION
Adaptation can occur in several levels of an organizational hierarchy and may even apply to itself as in "amplifying adaptation" (Ashby) which is "adaptation to adapt" and has the properties of self-organization.
The narrowing is the objective manifestation of the mechanism's adaptation.
Just the same criterion for adaptation may be used in judging the behavior of the free-living animal in its learned reactions.
pespmc1.vub.ac.be /ASC/ADAPTATION.html   (658 words)

  
 Adaptation
Adaptation is based on the concept that populations of organisms change over time as a result of natural selection.
That key is adaptation; and all organisms, even human beings, have evolved complex features in response to pressures from their environment.
Of course, the ultimate source of an adaptation like this, and all others, is genetic, because only traits that can be passed on from one generation to the next are influenced by natural selection.
www.visionlearning.com /library/module_viewer.php?mid=68&l=&c3=   (2021 words)

  
 Web Systems Invited Article: System architectures for Web content adaptation services
Client-side adaptation requires the device and the operating system of the client platform to be integrated with adaptation capabilities, but the storage and processing power characteristics of the client devices introduce a significant limitation on client-based content personalization.
State-aware personalization such as adaptation of the content to the user navigation mode or user interests is difficult or impossible to be carried out through an off-line approach because user characteristics cannot be described in terms of a few well known categories.
Adaptation services carried out by the platform of the service provider are potentially not affected by any information and technology constraint.
dsonline.computer.org /portal/site/dsonline/menuitem.9ed3d9924aeb0dcd82ccc6716bbe36ec/index.jsp?&pName=dso_level1&path=dsonline/topics/was&file=adaptation.xml&xsl=article.xsl&   (5109 words)

  
 Adaptation (2002): Reviews
Adaptation is sort of like the mythical Ourabouros mentioned in the screenplay-- the snake that eats its own tail -- or like a series of mirrors repeating their images to infinity.
Adaptation is hardly profound, but it's one of the most soulful and loopily romantic movies I've seen all year.
Adaptation's success in engaging the audience in the travails of creating a screenplay is extraordinary.
www.metacritic.com /video/titles/adaptation   (1886 words)

  
 Images - Adaptation
What sets apart Adaptation is its heady fusion of the realistic and the imaginary -- and the process of creating a screenplay that pulls these worlds together in ways that confuse and entrance the central character, named Charlie Kaufman (same as the screenwriter of Adaptation).
Adaptation is a shade less surprising than Being John Malkovich-- but only because it's so hard to fully comprehend: it doesn't fit any of the typical patterns or genres.
But Jonze's new film, Adaptation, is a bold and original film.
www.imagesjournal.com /2002/reviews/adaptation/text.htm   (1011 words)

  
 Evolution 101: Adaptation
Adaptations can take many forms: a behavior that allows better evasion of predators, a protein that functions better at body temperature, or an anatomical feature that allows the organism to access a valuable new resource—all of these might be adaptations.
Adaptations are well fitted to their function and are produced by natural selection.
An adaptation is a feature that is common in a population because it provides some improved function.
evolution.berkeley.edu /evosite/evo101/IIIE5Adaptation.shtml   (322 words)

  
 SPLICEDwire "Adaptation" review (2002) Spike Jonze, Nicolas Cage, Meryl Streep
But beating at the heart of "Adaptation" is a struggle between Charlie and his own alter-ego in the guise of Donald, his vulgar, crass, freeloading nitwit of a fictional twin brother (also played by Cage).
Poking around in the mind of John Malkovich was a wonderfully weird, wildly conceptual experience in 1999's "Being John Malkovich," but the ingenious "Adaptation" is a testament to the fact that screenwriter Charlie Kaufman's head is an even more peculiar place.
But eventually the film takes a clear and capricious turn for the absurd when Donald's insipid commercial sense seeps into Charlie's writing, turning the last act of "Adaptation" into a subversively sly spoof of middle-brow psychological thrillers, in which Charlie is forced to run for his life.
www.splicedonline.com /02reviews/adaptation.html   (699 words)

  
 Adapt This By David Edelstein
Adaptation has so many interwoven strands of reality and fiction that the film itself is like a strange new orchid breed—and one that is frankly intoxicated by its own vapors.
Compare Adaptation to Woody Allen's lame Hollywood Ending, and you can see that Kaufman is Allen's true successor—formed by Allen but primed to carry the torch a little farther into the swamp of his own neuroses.
Jonze has not directed Adaptation in the same searching spirit in which it was written, and some will find his breezily confident style a blessed counterpoint to the screenplay's convulsions.
www.slate.com /id/2074899   (1095 words)

  
 Adaptation
In the future, adaptation may be an important element of work under the Kyoto Protocol, for example, with financing from the clean development mechanism (CDM) and the provision of guidance to the GEF on the operation of the Adaptation Fund.
There are currently ten agenda items that address vulnerability and adaptation in the context of climate change negotiations, with particular attention having been given to issues relating to Article 4.8 and 4.9, and to scientific and technical aspects under the relevant SBSTA agenda item on adaptation.
For example, adaptation is addressed under topics such as non-Annex I national communications, methodologies, technology transfer, Article 6 (education, training and public awareness), and research and systematic observation.
unfccc.int /adaptation/items/2973.php   (449 words)

  
 Adaptation - A movie by Spike Jonze based on The Orchid Thief by Susan Orlean November 2002
In preparing for Adaptation, she chose not to meet with Susan because she "didn't want to be diverted by the truth." In turn, Susan has been in exactly one other film in her life, The Deer Hunter starring Meryl Streep.
Adaptation is based on The Orchid Thief by Susan Orlean...and that's only the half of it.
Due in theatres December 6th, Adaptation is Spike Jonze and Charlie Kaufman's follow-up to Being John Malkovich.
www.susanorlean.com /adaptation/nov02.html   (1899 words)

  
 Nature Works-Episodes
Structural adaptations are physical features of an organism like the bill on a bird or the fur on a bear.
Learn more about the adaptations these animals have that help them survive and thrive in their habitats.
Behavioral adaptations are the things organisms do to survive.
www.nhptv.org /natureworks/nwep1.htm   (297 words)

  
 Adaptation. (2002)
Discuss this movie with other users on IMDb message board for Adaptation.
"Adaptation" is an off-the-wall film with a startling second half.
Overall, the film is darkly comic, but viewers get an unexpected dose of movie action and violence before everything is said and done.
www.imdb.com /title/tt0268126   (641 words)

  
 Development and Adaptation Days Bulletin
He asserted that the adaptation challenge is “to socially construct nature bearing in mind that in the past we’ve done this in a negative way.” He urged further discussion on the private sector’s role in adaptation, and said another adaptation event should take place during the COP in 2005.
She summarized the preliminary findings of the project, including that adaptation is taking place but is not driven by climate change, and enhancing sustainable development policies at the national level is adequate for adaptation provided that the policies take into account climate change impacts.
He emphasized that adaptation is a must and funds need to be invested in, and channeled towards, agricultural communities to guarantee food security and protect the natural resource base.
www.iisd.ca /climate/cop10/dad/sdvol99num1e.html   (7005 words)

  
 Review: Adaptation
One intriguing aspect of Adaptation is how Kaufman portrays himself — as a fat, balding, aging man with such a severe case of self-doubt that he can't bring himself to approach a woman.
Adaptation stars Nicolas Cage in a dual role as Kaufman and his fictitious brother, Donald.
There is a concept in mathematics called "recursion." Kaufman and director Spike Jonze have apparently discovered the cinematic equivalent with Adaptation, an occasionally maddening and sometimes brilliant motion picture that varies between being insightfully sharp and insufferably self-indulgent.
movie-reviews.colossus.net /movies/a/adaptation.html   (745 words)

  
 Adaptation Spike Jonze Movie starring Nicholas Cage
Adaptation gets at the way we build erotic scenarios around the authors we read and how we imagine their real lives to be.
Adaptation is full of defeatism: Charlie the nut-brain artist flounders while his brother’s laughable high-concept script sells for a fortune.
Adaptation zooms around in time, going as far back as the bubbling beginnings of the planet, with zippy little visual essays on Darwin and orchids.
www.newyorkmetro.com /nymetro/movies/reviews/n_8075   (1107 words)

  
 Film Reviews Adaptation
On the face of it, Adaptation appears to be a semi-autobiographical account by Kaufman about his struggles to adapt "The Orchid Thief" to the screen.
There’s the natural type of adaptation, as in the way different types of orchids and insects have adapted in ways that insure each other’s survival.
Donald also mentions the benefits of trick photography, and the visual tricks in Adaptation that put Cage together with himself in the same shot are mind-bogglingly persuasive to the eye.
www.henrysheehan.com /reviews/abc/adaptation.html   (1362 words)

  
 PEP 246 -- Object Adaptation
However, this optional part allows adaptation to be made more flexible and powerful in a way that is not invasive to either protocols or other objects, thereby gaining for adaptation much the same kind of advantage that Python standard library's "copy_reg" module offers for serialization and persistence.
However, the design intention is that an adaptation wrapper should hold a reference to the original object it wraps, plus (if needed) a minimum of extra state which it cannot delegate to the wrapper object.
Adapter factories may be dynamically registered and removed from that registry to provide "third party adaptation" of objects and protocols that have no knowledge of each other, in a way that is not invasive to either the object or the protocols.
www.python.org /dev/peps/pep-0246   (2870 words)

  
 Adaptation
Adaptation took "The Orchid Thief", an book which was as precious as "Bridges of Madison County" and far quirkier and more erudite, and actually did all the things I imagined in that facetious review.
As I write this, Adaptation is in only in a handful of theaters, but it is already a critical smash, one of the best reviewed films of the year.
The initial reaction from the public also appears to be positive, which is somewhat surprising because it is an esoteric film.
www.scoopy.com /adaptation.htm   (1189 words)

  
 Webvision: Light and Dark Adaptation
When the same size test spot is used in the peripheral retina during dark adaptation, the typical break appears in the curve representing the cone branch and the rod branch (figure 5).
With dark adaptation, we noticed that there is progressive decrease in threshold (increase in sensitivity) with time in the dark.
Dark adaptation forms the basis of the Duplicity Theory which states that above a certain luminance level (about 0.03 cd/m2), the cone mechanism is involved in mediating vision; photopic vision.
webvision.med.utah.edu /light_dark.html   (2369 words)

  
 Adaptation (2002): Nicolas Cage, Meryl Streep, Chris Cooper - PopMatters Film Review
Adaptation, the film argues, is less a matter of change than it is survival.
His adaptation, also consuming, imposes itself on whatever narrative the original book may have had, itself an adaptation, a recollection, of Susan's conversations with John.
It's easy to read this turn as a descent, an abandonment of its giddy, self-congratulatory Malkovichian warps and spins, or to see it as a condescending dismissal of the sort of formula that Charlie's been deriding all along, as in cahoots with Charlie as it appears to be all along.
www.popmatters.com /film/reviews/a/adaptation.shtml   (1374 words)

  
 Adaptation Movie Review at Hollywood Video
All this cleverness, however, cannot disguise the fact that the center of the movie—the adaptation, as it were, of Orlean's book—doesn't hold.
"Adaptation is a profound process," murmurs John LaRoche (Chris Cooper) to Susan Orlean (Meryl Streep) in Spike Jonze's Adaptation.
Before Adaptation ends, Charlie will break all the rules he has set out for himself, and the film will knock down most of the walls inherent in cinema.
www.hollywoodvideo.com /movies/movie.aspx?mid=131765   (1437 words)

  
 Being Charlie Kaufman Movies Adaptation
"Adaptation" and the perils of adaptation - Salon
Adaptation's second draft has been on the site for some time, lifted from another site, and it was missing a page.
Adaptation now has enough reviews at Rotten Tomatoes to show up on their Tomatometer rating as 100% Fresh.
www.beingcharliekaufman.com /movies/adaptation.htm   (12600 words)

  
 Dirtmeister: Animal Adaptations -- Investigate the Facts
Technology may be okay for humans to use, but for the rest of the animals in the world, adaptation means having certain body parts or behaviors that allow the animals to survive and thrive in their environments.
When people hear the word adapt, one of the first things that comes to mind is "fitting in." People are always having to adapt or change to different situations or places.
There are countless examples of animal adaptations in the world.
teacher.scholastic.com /dirtrep/animal/invest.htm   (126 words)

  
 Salon Directory
"Adaptation" is in fact the warped, self-lacerating and giddily hilarious fruit of those labors.
So "Adaptation" is a highly enjoyable failure, a quandary that can't resolve itself.
So on one level -- and it's probably the main level -- "Adaptation" is just a big goof, poking fun at the deformities the moviemaking process inflicts on real life.
dir.salon.com /story/ent/indie/2002/12/06/adaptation/index.html   (1300 words)

  
 Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
Private adaptation is usually in the actor's rational self-interest.
Any changes in natural or human systems that inadvertently increase vulnerability to climatic stimuli; an adaptation that does not succeed in reducing vulnerability but increases it instead.
Potential Impacts--All impacts that may occur given a projected change in climate, without considering adaptation.
www.grida.no /climate/ipcc_tar/wg2/689.htm   (8164 words)

  
 Barnes & Noble.com - Adaptation -- Spike Jonze - DVD - Wide ScreenvSuperBit
Adaptation's three lead performers, each Academy Award nominated, make this tricky material work brilliantly: Streep exercises her penchant for humor; Cage recaptures the offbeat appeal he mastered in such films as Raising Arizona; and Cooper's turn is simply revelatory, earning him the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor.
A bold and sly homage to the pains of the creative process, Adaptation proves that the real Kaufman is among the screen's most creative processors.
Adaptation also features Tilda Swinton, Judy Greer, and Stephen Tobolowsky.
video.barnesandnoble.com /search/product.asp?userid=2UGLSDNSQ9&ean=43396076013&FRM=0   (1691 words)

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