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Topic: Adaptation (biology)

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In the News (Fri 18 Apr 14)

  Amazon.com: Adaptation: Books: Michael R. Rose,George V. Lauder
"Adaptation provides neither a consensus nor a synthesis on the 'criteria for demonstrating adaptation.' However, the concentration of diverse views collected in the book should promote plenty of discussion on this topic.
The range of ideas covered by the authors of this volume is breathtaking, from the deep history of adaptation to deep history and adaptation, from genes to fossils, from the evolution of biological systems to the evolution of artificial intelligence.
Adaptation is about something much more important than a few authors attempts at synthesis: it is about stimulating discussion.
www.amazon.com /Adaptation-Michael-R-Rose/dp/0125964218   (1107 words)

  Adaptation (biology)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A biological adaptation is an anatomical structure, physiological process or behavioral trait of an organism that has evolved over a period of time by the process of natural selection such that it increases the expected long-term reproductive success of the organism.
Adaptation can be viewed as taking place over geological time, or within the lifetime of one individual or a group.
Structural adaptations are special body parts of an organism that help it to survive in its natural habitat, for example, its skin colour, shape and body covering.
abcworld.net /Adaptation_(biology).html   (261 words)

  ScienceDaily: Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Biology is the branch of science dealing with the study of life.
At the organism level, biology has partially explained phenomena such as birth, growth, aging, death and decay of living organisms, similarities between offspring and their parents (heredity) and flowering of plants which have puzzled humanity throughout history.
Biology -- Biology is the branch of science dealing with the study of life.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/biology   (0 words)

Adaptation: The Journal of the New York Biology Teachers Association, 19(4), 9-13, 16-20.
Adaptation: The Journal of the New York Biology Teachers Association, 19(2), 8-11.
Adaptation: The Journal of the New York Biology Teachers Association, 20(2), 4-7.
www.15degreelab.com /publications.html   (1177 words)

 Biology Tutorials - Biology-Online.org
This section of the site aims to promote the understanding of the many various aspects of biology, and is recommended to be used in conjunction with the dictionary to assist with biological terminology.
A closer look at the human nervous system, nerve cells and neurology in general, plus the various theories put forward by neurologists such as Freud and Jung and their analogies of the human brain and its inner workings.
Human developmental biology looking at the creation and growth of humans from the meiotic stages in the creation of gametes to the aging of the mature adult.
www.biology-online.org /kb/tutorials.html   (401 words)

 Adaptation (biology)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Structural adaptations are special body parts of an organism that help it to survive in its natural habitat, for example, its skin color, shape and body covering.
The term die out in the context of adaptation simply means a specieces' death rate excedes its' birth rate for a long enough period for the species to disappear.
Adaptation occurs over many generations; it is generally a slow process caused by natural selection.
www.alloffinance.com /Adaptation_%28biology%29.html   (882 words)

A study in the online open access journal BMC Biology reveals that the gene is linked to egg-like markings on the fins of cichlid fishes and uncovers the evolutionary history of these markings, which are central to the success of the fishes' exotic oral mating behaviour.
While the human species is unquestionably a member of the primate group, the identity of the next closest group to primates within the entire class of living mammals has been hotly debated.
Now, new molecular and genomic data gathered by a team including Webb Miller, a professor of biology and computer science and engineering at Penn State, has shown that the colugos -- nicknamed the flying lemurs -- is the closest group to the primates.
www.biology-blog.com   (4995 words)

 Current Biology Online
Current Biology publishes papers online ahead of the print issue on a weekly basis.
These are the Top 20 Papers by download from the Current Biology website for the last 30 days.
You will be keen to develop new streams of content inline with new developments, as well as to exploit the opportunities offered by online and interactive services.
www.current-biology.com   (393 words)

 Adaptation (biology)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A biological adaptation is an anatoakemical structure, physiological process or behavioral trait of an organism that has evolved over a period of time by the process of natural selection such that it increases the expected long-term reproductive success of the organism.
Behavioural adaptations are special ways an particular organism behaves to survive in its natural habitat.
The mental Adaptation of the Polar Bear would be its ability to look for breathing holes made by Seals.
www.pillscatalog.net /Adaptation_%28biology%29.html   (455 words)

 ScienceDaily: Help Page   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Gene Machine: Cells Engineered To Prevent Sepsis Win Synthetic Biology Competition (November 15, 2006) -- A team of eight undergraduates from the University of Ljubljana in Slovenia won the grand prize earlier this Month at the international Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) competition at MIT.
Enzyme Inhibitor Produces Stable Disease In Patients With Advanced Solid Cell Cancers (November 15, 2006) -- Preliminary trials of a MEK enzyme inhibitor have shown that it is capable of producing long-lasting stable disease in patients with advanced solid cancers.
Pattern Of Human Ebola Outbreaks Linked To Wildlife And Climate (November 15, 2006) -- A visiting biologist at the University of California, San Diego and her colleagues in Africa and Britain have shown that there are close linkages between outbreaks of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in human...
www.sciencedaily.com /articles/computers_math/computational_biology   (0 words)

  Amazon.ca: Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems: Books: John H. Holland   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Genetic algorithms are playing an increasingly important role in studies of complex adaptive systems, ranging from adaptive agents in economic theory to the use of machine learning techniques in the design of complex devices such as aircraft turbines and integrated circuits.
Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems is the book that initiated this field of study, presenting the theoretical foundations and exploring applications.
In its most familiar form, adaptation is a biological process, whereby organisms evolve by rearranging genetic material to survive in environments confronting them.
www.amazon.ca /Adaptation-Natural-Artificial-Systems-Holland/dp/0472084607   (641 words)

 Evolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In biology, the theory of universal common descent proposes that all organisms on Earth are descended from a common ancestor or ancestral gene pool (which is called having "common descent").
Evolutionary biology is a subfield of biology concerned with the origin and descent of species, as well as their change over time.
Adaptation is any evolutionary process that increases the fitness of the individual, or sometimes the trait that confers increased fitness, e.g.
www.dictionpedia.com /en/Evolution   (8773 words)

 Search Results for "Adaptation"
Culture as Adaptation This common approach thinks of human cultures as cultural systems interacting with their natural environments-environmental systems of which...
Heavy fur, for example, is one adaptation to a cold climate.
Adaptation is far more common; adaption is a much less frequent synonym.
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=Adaptation   (349 words)

 Adaptation Summary
Adaptations include almost all kinds of traits, such as what makes an organism blend into its surroundings, find food, mate with the correct species, and be able to survive.
Adaptation is a term used to describe the process by which specific manifested characters, determined by populations of alleles (forms of a gene) change in a population through succeeding generations.
In evolutionism, a biological adaptation is an anatomical structure, physiological process or behavioral trait of an organism that has evolved over a period of time by the process of natural selection such that it increases the expected long-term reproductive success of the organism.
www.bookrags.com /Adaptation   (3276 words)

 2. Adaptation and yield stability   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In an evolutionary biology context, adaptation is a process, adaptedness is the level of adaptation of plant material to a given environment, and adaptability is the ability to show good adaptedness in a wide range of environments (Tigerstedt, 1994).
Adaptation patterns with respect to individual locations are of limited interest per se, as the sample of sites is very small compared to the large number of locations in any target region.
However, the adaptation strategy objective focuses on the responses of a set of genotypes to obtain indications and generate predictions relative to future breeding material that may be produced from the genetic base of which the tested genotypes are assumed to be a representative sample.
www.fao.org /docrep/005/y4391e/y4391e05.htm   (5752 words)

 What is an adaptation?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The lungs are an adaptation, and their function is to transfer gases to and from blood.
Muscles are an adaptation, and their function is to apply force to various parts of the body.
Such selection pressures may or may not have resulted in the evolution of adaptations that exploit these distinctions to the benefit of the organism (and thus the genes that code for such adaptations).
www.anth.ucsb.edu /projects/human/epfaq/adaptation.html   (473 words)

 Adaptation Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence - Find Articles
Adaptation describes the process whereby an organism adapts to, or learns to survive in, its environment.
Adaptation occurs in individual organisms as well as in species.
Sensory adaptation consists of physical changes in sense organs in response to the presence or cessation of stimuli.
findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g2602/is_0000/ai_2602000009   (333 words)

 Biology Lesson Plans
A Biology Game To Promote Classification And Observation- Students should learn to observe with an eye to noticing differences and salient characteristics.
Cells Are Us- The main objectives of this mini-teach are to show that the cell is the basic unit of life; that cells divide slowly to become mass of cells (mitosis); and that there is a gradual loss of cells throughout life.
Introduction to the Scientific Method- The main objective of this lesson is to get the students involved in a class activity while introducing the process of the scientific method.
www.teach-nology.com /teachers/lesson_plans/science/biology   (619 words)

 Randy Thornhill, The University of New Mexico
The importance of developmental biology to evolutionary biology and vice versa.
Adaptations to ovulation: Implications for sexual and social behavior.
The notal organ of the scorpionfly (Panorpa vulgaris): An adaptation to coerce mating duration.
biology.unm.edu /Biology/Thornhill/rthorn.htm   (2010 words)

 Adaptationism and Optimality - Cambridge University Press
A likelihood framework for the phylogenetic analysis of adaptation David A. Baum and Michael J. Donoghue; 2.
Adaptation, optimality, and the meaning of phenotypic variation in natural populations Kenneth J. Halama and David N. Reznick; 9.
Adaptation and development: on the lack of common ground Ron Amundson; 11.
www.cambridge.org /uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=052159166X   (465 words)

 Biology Undergraduate Course Offerings   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Introduction to the principles of human genetics and evolutionary biology, the adaptation of organisms to their environment, biological diversity and integrated ecosystems.
The viruses of animals, bacteria, and plants, with emphasis on the molecular biology of virus replication and the diversity of virus-cell interactions.
The influence of environmental factors on the physiology of animals and the adaptation of animals to diverse environments in the context of biodiversity.
www.science.mcmaster.ca /biology/biology_undergraduate_CourseOfferings   (1597 words)

 Search Results for "adaptation"
...The physiological adaptation of an animal or plant to changes in climate or environment, such as light, temperature, or altitude....
...A new account or an adaptation of a story: a retelling of a Roman myth....
Adaptation, as of an organ or organism, to a specific function or environment.
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=col61&x=10&y=12&query=adaptation   (289 words)

 Online Courses, Biological Sciences, SBCC
Principles of animal taxonomy, evolution, population and community ecology; protist and animal diversity and adaptations; emphasis on vertebrate anatomy and physiology.
General principles of biology including cell structure and function, elementary genetics, evolution, plant and animal diversity and ecology.
Adaptations of insects as ground-dwelling, flying, and aquatic forms; insect natural history; societies; their importance to terrestrial and freshwater ecosystem on Earth.
bio.sbcc.net /online/index.htm   (480 words)

 Hendrix College - Biology Course Descriptions
BIOL 103  Biology of the Human Body (NS-L) The structure and function of human organ systems, with emphasis on the maintenance and perpetuation of the living state.
BIOL 106  Neotropical Biology (NS-L) An introduction to the diversity, structure, function, and history of tropical ecosystems.  Course is taught during the summer semester in Costa Rica.   Students who take this course cannot also receive credit for BIOL 102 Natural History.
BIOL 150   Cell Biology (NS-L) The structure and function of cells with emphasis on evolutionary principles, basic biochemistry, and scientific epistemology.  Laboratory course.  This is a prerequisite for all other biology courses.
www.hendrix.edu /biology/biology.aspx?id=4025   (780 words)

 The KLI Theory Lab - keywords - molecular biology
Beckwith, J. The hegemony of the gene: Reductionism in molecular biology.
Keywords: history of biology • molecular biology • reduction • Rockefeller Foundation • science policy.
Zallen, D.T. Redrawing the boundaries of molecular biology: The case of photosynthesis.
www.kli.ac.at /theorylab/Keyword/M/MolBio.html   (523 words)

 Philosophy of Biology - Comprehensive Course Guide
Those features that are selected for their advantageous consequences can then come to proliferate in a population, sometimes to the exclusion of all other variations.
Reeve and Sherman “Adaptation”, in Journal of Theoretical Biology.
A continuing debate in biology and philosophy of biology concerns the units of selection.
www.pitt.edu /~hpsdept/courses/course_guides/bio-sci.html   (1474 words)

 University of Hawaii at Manoa Catalog
The Biology Program (BIOL) is a cooperative program whose faculty members are from the Biology Program and the Departments of Botany; Cell and Molecular Biology; Microbiology, Molecular Biosciences and Biosystems; Engineering; and Zoology.
Biology is of fundamental importance in a science or liberal arts education, as it provides students with a keener insight into and a deeper appreciation of the many facets of living systems.
The biology curricula are designed to provide students with a strong background in the principles of biology and with rigorous upper-division instruction in a number of basic areas.
www.catalog.hawaii.edu /schoolscolleges/arts-sciences/departments/biol.htm   (759 words)

 AllRefer.com - adaptation (Genetics And Genetic Engineering) - Encyclopedia
It can mean the adjustment of living matter to environmental conditions and to other living things either in an organism's lifetime (physiological adaptation) or in a population over many many generations (evolutionary adaptation).
The word can also refer to a trait that is considered an adaptation.
The ability to adapt is a fundamental property of life and constitutes a basic difference between living and nonliving matter.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/A/adaptati.html   (495 words)

 Role of Nitric Oxide in Cardiovascular Adaptation to Intermittent Hypoxia -- Manukhina et al. 231 (4): 343 -- ...
in adaptation to intermittent hypoxia, and the remainder of
Effects of adaptation to periodic hypoxia on the course of idiopathic arrhythmia, microcirculation and blood coagulation [in Russian].
Adaptation to periodic hypoxia limits the demand for ethyl alcohol and the withdrawal syndrome in the chronic alcoholic intoxication of animals [in Russian].
www.ebmonline.org /cgi/content/full/231/4/343   (7089 words)

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