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Topic: Additive


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In the News (Sun 18 Aug 19)

  
  COLOR THEORY-ADDITIVE COLOR SYNTHESIS
Additive Color Synthesis is the method of creating color by mixing various proportions of two or three distinct stimulus colors of light.
The distinguishing features of additive color synthesis are that it deals with the color effects of light rather than with pigments, dyes, or filters, and that the stimuli come from separate monochromatic sources.
The most common example of additive color synthesis is the color television screen, (or RGB monitor), which is a mosaic of red, green, and blue phosphor dots; at normal viewing distances the eye does not distinguish the dots, but blends or adds their stimulus effects to obtain a composite color effect.
www.bway.net /~jscruggs/add.html   (288 words)

  
  Additive synthesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Additive synthesis emulates such timbres by combining numerous waveforms pitched to different harmonics, with a different amplitude envelope on each, along with inharmonic artefacts.
Additive synthesis can also create non-harmonic sounds if the individual partials are not all having a frequency that is an integer multiple of the same fundamental frequency.
It has been shown in Wavetable Synthesis 101, A Fundamental Perspective, that wavetable synthesis is equivalent to additive synthesis in the case that all partials or overtones are harmonic (that is all overtones are at frequencies that are an integer multiple of a fundamental frequency of the tone as shown in the equation above).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Additive_synthesis   (577 words)

  
 Diesel Fuel Additives :: Stanadyne, Racor, Power Service, Lucas and Delphi
Stanadyne diesel fuel additives provides cold and hot weather protection; increase horsepower and improved fuel economy; lubricates and reduces wear of injectors and other critical components; cleans and prevents deposit buildup; reduces smoke and particulate emissions; helps remove water; fights rust and corrosion; and upgrades and stabilizes fuel, among other benefits.
Stanadyne is America's leading diesel fuel additive and injection equipment company, designing and manufacturing fuel injection pumps, injectors, diesel fuel filters and water separators, as well as electronic diagnostic equipment, fuel heaters and transfer/boost pumps for diesel fuel systems.
It is the only independent diesel fuel additive brand tested and approved by many of the world's leading engine and vehicle manufacturers.
www.fueladditiveonline.com   (397 words)

  
 FDA/CFSAN/OPA: Color Additive Petitions--FDA Recommendations for Submission of Chemical & Technological Data on Color ...
The data that are appropriate for approval of a color additive petition depend on the level and type of use, and the amount of color additive and its impurities that may enter body tissues.
Briefly, a color additive used in or on a food, drug, cosmetic or medical device shall be deemed unsafe unless (1) there is a regulation listing such color additive, (2) the regulation allows that particular use, and (3) the color additive and its use conform to the regulation.
Similar analyses of color additive fortified to one-half and to one-eighth the specification level may be requested to ensure that recovery is independent of analyte concentration, and to ascertain limits of determination.
vm.cfsan.fda.gov /~dms/opa-col1.html   (5710 words)

  
 21 CFR 71--COLOR ADDITIVE PETITIONS
The amount of the color additive proposed for use and the color effect intended to be achieved, together with all directions, recommendations, and suggestions regarding the proposed use, as well as specimens of the labeling proposed for the color additive.
The issuance of a regulation for a color additive authorizing its use generally in or on a food, drug, or cosmetic shall not be construed as authorization to use the color additive in a manner that may promote deception or conceal damage or inferiority.
The use of a color additive to promote deception or conceal damage or inferiority shall be considered as the use of a color additive for which no regulation has issued pursuant to section 721(b) of the act, even though the regulation is effective for other uses.
www1.va.gov /oro/apps/compendium/Files/21CFR71.htm   (3355 words)

  
 Glossary
Lubricating oil detergent additives contain metallic derivatives, such as barium, calcium, and magnesium sulfonates, that are common sources of ash.
With the addition of specific additives, it may be used as a lubricant in compressors, hydraulic systems, and internal combustion engines.
At the high local temperatures associated with metal-to-metal contact, an EP additive combines chemically with the metal to form a surface film that prevents the welding of opposing asperities, and the consequent scoring that is destructive to sliding surfaces under high loads.
www.synlube.com /glossary.htm   (7187 words)

  
 Additive for rubber elastomers - Patent 6831119
The additive of claim 1, wherein the rubber elastomer is selected from the group consisting of natural rubber, isoprene, chloroprene, halo-butyls, SBR rubber, butyl rubber, neoprene, epichlorohydrin rubber, polysulfonated rubber, silicone rubber and mixtures thereof.
The additive of claim 13, wherein the rubber elastomer is selected from the group consisting of natural rubber, isoprene, chloroprene, halo-butyls, SBR rubber, butyl rubber, neoprene, epichlorohydrin rubber, polysulfonated rubber, silicone rubber and mixtures thereof.
The additive may be formulated with reduced amounts of metal carbonate and increased amounts of the remaining ingredients varying up to about: 30% flour, 35% starch, 15% resin, 5% metal carbonate and 15% acidic component, by weight, wherein the aggregate amount of the ingredients total 100%.
www.freepatentsonline.com /6831119.html   (5428 words)

  
 Additive Synthesis on SND
For example in the case of additive synthesis, the frequency domain is more useful while if we were to edit a complete chunk of sound the time domain will certainly be more useful.
Additive synthesis can be used for reconstructing a signal by synthesizing each partial as given on the FFT of the original signal but more generally speaking additive synthesis is used to sum and mix sinusoids to produce more complex sounds.
As the periodic waveform repeats over time we can implement additive synthesis by using a table to store the values of one cycle instead of adding the output of all the equivalent sine oscillators (it is a lot more efficient).
ccrma.stanford.edu /guides/planetccrma/Additive.html   (717 words)

  
 Generalized Additive Models (GAM)
In other words, the purpose of generalized additive models is to maximize the quality of prediction of a dependent variable Y from various distributions, by estimating unspecific (non-parametric) functions of the predictor variables which are "connected" to the dependent variable via a link function.
Generalized Additive Models allows you to specify the degrees of freedom for the cubic spline smoother; the fewer degrees of freedom you specify, the smoother is the cubic spline fit to the partial residuals, and typically, the worse is the overall fit of the model.
Generalized additive models are not easily interpreted, in particular when they involve complex nonlinear effects of some or all of the predictor variables (and, of course, it is in those instances where generalized additive models may yield a better fit than generalized linear models).
www.statsoft.com /textbook/stgam.html   (1462 words)

  
 ADDITIVE GmbH: Profil
ADDITIVE's core strengths are in the fields of physical measurement technology, software for mathematics and statistics, software for statistical quality management and software for Chemistry and Life Science.
ADDITIVE is conscious of a social responsibility it bears, specifically with regard to nurturing new generations of qualified labor.
ADDITIVE has achieved consistent growth even during weak economic period, particularly in the years 2001 to 2003, but indeed in all preceding years as well.
www.additive-net.de /unternehmen/Profil/profil_englisch.shtml   (909 words)

  
 Fuel and Lubrication oil additive - Patent 5505867
In the invented additive, the overbased sulfonate is believed to be an anti-weld, anti-corrosion, and detergent agent; the jojoba oil is believed to be a suspension agent; and the castor oil is believed to be a lubricity agent.
EP test showed that the invented additive produces superior lubrication performance both in a fuel and in a motor-oil, and also that all three components of the additive (the overbased sulfonate, jojoba oil, and castor oil) are required for this superior performance.
In an additive consisting of the three components of overbased sulfonate, jojoba oil, and castor oil, therefore, the castor oil content may be calculated by difference to be in a range 79 vol-% - 30 vol-%.
www.freepatentsonline.com /5505867.html   (4047 words)

  
 FDA/CFSAN OPA: Recommendations for Chemistry Data for Indirect Food Additive Petitions
The definition of a food additive (Section 201(s)) includes substances used in the processing, packaging, holding, and transporting of food that have no functional effect in the food but which may reasonably be expected to become components of food.
The concentration of an additive in the daily diet or exposure may be calculated from measured levels in food or in food-simulating solvents.
that may be applied to an indirect food additive for which the extent of migration to food results in exposure so trivial (less than or equal to 0.5 ppb of the additive in the daily diet) as not to require the issuance of a regulation.
vm.cfsan.fda.gov /~dms/opa-cg5.html   (6717 words)

  
 FLUID ADDITIVE INJECTOR SYSTEMS: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Additive injector systems are most commonly designed to add customer- required additives to bulk fuel products during the delivery process.
The first designs met the requirements of the military in their need to have injection equipment in remote or combat-battlefield conditions, where electrical requirements and meters are not readily available, and is used today almost exclusively for treatment of a large percentage of U.S. defense fuels.
The additive injector point is placed before the unit's fluid drive to aid in blending.
www.hammondscos.com /email/fluid_injector_qa.html   (891 words)

  
 Acetone In Fuel Said to Increase Mileage
Too much additive would upset the mixture ratio because acetone (like alcohol) is a light molecule and tends to lean the mixture.
The pure acetone label is the only additive suggested and is easily available from most drug stores in 16-ounce plastic bottles and in one-gallon containers from some large fleet farm supply stores.
There are of course other additives that improve mileage (which also have had less than a favorable reception by the petroleum industry).
pesn.com /2005/03/17/6900069_Acetone   (3173 words)

  
 CRS Report: 95-857 - Food Additive Regulations: A Chronology - NLE
Food additives are any substance or mixture of substances other than the basic foodstuff which are present in a food as a result of any phase of processing, packaging, or storage.
An additive may be consumed by all citizens for all ages and in all health conditions for a lifetime.
That no additive shall be deemed to be safe if it is found to induce cancer when ingested by man or animal, or if it is found, after tests which are appropriate for the evaluation of the safety of food additives, to induce cancer in man or animal....
www.ncseonline.org /nle/crsreports/pesticides/pest-5.cfm   (7784 words)

  
 Additive Synthesis
Additive synthesis attempts to apply this theorem to the synthesis of sound by employing large banks of sinusoidal oscillators, each having independent amplitude and frequency controls.
While additive synthesis is very powerful and general, it has been held back from widespread usage due to its computational expense.
The cost of additive synthesis can be greatly reduced by making special purpose VLSI optimized for sinusoidal synthesis.
www-ccrma.stanford.edu /~jos/waveguide/Additive_Synthesis.html   (431 words)

  
 NORA Presentation: A presentaion about antifreeze additive packages.
For antifreeze made from sidestream or by-product glycols, many of the same additive packages can be used, but the glycol must usually be pretreated with other additives and processes to make it suitable for use as antifreeze.
The second is used more in the sense of a specialized additive system used to pretreat reclaimed glycol or recycled antifreeze to treat some of the problems left over by the processes that I discussed earlier.
Additives Inc. offers both types of additive systems and technical assistance in determining the nature of your problem and the best solution.
www.additivesinc.com /technicalresources-artic1.html   (2430 words)

  
 2.4 Additive Macros
As a result, each additive macro can only have one definition, and that definition is the concatenation of all its parts.
The example above shows how additive macros can be used to rearrange the presentation of a computer program in the order in which the user wishes to discuss it rather than the order in which the compiler requires that it be consumed.
In many cases, the same effect can be obtained more clearly by replacing each part of an additive macro in-situ using uniquely named non-additive macros, and then collect them together as a group at the point where the additive macro is called.
www.ross.net /funnelweb/tutorial/macro_additive.html   (375 words)

  
 additive.htm   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Additive Creations, Inc. is the incorporated information and communication organization dedicated to developing, expanding and disseminating spiritual concepts through a variety of formats.
Additive Creations as a concept indicates that additive creations are positive, constructive and beneficent.
Additive creations are enduring and beneficial to all.
www.additivecreations.com /additive.htm   (257 words)

  
 MultiLoad Additive Control Strategy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Manufacturers of additive injectors developed microprocessor-based control systems to support their devices, filling a void left by the manufacturers of traditional electronic presets.
Additive control still has not made it to its most logical platform, an integrated function of the electronic preset.
When additive control is integrated with the flow controller, the number of discrete control devices that have to be installed and supported at a lane is reduced dramatically.
www.toptech.com /MultiLoadAdditiveControl.html   (693 words)

  
 Additives, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
CNN Interactive has a listing of common food additives, their description, what it is used in and purpose and side effects.
Federation of European Food Additives and Food Enzymes Industries is a source of expertise on technical, regulatry, and scientific aspects of the safety and use of food additives.
Food Additives and Ingredients Association has information regarding food additives and their safety, allergy and intolerance and diet and behavior.
food.oregonstate.edu /misc/additive.html   (841 words)

  
 Additive Calcium Liquid Details   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Additive Calcium Liquid is intended for use when the total water hardness of the water being used to dilute coolants is not adequate.
Additive Calcium Liquid is a far superior compound to that of powered calcium, therefore, powered calcium should never be added to the coolant system.
As with any additive, it should be tested in an isolated process to assure that it does not influence any secondary processes.
www.hangsterfers.com /productdetails.asp?1=373   (210 words)

  
 SMIL Animation
This latter behavior is described in the section Additive animation.
Additive animation is defined for numeric attributes and other data types for which some addition function is defined.
If only additive animations are active or frozen (i.e., no non-additive animations are active or frozen for the given attribute) when the OM value is changed, the presentation value must reflect the changed OM value as well as the effect of the additive animations.
www.w3.org /TR/smil-animation   (13621 words)

  
 Products Insulating Additive for house paint
INSULADD® insulating additive for paint has proven itself in thousands of applications for over 7 years and is now sold worldwide.
The hollow ceramic microspheres reflective quality affects the warming phenomenon called "Mean Radiant Temperature," where heat waves from a source such as direct sunlight cause a person to feel warmer even though the actual air temperature is no different between a shady and sunny location.
INSULADD® insulating additive for paint is available in "kits" that contain from one to twenty five bottles of Insuladd.
www.insulating-additive.com /products.html   (495 words)

  
 Additive trees   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
A generalization of ultrametric trees are additive trees.
Remind that in an ultrametric tree, the number of mutations was assumed to be proportional to the temporal distance of a node to the ancestor and it was also assumed that the mutations took place with the same rate in all paths.
All nodes of an additive tree except for the leaves have degree three, an additive tree is therefore an unrooted binary tree.
lectures.molgen.mpg.de /Phylogeny/Additive/index.html   (181 words)

  
 Fuel Saving Additive
An additive is an extraneous substance that is added to a substance in very small quantities to enhance the existing properties of the substance, to impart some desirable properties to the substance, or to supress certain properties.
It is advised that Residuumsol: Fuel Oil Additive be added to the main storage tank just before fresh fuel is transferred to it because the agitation caused by the transfer of the fuel to the tank is enough for the additive to get homogenously mixed in the fuel oil.
After using Residuumsol: Fuel Oil Additive for a period of sixty days, it will be observed that the steam/fuel ratio will be about 4-7% higher than the similar ratio without the use of the additive.
www.residuumsol.com /faqs.htm   (856 words)

  
 Additives - Lubricity Additives
This is due to their concerns about "trail back" of the lubricity additive into jet fuel tenders following the additized diesel, which are not allowed to contain these additives.
Keeping an adequate supply of additive on hand is of mutual interest to terminal operators and additive suppliers.
Lubricity additive screening tests can be organized at our central research laboratories for selection of the most cost effective products and treatment dosages.
www.bakerhughes.com /bakerpetrolite/additives/Lubricity_Additives.htm   (686 words)

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