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Topic: Adenosine triphosphate

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  Adenosine triphosphate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), discovered in 1929 by Karl Lohmann, is a multifunctional nucleotide primarily known in biochemistry as the "molecular currency" of intracellular energy transfer.
ATP consists of adenosine and three phosphate groups (triphosphate).
ATP is also synthesized through several so-called "replenishment" reactions catalyzed by the enzyme families of NDKs (nucleoside diphosphate kinases), which use other nucleoside triphosphates as a high-energy phosphate donor, and the ATP:guanido-phosphotransferase family, which uses creatine.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Adenosine_triphosphate   (839 words)

 Adenosine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Adenosine plays an important role in biochemical processes, such as energy transfer - as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) - as well as in signal transduction as cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cAMP.
Because of the effects of adenosine on AV node-dependent SVTs, adenosine is considered a class V antiarrhythmic agent.
When adenosine enters the circulation, it is broken down by adenosine deaminase, which is present in red cells and the vessel wall.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Adenosine   (607 words)

 adenosine triphosphate - HighBeam Encyclopedia
ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE [adenosine triphosphate] (ATP), organic compound composed of adenine, the sugar ribose, and three phosphate groups.
Effect of adenosine triphosphate on the postischemic left ventricular function of the immature myocardium.
Sympathetic Nervous Response Relative to the Adenosine Triphosphate Supply-Demand Imbalance During Exercise Is Augmented in Patients With Heart Failure(*).
www.encyclopedia.com /html/a1/adenosintp.asp   (413 words)

 Olympus MIC-D: Polarized Light Gallery - Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Adenosine triphosphate, the chemical energy currency of the plant and animal world, is required to for all the processes that keep organisms alive.
Adenosine triphosphate, a nucleotide, consists of a ribose (five-carbon sugar), a phosphate chain, and a purine base containing carbon and nitrogen atoms (adenine).
In 1997, the Nobel Prize for Chemistry was shared by Dr. John Walker of Cambridge University, Dr. Paul Boyer from the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), and Danish scientist Dr. Jens Skou for their detailed description of the phosphorus cycle featured in the mitochondria of animal cells and the chloroplasts of plant cells.
olympusmicro.com /micd/galleries/polarized/adenosinetriphosphate.html   (275 words)

 Adenosine triphosphate - EvoWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Adenosine triphosphate or ATP is an important triphosphate molecule used to power many cellular processes in all known organisms.
It is usually synthesized by oxydative phosphorylation of adenosine diphosphate or ADP.
Energy is released from ATP by hydrolytic removal of a phosphate group, leaving behind a molecule of ADP (adenosine diphosphate).
wiki.cotch.net /index.php/Adenosine_triphosphate   (94 words)

 Adenosine Triphosphate - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Adenosine Triphosphate, the main usable energy source found in all living things.
The compound adenosine triphosphate, ATP, is a fundamentally important and ubiquitous “carrier” of energy and a coenzyme in living systems.
Chemical energy is exchanged in all living cells through adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, a compound that contains high-energy phosphate bonds.
uk.encarta.msn.com /Adenosine_Triphosphate.html   (102 words)

 Adenosine triphosphate - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Chemically, ATP consists of adenosine and three phosphate groups(triphosphate).
Living cells also have other "high-energy" nucleoside triphosphates, such as guanosine triphosphate.
fr:Adénosine triphosphate ko:아데노신 삼인산 id:ATP he:ATP nl:Adenosinetrifosfaat ja:アデノシン三リン酸 pl:ATP pt:Adenosina tri-fosfato sl:Adenozintrifosfat su:Adénosin trifosfat sv:Adenosintrifosfat
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Adenosine_triphosphate   (630 words)

 Adenosine Molecule
Adenine forms adenosine, a nucleoside, when attached to ribose, and deoxyadenosine when attached to deoxyribose, and it forms adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a nucleotide, when three phosphate groups are added to adenosine.
Adenosine triphosphate is used in cellular metabolism as one of the basic methods of transferring chemical energy between reactions.
When administered intravenously, adenosine causes transient heart block in the AV node of the heart.
www.worldofmolecules.com /life/adenosine.htm   (371 words)

 Adenosine Triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is considered by biologists to be the energy currency of life.
The oxidation of glucose operates in a cycle called the Krebs cycle in animal cells to provide energy for the conversion of ADP to ATP.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the energy currency of life and it provides that energy for most biological processes by being converted to ADP (adenosine diphosphate).
hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu /hbase/biology/atp.html   (736 words)

 Adenosine Monophosphate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) is an intermediary substance formed during the body’s process of creating energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from food.
Adenosine is a sensitive oxygen sensor in the heart.
Adenosine modification of energy substrate use in isolated hearts perfused with fatty acids.
www.kroger.com /hn/Supp/Adenosine_Monophosphate.htm   (725 words)

 adenosine triphosphate | phosphocreatine
Adenosine triphosphate is often called the universal energy donor, but a better label would be the body’s ‘primary energy currency’
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) provides all of the energy needed for muscular contractions, for the secretion of gastric juice after a meal, for the cognitive processes which take place in your brain as you read this article and, indeed, for every single activity you undertake.
It is important to understand that the three adenosine triphosphate (ATP) pathways are generally associated with three different speeds of movement, and that the phosphagen system has become wedded in our minds to maximal speeds, the glycolytic (‘anaerobic’) system to fast speeds and the aerobic process to more modest paces.
www.pponline.co.uk /encyc/adenosine-triphosphate.html   (3179 words)

 Adenosine triphosphate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the " molecular currency" of intracellular energy transfer; that is ATP is able store and transport chemical energy within cells.
After third phosphate group is released the resulting ADP (adenosine diphosphate) can absorb energy and the group thus regenerating an ATP molecule ; this allows ATP to store energy a rechargeable battery.
This energy be used by a variety of enzymes motor proteins and transport proteins to carry out the work of cell.
www.freeglossary.com /Adenosine_triphosphate   (480 words)

 adenosine triphosphate
Effects of aerosolized adenosine 5'-triphosphate vs adenosine 5'-monophosphate on dyspnea and airway caliber in healthy nonsmokers......
Sympathetic Nervous Response Relative to the Adenosine Triphosphate Supply-Demand Imbalance During Exercise Is Augmented in Patients......
Extracellular adenosine triphosphate *: a potential regulator of vasa vasorum neovascularization in hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular......
www.infoplease.com /ce6/sci/A0802493.html   (308 words)

 Adenosine triphosphate-ATP
ATP, or Adenosine triphosphate, is the primary nucleotide for storing and transporting chemical energy between cells, and also plays a vital role in synthesizing nucleic acids.
ATP is chemically composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups, or a triphosphate.
The attempt to copy ATP technology from nature for the purposes of human design is an example of biomimicry.
www.iscid.org /encyclopedia/Adenosine_triphosphate-ATP   (215 words)

 American Radiolabeled Chemicals, Inc. - Adenosine 5'-triphosphate,
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate, ARP 0101-1 mCi / 37 MBq
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate, ARP 0128-1 mCi / 37 MBq
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate, ARP 0131-1 mCi / 37 MBq
www.arc-inc.com /pc-4607-13-adenosine-5-triphosphate.aspx   (568 words)

 adenosine triphosphate - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Metabolism (chemistry) : energy metabolism: adenosine triphosphate in energy metabolism
Creatine, substance in the bloodstream of vertebrate animals that is used for supplementary energy transport in certain body systems.
Mitchell put his knowledge of chemistry to use in studying an unexplained...
encarta.msn.com /adenosine+triphosphate.html   (113 words)

 Adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate, (ATP) a molecule used by organisms to store energy.
Consists of three parts: sugar molecule (ribose), adenine base (a group consisting of linked rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms), and a phosphate chain which is key to the activity of ATP.
The molecule that results in this reaction is adenosine diphosphate (ADP) which can also lose its endmost phosphate group reducing to adenosine monophosphate (AMP).
nanoatlas.ifs.hr /adenosine_triphosphate.html   (88 words)

 BookRags: Adenosine Triphosphate (Atp) Summary
Adenosine triphosphate is an organic compound that serves as a source of energy for living organisms, and assists them in carrying out a wide variety of important functions.
The compound consists of a substituted purine base (6-aminopurine) linked to a five carbon sugar (ribose) that is triply phosphorylated.
In activities requiring energy assist, hydrolysis converts ATP to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and phosphate by removing the terminal phosphate group.
www.bookrags.com /research/adenosine-triphosphate-atp-wob   (261 words)

 ATP   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Cleavage of one phosphate group from ATP results in a free energy that biomolecular machinery uses as an energy source.
The resulting Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP) contains only two phosphate groups, but can then be recharged to ATP by means of ATP synthase.
The ratio of [ATP]/[ADP] within a cell is known as the "energy charge" and provides a measure of the free energy immediately available in the form of ATP.
www.quantumcad.com /library/defgen/generate.php?termid=4   (94 words)

 Medical Dictionary: Adenosine triphosphate - WrongDiagnosis.com
Adenosine triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide comprised of three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety, found in all living cells and involved in energy production for metabolic processes.
Adenosine triphosphate : adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety; in addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
The description of Adenosine triphosphate may also be used for the following terms:
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /medical/adenosine_triphosphate.htm   (189 words)

 AllRefer.com - adenosine triphosphate (Biochemistry) - Encyclopedia
You are here : AllRefer.com > Reference > Encyclopedia > Biochemistry > adenosine triphosphate
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)[uden´usEn trI´´fos´fAt] Pronunciation Key, organic compound composed of adenine, the sugar ribose, and three phosphate groups.
More articles from AllRefer Reference on adenosine triphosphate
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/A/adenosintp.html   (275 words)

 adenosine triphosphate - OneLook Dictionary Search
Adenosine triphosphate : MedTerms.com Medical Dictionary [home, info]
Adenosine Triphosphate : Biological Sciences Dictionary [home, info]
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) : Drug Discovery and Development [home, info]
www.onelook.com /?w=adenosine+triphosphate&ls=a   (213 words)

 Howstuffworks "How Exercise Works"
For your muscles -- in fact, for every cell in your body -- the source of energy that keeps everything going is called ATP.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the biochemical way to store and use energy.
There is a lot of energy stored in the bond between the second and third phosphate groups that can be used to fuel chemical reactions.
health.howstuffworks.com /sports-physiology2.htm   (257 words)

Adenosine diphosphate + inorganic Phosphate + energy produces Adenosine Triphosphate
Adenosine Triphosphate produces Adenosine diphosphate + energy + inorganic Phosphate
An analogy between ATP and rechargeable batteries is appropriate.
www.emc.maricopa.edu /faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookATP.html   (911 words)

 Peak ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) with GlycoCarn 60 caps - healthMarketplace.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Peak ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) with GlycoCarn 60 caps - healthMarketplace.com
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a critical component of the cellular energy cycle.
When administered orally to rabbits, ATP increased blood flow, reduced vascular resistance, and increased arterial oxygen pressure.5 In baboons, ATP infusions increased cerebral blood flow by nearly 50 percent and boosted oxygen consumption in the brain.6
www.healthmarketplace.com /adenosine-triphosphate.htm   (558 words)

 Adenosine triphosphate definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Adenosine triphosphate definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Adenosine triphosphate: An important carrier of energy in cells in the body and a compound that is important in the synthesis (the making) of RNA.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a nucleotide (a building block of a nucleic acid such as RNA).
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=6582   (142 words)

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