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Topic: Adipose tissue


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Fat

  
  Adipose Tissue
Adipose tissue is found in mammals in two different forms: white adipose tissue and brown adipose tissue.
In the rat, brown adipose tissue is found primarily in the interscapular region and the axillae, minor amounts are found near the thymus and in the dorsal midline region of the thorax and abdomen.
The remaining weight of white adipose tissue is composed of water (5 to 30%) and protein (2 to 3%).
www.sportsci.org /encyc/adipose/adipose.html   (3305 words)

  
  Adipose tissue - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Adipose tissue is an anatomical term for loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes.
In a severely obese person, excess adipose tissue hanging downward from the abdomen is referred to as a panniculus (or pannus).
Adipose tissue, because of its association with high food energy intake and low physical exertion, historically was considered an indication of wealth and privilege.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Adipose_tissue   (574 words)

  
 Article: The Nervous System and Adipose Tissue
The ß receptors in adipose tissue are of the ß
Adipose tissue regrowth is facilitated by a fattening diet, but there is no evidence that the fat depot will regrow beyond control amounts.
Adipose tissue, and BAT in particular, however, are not the only tissues involved in thermogenesis in the adult human.
members.tripod.com /~Dercums_Data/adipose.html   (8313 words)

  
 Article: The Nervous System and Adipose Tissue
Factors that predispose individuals to local or generalized hypertrophy of adipose tissue are still poorly defined, but there is evidence that the autonomic nervous system may not be functioning fully in obese subjects, either as a primary or secondary phenomenon.
The ß receptors in adipose tissue are of the ß
Adipose tissue, and BAT in particular, however, are not the only tissues involved in thermogenesis in the adult human.
dercums_data.tripod.com /adipose.html   (8313 words)

  
 Blue Histology - Connective Tissues
Connective tissue cells are usually divided into two groups based on their ability to move within the connective tissue.
There are two types of adipose tissue, which derive their names from the colour of the tissue (white or brown) and the number of lipid droplets found in the adipocytes.
Brown adipose tissue is often located in the connective tissue close to the renal hilus or in the renal sinus of sections which contain the entire kidney of small laboratory animals.
www.lab.anhb.uwa.edu.au /mb140/CorePages/Connective/Connect.htm   (4299 words)

  
 Animal Tissues   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Epithelial tissue is made of closely-packed cells arranged in flat sheets.
Adipose tissue is fibrous connective tissue in which the cells have become almost filled with oil.
All forms of connective tissue are derived from cells called fibroblasts [View], which secrete the extracellular matrix.
users.rcn.com /jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/A/AnimalTissues.html   (892 words)

  
 Article: Fat-cell heat production ... in adiposis dolorosa
Gluteal adipose tissue was examined in 13 patients with generalized adiposis dolorosa, a clinical condition characterized by painful adiposity with a chronic intractable course.
Activity of adipose tissue LPL increased to a median of 15.3 m-units/g of lipid from 4.5 m-units/g of lipid.
Adipose tissue LPL activity, as analysed in seven of the patients, had a median value of 4.7 m-units/g of lipid wet weight (interquartile range 3.9-8.0 m-units/g of lipid wet weight), which is slightly, although not significantly, lower than our reference value, 5.2-14.8 m-units/g of lipid wet weight.
dercums_data.tripod.com /fat_heat.html   (3156 words)

  
 Adipose tissue
Adipose tissue is an anatomical term for loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes (fat cells).
The tissue is distributed in multiple depots, both subcutaneously and internally, and clusters of adipocytes may also be located adjacent to, or embedded in, other organs such as the lymph nodes and skeletal muscle.
The link between adipose tissue and inflammation has been augmented by the recent evidence that WAT is infiltrated by macrophages in the obese, and this may be a significant component of the inflammatory state within expanding adipose tissue depots.
www.nugo.org /facts/28386/28413   (682 words)

  
 Brown adipose tissue - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brown fat is a type of adipose tissue present in many newborn or hibernating mammals.
This alternative route for protons uncouples oxidative phosphorylation and the energy in the PMF is released as heat.
When growing up, most of the mitochondria (which are responsible for the brown color) in brown fat disappear, and the tissue becomes similar in function and appearance to white fat, as a mere fat deposit, though some adults do retain their brown fat.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Brown_adipose_tissue   (621 words)

  
 adipose tissue --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
Connective tissue consisting mainly of fat cells, specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat, within a structural network of fibres.
Atrophy of adipose tissue of the body occurs as a part of the generalized atrophy of prolonged undernutrition.
The cells of connective tissue include three types that are relatively stationary, fibroblasts, macrophages, and adipose cells, and several types of motile, migrating cells—mast cells, monocytes, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and eosinophils.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9354594   (855 words)

  
 Preclinical safety study shows adipose-derived stem cells improve heart function after heart attack
Intracoronary infusion of adipose tissue-derived regenerative cells 48 hours after infarction was found to be safe, with all 13 swine surviving to the 6-month follow-up period.
Adipose tissue-derived regenerative cells consist of (1) adult stem cells, (2) endothelial progenitor cells (blood vessel forming cells) and (3) other growth factor producing cells (tissue growth and repair promoting cells).
Forty-eight hours after the infarction, adipose cells were harvested through a lipectomy, autologous regenerative cells were isolated, and the pigs were randomized to either an intracoronary infusion of saline (control) or 40-140x106 (mean 67.5x106) regenerative cells (experimental) infused distal to the site of occlusion.
www.innovations-report.com /html/reports/life_sciences/report-34021.html   (753 words)

  
 Adipose Tissue as a Medium for Epidemiologic Exposure Assessment
Adipose tissue samples contain many compounds that can be measured reliably and that are related to past exposures of interest for epidemiologic studies.
Adipose tissue sampling from living subjects was described in detail by Hirsch in 1960 (1) as a "simple, virtually painless and risk-free method for the removal of such small samples of adipose tissue," which could be conducted on subjects to collect fat tissue for etiologic research on fatty acid composition of this tissue.
Adipose tissue is a biomarker of significance for epidemiologic research of dietary exposures in relation to cancer.
www.ehponline.org /members/1995/Suppl-3/kohl-full.html   (6783 words)

  
 Adipose Tissue as an endocrine gland : by Ray Sahelian, M.D. adipose connective tissue
Adipose tissue is an anatomical term for loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes.
The traditional function attributed to white adipose tissue of energy storage in the form of triglycerides has been challenged by results from recent studies, showing that adipose tissue is, in fact, a highly active metabolic and endocrine organ.
Adipose tissue is mainly involved in lipid and glucose metabolism.
www.raysahelian.com /adipose.html   (487 words)

  
 Obesity is associated with macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue -- Weisberg et al. 112 (12): 1796 -- Journal of ...
Adipose tissue transcripts whose abundance was correlated with body mass in mice.
Perigonadal adipose tissue was collected from female B6.V Lepob/ob mice, digested, and centrifuged to yield a buoyant adipocyte-enriched cell population and a pellet of SVCs.
Perigonadal adipose tissue was collected from female B6.V Lepob/ob mice, digested, and centrifuged to yield a buoyant adipocyte-enriched cell population (gray bars) and a pellet of SVCs.
www.jci.org /cgi/content/full/112/12/1796   (7175 words)

  
 UNSW Embryology- Endocrine Development - Adipose Tissue
Brown adipose is found in newborns (2 - 5 % of the body weight) and can be used to dissipate stored energy as heat (thermogenesis), while adults have mainly white adipose.
This is a polypeptide hormone produced in adipose and many other tissues with also many different roles related to the inhibition of food intake and stimulation of energy expenditure.
In maternal tissues (adipose tissue and skeletal muscle) for the GDM pregnancy women have higher leptin than in normal women.
embryology.med.unsw.edu.au /Notes/endocrine18.htm   (768 words)

  
 Somatotropin Regulates Adipose Tissue Metabolism in Neonatal Swine -- Wang et al. 129 (1): 139 -- Journal of Nutrition   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Culture of adipose tissue with ST decreased lipid synthesis from glucose in adipose tissue from neonatal and growing pigs.
Heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity in neonatal (7 d) or growing (60 d) pig adipose tissue cultured for 4 or 24 h with or without somatotropin (ST) (4.5 nmol/L) in the absence or presence of insulin (7 nmol/L) Culture of adipose tissue with ST increased lipolysis in adipose tissue from neonatal and growing pigs.
The magnitude of alterations in adipose tissue metabolism by ST treatment was similar in neonatal and in growing pigs.
nutrition.org /cgi/content/full/129/1/139   (5113 words)

  
 Effects of a physiological GH pulse on interstitial glycerol in abdominal and femoral adipose tissue -- Gravholt et al. ...
tissue are catecholamines (5, 44, 45), and it is thus conceivable
Chronic effects of somatotropin treatment on response of subcutaneous adipose tissue lipolysis to acutely acting factors in vivo and in vitro.
Interstitial glycerol concentration in human skeletal muscle and adipose tissue is close to the concentration in blood.
ajpendo.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/277/5/E848   (4291 words)

  
 Extracellular Cyclic AMP and Adenosine Appearance in Adipose Tissue of Sus scrofa: Effects of Exercise -- Carey et al. ...
tissue and responds to physiological perturbation is unknown.
The fate of extracellular cAMP in adipose tissue is unknown.
responsiveness of adipose tissue to acute and chronic exercise
www.ebmonline.org /cgi/content/full/229/10/1026   (3547 words)

  
 Obesity-induced inflammatory changes in adipose tissue -- Wellen and Hotamisligil 112 (12): 1785 -- Journal of Clinical ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
in adipose tissue or perhaps adipocyte precursors (10, 11).
Obese adipose tissue is characterized by inflammation (1) and progressive infiltration by macrophages as obesity develops (10, 11).
Whatever the initial stimulus to recruit macrophages into adipose tissue is, once these cells are present and active, they, along with adipocytes and other cell types, could perpetuate a vicious cycle of macrophage recruitment, production of inflammatory cytokines, and impairment of adipocyte function.
www.jci.org /cgi/content/full/112/12/1785   (2061 words)

  
 Distribution of Adipose Tissue in the Newborn -- HARRINGTON et al. 55 (3): 437 -- Pediatric Research   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Distribution of Adipose Tissue in the Newborn -- HARRINGTON et al.
Fowler PA, Fuller MF, Glasbey CA, Cameron GG, Foster MA 1992 Validation of the in vivo measurement of adipose tissue by magnetic resonance imaging of lean and obese pigs.
Vidal H 2001 Gene expression in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues.
www.pedresearch.org /cgi/content/full/55/3/437   (2985 words)

  
 Research shows that methods employed by Narconon Vista Bay are effective
At post-treatment, all 16 chemicals were found at lower concentrations in the adipose tissues of the treatment group, while 11 were found in higher concentrations in the control group.
High PCB levels were noted in adipose tissue (102 mg kg'), serum (512 ug/1'), skin lipids (66.3 mg kg'), and in the nipple discharge (712 ug 1').
After detoxification, PCB levels in adipose tissue were reduced to 37.4 mg kg' and in serum to 261 ug', respective reductions of 63 percent and 49 percent.
www.drugrehab.net /research.php   (2136 words)

  
 Adipose tissue
Adipose tissue, or fat, is an anatomical term for loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes.
Adipose tissue is primarily located beneath the skin, but is also found around internal organs.
Biological tissue — Biological tissue is a collection of interconnected cells that perform a similar function within an organism.
www.sciencedaily.com /articles/a/adipose_tissue.htm   (682 words)

  
 Defective uptake of triglyceride-associated fatty acids in adipose tissue causes the SREBP-1c-mediated induction of ...
Adipose tissue (AT) is crucially involved in the storage of
Lipoprotein lipase controls fatty acid entry into adipose tissue, but fat mass is preserved by endogenous synthesis in mice deficient in adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase.
Adipose tissue fatty acid composition in humans with lipoprotein lipase deficiency.
www.jlr.org /cgi/content/full/45/2/356   (6132 words)

  
 Association of Visceral Adipose Tissue with Incident Myocardial Infarction in Older Men and Women: The Health, Aging ...
adipose tissue, and visceral adipose tissue relative to subcutaneous
Abdominal adipose tissue distribution, obesity, and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: 13 year follow up of participants in the study of men born in 1913.
Distribution of adipose tissue and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: a 12 year follow up of participants in the population study of women in Gothenburg, Sweden.
aje.oxfordjournals.org /cgi/content/full/160/8/741   (4946 words)

  
 Subcutaneous and Visceral Adipose Tissue: Their Relation to the Metabolic Syndrome -- Wajchenberg 21 (6): 697 -- ...
adipose tissue localized in other areas is presented.
adipose tissue area but not visceral adipose tissue area (81).
adipose tissue than what is found in premenopausal women.
edrv.endojournals.org /cgi/content/full/21/6/697   (10455 words)

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