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Topic: Adrenal gland


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  Adrenal Gland : by Ray Sahelian, M.D., natural options for adrenal fatigue
The pituitary gland, in turn, produces corticotropin hormones, which stimulate the adrenal glands to produce corticosteroid or steroid hormones.
Adrenal crisis represents an endocrine emergency, and thus the rapid recognition and prompt therapy for adrenal crisis are critical for survival even before the diagnosis is made.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is an adrenal disease that affects adrenal gland function, resulting in abnormal steroidogenesis caused by a deficiency or complete lack of the enzyme 21-hydroxylase (accounting for 90% of CAH cases).
www.raysahelian.com /adrenalgland.html   (1628 words)

  
 [No title]
An adrenal gland is made of two parts: the outer region is called the adrenal cortex and the inner region is called the adrenal medulla.
The adrenal cortex, the outer portion of the adrenal gland, secretes hormones that have an effect on the body's metabolism, on chemicals in the blood, and on certain body characteristics.
The adrenal medulla, the inner part of the adrenal gland, is not essential to life, but helps a person in coping with physical and emotional stress.
www.umm.edu /endocrin/adrengl.htm   (381 words)

  
 Adrenal Gland Cancer in Ferrets: Causes, Signs, and Treatment
The theory is that the adrenal glands of animals spayed or neutered very young might try to compensate for the lack of normal sex hormones by proliferation of cells that produce sex hormones.
The incidence of adrenal gland problems is increasing in the UK as pet ferrets begin to share their owners' homes instead of living in the back garden.
The first sign noticed by the owner of a spayed female with an adrenal gland tumor is often the sudden appearance of a swollen vulva, as if she were in heat.
www.peteducation.com /article.cfm?cls=11&articleid=522   (1583 words)

  
  Adrenal gland Summary
The adrenal cortex is the outer "rind" of the adrenal gland.
Adrenal virilism is the development or premature development of male secondary sexual characteristics caused by male sex hormones (androgens) excessively produced by the adrenal gland.
Adrenal gland cancers are rare cancers occuring in the endocrine tissue of the adrenals.
www.bookrags.com /Adrenal_gland   (3109 words)

  
 Adrenocortical Carcinoma Treatment - National Cancer Institute
The outer layer of the adrenal gland is the adrenal cortex.
The center of the adrenal gland is the adrenal medulla.
Adrenal venography: A procedure to look at the adrenal veins and the flow of blood near the adrenal gland.
www.cancer.gov /cancerinfo/pdq/treatment/adrenocortical/patient   (1181 words)

  
 Laparoscopic Adrenal Surgery: the preferred operation for most adrenal tumors.
Benign adrenal tumors (just like parathyroid tumors) lend themselves very nicely to minimally invasive surgical techniques since the goal of the operation is simply to remove the source of the excess hormone.
The relationship of the adrenal glands to other organs in the abdomen can be seen nicely on CAT scans and MRI scans which are demonstrated on our page on adrenal X-ray tests.
Pheochromocytomas are tumors which arise from the central zone of the adrenal gland (the medulla) and secrete epinephrine (adrenaline).
www.endocrineweb.com /laparo.html   (805 words)

  
 MedlinePlus: Adrenal Gland Disorders
The primary NIH organization for research on Adrenal Gland Disorders is the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Your adrenal, or suprarenal, glands are located near the top of each kidney.
Adrenal disorders can cause your adrenal glands to make too much or not enough hormones.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/adrenalglanddisorders.html   (338 words)

  
 SAGES Publication: Patient Information for Laparoscopic Adrenal Gland Removal (Adrenalectomy) from SAGES
Removal of the adrenal gland may also be required for certain tumors even if they aren’t producing excess hormones, such as very large tumors or if there is a suspicion that the tumor could be a cancer, or sometimes referred to as malignant.
Adrenal gland cancers (adrenal cortical cancer) are rare tumors that are usually very large at the time of diagnosis.
Surgical removal of the adrenal gland is the preferred treatment for patients with adrenal tumors that secrete excess hormones and for primary adrenal tumors that appear malignant.
www.sages.org /sagespublication.php?doc=PI14   (1798 words)

  
  Adrenal gland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In mammals, the adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands or colloquially as kidney hats) are the triangle-shaped endocrine glands that sit atop the kidneys; their name indicates that position (ad, "near" or "at" + renes, "kidneys").
In humans, the adrenal glands are found at the level of the 12th thoracic vertebra and receive their blood supply from the adrenal arteries.
The primary glucocorticoid released by the adrenal gland is cortisol.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Adrenal_gland   (1129 words)

  
 History of Adrenal Cell Extracts
Adrenal cell extracts are not replacement hormones, but instead provide the essential constituents for adrenal repair.
They include all the adrenal cell contents, such as nucleic acids (adrenal cell RNA and DNA) and concentrated nutrients in the form and proportion used by the adrenals to properly function and recover, but contain only tiny amounts of the actual hormones in the adrenal gland.
Adrenal extracts have been and continue to be a fundamental part of the treatment protocol for adrenal fatigue used effectively for over 80 years.
chronicfatiguesolution.com /AdrenalGlandExtracts.htm   (1607 words)

  
 Adrenal Weakness
The adrenal glands produce their array of hormones in a complex symphony that is orchestrated by two structures in the brain called the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland.
Some of the common causes that contribute to adrenal exhaustion are continued stress, poor diet, over-consumption of sugar and refined carbohydrates, overuse of caffeine, alcohol, drugs, nicotine, and vitamin B and C deficiencies.
The adrenal glands are richly fed by nerves that connect to the spine, and by releasing blockages through these simple and effective techniques, the glands can be stimulated and strengthened.
www.naturalways.com /adrenal.htm   (1900 words)

  
 Adrenal Gland Disorders
The adrenal glands are the part of the body responsible for releasing three different classes of hormones.
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia - Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a genetic disorder of adrenal gland deficiency.
Pituitary Tumors - The pituitary gland is located in the brain and helps to regulate the activity of most other glands in the body, including the adrenal glands.
www.nichd.nih.gov /health/topics/Adrenal_Gland_Disorders.cfm   (612 words)

  
 adrenal gland. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The outer yellowish layer (cortex) of the adrenal gland secretes about 30 steroid hormones, the most important of which are aldosterone and cortisol.
The adrenal cortex controls metabolic processes that are essential to life and if it ceases to function death ensues within a few days.
The inner reddish portion (medulla) of the adrenal gland, which is not functionally related to the adrenal cortex, secretes epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine.
www.bartleby.com /65/ad/adrenalg.html   (260 words)

  
 The Adrenal Gland
The adrenal medulla: The inner portion of the adrenal gland, the adrenal medulla, is innervated by presynaptic sympathetic nerve fibers and releases the catecholamines, adrenalin (epinephrine) and noradrenalin (norepinephrine), whenever the sympathetic nervous system is activated.
The adrenal cortex: The outer portion of the adrenal gland, the adrenal cortex, is involved in synthesis and secretion of the adrenal "corticosteroids," notably cortisol and aldosterone and their numerous metabolites.
Adrenal tumors may cause virilization in females, feminization in males and a return to uterine bleeding in postmenopausal females, depending on the nature of the steroid that the tumor produces in excess.
faculty.etsu.edu /currie/adrenal.htm   (2289 words)

  
 Adrenal Cancer Center - Adrenal Gland Cancer Symptoms & Treatment
Adrenal cancer is a rare disease that originates in the adrenal glands.
The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys and consist of two parts that function separately.
A second type of adrenal cancer is called pheochromocytoma which is an extremely rare type of cancer that originates in cells that produce epinephrine and norepinephrine.
www.cancercenter.com /adrenal_cancer.cfm   (898 words)

  
 Adrenal Disorders and Treatments: hormones, tumors, cancer, and surgery options.
The adrenal glands are orange-colored endocrine glands which are located on the top of both kidneys.
Each gland consists of a medulla (the center of the gland) which is surrounded by the cortex.
Endocrine glands are very important despite their small size since they make important hormones.
www.endocrineweb.com /adrenal.html   (384 words)

  
 Adrenal Gland Tumors
Adrenal tumors arise from either the adrenal medulla or the adrenal cortex.
In the United States, about 250 malignant adrenal gland cancers occur each year, although benign adrenal tumors are common in people over age 40.
Conn syndrome (hyperaldosteronism) is caused by the overproduction of aldosterone.
www.mayoclinic.org /adrenal-cancer/adrenal-gland-tumors.html   (394 words)

  
 Address the Symptoms of Adrenal Gland Disorders - Promote Adrenal Gland Health Naturally
Adrenal Gland Cancer - Adrenal gland cancer is rare and occurs in the endocrine tissue of the adrenals.
Adrenal gland disorders can be life threatening conditions and treatment is aimed at restoring the adrenal glands health so they are producing normal levels of corticosteroid hormones.
The adrenal medulla is the inner region of the gland which is responsible for producing hormones called epinephrine and norepinephrine (adrenaline and noradrenaline).
www.nativeremedies.com /ailment/adrenal-glands-health-info.html   (1337 words)

  
 Treat pituitary gland disorders not responding to prescription drugs, scientifically - DrRaoMD
Secondary hypoadrenalism, or ACTH deficiency hypoadrenalism, is caused by diseases of the pituitary gland, which lead to adrenal failure as a secondary effect.
Destruction of the adrenal glands by tuberculosis is irreversible once hormonal deficiencies are clinically detectable.
This means adrenal deficiency from causes acting on the pituitary gland rather than directly on the adrenal glands.
www.drraomd.com /diseaseindex/a_adrenaldisorders.htm   (880 words)

  
 Estradiol Immunoreactivity and Plasma Estradiol Concentrations in Domestic Ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) with Adrenal ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The adrenal glands were diagnosed histologically as normal (n=7), nodular adrenocortical hyperplasia (n=10), adrenocortical adenoma (n=4), or adrenocortical carcinoma (n=20).
Suspicion of adrenal neoplasia may be based upon abdominal palpation or visualization of masses near the pole of the kidney by ultrasonography or radiography.
Adrenal glands with nodular cortical hyperplasia usually displayed estradiol immunoreactivity that was intermediate between that of normal adrenal glands and adrenal neoplasms (adenomas or carcinomas).
www.vet.uga.edu /ivcvm/1999/Adams/Adams.htm   (2034 words)

  
 ACS :: What Is Adrenal Cortical Cancer?
The adrenals are small glands that sit on top of each of the kidneys.
The inner portion of the adrenal gland, called the medulla, is really an extension of the nervous system.
Adrenal cortical cancer: The type of cancer that develops in the cortex of the adrenal gland is called adrenal cortical carcinoma.
www.cancer.org /docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_1X_What_Is_Adrenal_Cortical_Cancer_71.asp?sitearea=   (876 words)

  
 Adrenal Gland   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Tumors of the adrenal glands are fairly rare, but they often attract considerable attention because they can produce an excess of one or more hormones.
The vast majority of adrenal tumors are benign, being discovered either because of the effects of hormone overproduction or by virtue of the ability of ultrasound, CT or MRI scanners to detect small adrenal tumors that are usually benign adenomas.
Malignant adrenal tumors are treatable and curable when still confined to the gland.
www.courageindia.org /adrenalg.htm   (160 words)

  
 Ferret Adrenal Gland Disease
Adrenal gland disease in ferrets is the most common hormonal disease of the species.
Adrenal gland disease of ferrets is hard not to recognize.
Since this gland no longer has circulating blood products to keep it in check, it produces an excess of hormone, which is closely related to the hormone that naturally stimulates adrenal gland activity.
www.2ndchance.info /ferretadrenal.htm   (687 words)

  
 Cushing's Glossary / Cushing's Help and Support
In Primary Pigmented Micronodular Adrenal Disease and the familial Carney's complex, surgical removal of the adrenal glands is required.
CAH (Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia): Congenital adrenal hyperplasia refers to a group of inherited disorders relating to the adrenal glands, characterized by a deficiency in the hormones cortisol and aldosterone and an overproduction of androgen.
adrenal glands in women, it’s becoming more common to include this as part of a woman’s hormone replacement therapy, particularly for women who have had their ovaries removed.
www.cushings-help.com /definitions.htm   (6838 words)

  
 (c) UrologyHealth.org - Adult Conditions - Adrenal & Kidney Diseases - Adrenal Gland Disorders
Adrenal benign and cancerous tumors: Benign or cancerous adrenal tumors are removed by an adrenalectomy, which is surgical removal of the entire gland.
Despite its small size, the pituitary gland is often referred to as the master gland because it regulates the activity of other endocrine glands and body processes.
Hormone secreted in the adrenal gland that raises blood pressure, produces a rapid heartbeat and acts as a neurotransmitter when the body is subjected to stress or danger.
www.urologyhealth.org /adult/index.cfm?cat=02&topic=30   (3432 words)

  
 Adrenal Gland Disorders - NursingLink.com
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia – Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a genetic disorder of adrenal gland deficiency.
Pituitary Tumors – The pituitary gland is located in the brain and helps to regulate the activity of most other glands in the body, including the adrenal glands.
In other cases, the tumors reduce the adrenal gland’s release of hormones needed for the “fight or flight” response to stress.
www.nursinglink.com /training/articles/727-adrenal-gland-disorders   (696 words)

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