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Topic: Aerial bombing of cities

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  Aerial bombing of cities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aerial bombing had the practical effect of equating the citizens of a country with those who made the decision to take that country to war.
Aerial bombing since World War II During the Vietnam War the United States from 1965 to 1968 conducted an aerial campaign known as Operation Rolling Thunder.
The bombing of their city centres continued to be prohibited by "circles of restriction around Hanoi and Haiphong"[2].
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Aerial_bombing_of_cities   (2421 words)

 Aerial bombing of cities   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The first ever aerial bombardment of civilians was on January 19, 1915, in which two German Zeppelins dropped 24 fifty-kilogram high-explosive bombs and ineffective three-kilogram incendiaries on Great Yarmouth, Sheringham, Kings Lynn, and the surrounding villages.
In 1942 Lindemann presented a seminal paper to the Cabinet advocating the aerial bombing of German cities by carpet bombing in a strategic bombing campaign.
During the Cold War, the threat of destruction of cities by nuclear weapons carried on bombers or ICBMs became the main instrument of the balance of terror that kept the United States and Soviet Union from open warfare with one another.
aerial-bombing-of-cities.ask.dyndns.dk   (1399 words)

 Bombing of Dresden in World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Before the bombing, Dresden was regarded as a beautiful city and a cultural centre, and was sometimes known as Elbflorenz, or Florence on the Elbe.
The absence of a direct military presence in the centre of the city, and the devastation known to be caused by firebombing, is regarded by supporters of the war crime position as establishing their case on a prima facie basis.
Friedrich also contends that the outcome of previous bombing attacks demonstrate that the Allied forces were aware of the destruction caused by incendiary bombs, and that due to the collapse of German air defense and improvements in bombing accuracy, future attacks were likely to cause ever increasing numbers of civilian deaths.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bombing_of_Dresden_in_World_War_II   (7152 words)

 Bombing Baghdad into 'shock and awe'
Several prohibitions against air warfare and the bombing of cities were proposed, and some were signed, except by the major powers capable of the bombing.
Well into the 20th century, bombing was considered not so bad if the victims were of "inferior races." Some authors wrote glowingly of bombing as a way to civilize the world by permanently subjugating or even wiping out these races.
There are various strategic arguments for bombing campaigns that dovetail with apparent moral concerns, usually involving shortening a war's duration or substituting for ground assaults, thus saving lives, especially the lives of the side doing the bombing.
www.sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2003/02/16/IN172338.DTL&type=printable   (900 words)

 Aerial bombing of cities   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The aerial bombing of cities became a common tactic in World War II On April 26 1937 the German Luftwaffe (Condor Legion) bombed the Spanish city of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
During the World War II the bombing of cities became a practice of the German Luftwaffe.
The US bombing of Tokyo killed 83 000 citizens and the nuclear weapon attacks on Hiroshima killed 70 000 citizens and Nagasaki killed 36 000 citizens during World II.
www.freeglossary.com /Air_bombing   (808 words)

 Firebombing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Firebombing is a bombing technique designed to create a firestorm in the target city.
This technique makes use of incendiary bombs and cluster bombs to start a massive fire, and can also include a preliminary bombing run designed to prepare the city for burning.
During the strategic bombings of World War II this technique was as effective as the atomic bombs used against Japanese cities toward the end of World War II.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Fire-bomb   (167 words)

 bombing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Suicide bombing at the Sbarro pizzeria in Jerusalem Photographs of the aftermath of the bombing, from Israel's ministry of foreign affairs.
Rangoon bombing - The 1983 Rangoon bombing was a devastating act of terrorism by North Korea and an attempt to kill the South Korean President, Chun Doo Hwan.
Myyrmanni bombing - On October 11, 2002, Vantaa, a northern suburb of Helsinki, was shocked by a bombing in the local...
www.serebella.com /search/topic-bombing.html   (813 words)

 Aerial bombing of cities - Term Explanation on IndexSuche.Com
On April_26, 1937, the German ''Luftwaffe'' (Condor_Legion) bombed the Spanish city of Guernica during the Spanish_Civil_War.
During the World_War_II, the bombing of cities became a normal practice of the German Luftwaffe.
The Luftwaffe later carried out intensive bombing of cities in Britain, including London and Coventry, in a bombing campaign known in Britain as "the_Blitz", from September 1940 through to May 1941.
www.indexsuche.com /Aerial_bombing_of_cities.html   (524 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Arthur Travers Harris   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In 1942 the Cabinet agreed to the aerial bombing of German cities by carpet bombing.
The phrases area bombing and carpet bombing refer to the use of very large numbers of unguided gravity bombs, often with high proportion of incendiary bombs, to attempt the complete destruction of a target region, either to destroy personnel and materiel, or as a means to demoralize the enemy (see...
The most controversial RAF raid of the war took place in the late evening of February 13, 1945 with the bombing of the city of Dresden resulting in a lethal firestorm which killed several tens of thousands of civilians.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Arthur-Travers-Harris   (5712 words)

 Bomber Command -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
VIII Bomber Command was the UK-based strategic bomber arm of the Eighth Air Force and contributed a substantial part of Operation Pointblank, the day-night bombing campaign by the RAF and USAAF to eliminate the Luftwaffe in preparation for the invasion of Europe.
The key development for bombing Japan was the Boeing B-29, with an operational range of 1500 miles (2,400 km); almost 90% of the bombs dropped on Japan's Home Islands (147,000 tons) were delivered by B-29s.
Bombing from China was never a satisfactory arrangement because not only were the Chinese forward airbases difficult to supply via "The Hump" (as the Himalayas' foothills were called), but the B-29s operating from them could only reach Japan if they substituted some of the bomb load for extra fuel tanks in the bomb-bays.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/British_Bomber_Command   (1215 words)

 Space War
Sherry calls these bombings the "triumph of technological fanaticism." According to Stephen Ambrose, "From the beginning, the Japanese- American war in the Pacific was waged with a barbarism and race hatred that was staggering in scope, savage almost beyond belief, and catastrophic in consequence." John Dower amply demonstrates their mutual xenophobia.
The bombing of Vietnam was unimaginably, horrendously atrocious (Clodfelter, Coryell, Gerassi, Knoll and McFadden, Korn, Levinson, Melman, Rosenberg, Russell).
Bombing Iraq: United States Air Wars "Beware men untouched" James R. Bennett Blood and destruction shall be so in use, And dreadful objects so familiar, That mothers shall but smile when they behold Their infants quartered with the hands of war.
www.omnicenter.org /warpeacecollection/airspacewar.htm   (13974 words)

 Japan Focus Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The origin of aerial bombing can be traced to the application of hot-air balloons in warfare in the late 18th century.
Whether indiscriminate bombing of civilians is carried out by an armed group or by the military forces of a particular nation, it is clearly an act of terrorism.
The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki typifies two kinds of crimes against humanity –- indiscriminate bombing and mass killing –- which are phenomena common to modern and contemporary warfare as well as terrorist acts such as those of September 11.
www.japanfocus.org /article.asp?id=073   (1447 words)

 Kosovo Peace Accord
The same picture is presented in the two major documents that seek to portray the bombing as a reaction to the humanitarian crisis in Kosovo.
They are "the effects of the bombings" and the vicious Serb reaction to them, though the problems that preceded the resort to violence by the enlightened states were daunting enough.
In the former case, the U.S. was compelled to sign after the failure of the 1972 Christmas bombings to induce Hanoi to abandon the U.S.-Vietnam agreement of the preceding October.
www.zmag.org /crisescurevts/peace_accord.htm   (2149 words)

 The Amazing Wonderdog: Why bombs don't work
It was not until late 1944 that Allied bombing had any significant effect on German war production, and the cause of that was the wholesale destruction of infrastructure rather than widespread panic.
The wartime aerial bombing of European cities went on for years and killed hundreds of thousands of civilians, but utterly failed to cause panic or to break anyone's will.
The Madrid bombings, despite the hysterical rantings of right-wing pundits, changed nothing; Spain was already on its way to withdrawing from Iraq before the bombs went off.
barkingmadly.blogspot.com /2005/07/why-bombs-dont-work.html   (914 words)

 Definition of love bombing
The motive for the bombing is unknown; it is suspected that the bomb explode...
9: The effect of the bombing on the city was immense.
This bombing occurred within an hour of the bombing of [[Air India Flight 182]] and was blamed on a [...
www.wordiq.com /search/love+bombing.html   (939 words)

 Fire - QuickSeek Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The connection between the Greek colony and the metropolis was the fire kindled in the colony from a brand brought from the mother city's fire.
The most carefully preserved cult in Rome was that of Vesta, goddess of the hearth, and her virgins guarded the holy fire.
Aerial bombing of cities, including firebombing, using incendiary bombs was also frequently used during World War II.
fire.quickseek.com   (2455 words)

 Aerial bombing of cities
  Stanley Baldwin was a harsh critic of evolving aerial warfare doctrines that favored area-bombing of densely populated cities.
They close their eyes to the fact that no aerial bombing can be effective unless the aviators can...
Theories of aerial bombardment of an enemy's cities and...
www.logicjungle.com /wiki/Aerial_bombing_of_cities   (369 words)

If applied to states' actions with respect to the citizens of other states, most of 20th century warfare, from aerial bombing of cities to "scorched Earth" policies to "ethnic cleansing" would qualify, and many states would be "terrorist" by definition.
As defined by the United States Department of Defense, terrorism is a very specific type of violence, although the term is often applied to other kinds of violence felt to be unacceptable.
The bombing by United States using fire-bomb attacks on Dresden killed 135,000 citizens, and Tokyo killed 83,000 citizens and the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima killed 70,000 citizens and Nagasaki killed 36,000 citizens during World War II.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/te/Terrorism.html   (3429 words)

 They're not dead really. They're just 'resting'.... | MetaFilter
And as for "aerial bombardment of cities": Meanwhile, huge explosions and multiple flashes of light were heard and seen over mostly fled-out Baghdad early Saturday, hours after hundreds, perhaps thousands, of Iraqis fled the capital.
But if hundreds, maybe thousands, of bombs and missiles were sent into the city, powerful and numerous enough that at times, the entire city would shake for several minutes, then the civilian casualties would run into the hundreds no matter how careful the bombers were.
That should not be a criterion for whether we consider a bombing campaign "large-scale", seeing as the 1945 bombings of Tokyo, Dresden, Osaka, Hamburg, and so on, were in the context of the largest, bloodiest war in human history, fought by the most powerful armies ever to have walked the earth.
www.metafilter.com /mefi/31327   (7097 words)

 Air Wars in the 20th Century
The British had moved from rationalizing city bombing by claiming they were striking economic targets, to overt vengeance and reprisal, killing and rendering homeless as many Germans as possible.
Obedient to the mindset which justified strategic bombing of cities by both Allied and Axis powers, the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima August 6, and Nagasaki August 9, 1945.
The secret Christmas 1972 bombing of North Vietnam was, in the words of Anthony Lewis, "the most destructive single episode of international violence in recent history." For eleven days US B-52s bombed Hanoi and Haiphong over 2000 times, for political not military purpose (to persuade South Vietnam to accept a truce).
www.afsc.org /pwork/1100/112k04b.htm   (1635 words)

 Aerial bombing of cities - InformationBlast
In the final stage of the war, the United Kingdom and the United States used fire-bomb attacks on Dresden during February 13-15, 1945, creating a firestorm which together with the bombing itself killed 135,000 citizens.
(3) to endeavor to place first gadget in center of selected city; that is, not to allow for later 1 or 2 gadgets for complete destruction.
These attacks have used "precision bombing"using smart bombs and non-nuclear cruise missiles.
www.informationblast.com /Aerial_bombing_of_cities.html   (575 words)

 Medicine & Global Survival   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The second world war brought the world to an apogee of mass murder, with widespread killing of military personnel and civilians; the indiscriminate aerial bombing of cities such as London, Dresden, and Tokyo; and the detonation of single bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
These nuclear bombs caused some 200,000 deaths immediately and hundreds of thousands of injuries, many resulting in death in succeeding months and in permanent physical or psychological disabilities [1,2,3].
These include the devastation caused by the bombing, mechanized land clearing, napalming, and herbicide induced defoliation during the Indo-China war and the environmental consequences of the Gulf war [24,25].
www.ippnw.org /MGS/V3Sidel.html   (3324 words)

 flavordav: Godzilla and the Bravo Shot
That was the hydrogen bomb test Bravo shot that the U.S. conducted on Rongelap (or Bikini) Atoll in the Marshall Islands in March 1954.
More than 100 cities were destroyed, causing one million casualties, including more than half a million deaths, the majority being civilians, many of them women and children.
Indiscriminate bombing reached its peak with the use of atomic weapons at Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, Truman's claim to the contrary notwithstanding.
flavordav.livejournal.com /91723.html   (594 words)

 Joe Sobran's Washington Watch -- LIBERATING IRAQ (print version)
During World War II, Allied bombing campaigns resulted in maximum civilian casualties with the aerial bombing of cities.
The airplane was still a wondrous new invention, most people had never flown in it, and its use as an instrument of death seemed a diabolical and terrifying perversion of human ingenuity.
The entire enemy population may be considered a military target; Harry Truman called the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki military targets.
www.sobran.com /wanderer/w2003/w030417.htm   (1148 words)

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