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Topic: Aetokremnos

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In the News (Sat 19 Jan 19)

  IngentaConnect New light on Aetokremnos
The note reconsiders the environmental setting of Aetokremnos, the controversial site of pre-Neolithic age on the island of Cyprus.
Some 12,000 years ago when the sea level was lower, the site was not situated right on the coast in an island-like context as its excavators have claimed.
The discussion draws attention to three ambiguities in the previous interpretation of Aetokremnos and proposes that a new series of radiocarbon dates should be run on samples of bone in order to clarify the situation at the site.
www.ingentaconnect.com /content/routledg/rwar/2005/00000037/00000004/art00005   (255 words)

  Aetokremnos Definition / Aetokremnos Research   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Aetokremnos is a rock shelter near LimassolLimassol (population 107,000) is the English name for Lemesos (Greek: Λεμεσός, Turkish: Leymosun), the second-largest city of Cyprus.
The presence of fallow deer (4 bones) and pig (13 bones) is puzzling, since these animals are thought to have been introduced only in the PPNB period.
Aetokremnos is a rock shelter near on the.
www.elresearch.com /Aetokremnos   (379 words)

 The Life of Meaning   (Site not responding. Last check: )
While close enough to be visible on a clear day from the Syrian coast, the distance was sufficient to keep Cyprus free of humans until the dawn of the Neolithic.
Aside from Aetokremnos, humans are otherwise so far archaeologically invisible on the island until about 8500 BC, and so far only the one site ties humans directly to the extinction of the pygmy hippos and elephants.
Two thousand years after Aetokremnos, around 8500 BC, Cyprus was recolonized, with the earliest dated evidence coming from material excavated from a well at Kissonerga-Mylouthkia.
fightandfitness.com.br /mark/index.php?m=20050612   (1331 words)

 2002054067068 | australian archaeological association inc.
Until the excavation of Akrotiri Aetokremnos most researchers accepted the idea that the earliest settlement of Cyprus was by PPN people beginning ~9000 BP.
It is not clear whether or not this initiated a sustained phase of occupation of the island.
On the face of it the Aetokremnos data could reflect episodic exploratory visits by mariners exploiting the herds of dwarf hippos that browsed on the hillsides of Akrotiri peninsular.
www.australianarchaeologicalassociation.com.au /node/414   (1132 words)

 Simmons   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The problem with Aetokremnos was that, from surface indications alone, it was distinctly unimpressive, consisting of a few scattered lithic artifacts, some fossilized pygmy hippopotamus bones, and some marine shell.
Our conclusions, however, are that Aetokremnos is indeed cultural in origin, that people were consuming a probably already stressed population of pygmy hippopotami, and that they were doing so about 10,000 years ago.
Thus, Aetokremnos has changed several preconceptions about human colonization of the Mediterranean islands and the impact of these early settlers on the endemic fauna.
www.vroma.org /~kmorrell/Simmons.html   (3581 words)

 Hippopotamus - Encyclopedia Jr, free information reference for Kids
A dwarf species, Phanourios minutis, existed on the island of Cyprus but became extinct at the end of the Pleistocene.
Whether this was caused by human intervention is debated (see Aetokremnos).
In 2005, the population of hippos in Democratic Republic of the Congo's Virunga National Park had dropped to 800 or 900 individuals from around 29,000 in the mid 1970s, raising concerns about the viability of that population.
www.encyclopediajr.com /wikiarticle/h/i/p/hippopotamus.php   (1934 words)

 Cyprus - Salt Lake and Coast of the Akrotiri Peninsula, Geological Field Guide.
Since Akrotiri Aetokremnos, new research by British and French investigators has shortened the gap between the "Akrotiri Phase" and the traditional Neolithic period, establishing a previously unknown, earlier Neolithic period.
Mandel, R.D. and Simmon, A.H. Geoarchaeology of the Akrotiri Aetokremnos Rockshelter, Southern Cyprus.
Abstract: Akrotiri Aetokremnos is a collapsed rockshelter on the southern coast of Cyprus.
www.soton.ac.uk /~imw/Cyprus-Akrotiri-Lake-Coast.htm   (10660 words)

 Cyprus Roundtable (University Update 11/11/98 - Other Articles)
He named the long established type-site of the period as Khirokitia; a large Neolithic settlement with its roundhouses and an economy based on the herding of sheep and goats.
This picture began to change in the late 1980s, said Swiny, with the excavation of the rock-shelter known as Aetokremnos.
The findings from Aetokremnos and Shillourokambos have yet to be fully published.
www.albany.edu /classics/Cyp98/rtable98rpt.html   (1076 words)

 Ancient mariner tools found in Cyprus - Boston.com
The archaeologists believe that tools found at the two sites were used by seafaring foragers who frequented the island well over 10,000 years ago -- before the first permanent settlers arrived around 8,200 B.C. They are thought to have sailed from present-day Syria and Turkey, at least 46 miles north and east of the island.
The dawn of seafaring in the region has been put at around 9,500 B.C. from evidence found 20 years ago at Aetokremnos, on Cyprus' southern Akrotiri peninsula.
The finds indicate these early wanderers traveled more widely, and more frequently, than was previously believed, outside experts say.
www.boston.com /news/science/articles/2007/07/19/ancient_mariner_tools_found_in_cyprus   (486 words)

 Discover: Early sailors hunted the pygmy hippo - prehistoric people of Cyprus
The Aetokremnos site was discovered in 1980 by an amateur fossil hunter, but it was only last summer that Mandel and Alan Simmons of the Desert Research Institute at the University of Nevada finished excavating it.
Although Mandel and Simmons found no human remains at Aetokremnos, the charred animal bones are clear evidence of human habitation.
Some researchers had argued that the pygmy hippo became extinct 20,000 years ago as a result of natural causes, but the Aetokremnos site proves the animals stuck around for another 10,000 years--only to be exterminated, perhaps, by the island's first human inhabitants.
www.looksmartjrhigh.com /p/articles/mi_m1511/is_n3_v14/ai_13473097   (540 words)

 Untitled Document
The issue of Akrotiri is extremely important as it may document human interaction with Pleistocene fauna and may have even contributed to the extinction of such animals.
One phase represents exploration of the island and its resources with no intention of settlement (in my opinion) while the other demonstrates long term settlement with domesticated plants and animals.
Reese, D. "Some Comments on the Akrotiri Aetokremnos Fauna," in The Earliest Prehistory of Cyprus: From Colonization to Exploitation.
www.brynmawr.edu /collections/nehinterns/cypriote/akrotiri-neolithic.html   (2457 words)

 The Early Minoan Colonization of Spain
These tools set the stage for the invention of the first planked wooden ships with keels in the Aegean that set out on voyages of exploration early in the 4th Millennia B.C. in search of the prestige metals of gold and silver resulting in the Los Millares culture in southeastern Spain.
Akrotiri Aetokremnos is dated to the late Pleistocene in the 10th millennia B.C. A raft is a device that relies on the floatation of the material (typically wood) used to construct it.
The Knossos settlement near the coast of north-central Crete represents the origin of the Minoan civilization.
www.minoanatlantis.com /Minoan_Spain.php   (7267 words)

 Amazon.ca: Faunal Extinction in an Island Society: Pygmy Hippopotamus Hunters of Cyprus: G.A. Clarke, Alan H. Simmons: ...
The volume summarizes the results of interdisciplinary archaeological investigations at Aetokremnos which present the earliest well-supported evidence of humans in Cyprus and demonstrate the association of cultural remains with extinct endemic Pleistocene fauna.
Alan Simmons shows that Aetokremnos is one of the few archaeological sites where a convincing argument can be made for human involvement in Pleistocene extinctions.
It is easy to see how Akrotiri Aetokremnos (or "Vulture Cliff" [erroneously referred to as "Eagle's Cliff" in earlier publications1]) received its name. Read the first page
www.amazon.ca /Faunal-Extinction-Island-Society-Hippopotamus/dp/0306460882   (608 words)

 [No title]
1989 Principal Investigator: Interdisciplinary Excavations at Akrotiri Aetokremnos, 1990 (Cyprus).
1990 Principal Investigator: Excavation at Akrotiri Aetokremnos, 1990 (Cyprus).
Archaeological Data, Interpretations, and Implications for the Human Association with Extinct Pleistocene Fauna at Akrotiri Aetokremnos, Cyprus.
anthro-ets.unlv.edu /simmons/AHSCV07.doc   (8160 words)

 ASOR Annual Meeting 1996 - Paper abstracts
Akrotiri Aetokremnos on the south coast of Cyprus has challenged our perception of when and how humans first occupied the Mediterranean islands.
Interdisciplinary investigations at this collapsed rockshelter have demonstrated that Aetokremnos was established during the tenth millennium B.C. This is amongst the earliest occupation of any of the Mediterranean islands.
At Aetokremnos, however, the remains of a specialized hunting strategy are represented.
www.asor.org /AM/abstracts96.html   (15632 words)

Akrotiri Peninsula – Sanctuary of the Cats, archaeological trail known as the” Dreamers – caution recommended if visiting by car.
Southern Cliffs of the Akrotiri Peninsula – Aetokremnos Site contains remains of pygmy hippopotami and elephants.
Water Mania at Phasouri has a wave pool and other aquatic attractions, 10km (6.2 miles) west of Limassol.
www.limassol.eu   (1359 words)

 Not such a new light: a response to Ammerman and Noller - World Archaeology
Here we address their criticisms, paying particular attention to three ambiguities that they noted.
We also suggest that their claim to having discovered contemporary sites may be premature.
Keywords: Aetokremnos; Cyprus; Mediterranean; Neolithic transition; coastal archaeology; faunal extinctions
www.informaworld.com /smpp/content~content=a786948167~db=all~jumptype=rss   (202 words)

 Rockshelter Records and Environmental Change Meeting   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Stratigraphy and Sedimentology of the Akrotiri Aetokremnos Rockshelter, Southern Cyprus
Excavations at the Akrotiri Aetokremnos rockshelter in southern Cyprus documented cultural materials with the remains of extinct pygmy hippopotamus and other fauna.
Geologic studies focused on the stratigraphy and sedimentology of the site.
www.geog.leeds.ac.uk /conferences/rockshelter/programme/10.html   (112 words)

 Ancient Cyprus webproject   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Ancient Bones and Modern Myths: Ninth Millennium BC Hippopotamus Hunters at Akrotiri Aetokremnos, Cyprus?.
Archaeological Data, Interpretations, and Implications for the Human Association with Extinct Pleistocene Fauna at Akrotiri Aetokremnos, Cyprus.
Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios and the Organisation of Late Bronze Age Cyprus.
www.ancientcyprus.ac.uk /Bibliographies/Nestor96.asp   (808 words)

 Limassol Archaeological Museum
Visitors to Limassol's archaeological museum can follow the development of civilisation on the island from the ninth millennium to the late Roman period.
Among the many artefacts on display are pieces from the preneolithic site of Akrotiri, or Aetokremnos, where evidence of the earliest human activity on the island has been found.
Bronze Age Mycenean vases and contemporary artefacts from the necropolis of a monumental building at Alassa are also exhibited, along with Phoenician and Aegean pottery, jewellery, tools, coins, clay idols, stone statuettes and a huge sculpture of the Egyptian fertility God Bes.
travel.ninemsn.com.au /article.aspx?id=347064   (257 words)

 Amazon.com: Faunal Extinction in an Island Society - Pygmy Hippopotamus Hunters of Cyprus (Interdisciplinary ...
by Alan H. Simmons (Author), G.A. Clarke (Foreword) "It is easy to see how Akrotiri Aetokremnos (or "Vulture Cliff" [erroneously referred to as "Eagle's Cliff" in earlier publications1]) received its name..." (more)
It is easy to see how Akrotiri Aetokremnos (or "Vulture Cliff" [erroneously referred to as "Eagle's Cliff" in earlier publications1]) received its name.
Aceramic Neolithic, Akrotiri Peninsula, Early Holocene, Akrotiri Phase, Cape Andreas Kastros, David Reese, Akrotiri Aetokremnos, Ayios Mamas, Near East, Cypriot Neolithic, Late Pleistocene, Radiocarbon Age, Kholetria Ortos, Ain Ghazal, Pre-Pottery Neolithic, Cyprus Museum, Upper Paleolithic, Kouris River, Middle Paleolithic, Akanthou Arkhangelos Mikhail, Ayia Anna, Cape Gata, Brian Pile, Lower Paleolithic, Stuart Swiny
www.amazon.com /Faunal-Extinction-Island-Society-Interdisciplinary/dp/0306460882   (753 words)

 Athenes et Chypre a l'epoque perse (VIe-IVe s. av. J.-C.).(Review) (book review) | Antiquity | Find Articles at BNET.com
How to set performance goals: employee reviews are more than annual critiques
Dr SIMMONS argues that the bones of pygmy hippopotamus found with features and artefacts at Aetokremnos, on the Akrotiri Peninsula of southern Cyprus, indicate that the species was killed off here by human colonization.
The `overkill' hypothesis has been applied to terminal Pleistocene history in various parts of the...
findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_hb3284/is_199912/ai_n7993694   (180 words)

 Cyprus :: Can Greeks live with Turks ???
It's an interesting concept for all you nationalistic Greek and Turkish Cypriots to ponder on.
8500 BC: Possible first human settlement by epipalaeolithic hunters and gatherers at Aetokremnos possibly arriving from Southwestern Europe
First rectangular houses, re-introduction of cattle from Middle East, introduction of plough.
www.cyprus-forum.com /viewtopic.php?p=138058   (1693 words)

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