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Topic: Affective computing

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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  Affective Computing | HCSNet
According to its founder, Rosalind Picard, "affective computing" is computing that relates to, arises from, or deliberately influences emotions.
The main aims of researchers in the affective computing research field are those of: (a) making the interfaces between humans and computers sensitive to a human's affective state using various input modalities, and (b) adapting a computer's behavior and output according to a human's affective state.
Affective computing advocates the idea that it might not be essential for machines to possess all of the emotions and skills possessed by humans.
www.hcsnet.edu.au /about/disciplines/affectivecomputing   (391 words)

  Affective computing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term "Affective Computing" was the title of an article by Professor Rosalind Picard at the MIT Media Lab in 1995.
Computing devices can also sense emotion in ways which humans are not capable of, such as the force or rhythm of key strokes of a hand on the keyboard, the temperature changes of a hand on the mouse, or the evaluation of other physiological vital signs.
In e-learning application, affective computing can be used to adjust the presentation of a computerized tutor when a learner is bored, interested, frustrated, or pleased.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Affective_computing   (816 words)

 Next-Generation Technologies | Affective Computing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Affective computing equips computing devices with the means to interpret and understand human emotions, moods, and possibly intentions without the human user's conscious or intentional input of information—similar to the way that humans rely on their senses to assess each other's state of mind.
Affective computing is an important development in computing, because as pervasive or ubiquitous computing becomes mainstream, computers will be far more invisible and natural in their interactions with humans.
Affective computing has the potential to make public spaces safer: Security applications could aid police and security forces by determining a person's malicious intent before he or she commits a crime—assuming the technology could overcome a minefield of privacy concerns and other legal barriers.
www.sric-bi.com /Explorer/NGT-AC.shtml   (453 words)

 CiteULike: Affective Computing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
But in her research on how to enable computers to better perceive the world, she discovered something surprising: In the human brain, a critical part of our ability to see and perceive is not logical, but emotional.
Therefore, for computers to have some of the advanced abilities we desire, it may be necessary that they comprehend and, in some cases, feel emotions.
According to Rosalind Picard, if we want computers to be genuinely intelligent and to interact naturally with us, we must give computers the ability to recognize, understand, even to have and express emotions.<br /> <br /> Part 1 of this book provides the intellectual framework for affective computing.
www.citeulike.org /user/cerkut/article/584853   (1019 words)

 Wearable Computing - Fundamentals - Future Visions
An ``affective wearable'' is a wearable system equipped with sensors and tools which enables recognition of its wearer's affective patterns.
Affective signal processing algorithms were developed to allow a digital computer to recognize the affective state of a user who is intentionally expressing that state.
Uses of wearable computers for paramedics and surgeons are examined.
about.eyetap.org /fundamentals/future.shtml   (530 words)

 Word Spy - affective computing
Computer technology that uses biometric sensors to detect physical characteristics that relate to moods and emotions; the computer simulation of moods and emotions.
Such computers are the beginnings of a radical movement known as "affective computing." The goal is to reshape the very notion of machine intelligence.
Picard hesitates to be dogmatic, but if her vision of "affective computing" does come to pass, she believes one rule may eventually become necessary: no emotions without ethics.
www.wordspy.com /words/affectivecomputing.asp   (551 words)

 Computerising Affective Design Cognition
Affective processing has a central role in human design cognition as shown by the frequent reference to the role of feelings in designing by many designers and design researchers (see, for example, Glegg 1971; Cross 1984; Lyle 1985; Davies and Talbot 1987; Dym 1994; Holt 1997).
Exploring the affective aspect of design activity and cognition in terms of emotion is problematic (Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Affective Computing Research Area 1999A) There are practical difficulties that result from the lack of consistency between measurable data and individuals reported perceptions of emotions.
Bastick (1982) explored the extensive literature that relates to intuition and insight, and concluded that the affective aspects of cognition, the drivers of intuition, were best described in terms of them being intimately connected with the biological aspects of feelings.
faculty.arch.usyd.edu.au /kcdc/journal/IJDC2/files/articles/love/Chapter1.htm   (4732 words)

 Affective Computing research area: Affect Pattern Recognition
One particular way we can model affective states is as a set of discrete states with defining characteristics that the user can transition to and from.
Affective Tutor: We are interested in constructing an agent that senses affective states like boredom, anxiety, and engagement, and adjusts its response to the user in accord with the user's state.
Digital Processing of Affective Signals: Analysis of physiological signals obtained during an experiment yields methods to enable computers to better recognize a number of intentionally-expressed emotions.
psych.utoronto.ca /~reingold/courses/ai/cache/recognizing.html   (1440 words)

 openDOOR: Next Generation Computing, April 2002
Laboratory for Computer Science is designing the information architectures of the future through research ranging from information infrastructure and distributed systems to human-machine interaction and through the World Wide Web Consortium, which sets standards for the evolution of the Web.
An online video presents fifty years of contributions to computing by the Research Laboratory of Electronics, ranging from the 1940s to today's work on topics from nanostructures to retinal prosthetics.
Faculty and students from the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department are among the core researchers in these labs.
alumweb.mit.edu /opendoor/200204   (348 words)

 Amazon.de: Affective Computing: English Books: Rosalind W. Picard,Roalind Picard   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Picard provides a rich background on modern research in emotion and puts forth compelling arguments for the need to incorporate affective abilities in computers as, perhaps, the only way to allow them to respond intelligently to their environment and make rational decisions.
Most of this book is a primer for non-clinicians on what is meant by 'human emotions', and how a computer in physical contact with someone could identify that person's mood and respond appropriately to it.
Picard relates the use of affective computing primarily to the 'wearable computers' that researchers at MIT have been playing with for over 10 years to do mostly trivial functions like take photographs and generate muzak.
www.amazon.de /Affective-Computing-Rosalind-W-Picard/dp/0262161702   (914 words)

 FM Interviews: Rosalind Picard   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Her most recent book, Affective Computing, was just published by MIT Press so First Monday took a brief opportunity to catch up with Roz to discuss her book and research.
Rosalind Picard: Affective computing is computing that relates to, arises from, or deliberately influences emotions.
In practice, we are trying to build computers with the skills of emotional intelligence, such as the ability to recognize emotions, assist in communicating human emotion, and respond appropriately to emotion.
www.firstmonday.org /issues/issue3_4/picard/index.html   (2879 words)

 Institut Eurecom - Institut Eurecom -Multimedia communication - Affective computing group
The overall goals of the Affective Social Computing Group are to enhance human-computer interaction (HCI) by enriching it with affective knowledge.
We are studying the role of emotions in communication, designing and developing computer systems and interfaces with increased "awareness" of their user's affective states and communication patterns in order to adapt appropriately to their users depending upon the application.
We are studying mechanisms to model computationally affective social cognitive intelligence to enhance both agents’ autonomy, and human-computer or human-robot interaction.
www.eurecom.fr /mm/activities/affectivecomputing.en.htm   (244 words)

 WIRED 4.04 - Affective Computing
In short, to be effective she must be affective.
Endowing computers with the ability to recognize and express emotion is the first challenge; on its heels is a greater one - emotional intelligence.
For example, an affective steering wheel might sense you're angry (anger is a leading cause of automobile accidents).
web.media.mit.edu /~nicholas/Wired/WIRED4-04.html   (913 words)

 BBC News | DOT LIFE | Our friends electric
They may be able to bring the world to your desktop and crunch their way through mountains of data in the blink of an eye, but our computers are still too dumb to realise when we're losing our rag with them.
Affective computing researchers aim to make technology conform to the human way of doing things.
"If computers are going to adapt to their users, they first have to understand a little more about the user," says Wendy Ark, one of the IBM experts behind the EM.
news.bbc.co.uk /hi/english/in_depth/sci_tech/2000/dot_life/newsid_1150000/1150338.stm   (627 words)

 Affective computing @ Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Thinking computers must hallucinate, too - Creating a computer that "thinks" is one goal of artificial intelligence research.
But computers capable of simulating human thought processes are no closer today than they were then, because we put science before common sense.
In this case, a computer will review text and determine the sentiment of the individual who created it.
www.moskalyuk.com /links/affective_computing.htm   (270 words)

But she is as much or more concerned to provide an emotional theory of computation than to elaborate a computational theory of emotions.
A Human Touch for Machines - The radical movement of affective computing is turning the field of artificial intelligence upside down by adding emotion to the equation.
Affective computing can be defined as 'computing that relates to, arises from, or deliberately influences emotion'.
www.aaai.org /AITopics/html/emotion.html   (4204 words)

 IST Event 2006
This concludes that affective computing in human individual/collective Ambient Assisted Living and/or Working environments have to be investigated, discussed, explained, developed, implemented, tested, used and innovated by/within the themselves from the simple action/reaction to the ubiquitous uncertainly complexity.
The University of Geneva is the home institution of the Swiss Centre for Affective Sciences (http://www.affective-sciences.org/) pioneering collaborative, multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research by psychologists, neuroscientists, philosophers, historians, economists, social scientists, legal scholars… and such research is of utmost importance to achieve sustainable pervasive IST for increased quality of life.
Affective computing is per se a multidisciplinary research area, but requires more effort and contributions to be actually used in AAL.
ec.europa.eu /information_society/istevent/2006/cf/network-detail.cfm?id=863   (2084 words)

 affective computing - a definition from Whatis.com
Affective computing is human-computer interaction in which a device has the ability to detect and appropriately respond to its user's emotions and other stimuli.
For example, in e-learning situations, the computer could detect from available cues when the user was having difficulty and offer expanded explanations or additional information.
Through affective computing, the client's posture, gestures, and facial expressions could be used, along with their words, for a more accurate evaluation of their psychological state.
whatis.techtarget.com /definition/0,,sid9_gci922555,00.html   (332 words)

 Shehla Korff, Affective Computing Oral Report, Generation 11, Spring 1999, Psy 409b
Affective CD player is "trained to track the (emotional) states of the user" by keeping track of the music selections or "musical instruments that can sense the musician's mood." An affective tutor
Rosalind Picard wants these affective computing devices to help the individual in being aware of their emotional histories so that they can become more efficient and in control of their lives.
I do believe that affective computing has begun with positive goals and the ambitions of Rosalind Picard to help the people to have a better relationship with computers is admirable.
www.soc.hawaii.edu /leonj/409bs99/korff/oral.html   (2395 words)

 MIT OpenCourseWare | Media Arts and Sciences | MAS.630 Affective Computing, Spring 2002 | Calendar
Construct a scenario (however fanciful) where it might be useful for an ordinary office computer to have the computer-equivalent of one of the mechanisms LeDoux describes.
With your "affective computing" hat on, identify two other factors that you think would be important to pay attention to in designing a medical-information gathering system.
Describe a way (it doesn't have to be implementable yet with current technology) that affective computers might potentially help reduce this number.
ocw.mit.edu /OcwWeb/Media-Arts-and-Sciences/MAS-630Affective-ComputingSpring2002/Calendar/index.htm   (1751 words)

 Bright Magazine Online - brightLite - Affective Computing
"Affective computing" is the school of study aimed at developing ways for computers to interpret our emotional states through basic human cues, such as facial expressions, tone of voice and changes in the autonomic nervous system.
Picard is the director of the Affective Computing Research Lab at MIT, one of the leading research centers in the field.
Movellan and his staff have programmed that same computer to correlate these visual cues with aural data based on the tone of the words the subject happens to be speaking.
mplab.ucsd.edu /media/brightmag2000/computing.html   (1008 words)

 Chapter 1.  Affective Computing Used Adversarially
Affective computing is "computing that relates to, arises from, or deliberately influences emotion" [picard1997].
As an example of a system that uses affective computing in an adversarial manner let us first consider Bentham's Panopticon and then a hypothetical system called "Panemoticon" that seeks to observe information related to emotion from a large number of people.
Affective computing systems used adversarially also have the capability of automatizing and disindividualizing power.
alumni.media.mit.edu /~carsonr/phd_thesis/ch01.html   (1355 words)

 School of Computer Science - Research
Affective Computing has been a hot topic over recent years with much of the research in this area tending to focus on how we can give computers emotions and how computers can autonomously detect our emotional states and then adapt themselves accordingly.
We are currently using this agent to investigate how people respond to synthetic displays of emotion and to examine whether such an agent can help motivate people to enhance their diet.
One area that we are particulary interested in is that of how we respond to affective agent entities over multiple and extended periods of interaction.
www.cs.bham.ac.uk /research/labs/human_computer_interaction/affective_computing.php   (268 words)

 Spiritual Computing - The Mindfulness/Technology Dialogue
Spiritual Computing, once formulated, would meet needs of a growing body of consumers: 83% of US adults now consider themselves “spiritual” and a growing proportion of these are not happy with organized religion.
Another key arena is affective computing, referring to ways in which computers can convey or respond to human emotion.
The upside of spiritual computing is great: It would lead to lead to a dramatic expansion in the number of individuals who gain the confidence to access the depth of their own experiences.
www.spiritualcomputing.com   (1449 words)

 User Modelling 2007 Conference Web Site
Affective NLG is where NLG meets affective computing, to produce language that achieves emotional or other non-rational effects on the reader.
In fact, all text produced by a computer has non-rational effects on its readers, though these are usually unintentional, because of limitations in our existing models of linguistic communication.
The tutorial is relevant to workers in HCI and other areas who are concerned with personalised adaptive interfaces which generate language of some kind (whatever the complexity of their generation models).
www.iit.demokritos.gr /um2007/tut_ANLG.php   (369 words)

 pasta and vinegar » Affective computing for laptops?
I am not a huge follower of the affective computing trend, but once in a while I read stuff about it, just to keep me updated about progress in that area.
Computers can now analyze a face from video or a still image and infer almost as accurately as humans (or better) the emotion it displays.
Then, using a database of images exemplifying particular patterns of motions, the computer can say a person looks as if they are feeling one of a series of basic emotions - happiness, surprise, fear - or simply describe the movements and infer meaning.
tecfa.unige.ch /perso/staf/nova/blog/2006/12/19/affective-computing-for-laptops   (404 words)

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