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Topic: African American Vernacular English

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In the News (Sat 16 Feb 19)

  African American Vernacular English definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta
African American Vernacular English, or AAVE, is the term used by scholars for the widespread and varied African American usages of the English Language, also called Ebonics, Afro-American English, American Black English, Black English, Black English Vernacular, and Black Vernacular English.
Originating in the pidgin of the slave trade and Plantation Creole in the U.S. Southern states, African American Vernacular English considerably influenced U.S. Southern English and, in the late 19th and the 20th centuries, spread by migration through much of the nation.
African American Vernacular English expressions have contributed to the rich texture of American English, these terms being typical: yam (sweet potato), goober (peanut), okra, gumbo (the soup and the river mud), tote (carry), juke, mumbo jumbo, hep/hip, and boogie woogie.
encarta.msn.com /dictionary_1861694004/African_American_Vernacular_English.html   (210 words)

  African American Vernacular English - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
African American Vernacular English (AAVE), also called African American English, Black English, Black Vernacular, or Black English Vernacular (BEV), is a type variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of the American English language.
In certain African tribal groups, such as those in west Cameroon, there are varieties of Black English that show strong resemblances to the creole dialects in the U.S. documented during this period.
The Oakland resolution declared that BEV was not English, and was not an Indo-European language at all, asserting that the speech of fl children belonged to "West and Niger-Congo African Language Systems".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/African_American_Vernacular_English   (3608 words)

The creole hypothesis is the belief that ebonics was derived from a mix of West African languages, English and a few island languages.
Actually English was originally the language of the peasants in England, but was learned by the bourgeois so they could communicate with their servants.
Gullah is "an English-based creole spoken by the Gullahs that is marked by vocabulary and grammatical elements from various African languages." It evolved from the African slaves that worked on the islands.
www.lclark.edu /~ria/creole.html.html   (837 words)

Standard varieties are influenced by regional norms: fl standard English in the South is different from the African-American standard in the North, and each in turn reflects colloquial usage among educated whites in the same areas.
The corresponding variation is pervasive, occurring with phonology, intonation, morphology, syntax, African-American slang, idioms, and ritualized verbal confrontations.Origins American BLACK ENGLISH was born of slavery between the late 16c and mid-19c, and followed fl migration from the southern states to racially isolated ghettos throughout the US.
African American preschoolers' language, emergent literacy skills, and use of African American English: a complex relation.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1O29-AFRICANAMERICNVRNCLRNGLSH.html   (1691 words)

 The Great Wall of African American Vernacular English in the American College Classroom   (Site not responding. Last check: )
African American Vernacular English was for him the language of the uneducated.
The consequences of code-switching for African Americans are grave.
The European American students would be learning the language, true; but they would be learning it in order to alleviate their ignorance about the culture from which it derives, and, initially at least, seldom for the purpose of entering that culture.
jac.gsu.edu /jac/16.2/Articles/6.htm   (7877 words)

 Linguistic Subordination and Ethnolinguistic Identity:
In the mid-twentieth century the Anglicist hypothesis—that the speech of African Americans derived directly from British-based dialects—was commonly accepted by prominent American dialectologists, along with the conclusion that twentieth century African American speech was identical to that of benchmark rural Southern vernacular white speech (Kurath 1949; McDavid and McDavid 1951).
Thus, the migration of African Americans from the South in the early and mid-twentieth century (Johnson and Campbell 1981), as well as the maintenance of connections and family ties, provided a communication network for the diffusion of vernacular norms from the South to the North and West.
The role of oppositional identity, for example, may explain why younger African American speakers who have lived all of their lives in isolated, distinctive dialect areas such as the Outer Banks or in Appalachia are abandoning their regional dialect roots in favor of an external, supra-regional AAVE norm.
www2.chass.ncsu.edu /cies/WolframPaper.htm   (7350 words)

 Free Essay "The Lesson" and African American Vernacular Engli
African American Vernacular English is a language that at times does reinforce the belief stated in the previous sentence, but one could also argue that the way one speaks has nothing to do with their financial background or social status and that a person just speaks how they speak.
Next the belief that African American Vernacular English is a sign of social or economic status is highlighted in an essay written by Craig, Holly K.; Thompson, Connie A.; Washington, Julie, A.; Potter, Stephanie L. entitled Phonological Features of Child African American English.
African American Vernacular English is a language that was birth out of the slums of society, birth out through many hardships and travailing.
www.echeat.com /essay.php?t=33170   (1655 words)

 African American Literacies Unleashed: Vernacular English and the Composition Classroom
This pioneering study of African American students in the composition classroom lays the groundwork for reversing the cycle of underachievement that plagues linguistically diverse students.
African American Literacies Unleashed: Vernacular English and the Composition Classroom approaches the issue of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) in terms of teacher knowledge and prevailing attitudes, and it attempts to change current pedagogical approaches with a highly readable combination of traditional academic discourse and personal narratives.
African American Literacies Unleashed asserts that necessary changes in theory and practice can be addressed by refocusing attention from teachers’ knowledge deficits to the processes through which teachers engage information relevant to culturally informed pedagogy.
www.ncte.org /store/books/comp/123382.htm   (406 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Social Sciences: Linguistics: Languages: Natural: Pidgins and Creoles: English Based: North ...
African American Vernacular English - A short description of African American Vernacular English, including linguistic features and glossary of related linguistic terms.
The Creole Origins of AAVE: Evidence from Copula Absence - A paper by John R. Rickford of Stanford University on African American Vernacular English.
She Talkded the Talk and Walkded the Walk - A paper on the convergence of sound and meaning in African American Vernacular English language and culture.
www.dmoz.org /Science/Social_Sciences/Linguistics/Languages/Natural/Pidgins_and_Creoles/English_Based/North_American_Black_English   (262 words)

 African American Vernacular English
African American Vernacular English (AAVE) is the variety formerly known as Black English Vernacular or Vernacular Black English among sociolinguists, and commonly called Ebonics outside the academic community.
According to such a view West Africans newly arrived on plantations would have limited access to English grammatical models because the number of native speakers was so small (just a few indentured servants on each plantation).
Standard English also has agreement in a number of irregular and frequently used verbs such as has vs have and is vs are and was vs were.
www.une.edu.au /langnet/definitions/aave.html   (2890 words)

 Academe Today: This Week's Chronicle
Meanwhile, a number of linguists have come to the defense of the school board, pointing to a body of research that views ebonics as a language "variety" with a complex grammar and probable origins in west Africa.
In fact, the question of whether African-American Vernacular English is a language or a dialect is largely irrelevant to many linguists.
The study of African-American Vernacular English was begun in the 1960s and '70s by such scholars as Dr. Wolfram, William Labov of the University of Pennsylvania, Ralph Fasold of Georgetown University, and others who charted its rules and syntax.
www.duke.edu /~ldbaker/clippings/ebonics.html   (936 words)

 African American Vernacular English Handbook   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In America, the language of spoken English is as diverse as it is similar.
African-American Vernacular English (A-AVE) is "an ethnic and socioeconomic variety of the language, defined by the social position and education of its speakers" (Millward 360).
Professor and writer June Jordan states in her article that the status of Black English can be seen as "an endangered species, as a perishing, ireeplaceable system of community intelligence, or we should expect its extinction, and, along with that, the extinguishing of much that constitutes our own proud, aud singular identlty" (Jordan 99).
athena.english.vt.edu /~owl/wcip/af-am-vern.htm   (815 words)

 Toni Cade Bambara's use of African American Vernacular English in "The Lesson" Style - Find Articles
Sylvia Wallace Holton explains that, by the 1960s, many African Americans were alienated from aspects of lire in the United States.
African Americans became interested in the movements that emphasized Black Power, Black Pride, and fl nationalism (144-45).
In contrast to the children in the story, Miss Moore is college-educated and speaks Standard American English.
findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2342/is_3_37/ai_n6006606   (824 words)

 African American Vernacular English: A brief overview of AAVE
AAVE is a form of American English spoken primarily by African Americans.
To be able to communicate in some fashion they developed a pidgin by applying English and some West African vocabulary to the familiar grammar rules of their native tongue.
This pidgin was passed on to future generations, and as soon as it became the primary language of it's speakers it is classified as a creole.
bryan.myweb.uga.edu /AAVE   (258 words)

 African American English: A Webpage for Linguists
The speakers of African American English have often been assumed to be fl Americans, or African Americans, and indeed most of them are.
Prof John Baugh, a prominent African American linguist at Washington University, has referred to the core group of speakers not in a racial, but in a historical way, as
The process of changing terms of self-reference, and language names, is socially complex, has political and ethnic goals, and draws on a sophisticated knowledge of both intra-group and inter-group relations.
privatewww.essex.ac.uk /~patrickp/AAVE.html   (838 words)

 african american vernacular english grammar: ez-homework.com- college homework, term papers, college papers   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Pasteur and Toldson (1982) suggested that the influence of the left hemisphere of the brain causes the vernacular of Whites to be marked by a fixation on rules and standards.
Our professional employees at ez-homework.com constantly monitor the homework in our database, and we guarantee the quality of all of the papers on “african american vernacular english grammar.” All of the homework on african american vernacular english grammar can be instantly downloaded from ez-homework.com.
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www.ez-homework.com /cat/paper/19/african-american-vernacular-english-grammar.html   (431 words)

 *Hip Hop Republican*
Distinctive patterns of language usage among African slaves and, later, African Americans arose out of the need for multilingual populations of African captives to communicate among themselves, and with their captors.
In the case of African Americans, AAVE has survived and thrived through the centuries also as a result of various degress of isolation from Southern American English and Standard American English--through both self-segregation and marginalization from mainstream society.
Most African Americans, regardless of socioeconomic status, educational background, or geographic region, use some form of AAVE to various degress in informal and intra-ethnic communication.
hiphoprepublican.com /2005/07/african-american-vernacular-english.html   (898 words)

 Toni Cade Bambara's use of African American Vernacular English in "The Lesson" Style - Find Articles
Sylvia Wallace Holton explains that, by the 1960s, many African Americans were alienated from aspects of lire in the United States.
African Americans became interested in the movements that emphasized Black Power, Black Pride, and fl nationalism (144-45).
In contrast to the children in the story, Miss Moore is college-educated and speaks Standard American English.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2342/is_3_37/ai_n6006606   (824 words)

 Do You Speak American . For Educators . Curriculum . College . AAE | PBS
Not all African Americans speak AAE, and not all speakers of AAE are African Americans.
The Great Migration of African Americans north and then west, beginning in 1890 and continuing until the 1970s, is responsible for spreading AAE throughout all of the United States.
The concept of an English speaking standard may be understood as more of a political orientation than accurately addressing the various modes of English speaking, watch with their own integrity and claim to centrality within their own speech communities.
www.pbs.org /speak/education/curriculum/college/aae   (5555 words)

 FAST-US-1 Intro to American English Reference File
Black English is derived from (and thus in part reflects) the Black American cultural experience; it is a social dialect of the African-American community in America.
Related to the study of Black English is the continually-changing linguistic relationship between Black Americans and other racial and ethnic groups in the United States.
American Tongues and suburban fl father), or "fool Whitey." Even where it is not the intention, BE often cannot be easily understood by SAE speakers (see Lexical Differences Between BE and SAE and
www.uta.fi /FAST/US1/REF/blackeng.html   (887 words)

 CAL: Topics: Dialects: African American Vernacular English
African American Vernacular English is a dialect of American English used by many African Americans in certain settings and circumstances.
Like other dialects of English, African American Vernacular English is a regular, systematic language variety that contrasts with other dialects in terms of its grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary.
Early publications from CAL on African American Vernacular English that are out of print, but may still be in libraries
www.cal.org /ebonics   (431 words)

 Table of Contents and Excerpt, Baugh, Out of the Mouths of Slaves
The world was briefly transfixed on the linguistic consequences of American slavery after the Oakland school board passed a resolution declaring Ebonics to be the official language of the twenty-eight thousand African American students enrolled in that district.
What distinguishes linguistic evolution of English in the United States is the concentration of various dialects on the East Coast, and a so-called general American dialect in the West and Midwest.
Also contributing to the evolution of American English was the migration of fls from the South after the Civil War to urban areas of the north.
www.utexas.edu /utpress/excerpts/exbauout.html   (2027 words)

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