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Topic: African Eve

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  Mitochondrial Eve - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mitochondrial Eve is the name given by researchers to the woman who is the last common matrilineal ancestor of all living humans.
Note that Mitochondrial Eve is not the most recent common ancestor of all humans, who is much more recent, estimated at living in historical times between the 2nd millennium BCE and the 1st millennium CE.
Mitochondrial Eve is sometimes referred to as African Eve, an ancestor who has been hypothesized on the grounds of fossil as well as DNA evidence.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/African_Eve   (1286 words)

 Mitochondrial Eve   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Although researchers named her after the Biblical Eve, mitochondrial Eve was not the sole living female of her day.
A recent challenge to the Eve theory has been the observation that the mitochondria of sperm are sometimes passed to offspring.
The Japanese horror film and novel Parasite Eve use the Mitochondrial Eve theory as the basis for a fantasy about a scientist bringing his dead wife back by regenerating her liver cells, with disastrous effects.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/mitochondrial_eve   (1020 words)

 [No title]
The woman was called the African Eve, and Newsweek put her on its cover.
Eve was one in a population of primitive human beings.
The inference was that the stem was African.
www.textfiles.com /occult/orig_eve.txt   (2166 words)

 African Eve, Eurasian Adam: Age and Origin of the Human Species
This requires the proponents of "African Eve" to posit a segregation of central Africans from the proto-modern population in which speciation occurred.
By contrast, central Africans have always had a large effective population size (Tishkoff et al., 1996), and are characterized by extraordinary diversity (Kidd et al., 1998).
The entire basis for the "Eve" hypothesis is in doubt, as mtDNA homogeneity may simply show the dilution of mutations caused by recombination.
www.heretical.com /science/rafonda1.html   (2642 words)

 CB621: Mitochondrial Eve
The "mitochondrial Eve," to which this claim refers, is the most recent common female ancestor, not the original female ancestor.
Mitochondrial Eve was merely the youngest common ancestor of all today's mtDNA.
African origin of modern humans in East Asia: A tale of 12,000 Y chromosomes.
www.talkorigins.org /indexcc/CB/CB621.html   (342 words)

 Skulls from China...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Similarly, modern Africans and Europeans and their descendants worldwide also may be able to trace their origins to people who lived in their homelands long before the purported "Eve" but also interbred with immigrants from other continents.
"Eve" is the nickname given to a hypothetical African woman who, according to one widely publicized theory, was said to be the maternal ancestor of all living humans.
The Eve story supported what came to be known as the "out of Africa" hypothesis, namely that all modern people are Eve's descendants who migrated through Arabia to populate Asia and Europe, replacing a more primitive species of human, Homo erectus, that had spread from Africa perhaps 1 million years ago.
www.chineseprehistory.org /skulls.htm   (748 words)

 Creation Explanation 5k
The conclusion that our race descended from some "African Eve" is based on a study of the DNA molecules contained in the mitochondria of cells collected from a limited number of individuals enlisted from a number of different population groups in various nations in Europe, Asia and Afro-Americans.
Mitochondria are cell organelles which contain their own small complement of DNA and which are passed on from generation to generation in the egg cells produced by the females.
Four kinds of evidence were mustered against the African Eve theory at this meeting--from comparisons of tooth structure, skull shape and social behavior, and from a reanalysis and reinterpretation of the original study of comparative sequences of mitochondrial DNA.
www.parentcompany.com /creation_explanation/cx5k.htm   (1201 words)

 African American Odyssey: The Civil War (Part 1)
December 31, 1862, was a very special evening for the African American community, because it was the night before the Emancipation Proclamation took effect, freeing all the slaves in the Confederate states.
African American volunteers were in readiness to serve in the Civil War when the Union called them.
She was the first African American t eacher assigned to take part in the Port Royal Experiment, teaching the "contrabands" on St. Helena island.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart4.html   (1123 words)

 Ancient East Asia: The Origin of Modern Humans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
African Eve and Multi-regional theories are the major contestants.
The African Eve theory (Out of Africa, Second Migration, etc.) is based on the hypothesis that Homo sapiens sapiens (HSS) appeared in Africa over 100,000 years ago and migrated into Europe and Asia sometime afterwards.
Since both the African Eve and Multi-regional theories are based on African origins, any genetic data without proper dating could support either theory.
www.ancienteastasia.org /special/humanorigins.htm   (460 words)

 CB621.1: Young mitochondrial Eve
The date of "Mitochondrial Eve," the common maternal ancestor of all humankind, was based on that mutation rate.
This does not apply to mitochondrial Eve research, which is based only on substitution mutation rates.
A study similar to the mtEve research was done on a region of the X chromosome which does not recombine with the smaller Y chromosome; it placed the most recent common ancestor 535,000 +/- 119,000 years ago (Kaessmann et al.
www.talkorigins.org /indexcc/CB/CB621_1.html   (322 words)

 Human History and Human Origin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Africans are descended from African Homo Sapiens Sapiens.
The Author deduces that the "African Eve" emerged around 200kya in Africa having been believed by us as the Forebear (Grand-grand mother) is scientifically lack of solid basis, and the above Fossils record is the solid basis supporting the " Out of Africa hypotheses".
Also she told us that African is the base for Non-African populations, but its species is difficult to reconcile with Multi-regionalism for arising of Modern Humans in Europe and in Asia.
members.aol.com /fpark39324/myhomepage   (7597 words)

 Mitochondrial Eve : African Eve   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Based on the molecular clock technique, Eve is believed to have lived about 200 000 years ago.
Researchers believe as many as 20 000 individuals of Eve's species may have lived at the same time as her.
If Eve had lived among a million or a billion other females, it is very unlikely that all humans alive today could trace their descent to Eve (or to one female contemporary of Eve's).
www.eurofreehost.com /af/African_Eve.html   (428 words)

 Study: 'Eve' Came From East Africa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
April 24, 2003 — "African Eve," the female ancestor of all humans, likely hailed from East Africa, according to a recent study.
Sarah Tishkoff, lead author of the paper and an assistant professor of biology at the University of Maryland, explained that the term African Eve "…refers to an ancestral mitochondrial DNA genome.
A South African group, the !Kung san, also speak with a click language and previously were thought to be one of Africa's oldest populations.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-news/901055/posts   (3031 words)

 The Witness: Let Us Cross Over Into 2002
New Year's Eve holds important significance in the life of African-American churchgoers, because it is about creating a new life in the New Year.
Putting on your Sunday best felt strange, especially if New Year's Eve fell on a weekday, but you knew the significance of that day as folks hurried to complete their chores.
As a celebration of the first African slaves who arrived here in the New World in 1619 and were finally freed in 1865, Kwanzaa, the annual seven-day celebration, pays tribute to who we are as a people.
www.thewitness.org /article.php?id=591   (905 words)

 The Great DNA Hunt
The Eve study examined mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is passed only by mothers to their offspring.
The genetic diversity of African populations was confirmed by later studies and is now generally accepted, but, according to Templeton, proponents of the out-of-Africa hypothesis assumed that genetic diversity reflected only the age of a population rather than population size.
African, European, and Indian cattle were all thought to be descended from a domesticated Near Eastern progenitor, and to have developed into characteristic breeds afterward.
www.archaeology.org /9609/abstracts/dna.html   (1625 words)

 African Eve Theory Smashed by Computer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Since the theory dealt with the origin of modern humans (not the origin of all humans) biochemist Allan Wilson (University of California, Berkley) was a bit out of line in dubbing her "Eve." Although the theory was controversial, it was hailed as an important contribution by biochemistry to the understanding of human origins.
The "African Eve" theory represented the second major attempt by biochemists to contribute to the question of human origins.
The failure of the "African Eve" theory is just another illustration of the impossibility of constructing an authentic record of human origins by scientific means.
www.abbottloop.org /alconweb/i_c_r/afrieve.htm   (1601 words)

 [No title]
And, he said, even when they knew better, they allowed popular media and the general public to interpret the Adam and Eve label as a literal parallel to the Biblical story of creation in which all people are descendants of one man and one woman.
THE ROOTS OF AFRICAN EVE The African Eve idea began in 1986, when a group led by the late biochemist Allan Wilson of the University of California at Berkeley analyzed a special set of genes carried in the mitochondria, small organs inside cells that are passed down only through mothers.
Similarly, a group led by Robert Dorit of Yale University, after analyzing genes in the Y chromosome carried only by men, deduced earlier this year that there was a common male ancestor at about the same time.
www.sfusd.k12.ca.us /schwww/sch773/zimmerman/eve.html   (743 words)

 DNA links isolated Indian island tribes directly to African 'Eve' -- Middle East Times
The findings suggest that the tribes are descended from the "oldest population of the world and were among the first batch of modern humans to migrate from Africa", said professor Lalji Singh, director of the center.
It is believed that the descendants of this "Eve" that all humans claim as their ancestor began migrating out of Africa in batches some 70,000 years ago.
The tribals' DNA is extremely close to the so-called African root gene of the single female ancestor, Singh said this week.
www.metimes.com /print.php?StoryID=20050520-041609-5311r   (515 words)

 The Question of Eve
If thier chemical analysis of mitochondrial DNA is valid, then the eve theory is true, and a second group of humanity replaced all other groups on Earth.
The important point in understanding the Eve Theory is that Mitrochandral DNA clones only from the mother, and that mutation is the only source of variation.
If the Eve theory is true then both groups to inhabit Asia failed to bring the more efficient hand axe with them.
www.itsuckstobejoe.com /Jdn/writing/eve.html   (1703 words)

 The human race can be traced back to a woman in Africa named 'African Eve'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
While probing into the roots of modern man, scientists stumbled on a single woman in Africa and named her "Mitochondria‚Œ Eve." This hypothesis, the conclusion of a study conducted by a group of scientists at University of California, Berkeley, is drawing attention as the "Mitochondria‚Œ Eve hypothesis."
"Eve" is passed on from one woman's body to the next, generation after generation, until "Eve" finally becomes aware of her identity.
This is why scientists concluded that all modern humans are descendent from a single African woman and named her "Mitochondrial Eve." Thus, Mitochondrial Eve is not only a name of a single woman but the generic term for the ancestor of the entire human race.
www.biowonderland.com /OmoshiroBio/EngBasic10.html   (680 words)

 JTSA 99 On the eve of an African biblical studies West
African readers, however, are far better placed to interpret the real subject matter of biblical texts—the mythical and the magical—because the questions the Bible addresses are similar to the questions ordinary Africans ask in their own African contexts.
We should also remember that ordinary African interpreters of the Bible are not as transfixed and fixated by the text as their textually trained pastors and theologians; as Wimbush has indicated, their hermeneutics is characterised by “a looseness” towards the biblical text.
A clear implication of this is that African biblical studies is one strand in a closely woven cord that is African theology.
www.uct.ac.za /depts/ricsa/jtsa/j99/j99west.htm   (7544 words)

 Mitochondrial Eve : African Eve   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
This means that another bottleneck event besides the one surrounding Eve affected the human lineage after her.
It is also possible that the mismatched dates of Eve and Adam may illustrate the weakness of the molecular clock technique, which continues to undergo revisions.
One finding not subject to interpretation is that Africans living today show the greatest diversity of mitochondrial DNA sequences.
www.eurofreehost.com /af/African_Eve_2.html   (628 words)

 Out of Africa II Human Origins Theory
Three recent African origin models, Replacement, Weak Garden of Eden and Multiple Dispersals, are based on combinations of evidence from fossils, archaeology and, especially, genetic studies.
The remainder of this page is a summation of the so-called "Eve hypothesis" version of the Replacement Hypothesis, as presented by Wilson and Cann in 1992.
The probability that the 14 deepest branches would be exclusively African was one in 10,000.
www.jqjacobs.net /anthro/paleo/genome.html   (860 words)

 A Globe of Witnesses
New Year’s Eve holds important significance in the life of African American churchgoers, because it is about creating a new life in the New Year.
They can be traced back to December 31, 1862, also known as "Freedom Eve," when African American slaves came together across the nation to await the good news that President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation had finally become law.
As a progeny of this African American creative legacy, I’ve learned to create a life for myself in the midst of a raging war, whether it’s homophobia in the fl church or it’s racism in the queer community.
www.thewitness.org /agw/monroe.011602.html   (901 words)

 No bones about Eve
Their African Eve' who is the 'mother of us all' would have been part of this population.
This is a much more traditional belief, one which claims that the separation of the different races of people happened a much longer time ago, and that the various races evolved their differences because of these long periods of isolation.
In other words, in escaping the biblical implications of 'Eve' (by regarding her as one woman among many living in Africa 200,000 years ago) evolutionists must accept a scenario which in broad outline strongly parallels the Babel account.
www.answersingenesis.org /docs/3778.asp   (2164 words)

 Science News Online (2/6/99): DNA's Evolutionary Dilemma   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
However, even some admirers of mitochondrial Eve now say that the jury is out on whether state-of-the-art DNA studies can live up to their early billing.
Moreover, African DNA diverges in particularly pronounced ways from the genetic material of people living elsewhere in the world, the presumed result of a longer period of African evolution.
Archaic African and Asian lineages in the genetic ancestry of modern humans.
www.sciencenews.org /sn_arc99/2_6_99/bob1.htm   (2227 words)

 New DNA evidence suggests "African Eve", the 150,000-year-old female ancestor of every person on Earth, may ...
New DNA evidence suggests "African Eve", the 150,000-year-old female ancestor of every person on Earth, may have lived in Tanz
A genetic study has shown that the oldest known human DNA lineages are those of East Africans.
The so-called African Eve represents the ancestral mitochondrial genome that gave rise to all the different types seen in people today.
afgen.com /africa_eve.html   (454 words)

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