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Topic: Afro-Brazilian


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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  
 Brazilian Portuguese - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brazilian Portuguese is a collective name for the varieties of Portuguese written and spoken by virtually all the 180 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a couple million Brazilian immigrants and temporary workers in other countries, mainly in Canada, United States, Portugal, Paraguay and Japan.
Brazilian Portuguese often treats as intransitive certain verbs that in EP are reflexive, and therefore would require a reflexive weak pronoun.
Apart from the random drift caused by the isolation of the two communities, the evolution of Brazilian Portuguese was certainly influenced by the languages it supplanted: first the Amerind tongues of the natives, then the various African languages of the slaves, and finally the speeches of the European and Asian immigrants.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Brazilian_Portuguese   (4565 words)

  
 Afro-Brazilian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Besides moral qualms, the low cost of slave-produced Brazilian sugar meant that British colonies in the West Indies were unable to match the market prices of Brazilian sugar, and each Briton was using 16 pounds of sugar a year by the 1800s.
This is largely because Brazilian slave owners allowed their slaves to continue their heritage of playing drums (unlike U.S. slave owners who feared use of the drum for communications).
Palm Oil (Brazilian Portuguese: Azeite de Dendê) is a heavy tropical oil extracted from the African palm growing in Northern Brazil.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Afro-Brazilian   (948 words)

  
 The ARChive of Contemporary Music
Brazilian notched bamboo or metal percussion instrument that is scraped with a stick or metal rod, and believed to be of native Amerindian derivation.
Brazilian and Portuguese term for the snare drum used by most all marching and carnival parading groups, esp. the percussion section of the escola de samba.
In the Brazilian state of Pernambuco, the rebeca is a simple folk violin closely associated with the Cavalo Marinho dance rhythm.
www.arcmusic.org /features/archive/percpan_brazil/instrbrazil.html   (2438 words)

  
 Oppression and Resistance in Jamaican Reggae and Afro-Brazilian Music
Brazilian culture is a paradox in which some Afro-Brazilian traditions become national symbols, such as carnaval, and others become the targets of violent eradication campaigns, such as candomblé and capoeira.
While it was initially criticized as racist, as many other Afro-Brazilian organizations have been, Ilê Aiyê has become a fundamental component of Carnival.
Brazilian non-whites are also the victims of racial hegemony, perpetuated by deep-seated social inequalities, racial dissolution, and police violence.
debate.uvm.edu /dreadlibrary/davila.html   (6776 words)

  
 Chapter 7
Brazilian Spiritism prevalent among the upper classes, called Kardecism, which emphasizes talking with ancestral spirits and social work among the poor, is vastly different from the type of Spiritism prevalent among the lower classes in Bahia, called Condomble, which emphasizes sacrifices made to non-ancestral spirits.
When a Brazilian lady wonders how she might induce a man to pay her special attention, a diviner is used.
Second, the Christian field worker must not hold so rigidly to etic classification systems that all data is forced to fit his schemes.
www.missiology.org /folkreligion/chapter7.htm   (8549 words)

  
 EIAL V1 - The Social Impact of Afro-Brazilian Cult Religion
Today, the Brazilian poor cope with the hardships of their lives with techniques that include not only innocent and ingenious ways to add income, but also the use of psychological devices and ruses to deal with individuals and institutions from the world from which the poor are excluded.
Whether the bread-and-circuses nature of the way Brazilians, rich and poor, were specifically permitted to rest and to blow off steam according to the religious, civic and sportive calendars was a conscious safety device by managers and officials is dubious.
Brazilian celebrations, exuberant national rituals, have historically bound together members of disparate social groups and cancelled, if temporarily, the rigid unspoken rules of segregated Brazilian society that prescribed behavior and language in a world where everyone knew their place.
www.tau.ac.il /eial/V_1/levine.htm   (8572 words)

  
 EIAL X2 - Against Racism: In Search of an Alliance between Afro-Brazilians and Brazilian Jews in the early 1990s
In general, Brazilian Jews, usually categorized as Whites, belong to the middle and upper middle classes, while Afro-Brazilians are predominantly poor, concentrated at the lower levels of society.
The Brazilian vote at the United Nations in 1975 condemning Zionism as a form of racism, the debate over the opening of a PLO office in Brazil, and the increasing sympathy of civil society for the Palestinian cause influenced the political behavior of the Jewish Federations.
During the democratic interlude in Brazilian politics (1945-1964), the activities of the Brazilian Jewish polity were basically governed by two objectives: the fight against any manifestation of anti-Semitism and the defence of the State of Israel, a strategy determined chiefly by the international context.
www.tau.ac.il /eial/X_2/chormaio.html   (8832 words)

  
 N A C L A
And some “white” Brazilians acknowledge their African ancestry, although for some this acknowledgement is volunteered—perhaps just to U.S. African-Americans—only to the extent that they believe it to be insufficiently visible as to be unproblematic.
But charges of racism are still met with denial by many Brazilians who subscribe to what progressive thinkers refer to as the “myth of racial democracy.”Or they explain that the problem is socio-economic rather than racial, as exemplified by the symbolic switch in color status of poor whites and rich blacks.
African culture continues to be a much more obviously pervasive presence in Brazilian culture than is the case in the United States for several reasons, one being the relative proportions of populations of African descent.
www.nacla.org /art_display.php?art=2016   (2946 words)

  
 Contours 1.1/BOOK REVIEW
She emphasizes the common themes that link Brazil to the rest of the Afro-Atlantic world: slavery, state-directed abolition (in 1888), the economic modernization behind abolition, and "the construction of an ethnicity that could be used to" the advantage of Afro-Brazilians (p.
Although she does not develop explicit comparisons, Butler seeks to place the Brazilian experience within the larger context of the Afro-Atlantic diaspora.
Located on the northeastern coast, Salvador was the capital of the Portuguese colony from the mid-sixteenth to the mid-eighteenth century, and was long the center of the slave trade and sugar plantation society.
www.press.uillinois.edu /journals/contours/1.1/review.html   (1182 words)

  
 Silvia Regina de Lima Silva - Mission and Afro-Brazilian Cultural Reality
We believe that it is for this the effort of the Afro community is in the process of historical recuperation, theological reconstruction, re-reading of the Bible and announcement of a God who survived, together with the people in the process of denial and extermination of the African identity and culture.
In the experience of the Afro community, it is interesting to note that, despite its marginalisation, there is a feeling of respect and value towards the church, principally by the elderly.
The work done by the Afro organisations in the past 20 years has contributed towards the discovery of the dignity and value of the people and the affirmation of their identity.
www.sedos.org /english/silvia.htm   (2329 words)

  
 Macumba, Umbanda, and Orishas in Brazil
Brazilian slave owners, unlike owners in the United States, allowed slaves to continue to use their drums.
"Macumba" (also known as Quimbanda) is the everyday term used by Brazilians in Rio de Janeiro to describe two types of African spirit worship: Candomble (followed in northern State of Bahia) and Umbanda (a newer form originating in Niteroi, in the southern State of Rio de Janeiro between 1900 and November 15, 1908).
Thus began the rhythm of the saints, the samba, and it explains why Brazilian "batucadas" reign unequaled today.
www.stirlinglaw.com /ea/macumba.htm   (766 words)

  
 Ravi’s afro-brazilian project CD, Brazilian fusion world music
Finally, full circle and a chance meeting in The Cape Verde Islands led to recording with Brazilian musicians in Brazil where more compositions were written, inspired by the electric atmosphere of Rio and bountiful nature experiences.
The overall result is a seamless interweaving of the African texture of the lead instrument within a dynamic Brazilian milieu.
land, the Suruí finally got their land demarcated by the Brazilian government.
www.ravi-art.co.uk /afrobrazil.htm   (1297 words)

  
 www.aguasdabahia.com
The company is known for revealing and preserving the deep roots of Afro Brazilian traditions in Brazil’s northeastern states.
www.aguasdabahia.com   (55 words)

  
 Tourism, Carnaval and Citizenship Looking at Salvador, Bahia Brazil
A few times I’m excluded: an Afro Brazilian friend has taken me to accompany the first appearances (the saidas) of the blocos afro Olodum (February 16) and Ilê Aiyê (February 17) and he takes me where he is entitled to go and I’m not, inside the stout maritime rope, the corda, that encircles bloco members.
And it makes sense to them that in Salvador, Bahia, where over three quarters of the population is Afro Brazilian, I should be studying associations and movements which might be fostering citizenship in a politically and economically subordinated and disadvantaged Black majority.
The performers in the bloco afro processions – not just the lead drummers and singers but the throng within the corda – are members of a local community performing for that community, more than they are for tourists and other spectators.
www.fas.harvard.edu /~drclas/publications/revista/Tourism/ireland.html   (1958 words)

  
 Canadian Journal of History: Afro-Brazilian Culture and Politics: Bahia, 1790s to 1900s
In general, the book is a surprise in the specific field of Brazilian cultural history, which is, despite the many works both in Brazil and abroad, still a rather new field of study in the country.
This objective is fully achieved in this volume, which presents different aspects of popular culture in Brazil's northeastern state of Bahia, for a period of two centuries, which is rather long if we consider the total span of Brazilian history as it relates to western civilization.
The skilful combination of research (both historical and ethnographical) and fluent narrative (another historical must these days) brings to life cultural aspects which were forged in the conflicts between world views, civilization projects and cosmologies.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3686/is_199908/ai_n8864088   (409 words)

  
 Afro-Brazilian Downloads - Download Afro-Brazilian Music - Download Afro-Brazilian MP3s
Margareth Menezes is an awarded Brazilian pop star with international recognition, having toured with David Byrne and recorded several albums released worldwide, which have been lauded by such publications as Billboard and Rolling Stone magazines.
It seems nearly every country has a star that represents its "voice of the people" (i.e., Jamaica's Bob Marley, Senegal's Baaba Maal), and Carlinhos Brown, who's often referred to as "the Brazilian Prince," fulfills that role in his homeland.
Simone has continued to perform regularly in Brazil, Portugal, and the U.S. In 1997, she was included in the Sony Music Celebridades da MPB (MPB Celebrities) series (sharing the privilege with Ângela Maria, Sílvio Caldas, and Cauby Peixoto, with a four-CD box commemorating 25 years of her career (one year in advance).
www.mp3.com /afro-brazilian/genre/756/subgenre.html   (1843 words)

  
 JJA Library
Brazilian music should also have a category of it's own due to the rich variety of rhythms that are distinctly Brazilian.
It is find that Brazilian folks don't associate with the term "Latin." I don't think that that should have anything to do with "Brazilian rhythms" as a part of the "Latin Jazz" experience in the United States.
Brazilian Jazz is part of the Latin Jazz experience in the United States of America.
www.jazzhouse.org /library/index.php3?read=latin1   (10638 words)

  
 puerto.html
Major topics examined by scholars include slavery in the colonial period, Brazilian racial thought in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, contemporary race relations, and Afro-Brazilian culture and religion.[6] It is only in the last decade that scholars have turned their attention to organized black movements.
The modern Brazilian black movement, most visible through the Frente Negra in the 1930s and the new black movement in the 1970s and 1980s, has changed over time, but two constants have remained: the dominance of a middle-class, mulato leadership, and the inability to mobilize the majority of the Afro-Brazilian population.
Considering the movement's estimate of the Afro-Brazilian population, 70 million out of Brazil's 158,200,000, then the black movement has only gained a minority of the Afro-Brazilian population.[5] The key question then is why, despite some triumphs, has the black movement failed to mobilize a significant number of Afro-Brazilians?
userwww.sfsu.edu /~epf/1997/puerto.html   (3866 words)

  
 brazzilrace.com :: View topic - Timeline For Afro-Brazilians in Brazil
There appears to be Brazilians of African descent that keep track of things such as Nelson Mandela and if so then they pretty much know what apartheid was and how he conquered this and became an international icon for peace.
The Brazilian Black Front, founded in 1931, was devoted to fighting the injustices experienced by persons of African descent.
International health activists and human rights activists have been pressuring the Brazilian government to halt all death squads and to improve the health facilities for the poor (mostly black) of the urban regions.
www.brazzilrace.com /viewtopic.php?t=18   (2946 words)

  
 Brazil bib
Vassouras, a Brazilian Coffee County, 1850-1900: The Roles of Planter and Slave in a Plantation Society.
The Brazilian Workers’ ABC: Class Conflict and Alliances in Modern São Paulo.
The Gilberto Freyre Reader: Varied Writings by the Author of the Brazilian Classics: The Masters and the Slaves, The Mansions and the Shanties, and Order and Progress.
www.unc.edu /courses/2001spring/ltam/090/001/brazbib.htm   (1844 words)

  
 DVD: brazilian (streetfighting groundfighting afro-brazilian)
The Brazilian influence is only very slight and what is very obvious is a solid classical ballet foundation, both in the dancing and the choreography.
I don't know Brazilian jiu jitsu, (due to there being no place to learn in my area), I've had an interest in it for the past few months from watching UFC, so I thought I'd buy this DVD to see what its all about, and its a great set.
In the early 1900's the legendary Gracie family invented Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, a ground fighting martial art, with influences from Judo and Wrestling that focuses on chokes and joint locks.
www.very-clever.com /dvd/brazilian   (1195 words)

  
 Online Course Synopsis Handbook
Afro-Brazilians long constituted the majority of the population and even today forty five percent of Brazilians declare themselves to be of non-white descent of one sort or another.
It will examine the peculiarities of Brazilian racism such as the celebration of miscegenation, the concept of "whitening," and the "myth of racial democracy." We will also explore forms of Afro-Brazilian influence (religious, musical, and cultural), power, and resistance.
Throughout, the Brazilian case will be compared with the Afro-North American experience in the bi-racial majority-white United States.
www.aas.duke.edu /reg/synopsis/view.cgi?term=0940&s=01&subj=HISTORY&course=170C   (333 words)

  
 Global Exchange : A New Promise
Participate in afro-brazilian dance classes, meetings with afro-brazilian political organizations, visits with Brasil's Landless Workers Movement (MST), women's organizations, street children's organizations, and human rights groups, and explore the political space of afro-brazilian traditions in the cultural center of Brazil.
Brazilian social movements are among the strongest and most organized in Latin America, challenging the social, racial, and economic injustices of the neoliberal system.
Since the arrival of the Worker's Party to power in 2002, the second largest economy in the Western Hemisphere has been seen as a center of hope and potential for participatory democracy and regional integration.
www.globalexchange.org /tours/618.html   (508 words)

  
 HIDDEN SENSATIONS OF STRENGTH IN AFRO-BRAZILIAN WRITINGS:
All indications are that Ruth is being advised and influenced by hidden forces which point to an Afro-Brazilian reality and African-originated beliefs.
The black Brazilian woman is not born into joy, she has to learn to become political and create joy in her life.
What dominates is the silence of the Brazilian woman, a silence that comes from a profound inner sense of inferiority and lack of value, together with a socially imposed position of indignity and unimportance.
www.lehman.cuny.edu /faculty/guinazu/ciberletras/v01n02/Duke.htm   (7097 words)

  
 The Afro Brazilian Religion Candomble & Whites? - Stormfront White Nationalist Community
I'm not Brazilian but I'm 1/2 Cuban and can tell you about what they have in Cuba, Santeria is similar to its cousins Voodoo and Candomble (and a couple of others I can't remember the names) in that they originate in Africa and were brought there by the slaves.
They're mestizos, brazilians think mestizos are white, candomble is Northeast stuff, it's almost inexistant in other places.
Here they also used the catholic saints to substitute the african deities (sp?), and this thing with animals, sewing a frog's mouth, killing chickens and sometimes goats, all that stuff is so much alike even though the 2 countries are very far away.
www.stormfront.org /forum/showthread.php?t=105104   (1439 words)

  
 Afro- and African Currents in Contmporary Brazilian Popular Music
But the multifarious Afro Brazilian musical continuum is beyond the scope of any short discussion.
In conjunction, there is a Brazilian connection with other Afro American musics, such as soul music and Jamaican reggae.
The largest chapters of any history of dance and song in Brazil comprise accounts of interaction between Iberian forms brought by the colonizers of Portugal and those of the Africans brought forcibly to the New World.
www.caravanmusic.com /Articles/afroCurrentsMPB.htm   (332 words)

  
 Human Biology: Heterogeneity of the Y Chromosome in Afro-Brazilian Populations
The results showed that most of the Y chromosomes of the Afro-Brazilians were from sub-Saharan Africa and that the proportion of Y chromosomes of European origin was greater than that of Y chromosomes of Amerindian origin.
The samples of the white and Japanese individuals and of 38 Afro-Brazilians were collected in the city of Ribeirao Preto, in the state of Sao Paulo.
The Brazilian population is one of the most heterogeneous in the world, resulting from the admixture of Amerindians, Europeans, sub-Saharan Africans, and, more recently, individuals of other Asian origins.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3659/is_200402/ai_n9373583   (1320 words)

  
 Afro-Brazilian Art - I on Flickr - Photo Sharing!
Both art forms were created by Africans enslaved in Brazil in the XVII century, and developed through the ages as part of the Afro-Brazilian struggle for freedom.
Maculelê is a stick-dance that originated in the sugar cane fields of Brazil during slavery and brings together the traditions of different African tribes with those of Brazilian Indians.
Capoeira is a beautiful combination of dance, martial arts and acrobatics, second only to soccer in the preference of Brazilians as a national sport.
www.flickr.com /photos/beija-flor/67659575   (462 words)

  
 Afro-Brazilian religions' Journal
Brazilian writer Jorge Amado and French anthropologist Pierre Verger.
I was at my pai de santo's house today and as usual he was watching the Brazilian news.
She was featured in the Brazilian novel "War of the Saints" by Jorge Amado
community.livejournal.com /candomble   (3673 words)

  
 afrolatin
In Brazil, where official statistics say 42 percent of the population is black (other sources place the percentage as high as 60 percent), the quality of life of Afro-Brazilians is similar to that in the poorest African nations, according to a study published by the daily FOLHA DE SAO PAULO in June.
A growing number of black Brazilians are embracing and expressing the cultural and religious values inherited from their African ancestors, without fear of persecution of discrimination.
Black organizations such as Mundo Afro say it is important to return to the roots of candombe so Afro-Uruguayans can recover their heritage.
faculty.ed.umuc.edu /~jmatthew/articles/afrolatin.html   (6799 words)

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