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Topic: Agglutinative language

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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  Chapter 6. Types of Linguistic Structure. Edward Sapir. 1921. Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech
Aside from the expression of pure relation a language may, of course, be “formless”—formless, that is, in the mechanical and rather superficial sense that it is not encumbered by the use of non-radical elements.
Those languages that always identify the word with the radical element would be set off as an “isolating” group against such as either affix modifying elements (affixing languages) or possess the power to change the significance of the radical element by internal changes (reduplication; vocalic and consonantal change; changes in quantity, stress, and pitch).
One celebrated American writer on culture and language delivered himself of the dictum that, estimable as the speakers of agglutinative languages might be, it was nevertheless a crime for an inflecting woman to marry an agglutinating man. Tremendous spiritual values were evidently at stake.
www.bartleby.com /186/6.html   (7279 words)

 Finnish language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Finnish is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland (92%) and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.
The speakers of Karelian language in Russia and of Meänkieli language in Sweden are typically considered oppressed minorities, and the classification of their dialects as separate languages is by many Finns perceived as instrumental to the oppression.
The Ruija dialect (Ruijan murre) is spoken in Finnmark (Finnish Ruija), in Norway.
www.eastcleveland.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Finnish_language   (4099 words)

 Elamite language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Elamite was an agglutinative language, and was not related to the neighboring Semitic languages, or Indo-European languages, and although some call Elamite the "sister" to the Sumerian language, the two languages appear to be unrelated.
Elamite was an official language of the Persian Empire from the sixth to fourth centuries BCE.
Since it has not yet been deciphered, it is not known whether the language it represents is Elamite or another language.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Elamite   (345 words)

 Malay language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who are native to the Malay peninsula, southern Thailand, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, and parts of the coast of Borneo.
It is the official language of Malaysia and Brunei, and is one of four official languages of Singapore.
The language spoken by the Peranakan (Straits Chinese, a hybrid of Chinese settlers from the Ming Dynasty and local Malays) is a unique patois of Malay and the Chinese dialect of Hokkien, which is mostly spoken in the former Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca.
www.kernersville.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Malay_language   (956 words)

 SUMER - LoveToKnow Article on SUMER
Scholars of this opinion believe that this language, which has been arbitrarily called " Akkadian " in England and " Sumerian " on the European continent and in America, was primitively the speech of the pre-Semitic inhabitants of the Euphratean region who were conquered by the invading Semites.
In view of the many evidences of the linguistic character of Sumerian as opposed to the one fact that the language had engrafted upon it a great number of evident Semitisms, the opinion of the present writer is that the Sumerian, as we have it, is fundamentally an.
agglutinative, almost polysynthetic, language, upon which a more or less deliberately constructed pot-pounni of Semitic inventions was superimposed in the course of many centuries of accretion under Semitic influences.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /S/SU/SUMER.htm   (2036 words)

 Japanese language article - Japanese language spoken written language Japan Japan Ranking Genetic classification - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Japanese language is a spoken and written language used mainly in Japan.
Japanese is a relative of the Altaic language family.
Humble language is used to talk about oneself or one's own group (company, family) whilst honorific language is mostly used when describing the interlocutor and his group.
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Japanese_language   (4251 words)

 Pro-drop language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Among major languages, a clearcut case of a pro-drop language is Japanese (featuring pronoun deletion not only for subjects, but for practically all grammatical contexts).
Romance languages such as Portuguese, Spanish, Italian and Romanian are also pro-drop (though they only allow deletion of the subject pronoun).
Pro-drop languages deal naturally with these, whereas many non-pro-drop languages such as English and French have to fill in the syntactic gap by inserting a dummy pronoun.
www.butte-silverbow.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Pro-drop_language   (577 words)

 CONK! Encyclopedia: Japanese_language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
It is considered an agglutinative language and is distinguished by a complex system of honorifics—a reflection of the highly hierarchical nature of Japanese society—which has resulted in specific verbal forms which indicate the relative status of the speaker to the listener, as well as respect (or lack thereof) to the person being spoken of.
The Ryukyuan languages are spoken in the islands of Okinawa Prefecture.
Their use is often optional, since Japanese is described as a so-called pro-drop language, i.e., one in which the subject of a sentence does not always need to be stated.
www.conk.com /search/encyclopedia.cgi?q=Japanese_language   (3293 words)

 Korean language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax.
The standard language (Pyojuneo or Pyojunmal) of South Korea is based on the dialect of the area around Seoul, and the standard for North Korea is based on the dialect spoken around P'yŏngyang.
Traditionally, the Korean language has had strong vowel harmony; that is, in pre-modern Korean, as in most Altaic languages, not only did the inflectional and derivational affixes (such as postpositions) change in accordance to the main root vowel, but native words also adhered to vowel harmony.
www.bexley.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Korean_language   (2842 words)

 Edward Sapir: Language: Chapter 6: Types of Linguistic Structure   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Aside from the expression of pure relation a language may, of course, be "formless"-formliess, that is, in the mechanical and rather superficial sense that it is not encumbered by the use of non-radical elements.
If by an "agglutinative" language we mean one that affixes according to the juxtaposing technique, then we can only say that there are hundreds of fusing and symbolic languages-non-agglutinative by definition-that are, for all that, quite alien in spirit to the inflective type of Latin and Greek.
In the isolating languages the syntactic relations are ex pressed by the position of the words in the sentence This is also true of many languages of type B, the terns "agglutinative," "fusional," and "symbolic" applying in their case merely to tine treatment of the derivational, not the relational, concepts.
spartan.ac.brocku.ca /~lward/Sapir/Sapir_1921/Sapir_1921_06.html   (7455 words)

 Mongolian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Mongolian language (Монгол), is the best-known member of the Mongolian language family, and the primary language of most of the residents of Mongolia.
Related languages include Kalmyk spoken near the Caspian Sea and Burit of East Siberia, as well as a number of minor languages in China and the of Afghanistan.
A halmark of agglutinative languages is that these affixes, unlike in fusional languages, are almost always monomorphemic, composed of a single morpheme.
www.secaucus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Mongolian_language   (933 words)

 Turkic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China.
The Turkic languages are considered by some linguists to be part of the Altaic language family.
Turkic languages are agglutinative and exhibit phonological vowel harmony.
www.americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Turkic_languages   (263 words)

 NBU-COGS: Summer: 2000: Course Description
The data from experiments and observations mainly in Hungarian, a richly agglutinative language with ‘free word order’, will allow us to find reasons to postulate a processing typology where different languages are assumed to use differentially the same sets of cognitive resources and to apply processing strategies adaptively over different structural levels.
Gergely György and Pléh Csaba: Lexical processing in an agglutinative language and the organization of the lexicon.
Language and space as an issue of cognitive and linguistic determinism.
www.nbu.bg /cogs/events/ss2001c8.html   (879 words)

 Stemming and N-gram matching for term conflation in Turkish texts
The Turkish language uses a Latin alphabet consisting of twenty-nine letters, of which eight are vowels and twenty-one are consonants.
Unlike the main Indo-European languages (such as French and German), Turkish is an example of an agglutinative language, where words are a combination of several morphemes and suffixes.
It is, however, less applicable to an agglutinative language such as Turkish, which require a more detailed level of morphological analysis, where purely morphological techniques are required that remove suffixes from words according to their internal structure.
informationr.net /ir/2-2/paper13.html   (2132 words)

 The Proto-Sumerian Language Invention Process
This was not the case for the inventors of the proto-Sumerian language because they were trying to use the mouth and the sounds that it produced to 'point' at objects and actions.
The idea of a chamber may have led to the idea of a 'woman' in her child-bearing capacity and thence to the meanings 'to cause to be' and 'to go out'.
The meanings that she synthesized for the Eurasian proto-language are spatial and abstract in nature, as compared to the analogic and concrete meanings that I have deduced for the proto-Sumerian phememes.
www.sumerian.org /prot-sum.htm   (4191 words)

 Cultures in America: Languages
   Language is a complex and difficult phenomenon; one naturally assumes that learning a language is like acquiring a mental decoder-ring or mental phrase-book.
There are several consequences of such a language on culture and world view: many North American languages are "larger" than their equivalent English expressions—a Blackfoot or Eskimo sentence takes longer to speak than its equivalent English expression for the tendency is to expand the utterance rather than contract it.
Also, the experience of an agglutinative language is that the objects of the world are much more closely tied together than the experience of a non-agglutinative language such as English.
www.wsu.edu:8000 /~dee/CULAMRCA/LANGUAGE.HTM   (765 words)

 Articles - Morphological typology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In these languages the morphemes are always clearly differentiable from each other phonetically; that is, the bound morphemes are affixes, and they can be individually identified.
Agglutinative languages tend to have a high number of morphemes per word, and to be highly regular.
In fusional languages, morphemes are not always readily distinguishable from the root or among themselves.
www.lastring.com /articles/Morphological_typology?mySession=08ab9325f8c50dfabb605791c7530864   (632 words)

 Language Acquisition and Neurolinguistics Lab - Natalie Batman-Ratyosyan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The acquisition of grammatical category morphemes is particularly interesting in Turkish because it is an agglutinative language.
The properties of the language have enabled us to study children's predisposition for the underlying word-order of the language and the acquisition of functional category morphemes.
Unlike English, in an agglutinative language morphology and syntax are very much intertwined children.
ruccs.rutgers.edu /~stromlab/nbr.html   (318 words)

 Japanese language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Ryukyuan languages are spoken in the islands of Okinawa (沖縄) Prefecture.
So Japanese, like Chinese and Korean, is often called a topic-prominent language, which means it indicates the topic separately from the subject, and the two do not always coincide.
Futhermore, local governments and some NPO groups provide free Japanese language classes for foreign residents, including Japanese Brazilians and foreign wives married to Japanese nationals.
www.sevenhills.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Japanese_Language   (3600 words)

 Learn Turkish - Lesson 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Turkish is the principle language in a group of eight languages, known as the Turkic group: Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Uighur & Uzbek.
In a synthetic language, the form of each word changes according to tense, person, etc; whereas in an analytic (isolating) language the differences in form have disappeared, and meaning is thus conveyed by the presence and order of words, all of which appear isolated from one another.
In an agglutinative language there is a separate affix for everything, which means that there are a lot of them.
lavocah.org /turkce/turkce.html   (416 words)

 Basque language on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Other linguists think Basque is akin to the Caucasian languages and suggest that its speakers came from Asia Minor to Spain and Gaul c.2000 BC However, no relationship between Basque and any other language has been established with certainty.
In an agglutinative language, different linguistic elements, each of which exists separately and has a fixed meaning, are often joined to form one word.
In a polysynthetic language, a number of word elements are joined together to form a composite word that functions like a sentence or phrase in Indo-European languages, but each element has meaning usually only as part of the sentence or phrase and not as a separate item.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/b/basquela.asp   (529 words)

 Search Results for agglutinative - Encyclopædia Britannica
Dravidian languages would probably be called agglutinative in the categorization of the 19th-century philologists.
any language in which syntactic relations within sentences are expressed by inflection (the change in the form of a word that indicates distinctions of tense, person, gender, number, mood, voice,...
Nahua, the most important of the Uto-Aztecan languages, was the language of the Aztec and Toltec...
www.britannica.com /search?query=agglutinative&submit=Find&source=MWTEXT   (337 words)

 Articles - Agglutinative language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Examples of agglutinative languages are Uralic languages, Altaic languages, Turkish, Japanese, Korean, Dravidian languages, Inuktitut, Swahili, Malay, Georgian and some Mesoamerican languages including Nahuatl, Huastec, and Totonac.
In the past, most of the Ancient Near East and what is now Iran also spoke such languages, like Sumerian, Elamite, Hurrian, Urartian, Hattic, Gutian, Lullubi, Kassite, and some native american languages such as Salish.
Agglutinative languages are not entirely grouped by the family (although Finnish and Hungarian are definitely related, as are possibly Japanese and Korean).
www.lastring.com /articles/Agglutinative   (464 words)

 Uqausiit: Inuktitut Language Technologies | Information Analysis and Retrieval | Research Programs | Research | NRC-IIT
Inuktitut is the major language of the Circumpolar region stretching from Alaska to Greenland.
The challenge lies in the fact that Inuktitut is a polysynthetic, agglutinative language, meaning that words are very long and are made by gluing meaning fragments together.
Given the polysynthetic, agglutinative nature of the language, however, building such tools will not mean simply translating words from one language to another.
iit-iti.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca /projects-projets/uqausiit-print_e.html   (466 words)

 Sumerian Language & Writing
The Sumerian language was not deciphered until the nineteenth century of our era, when it was found to be different from both the Indo-European and Semitic language groups.
Sumerian, the oldest known written language in human history, was spoken in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and peripheral regions) throughout the third millennium BC and survived as an esoteric written language until the death of the cuneiform tradition around the time of Christ.
Cuneiform was the language of politics until the fifth century BC.
www.crystalinks.com /sumerlanguage.html   (466 words)

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