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Topic: Agnosticism

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  Agnosticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Agnosticism is the philosophical view that the truth values of certain claims—particularly metaphysical claims and theological claims regarding the existence of God, gods, or deities—are unknown, inherently unknowable, or incoherent, and therefore, (some agnostics may go as far to say) irrelevant to life.
Agnosticism is not to be confused with a view specifically opposing the doctrine of gnosis and Gnosticism—these are religious concepts that are not generally related to agnosticism.
Agnostic views are as old as philosophical skepticism, but the terms agnostic and agnosticism were created by Huxley to sum up his thoughts on contemporary developments of metaphysics about the "unconditioned" (Hamilton) and the "unknowable" (Herbert Spencer).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Agnosticism   (2215 words)

Modern Agnosticism is thus closely associated with Kant's distinction and Hamilton's principle of relativity.
The Agnostic does not always merely abstain from either affirming or denying the existence of God, but crosses over to the old position of theoretic Atheism and, on the plea of insufficient evidence, ceases even to believe that God exists.
The Agnostic, by treating the question of God's nature apart from the question of God's existence, cuts himself off from the only possible natural means of knowing, and then turns about to convert his fault of method into a philosophy of the Unknowable.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/01215c.htm   (5003 words)

 Agnosticism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Agnosticism: view that God's existence is unprovable: the belief that it is impossible to know whether or not God exists.
Therefore, weak agnosticism does not exclude the possibility of knowing whether God exists; a weak agnostic only claims that he or she does not..
Agnosticism is not necessarily a disbelief in a god; rather, as you have read above, it is simply the belief that it is impossible to KNOW whether or not God exists, or an unwillingness to believe blindly in a god.
www.geocities.com /agnostic05/whatisagnosticism.html   (251 words)

 KtB - The New Agnosticism?
Agnostic Front is not a group of concerned citizens but a loud and menacing rock band.
An agnostic, they tell me, is a person who remains aloof from fixed religious identities while preserving at the same time a vague faith in some higher power.
Agnosticism holds a privileged place in the family of concepts to which it belongs.
www.killingthebuddha.com /dogma/newagno.htm   (1925 words)

 AGNOSTICISM - LoveToKnow Article on AGNOSTICISM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Agnosticism really rests on the doctrine of the Unknowable, the assertion that concerning certain objectsamong them the Deitywe never can have any " scientific " ground for belief.
Huxley's agnosticism was a natural consequence of the intellectual and philosophical conditions of the 'sixties, when clerical intolerance was trying to excommunicate scientific discovery because it appeared to clash, with the book of Genesis.
They involve an elaborate discussion, not only of Christian evidences, but of the entire subject-matter alike of Ethics and Metaphysics, of Philosophy as a whole, and of the philosophies of individual writers who.have dealt in their different ways with the problems of existence and epistemology.
14.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AG/AGNOSTICISM.htm   (981 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - Agnosticism
Agnosticism is therefore distinct in being the only religious belief system that does not, in fact, involve belief in anything.
Agnostics and atheists are often lumped together due to their shared unwillingness to participate in local religious activities.
Some agnostics are skeptical of anyone who claims to have all the answers regarding why humans exist, where the universe came from, and whether or not a higher power is responsible for it all.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/A446339   (708 words)

 Agnosticism Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The terms agnosticism and agnostic were coined by Thomas Henry Huxley in 1869 to describe the philosophical and theological view that the truth of the non-existence or existence of God, immortality, and the like are inherently unknowable.
However, some critics have pointed out that almost all agnostics live as if there were no God, not as if there were one, which makes agnosticism in their eyes clearly a brand of atheism, not some neutral point of view in-between atheism and theism.
empirical agnosticism (aka open agnosticism, weak agnosticism, soft agnosticism)-the view that the question of the existence of gods is knowable but the individual has not seen enough evidence or there is evenly-weighted evidence on both sides of the question of the existence of God or gods.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/a/ag/agnosticism.html   (1121 words)

 weak agnosticism
Of course, the strong agnostic might be prepared to concede that it is epistemically possible that one of these atheistic claims is correct; but she holds that there is not yet conclusive reason to believe any one of them.
Even though the strong agnostic contends that there is currently available no good evidence for the existence of God, she holds that what is rationally required is merely refusal to assent either to the claim that God exists or to the claim that God does not exist.
Since the agnostic sees no reason to think that it is no more likely that the world is uncreated than it is that the world was created according to one particular hypothesis about that act of creation, she has no reason to accept the modified version of Forrest's argument.[21] Agnostics can reasonably resist deism.
www.infidels.org /library/modern/graham_oppy/agnostic.html   (8718 words)

Agnosticism is the position of believing that knowledge of the existence or non-existence of God is impossible.
The agnostic holds that human knowledge is limited to the natural world, that the mind is incapable of knowledge of the supernatural.
'Agnostic' came to mind, he says, because the term was "suggestively antithetic to the 'gnostic' of Church history, who professed to know so much about the very things of which I was ignorant...." Huxley seems to have intended the term to mean that metaphysics is, more or less, bunk.
skepdic.com /agnosticism.html   (401 words)

 Agnostic definition
Agnostic definition as was defined by T.H. Huxley, the man who coined the term that means one should not profess to a belief in something that cannot be proven.
He ultimately came to describe agnosticism as a method of thinking, in the way science is a means of thinking, not a belief in and of itself.
This is what agnosticism asserts and in my opinion, is all that is essential to agnosticism.” It is not merely a matter of whether or not one knows if God exists, but it is a matter of whether one can objectively define his belief, whether in God or in anything else.
azaz.essortment.com /agnosticdefinit_rmak.htm   (719 words)

 DISF - Interdisciplinary Encyclopaedia of Religion and Science | Agnosticism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
One may conjecture that modern agnosticism, which is not to be confused with the agnostic tendencies that have been around even from the origins of the history of philosophy, predominantly has a a scientific background and is motivated in particular by the imposition Kantian criticism gave to the metaphysical question.
Thus the critique of agnosticism consists in casting light upon the difficulty and, in a certain way, the absurdity of the position of one who affirms that the meaning of existence cannot be known and that yet this meaning nonetheless exists and needs to be affirmed on a moral and religious level.
Agnosticism is therefore seen above all as an outcome of a scientific progress that took science and its method as the supreme norm for the quest for the whole truth degrading all other knowledge to the standing of truths that are only probable, uncertain, and without a sound foundation.
www.disf.org /en/Voci/1.asp   (7159 words)

 Part 2 - Agnosticism (Huxley)
Agnosticism exercised the orators of the Church Congress at Manchester.* It has been furnished with a set of "articles" fewer, but not less rigid, and certainly not less consistent than the thirty-nine; its nature has been analyzed, and its future severely predicted by the most eloquent of that prophetical school whose Samuel is Auguste Comte.
The agnostic, according to his view, is a person who says he has no means of attaining a scientific knowledge of the unseen world or of the future; by which somewhat loose phraseology Dr. Wace presumably means the theological unseen world and future.
Agnosticism, in fact, is not a creed, but a method, the essence of which lies in the rigorous application of a single principle.
www.infidels.org /library/historical/thomas_huxley/huxley_wace/part_02.html   (8747 words)

Agnosticism is therefore concerned with questions of Epistemology, the examination of human knowledge; it considers valid only knowledge that comes from ordinary and immediate experience.
In modern times, agnosticism became prevalent during the 18th and 19th centuries, mainly because of the growing mass of scientific data that seemed to contradict the biblical position and because of the disagreement of theologians and church authorities over the use of textual and historical criticism in the interpretation of the Bible.
Agnosticism is a term generally used for the view that we do not know either in practice or in principle whether there is a God or not.
mb-soft.com /believe/txn/agnostic.htm   (1011 words)

It is sometimes argued that agnosticism presents a third alternative in the theism-atheism debate.
The agnostic counters that it is absurd to believe in something for which there isn't sufficient evidence; the atheist is as irrational as the theist.
The agnostic is asserting that there is insufficient evidence to justify his belief or non-belief.
members.aol.com /dandclxvi/agnostic.htm   (718 words)

Agnosticism is not a religion or complete ethical system.
Humanism is a philosophy which in most cases embraces Agnosticism or Atheistic belief about the non-existence of a deity.
America has more atheists and agnostics than Mormons (by a 3 to 1 margin), Jews (by a 4 to 1 margin) or Muslims (by a 14 to 1 margin).
www.religioustolerance.org /at_ag_hu.htm   (727 words)

 Agnosticism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
He defined an agnostic as someone who disclaimed ("strong") atheism and believed that the ultimate origin of things must be some cause unknown and unknowable.
Since that time, however, the term agnostic has also been used to describe those that do not believe that the question is intrinsically unknowable, but instead believe that the evidence for or against God is inconclusive, and therefore are undecided about the issue.
To reduce the amount of confusion over the use of term agnosticism, it is recommended that usage based on the original definition be qualified as "strict agnosticism" and usage based on the second definition be qualified as "empirical agnosticism".
www.iwriteiam.nl /GEm_ag.html   (280 words)

Agnostics note that some theologians and philosophers have tried to to prove, for millennia, that God exists.
That I take to be the agnostic faith, which if a man keep whole and undefiled, he shall not be ashamed to look the universe in the face, whatever the future may have in store for him.
If one were to count the number of Agnostics among the Humanists, Unitarian Universalists, and those who refused to answer the pollster, they would probably outnumber all of the organized religions, except for Christianity.
www.religioustolerance.org /agnostic.htm   (1702 words)

 Agnosticism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Although this is now the case with regard to a discussion of agnosticism, the word wasn't coined to mean this.
An agnostic, to Huxley, wasn't really a person who stopped making inquiries into the higher questions because the knowledge couldn't be found.
An agnostic was a person who was willing to seek knowledge through scientific means rather than resort to faith to make so called claims of knowledge.
www.exmormon.org /boards/honestboard/messages/629.html   (247 words)

 Atheism and Agnosticism
Sometimes a person who is really an atheist may describe herself, even passionately, as an agnostic because of unreasonable generalised philosophical scepticism which would preclude us from saying that we know anything whatever except perhaps the truths of mathematics and formal logic.
Huxley's agnosticism seems nevertheless to go with an extreme empiricism, nearer to Mill's methods of induction than to recent discussions of the hypothetico-deductive and partly holistic aspect of testing of theories.
Some may call themselves ‘agnostics’ rather than ‘atheists’ merely because they are equally repelled by the fanaticism associated with some forms of theism and by the boring obsessiveness of what Hilary Putnam has called ‘the village atheist’.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/atheism-agnosticism   (4954 words)

 Evangelical Agnosticism
The word evangel means "good news," and many agnostics feel that agnosticism is the good news that saves them from being seduced into unreasonable conclusions and frees them from guilt for having inspected and rejected some of their past beliefs.
Agnostics, by word or deed, overtly or covertly, do communicate the good news of their agnostic faith.
In any event, "evangelical agnostic" is a lighthearted label to use in this age, somewhat in the spirit of Huxley's use of the term agnostic to describe himself to his friends and colleagues at the Metaphysical Society in 1869.
infidels.org /library/modern/william_young/evangelicalagnosticism.html   (2476 words)

 Agnosticism « Religion and Spirituality « Society
Agnosticism is a term originally coined by Thomas H. Huxley in the 1840s to refer to an ideology which states, primarily, that the nature of the universe and of existence itself cannot be known.
Agnosticism (1889) - This is the full text of Thomas Huxley's essay explaining and defending Agnosticism.
Agnosticism 101 - Definition and history of the concept of agnosticism, comparisons with atheism, and examination of its origins.
www.localadsearch.com /Society/Religion_and_Spirituality/Agnosticism   (966 words)

In effect, the agnostic is neither logical nor philosophical, for, whilst he acknowledges there is a God, he will not allow that God can reveal Himself to the creatures of His own bands.
Agnosticism is thus essentially inconsistent and untenable whenever it goes beyond the declaration that there is much in relation to God which our intellects cannot apprehend."
Agnosticism has done its own exposing; it stands self-condemned in the eyes of all honest minds who have themselves made honest search and found the Way.
www.biblebelievers.net /FalseTeaching/kjcagnos.htm   (1805 words)

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