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Topic: Agrobiodiversity

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In the News (Sat 25 May 19)

  Trends in Agricultural Biodiversity
Agrobiodiversity includes all those species and the crop varieties, animal breeds and races, and microorganism strains derived from them, that are used directly or indirectly for food and agriculture, both as human nutrition and as feed (including grazing) for domesticated and semi-domesticated animals, and the range of environments in which agriculture is practiced.
Agrobiodiversity thus includes a series of social, cultural, ethical, and spiritual variables that are determined by local farmers (in the broad sense) at the local community level.
To summarize, many of the trends in agrobiodiversity center around the recognition of the benefits that accrue from diversity as such, whether it be in terms of genes in crops, the range of species cultivated, or the range of cultivated systems used.
www.hort.purdue.edu /newcrop/proceedings1999/v4-002.html   (5752 words)

 Bioline International Official Site (site up-dated regularly)
The most obvious and important manifestation of agrobiodiversity is the enormous diversity of plant and animal varieties generated by a range of peoples in most of the warmer regions of the world in the past 10,000 years.
However, the opportunity to study and use species and varietal agrobiodiversity is rapidly passing with the loss of traditional farming systems and their dynamic management of associated species, varieties, and indigenous knowledge systems.
Distribution of the agrobiodiversity of wild relatives Importance of drier areas While a great part of global biodiversity is found in the lowland tropical forests, these are not the most important regions for agrobiodiversity.
www.bioline.org.br /request?bp93011   (8830 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Agrobiodiversity is also excep- pollinators; biocontrol agents that suppress crop tionally high in the humid tropics.
Although it is conceptually useful to differ- Tropical forests contain wild populations of hun- entiate agrobiodiversity from the larger array of dreds of crops, such as mango, coffee, and rubber, species and habitats, it is worth emphasizing that as well as candidates for new crops and livestock.
Under Agrobiodiversity assessments might be done suitable conditions vetiver hedges are func- by skilled, independent organizations dedicated tional a few weeks after planting, so they offer to the task and separate from the development the promise of instant working watersheds agency.
www-wds.worldbank.org /servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/1996/09/01/000009265_3961219092046/Rendered/INDEX/multi_page.txt   (18248 words)

 Features News The Rising Nepal (Daily)
AGROBIODIVERSITY is the subset of biological diversity that support the agriculture production systems of farming culture, the crops, livestock, insects, microoganisms and the agro ecological process of which they are the part.
Under agrobiodiversity, on-farm conservation is prime concerns for sustainable agriculture in diverse agro climatic regions.
In this process the role of indigenous and local communities must be recognised by the equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilisation of their knowledge, innovations and practices.
www.nepalnews.com.np /contents/englishdaily/trn/2002/feb/feb16/features.htm   (2884 words)

 [No title]
Agrobiodiversity is of widespread and complex significance to mankind and society, encompassing socio-cultural, economic and environmental benefits.
The global interest to maintain agrobiodiversity is linked to the fact that most species important to agriculture are, or may be of benefit not to the region of their origin only, but to many, or all regions of the globe.
In the case of agrobiodiversity, a particularly important assumption is that the country’s proposed approach to taking advantage of new opportunities in agrobiodiversity is fully achievable, economically viable, and socially acceptable within the overall policy, trade, and regulatory framework of the country.
www.gefweb.org /COUNCIL/GEF_C12/docs/C12_inf10.doc   (3698 words)

 Agrobiodiversity project VIE/01/G35   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
However, agrobiodiversity here is under threat due to various factors and its conservation is urgent.
Agrobiodiversity is the basis for evolution and adaptation to a changing environment and manipulation of this diversity by farmers and scientists.
This project aims to conserve the agrobiodiversity of six globally important crop species (rice, taro, litchi-longan, rice bean, citrus, and tea) including native landraces and wild relatives in 3 local ecogeographical areas: the northern mountain, the northern midlands, and the north-west mountains of Vietnam.
www.undp.org.vn /projects/vie01g35/background.htm   (334 words)

 [No title]
Four aspects are investigated to analyze this contribution: the procedural characteristics of an eco-label, agrobiodiversity management as an environmental theme in a label, the legal effectiveness and the environmental impact of an eco-label on biodiversity.
Agrobiodiversity is: “the complex of vegetable and animal genetic resources, soil- and micro-organisms, insects and other flora and fauna in agro-ecosystems, as well as elements of natural habitats which are relevant for agrarian production systems” (Struik and Almekinders, 2000).
Agrobiodiversity management in eco-labels Although the theme biodiversity as such is not far elaborated in Dutch agro-food eco-labels (CREM, 2000; De Snoo and Van de Ven, 1999, Manhoudt et al., 2002), there may be measures corresponding with other environmental themes, which affect agrobiodiversity.
www.uni-bielefeld.de /iwt/eesn/VanAmstel-PaperESAconference.doc   (7118 words)

 Building complementaries
Meeting this challenge requires addressing root causes of agrobiodiversity loss, and thus calls for changing practices, paradigms, and policies, as well as commitments by governments and institutions.
Another example illustrating agrobiodiversity benefits is in Del Cabo, a small farmers' cooperative in Mexico, which since the mid-1980s has become a successful commercial producer of a variety of organic crops for export.
In this co-op, "plant diversity and soil improvement are an important aspect of pest and fertility management." All farms include mixed winter vegetables and tropical fruits for export markets, with corn, sorghum, and beans for local consumption and for animal feed.
pubs.wri.org /pubs_content_print.cfm?ContentID=626   (3716 words)

 FAO: SD : People : Agrobiodiversity, food security and HIV/AIDS mitigation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Strategic issues for ...
Special emphasis is placed upon agrobiodiversity and the closely related issue of indigenous knowledge, due to their potentially vital, yet often overlooked, roles in enhancing food security among poor rural communities, as well as in addressing evolving needs owing to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
Agrobiodiversity and indigenous knowledge represent a strategic force to combat the concurrence of food insecurity and AIDS impact among poor rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Understand agrobiodiversity dynamics in the context of food insecurity and AIDS impact, looking at the paradoxical tensions between: (i) erosion of agrobiodiversity, as particularly aggravated by AIDS impact, and (ii) the roles of agrobiodiversity in enhancing food security and mitigating HIV/AIDS impact at household and community levels.
www.fao.org /sd/2002/PE0104a_en.htm   (3745 words)

 Incentives for supporting on-farm conservation, and augmentation of agrobiodiversity through Farmers' innovations ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Decline of agrobiodiversity is considered an inevitable consequence of intensive growth in agriculture sector.
Despite all the assumed advantages of cultivating genetically diverse local landraces, long term studies on on-farm state of agrobiodiversity in various parts of India have demonstrated an unprecedented rate of erosion of crop varietal diversity within the short span of a last decade.
The participation of farmer breeders and conservators, food processing and other industrial consumers of agrobiodiversity, and NGO involved in supporting on farm diversity will be encouraged to share their experiences in the conference.
www.sristi.org /cms/agrobioconf   (1372 words)

 Promoting Community-driven Conservation and Sustainable Use of Dryland Agrobiodiversity
Landraces, local and obsolete varieties, and wild relatives of these species and many others are still the major components of the prevailing harsh ecosystems as well as the basis of the livelihoods of communities living in the dry and mountainous areas.
This valuable agrobiodiversity is currently threatened by rapid loss that will consequently degrade the environmental and exacerbate social problems at national, regional and international levels.
The preservation of dryland agrobiodiversity is essential for ensuring sustained agricultural development and food security and to overcome the effects of desertification and global climate changes.
www.icarda.org /Announcement/Agrobiodiversity_18-21April05.htm   (877 words)

 Earthprint.com - Environmental Books and Publications from UNEP and Key International Organisations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
There can be little doubt that the agrobiodiversity of this region has great potential to provide a fundamental and resilient base for the regeneration necessary for sustainability of not only mountain agriculture and the standards of living of mountain people, but also for the global community in general.
Agrobiodiversity is dynamic, and environmental setting, population and social organization, modern technologies, capital investments, and other kinds of interventions are known to trigger processes that can replace, deplete, or replenish any of its major components, i.e., genetic resources, species, or agroecosystems.
Agrobiodiversity, particularly, faces threats from habitat destruction and replacement through changing land use.
www.earthprint.com /cgi-bin/ncommerce3/ProductDisplay?prrfnbr=49247&prmenbr=27973   (366 words)

 CGIAR Systemwide Program on Participatory Research & Gender Analysis :: CGIAR Systemwide Program on Participatory ...
Secondly, the recognized value of agrobiodiversity that is managed by smallscale farmers in developing countries for humankind in general has underpinned the importance of conserving agrobiodiversity.
Recognition of the relationship between sustainable rural livelihood and maintenance of agrobiodiversity indicates that supporting the management of agrobiodiversity includes a wide range of activities.
Agrobiodiversity management is therefore a cross-cutting topic, relevant to all who are involved in community development.
www.prgaprogram.org /modules.php?op=modload&name=Web_Links&file=index&req=viewlink&cid=129   (1091 words)

 Conservation and Sustainable use of Dryland Agrobiodiversity of the Fertile Crescent   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This project is working to ensure the continuous availability of agrobiodiversity in the Levantine Uplands-important to sustainable agriculture in the region as well as to global food security and production.
Strengthen national capability for conservation and sustainable use of agrobiodiversity through training, regional collaboration, and networking in and exchange of experience.
The project strategy is to develop community-driven in-situ and on-farm initiatives to conserve agrobiodiversity in representative, targeted areas of global importance.
www.gm-unccd.org /FIELD/Multi/GEF/Jordan/Crescent.htm   (552 words)

 Seeds That Give: Participatory Plant Breeding
PPB and the in situ conservation of agrobiodiversity — which means maintaining the diversity of plant species on farms in the habitats where they originated and continue to evolve — are two complementary methodologies.
Agrobiodiversity is a broad concept that includes a variety of biological diversity components — from agricultural ecosystems, to crop varieties, to genes in plant and animal species.
Recall that the approach to agrobiodiversity research outlined in Part 2 of this book is based on three widely accepted objectives: enhancing knowledge about agrobiodiversity, designing and testing practices and measures that add value to agrobiodiversity, and creating supportive policy and legislative alternatives.
www.idrc.ca /openebooks/014-4   (14964 words)

 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
All of these aspects contribute to a decline in production in rural communities, and to farm degradation in terms of a decrease in the use and conservation of (agro)biodiversity, a decrease in food quality and quantity, and an abandonment of and disinvestment in land.
Agrobiodiversity and Local Knowledge are two very important internal strengths of rural communities.
Agrobiodiversity (AB) and Local Knowledge (LK) are invaluable resources in their contribution towards strengthening and stabilizing rural communities - in fact they are essential for their very survival.
siteresources.worldbank.org /EXTINDKNOWLEDGE/Resources/iknt82.htm   (1967 words)

 CTA: Incentive Measures for Sustainable Use and Conservation of Agrobiodiversity
These proceedings share the results of a workshop that was the first of its kind in de SADC region dealing with identification on incentive measures to enhance the sustainable use and conservation of agrobiodiversity.
Despite a growing awareness of the importance of agrobiodiversity little attention has been paid to the need for incentive measures to manage agricultural genetic resources such that they can play a role in poverty alleviation and sustainable development.
Next to incentives for farmers, this workshop wanted to specifically include the need for incentives that directly support farmers' use of agrobiodiversity, such as marketing, policy, education and public awareness.
www.agricta.org /pubs/agrobiodiversity   (669 words)

 Implementing the CBD in the Pan-European Region
Within Europe itself, the further inclusion of agrobiodiversity planning and regulations is recommended promoted, for example through the development of agrobiodiversity action plans and the optimal use of agri-environmental measures, targeted on biodiversity.
OECD work on environmental indicators for agriculture including those for agrobiodiversity refers to the three different levels of Biodiversity (Genetic, Species and Ecosystem) and thirteen areas which range from wildlife habitat and biodiversity to farm financial resources and farm management, from nutrient use and soil quality to landscape and socio-cultural issues.
A clear definition, discerning as main components of agrobiodiversity (1) the genetic variety of domesticated plants and animals, (2) life suppport systems and (3) all wild flora and fauna on farmland is very useful.
enrin.grida.no /biodiv/biodiv/riga/agri.htm   (4727 words)

The workshop on Agrobiodiversity discussed and identified key issues and recommended actions, based on the case study presentations and other useful information that was included in the workshop.
The participants emphasized the urgent need to raise awareness and understanding of agricultural biodiversity issues, which have been relatively little attention by international, national, and local stakeholders.
Agrobiodiversity threatened and destroyed by several major factors and processes.
www.gbf.ch /desc_workshop_old.asp?no=18&app=&lg=EN&now=1   (750 words)

ICARDA’s Dryland Agrobiodiversity Project, funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) worked with the Ministries of Education in three countries and West Bank and Gaza to introduce the concept of agrobiodiversity conservation and its value to society in school curricula.
School children participated in a painting contest to assess their understanding of various aspects such as crop diversity, the role of agrobiodiversity in human nutrition, in diversifying incomes, major factors responsible for agrobiodiversity degradation, the role of farmers and local communities in conservation, and the need for law enforcement.
To demonstrate the practical uses of agrobiodiversity to children, a fair was held in Sweida, Syria in April 2005, followed by a tour of project areas in Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria.
www.cgiar.org /enews/july2005/story_11.html   (330 words)

 [No title]
Environments where the same taxa occur under wild and domesticated conditions are important sites for dynamic interactions between the agrobiodiversity and the wild biodiversity.
Modern ethnobotanical studies enable researchers to investigate the major changes that a species goes through when it is brought under cultivation or when it reverts to the suitable wild habitat.
During a recent ethanobotanical study in the Keffa-Sheka and North Omo zones of the southern region and the Metekel zone of the Benishangul-Gumuz region, some observations were compiled on plant species featuring in the trials of the agrobiodiversity and the wild biodiversity.
members.lycos.co.uk /ethiopianplants/agrobio.html   (402 words)

 Press Releases 2005
Organized within the framework of the UNDP/GEF-funded project on dryland agrobiodiversity coordinated by ICARDA and implemented in Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon and Syria, the conference was aimed at exchanging experiences and developing approaches to community-based agrobiodiversity conservation.
The UNDP/GEF dryland agrobiodiversity regional project implemented during the past six years in collaboration with ACSAD and IPGRI and the NARS of the respective countries, has led the way to developing community approaches to conservation of landraces and wild relatives of important species in the Fertile Crescent.
They recommended that special attention should be given to dryland agrobiodiversity; outscaling of the experiences of the UNDP/GEF dryland agrobiodiversity project; capacity building and awareness creation especially on international agreements related to agrobiodiversity; regional networking and coordination; and use of new tools of science in conservation efforts.
www.icarda.org /News/2005News/12May05_A.htm   (1207 words)

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