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Topic: Air raid

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In the News (Tue 23 Oct 18)

  Doolittle Raid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Doolittle Raid was a bomber raid launched by the United States on the Japanese mainland on April 18, 1942.
The raid was made possible by a technical observation of Captain Francis Low that twin-engined bombers could be launched from an aircraft carrier.
On October 19, 1942, the Japanese broadcast that they had tried two crews of the Tokyo Raid and had sentenced them to death, but that a number of them had received commutation of their sentences to life imprisonment and a lesser number had been executed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Doolittle_Raid   (988 words)

 Strategic bombing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Zeppelin raids were complemented by the Gotha bomber, which was the first heavier than air bomber to be used for strategic bombing.
Royal Air Force leaders, in particular Air Chief Marshal Hugh Trenchard, believed that the key to retaining their independence from the senior services was to lay stress on what they saw as the unique ability of a modern air force to win wars by unaided strategic bombing.
In Europe, the air power prophet General Giulio Douhet asserted that the basic principle of strategic bombing was the offensive and that there was no defense against carpet bombing and poison gas attacks.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Air_raid   (2682 words)

 Air Raid Precautions - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Air Raid Precautions (ARP) was an organization in the United Kingdom dedicated to the protection of civilians from the danger of air-raids.
Certain German bombing operations of WW I had been surprisingly effective, especially when the Gotha bombers supplanted the zeppelins, the 'best' raids had inflicted 121 casualties for each ton of bombs dropped and it was this figure that was used as a basis for predictions.
In 1938 the Air Ministry predicted 70,000 casualties a week—in the first month of war the British government was expecting a million casualties, 3 million refugees and the majority of the capital destroyed.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Air_Raid_Precautions   (583 words)

 Defending Against the Allied Bombing Campaign: Air Raid Shelters and Gas Protection in Germany, 1939-1945
New public air raid shelters are to be constructed, and existing air raid shelters are to be made, as bombproof as possible.
Air intakes (Entlüftungsrohren) would usually be equipped with a gas-tight flap, as drawings indicate, [S77] sometimes the air intake would have a large and heavily sloped brick chimney, which, due to the slope, would occupy a mass many times greater than the aperture.
When an air raid alarm sounded, we had to be there on time and open the bunker with the "block leader", a party official who was responsible for the street.
www.codoh.com /incon/inconabr.html   (9301 words)

 Darwin Air Raids [Australian War Memorial]
A second raid of 54 bombers was launched two hours later on the same day.
The raids on 19 February were the first two of sixty-four raids against the Darwin area and its nearby airfields, which bore the brunt of Japanese attacks on mainland Australia.
List of civilian casualties in air raids on 19 February 1942 to 26 February 1942 from the Official Record series: AWM 12, Item 6.
www.awm.gov.au /encyclopedia/air_raids/darwin.htm   (330 words)

 Air Raid Wardens
When air raids are threatened, warning will be given in towns by sirens, or hooters which will be sounded in some places by short blasts and in others by a warbling note, changing every few seconds.
Remember that most of the injuries in an air raid are caused not by direct hits by bombs but by flying fragments of debris or by bits of shells.
The A. (Air Raid Precautions) defences and expense are founded upon a wholly fallacious view of the degree of danger to each part of the country which they cover.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWairwardens.htm   (1812 words)

 More Info on Raid - police rade, air raid shelters
Opponents of the corporate raid argue that this typically occurs only to well-run companies who are successfully managing their money.
Proponents of the corporate raid argue that companies which have huge assets and low stock prices are not managing their money well and should either attempt to regain market confidence by boosting their share prices or else liquidate some of their assets and return the money to their shareholders.
Corporate raids became the hallmark of a handful of investors in the 1970s and 80s who built up large lines of credit and were able to purchase huge companies for little or no cash, often through the issuance of junk bonds.
www.explainplease.com /raid.htm   (697 words)

 Wartime Germany's Anti-Gas Air Raid Shelters -- A Refutation of Pressac's 'Criminal Traces'
Crowell extensively cites contemporary German specialized literature on wartime air raid shelters and measures against possible air attacks with poison gas to argue that such shelters, and their equipment, were widely used throughout wartime Germany, including in the concentration camps.
The German "Air Raid Guide Emergency Program" (Luftschutz Führer Sofort Programm) of November 1940 specifically required that: "All new constructions, especially in buildings of the armaments industry, are henceforth to be equipped with bomb-proof air raid shelter rooms." (note 48) This unquestionably applied to Auschwitz.
Normally (that is, in the case of air raid shelters), the screens would be on the outside, to protect against bomb splinters and debris, while the shutters would be on the inside, to afford gas protection.
www.ihr.org /jhr/v18/v18n4p-7_Crowell.html   (13216 words)

 CNN.com - Inside the air assault raid - Sep. 24, 2002
Air Force Gen. Richard B. Myers, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, calls them "fusion" -- the Predator unmanned aerial vehicle working in tandem with another drone, the Global Hawk, while JSTARS (Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System) streams "real-time" images to a data command center.
And a key rule in an assault raid is that you never turn your back on your enemy, he says.
The NATO military action in Kosovo is widely regarded for its effective use of air power, which ultimately led then-President Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia and the Serbs to surrender.
archives.cnn.com /2002/US/09/24/hln.terror.inside   (529 words)

 Plymouth`s World War II Underground Air Raid Shelters, UK
These air raid shelters would be no protection against a direct hit (as would be so painfully proved later in the war) but would give excellent protection against a near miss and perhaps more importantly against flying debris such as roof slates, masonry and glass, and of course shrapnel.
Posters dated 1940-41 still hang in many air raid shelters, informing one that smoking is prohibited and that 'dogs are not admitted'....(they may get hysterics during a raid and bite people).
Underground air raid shelters were built to a standard layout, often their actual shape and layout being dictated by the physical topography of the site they were built into - almost being designed as they were built.
www.cyber-heritage.co.uk /waiting/forstpage.htm   (2342 words)

 Air Defense of the United States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Air defense forces were built up as rapidly as possible and air raid drills, practice flouts, and other precautionary measures became a part of life in wartime America along with shortages and rationing.
In Sept. 1943, the AAF began to dismantle its air defense system and in May 1944 civilian volunteers were released from the Ground Observer Corps.
At war's end, not one air defense radar station was in regular operation in the U.S. Enemy action against the continental U.S. consisted of only a few shellings by surfaced submarines and one reported attack by a Japanese float plane.
www.wpafb.af.mil /museum/history/wwii/adus.htm   (379 words)

 News: Air Raid released - GamersHell.com
While Air Raid carries a yellow label rating, the action is more intense than any other game and makes a person feel like they are in the middle of all the bone-jarring action.
Air Raid is also the first video game ever to incorporate Crazy Talk" into the game play.
Air Raid is now available for purchase in dedicated TsuMo units or as a low-cost software upgrade for existing units through any authorized Tsunami distributor.
www.gamershell.com /news/5065.html   (703 words)

 Glasgow Green
A number of traverses over an area previously surveyed by the gradiometer revealing air raid defences was surveyed with Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), using a GSSI SIR 2000 instrument with a 400 MHz antenna.
Subsequent to the air raid trench survey, GUARD surveyed an area to the west of the Peoples Palace where Glasgow City Council proposed to hold public events.
Note the air raid trench formations found in the previous survey can be seen at top right.
www.gla.ac.uk /archaeology/projects/geophysics/geophysglagreen.html   (565 words)

 Air Raid's Encounter
Air Raid summons his rifle on impulse, a purple flash surrounding his hand, and he snaps off a shot toward Swindle, hoping to gather his attention.
Air Raid is very aware of any movement made by the distant Decepticons, and he follows Shred's descent with wary intent.
Air Raid seems reasonably collected, despite the current situation, but there is a strain and weariness that sits just beneath his features.
www.lodinet.com /squidlet/tf2/airraids.htm   (4420 words)

 VictorySiren.com™ - The Internet home of the Chrysler Air Raid Siren
The compressed air screams through the chopper and out through six giant horns with an exit velocity of 400 miles per hour.
It can produce an effective 70 dB air raid signal for a distance of two miles, and under proper conditions can be heard 30 to 50 miles away
Because of the extreme sound power emitted by these sirens and the desire that their coverage area be extended as far as possible, they were usually mounted high on a steel tower or on top of multi-story building.
www.victorysiren.com   (681 words)

 Kids Zone: Bible Encyclopedia N-S
Shofar blasts were sounded preceding a war to rally the troops for action and to call the people together for prayer and repentance.
The shofar is therefore like an air raid siren that alerts us to danger, and summons us to action.
The shofar was blown on the first day of the seven month (Tishri) to commence the Feast of Trumpets.
www.christcenteredmall.com /kids/encyclopedia/n-s.htm   (85 words)

 BBC News | South Asia | Sri Lanka air raid kills 21
An aid agency in Sri Lanka says the air force has bombed a civilian area in the north-east of the country, killing 21 people.
It said the air force had hit only two targets that morning - Tamil Tiger training camps in a coconut estate and in the jungle.
The BBC's Susannah Price in Colombo says the air force often carries out operations to destroy Tiger training camps, and there is no indication yet as to whether or not this incident was a mistake.
news.bbc.co.uk /hi/english/world/south_asia/newsid_449000/449012.stm   (307 words)

 December, 1941
This was made apparent by the deception practiced, by the preparations which had gone on for many weeks before the attack, and the attacks themselves which were made simultaneously throughout the Pacific.
First to observe the invaders through their long glasses from their high vantage point, they sent out the astounding air raid warning by visual signals.
Lying in a hospital bed when the first air raid alarm sounded, one officer leaped up, brushed aside nurses and ran across the navy yard to his ship.
www.ibiblio.org /pha/comms/1941-12.html   (3707 words)

 Air Raid Shelters
Cellars and basements were requisitioned for air raid shelters and trenches were dug in the parks of large towns.
Each night the wailing of the air raid sirens announced the approach of the German bombers and ensured that most people had time to take cover before the raid actually started.
An Air Raid Warden shouted at me to take cover but they would not let me take my dog in the shelter and I was not prepared to abandon him so I ran all the way home, we were very lucky to get home safely.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWshelters.htm   (5528 words)

 The Fire Services
then onwards raids continued nightly, but with less ferocity, until 8th December, after which the attack on London was withdrawn and the fire services had their first real respite after three months of effort.
Raids lasted from dusk to dawn, an eight-hour stretch in September which gradually extended to twelve hours as the winter nights lengthened.
But fire fighting seldom stopped with the dawn and it was quite usual for the men to work from ten to fifteen hours at a stretch.
www.fortunecity.co.uk /meltingpot/oxford/330/fs/fs1.html   (1073 words)

 Doolittle Raid on Japan, 18 April 1942
The raid had its roots in a chance observation that it was possible to launch Army twin-engined bombers from an aircraft carrier, making feasible an early air attack on Japan.
Gathering volunteer air crews for an unspecified, but admittedly dangerous mission, Doolittle embarked on a vigourous program of special training for his men and modifications to their planes.
An Army Air Forces B-25B bombers awaits the takeoff signal on the flight deck of USS Hornet (CV-8), as the raid is launched, 18 April 1942.
www.history.navy.mil /photos/events/wwii-pac/misc-42/dooltl.htm   (938 words)

 Air Raid Precautions - Education - Information - Educational Resources - Encyclopedia - Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In 1938 the Air Ministry predicted 70,000 casualties a week - in the first month of war the British government was expecting a million casualties, 3 million refugees and the majority of the capital destroyed.
The Luftwaffe did not manage better than three casualties for every ton of bombs in many British cities and the expected social consequences hardly happened - morale remained high, 'shell-shock' was not at all common, the rates of other mental ailments fell.
During the Second World War the organization was responsible for the handing out of gas masks, pre-fabricated air-raid shelters (also known as Anderson shelters), the upkeep of local public shelters, the maintenance of the flout and the rescue of people after raids.
education.music.us /A/Air-Raid-Precautions.htm   (770 words)

 IGN: Air Raid: This is Not a Drill Review
Air Raid: This is Not a Drill should be wiped clean from the face of the earth.
Air Raid is such a totally pointless, antiquated, poor excuse for an on-rails shooter it should be obliterated from the annals of history by a magical force.
Pass level four and you've pretty much seen all there is to see in Air Raid, which is to say you've been raided from the freaking air.
pc.ign.com /articles/426/426844p1.html   (1435 words)

 The bombing of Dresden
Since the facts of the combined USAF and RAF raids on Dresden became known, mostly through the novel 'Slaughterhouse Five' by Kurt Vonnegut, there has been great controversy as to why this appalling raid was considered necessary.
The city had no military targets to speak of, and it was known that it was packed with civilian refugees from the east.
But only a short time because suddenly the second air raid began (February14th) and this house too was bombed and my mothers last identity papers burnt.
timewitnesses.org /english/~lothar.html   (951 words)

 Amazon.com: Video: Air Raid Wardens (1943)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
I also immensely enjoyed the subplot about the Nazi spies who were planning to blow up the factory, and how the boys had to alert the townspeople somehow, even though they'd been dismissed as air raid wardens, and save the day in the end.
In this 1943 feature film directed by Edward Sedwick, Laurel and Hardy are air raid wardens who foil a Nazi plot to sabotage a plant involved in the war effort.
Although "Air Raid Wardens" was made for the boys' old studio MGM with a couple of their old writers working on the script, the humor is pretty much old hat.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/6302641772?v=glance   (1613 words)

 Air Raid   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Air Raid can fly at speeds of up to Mach 2.5 and has a range of 1500 miles.
His reckless behavior often leaves Air Raid exposed to greater odds than he can reasonably expect to handle.
The noun "air raid" means an attack by armed planes on a surface target.
www.cybertronacademy.com /TFGuide/Airraid.html   (1598 words)

 Air Raid (1995) - Autobot Warrior - www.tfu.info
The Japanese version of Air Raid came with an additional sticker sheet.
Recolors: This mold was recolored from Skyjack (1995) and was later colored into Transformers: Universe Air Raid (2004).
Name Reuses: The name Air Raid was never reassigned.
www.tfu.info /1995/Autobot/AirRaid/airraid.htm   (95 words)

 BBC NEWS | World | South Asia | Afghan civilians die in air raid
The raid, on a suspected insurgent camp, took place on Friday during a two-day offensive in Uruzgan province.
The civilians - a man, a woman and a child - were killed when the warplanes attacked the camp, the US military said in a statement issued on Saturday.
The statement did not specify which air force was involved in the air strike.
news.bbc.co.uk /go/newsFeedXML/moreover/-/1/hi/world/south_asia/4501273.stm   (223 words)

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