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Topic: AirLand Battle


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  The Evolution of the Airland Battle Concept
To the central battle and its tasks were added the concept of "force generation" and its various subordinate tasks, such as interdiction of enemy second-echelon forces at the commander's discretion and reconstitution of his forces as the battle progressed.
AirLand Battle was an offense-oriented doctrine that the army found intellectually, as well as analytically, convincing.
With publication of the revised FM 100-5 of August 1982, the concept of AirLand Battle was established as the Army's fighting doctrine for the decade ahead.
www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil /airchronicles/aureview/1984/may-jun/romjue.html   (5923 words)

  
  AirLand Battle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
AirLand Battle was first adopted by the US Army in 1982 as Field Manual 100-5, and drove military doctrine until the late 1990s.
The emphasis of the AirLand Battle warfare was to counter the Warsaw Pact's numerical superiority with better tactics, with the Central European theater in mind.
AirLand Battle doctrine aims to stop second-echelon forces from reinforcing the enemy, by attacking these forces at choke points.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/AirLand_Battle   (295 words)

  
 Deep Strife
AirLand Battle was all the rage in the 1980s, but its legacy, for both the Army and the Air Force, was suspicion and distrust.
The epicenter of AirLand Battle was the Army Training and Doctrine Command, based at Ft. Monroe, Va. TRADOC was established in 1973 to help guide the Army back from the disaster of Vietnam--to refocus the service on conventional war in Europe and help it make the transition to an all-volunteer force.
AirLand Battle's major innovation was to recognize the importance of deep operations--but this was also the area where the Air Force would later split with the Army's doctrine.
www.afa.org /magazine/June2001/0601airland.asp   (3589 words)

  
 Historical Overview of the Army Training and Doctrine Command Chapter 6
The evolution from Active Defense to AirLand Battle may be traced through a succession of major concepts formulated and developed by Starry, his doctrine staff at Fort Monroe, and his deputy at the Combined Arms Center, Lt.
Starry’s concept of the major Central Battle fought by the corps and divisions, analyzed functionally, suggested and clarified the requirement for U.S. forces to fight a deep battle simultaneously with the main or close-in battle.
Following publication of the revised FM 100-5 in August 1982, the concept of AirLand Battle was sanctioned as the Army’s fighting doctrine for the decade ahead.
www.nd.edu /~jarata/TRADOC6.html   (4721 words)

  
 Blitzkrieg - History and Present Form
After Patton's success in the pursuit across France, in the Battle of the Bulge, and in the Saar-Moselle Triangle, it is little wonder that in the Germans' view he was the Allied general most to be feared.
AirLand Battle is fast and deadly and the weapons available to today's commanders would turn Patton several shades of green with envy.
When you listen to the battle reports coming out of the embedded press corps, you should not be misled when they say a unit like the 7th Cavalry has "captured" or "taken" this port or that town.
www.longwood.edu /staff/hardinds/Blitzkrieg.html   (1187 words)

  
 CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION   (Site not responding. Last check: )
AirLand Battle doctrine defines combat power as the ability of a unit to fight.
AirLand Battle doctrine is based upon the Principles of War found in Appendix A of FM 100-5.
The AirLand Battle imperatives were derived from the principles of war.
www.armedforces.net /Detailed/764.html   (4438 words)

  
 AIRLAND BATTLE and MANEUVER WARFARE   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A battle doctrine is the general description of how any army is to conduct itself when it fights-whether it will be organized in large, massed units or small, independent units, and so on.
The difference between the FM-100-5 of 1976 and Airland Battle is somewhat similar to the difference between the ways World War I and the early days of World War II were fought.
The casualties were staggeringly high; at the Battle of the Somme, the worst battle in all history, 60,000 troops died the first day, and over 1.2 million died in eight days of fighting.
www.geocities.com /equipmentshop/usarmymaneuverwarfare.htm   (2806 words)

  
 Association of the United States Army: Classical Fire Support vs. Parallel Fires   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The forces that combined to destroy classical fire support were the advent of AirLand Battle, technology advances and the culture of the artillery branch.
AirLand Battle was a concept that had as its centerpiece the concept of deep battle and eventually deep operations.
The means of destruction in AirLand Battle's deep fight was primarily the U.S. Air Force, with some participation from Army aviation, missiles, rockets and some long-range tube artillery.
www.ausa.org /webpub/DeptArmyMagazine.nsf/byid/CCRN-6CCRWJ   (2699 words)

  
 Peace Magazine v02n6p06: What's AirLand Battle?
The key to AirLand Battle, the manual says, is to seize the initiative and disrupt the opponents' fighting capability with deep attack, firepower, and manoeuvre.
To execute AirLand Battle, the Army is equipping its troops with highly sophisticated conventional weaponry or "emerging technologies," as they are known.
AirLand Battle, with its integration of "battlefield" nuclear weapons into the attack plan of high-tech conventional warfare, in the Middle East or elsewhere, has heightened the potential for nuclear war.
www.peacemagazine.org /archive/v02n6p06.htm   (605 words)

  
 World Affairs Board - View Single Post - Articles and links for the Military Professional
The forces that combined to destroy classical fire support were the advent of AirLand Battle, technology advances and the culture of the artillery branch.
AirLand Battle was a concept that had as its centerpiece the concept of deep battle and eventually deep operations.
The means of destruction in AirLand Battle's deep fight was primarily the U.S. Air Force, with some participation from Army aviation, missiles, rockets and some long-range tube artillery.
www.worldaffairsboard.com /19727-post7.html   (2599 words)

  
 The U.S. Army Professional Writing Collection
It states that the battle against the second echelon forces is equal in importance to the fight with the forces at the front.
Like AirLand Battle doctrine and the enabling methodology of target value analysis, effects-based operations causes practitioners to think in terms of desired outcomes and the importance of using all available assets.
Battle drills, situational lane training and rote teaching of the military MDMP all contribute to the development of leaders who are able to apply proven, but limited responses to battlefield realities.
www.army.mil /professionalwriting/volumes/volume1/june_2003/6_03_3.html   (4730 words)

  
 Analytical and Conceptual Frameworks for Automated Scenario Generation: Application to Tactical Theater Air Warfare
In order to generate a scenario, it is necessary to specify the force levels and targets prior to battle, to determine a strategy (or tactic) for the employment of the forces, and to select a specific plan from that strategy (or tactic).
A ”battle”, then, is the implementation of a battle plan -- the execution by task forces and units of their assigned missions, and the execution by weapons of their assigned missions.
As mentioned, the battle outcome may be expressed in terms of the losses of each type of force element, unit, or target of intrinsic value.
www.foundationwebsite.org /ASGFramework.htm   (2705 words)

  
 PARAMETERS, US Army War College Quarterly - Spring 1996
The second examines the period from 1980 to 1986, in which the partnership was strengthened as the Army transitioned from a doctrine of Active Defense to AirLand Battle and began to grapple with the concept of the operational level of war.
Instead, at the forefront of the Army's consciousness were a series of battles that were, at best, tactical stalemates, and a deep malaise brought about by an unpopular war, an inequitable draft system, a progressive unraveling of small-unit discipline, and a severe questioning of the competence and integrity of its senior leaders.
Air Force centrality to the Army's view of tactics was integral to both the Active Defense and the AirLand Battle doctrines; the Army's articulation of the operational level of war in the latter also contained an explicit acknowledgment of the importance of coordinated air support.
www.carlisle.army.mil /usawc/parameters/96spring/winton.htm   (7757 words)

  
 GameSpot:Video Games PC Xbox 360 PS3 Wii PSP DS PS2 PlayStation 2 GameCube GBA PlayStation 3   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Before discussing the rationale concerning the conduct of battle in M1 Tank Platoon II, it may be wise to consider, in somewhat condensed form, the concepts of "AirLand Battle - Future (Heavy)" (ALB - F [H]) as envisioned by today's military planners.
In the former case, indirect fire support and air units are used to retard the progress of the follow-on units, causing friction in the enemy rear, while units located along the "forward line of troops" (FLOT) engage, destroy, or blunt the enemy's vanguard forces.
Moreover, the underlying tenets of AirLand Battle - Future (Heavy) are based on a subset of factors, including initiative, depth, agility, synchronization, and endurance, which are discussed in detail in several recent US Army briefs as well as Mr.
www.gamespot.com /features/platoon2/preface.html   (451 words)

  
 History 1st 33rd AR
Finally, and not least, the clear turn of phrase and apt metaphor that readers of the 1976 manual had found striking are not lost in the new FM Conscious that clear ideas turn on cogent phrases and lucid writing, the manual's writers worked to avoid the pitfalls of jargon and specialty speech.
AirLand Battle Doctrine stresses using high-technology weapons to achieve success, but, like high-technology intelligence systems, many of these assets are still under development.
AirLand Battle Doctrine was developed to offset Soviet/Warsaw Pact numerical advantages in tanks, artillery, aircraft, armored personnel carriers, and soldiers.
www.1-33rdar.org /history33rd.htm   (12300 words)

  
 PARAMETERS, US Army War College Quarterly - Autumn 2000
Still, history may show that the true significance of this period for the US Army was not the crafting of AirLand Battle, but the inculcation of a tradition of creativity and introspection.
This is what the process of designing AirLand Battle did: by institutionalizing creativity and conceptual thinking within the Army, it set the stage for even more extensive reform to come.
Until then, the first battles of the next major war may look more like the Somme or Verdun than the great encircling sweeps that the world witnessed in the summer of 1941 or the winter of 1991.
carlisle-www.army.mil /usawc/Parameters/00autumn/metz.htm   (5944 words)

  
 FM 34-37 Chptr 1 Formulation of Army Theater Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Support
AirLand Battle Doctrine requires that the IEW system provide timely and accurate multidiscipline intelligence, electronic warfare (EW), and counterintelligence (CI) to all echelons.
The Army, as the land-based component of AirLand Battle Doctrine, is forward deployed into the unified theaters around the world.
Battles are accepted or declined because intelligence identifies where an enemy is vulnerable.
www.fas.org /irp/doddir/army/fm34-37/Ch1.htm   (2871 words)

  
 Winning Battlespace: The C2 Factor
Airland Battle doctrine presents a battle in all dimensions - distance, altitude, time.[1] Among the major services of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), only the Philippine Air Force (PAF) has the force characteristics suitable in all aforementioned dimensions.
Airland doctrine is an evolving AFP doctrine where the shift to jointness in the layered defense concept of the Philippine National Defense Strategy indicates that a semblance of Airland doctrine will characterize the future AFP doctrine.
Airland doctrine and concepts mentioned a "deep battle area" that described the echelons of enemy attack.
www.paf.mil.ph /digest/d43/d43_1.htm   (1146 words)

  
 FM 7-8 Chptr 1 Doctrine
Section I. Among the infantry's basic fundamentals are the principles of war, the elements of combat power, and the tenets of AirLand Battle.
The mission of the infantry is to close with the enemy by means of fire and maneuver to defeat or capture him, or to repel his assault by fire, close combat, and counterattack.
Success in battle hinges on the actions of platoons and squads in close combat; on their ability to react to contact, employ suppressive fires, maneuver to a vulnerable flank, and fight through to defeat, destroy, or capture the enemy.
www.okstate.edu /osu_orgs/pr/fm7-8/ch1.htm   (5739 words)

  
 MILITARY BOOKS: GULF WAR, IRAQ, MIDDLE EAST
Bellavia was in the thick of the battle for which his conduct was honored with the Silver Star and Bronze Star and he has been recommended for higher honors.
In a series of running battles in some of the worst terrain on earth, three of the SEALs were killed leaving only Luttrell to fight on and try to escape.
But with all the external support, the biggest battles had to be won from within, not least Weiskopf's own struggle to understand the true meaning of the act that cost him his hand.
www.olive-drab.com /od_books_gulfwar.php   (2151 words)

  
 The Risks Digest Volume 6: Issue 80
The (relatively) new U.S. Army doctrine known as AirLand Battle doctrine is explicitly derived from the German blitzkrieg, and the authors of the new doctrine recognized how critical "Auftragstaktik" is to the success of the blitzkrieg.
The AirLand Battle Management System is meant to provide centralized control of combat operations at the corps level--a corps is the next larger unit above a division--and the original DARPA plans wanted electronic accountability down to the individual soldier and vehicle.
The AirLand Battle Management System is supposed to be a huge expert system that analyzes a battle in progress, makes recommendations of tactics, issues orders to subunits, watches the battle in real time through vast sensor and satellite networks, and continues to update the corps commander with new information, recommendations, and so on.
catless.ncl.ac.uk /Risks/6.80.html   (928 words)

  
 FM 34-37 Chptr 1 Formulation of Army Theater Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Support
AirLand Battle Doctrine requires that the IEW system provide timely and accurate multidiscipline intelligence, electronic warfare (EW), and counterintelligence (CI) to all echelons.
The Army, as the land-based component of AirLand Battle Doctrine, is forward deployed into the unified theaters around the world.
Battles are accepted or declined because intelligence identifies where an enemy is vulnerable.
fas.org /irp/doddir/army/fm34-37/Ch1.htm   (2871 words)

  
 Goldwater-Nichols Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The formulation of the AirLand Battle doctrine in the late 1970s and early 1980s laid bare the difficulty of coordinating efforts among various service branches.
AirLand Battle attempted to synthesize all of the capabilities of the service arms of the military into a single doctrine.
The combined arms commander then fielded a force capable of employing AirLand Battle doctrine (or its successors) using all assets available to the military.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Goldwater-Nichols_Act   (985 words)

  
 CHAPTER VIII: THE GROUND CAMPAIGN
The essence of AirLand Battle is to defeat the enemy by conducting simultaneous offensive operations over the full breadth and depth of the battlefield.
AirLand Battle doctrine is centered on the combined arms team, fully integrating the capabilities of all land, sea and air combat systems, and envisions rapidly shifting and concentrating decisive combat power, both fire and maneuver, at the proper time and place on the battlefield.
When this "Battle of 73 Easting" ended early in the evening of 26 February, the 2nd ACR reported they had destroyed at least 29 tanks and 24 armored personnel carriers, and had taken 1,300 prisoners.
es.rice.edu /projects/Poli378/Gulf/gwtxt_ch8.html   (20054 words)

  
 Army Logistician (Forward Support in the Ia Drang Valley)
The forward support element concept developed at that time was the forerunner of the forward area support model under the Airland Battle operational concept and eventually evolved into the forward support battalion under the Army of Excellence divisional structure.
During the battle, mechanics from C Company, 27th Maintenance Battalion, replaced recoil mechanisms on two howitzers firing in support of X-Ray (a maintenance task usually requiring evacuation) in order to maintain the rate of fire necessary to stave off defeat.
In the Battle of the Ia Drang Valley, artillery proved to be the difference between life and death for Hal Moore’s troopers.
www.almc.army.mil /alog/issues/MarApr06/ia_drang_spprt.html   (3148 words)

  
 AirLand Battle
Voice: The joint nature of the AirLand Battle concept required coordination between the Army and the Air Force.
During the 1980s, this relationship resulted in the Army’s doctrine of AirLand battle being elevated as the Air Force’s de facto doctrine and strategy for employing airpower in conventional conflicts.
Three-fourths of the way through the narration, the graphic is faded to the background and the text is brought back to the front with the fourth bullet now showing.
www.iwar.org.uk /military/resources/aspc/text/excur/airlnd1.htm   (295 words)

  
 Air vs Land Battle
The great battles of 1918 also demonstrated that centralized control of aviation could be as valuable in defensive warfare as in offensive operations.
For example, two supporting ground battles, an interdiction operation, and a deception operation could all support a separate decisive ground battle." The Army's preoccupation with the decisiveness of ground battle, relegating other combat elements to supporting roles, tends to shorten its perspective of depth to the close battle.
The separate services are best trained and equipped to fight these respective battles and are likewise ill-prepared to perform other than supporting roles outside their areas of expertise.
www.combatsim.com /review.php?id=30   (3217 words)

  
 TOAW Strategy guide: Hints, tips, and tricks
An important concept here is that many players (including myself) at times lose sight of operational or strategic goals in pursuit of a “decisive battle.”  A good player (like a good general) tries to avoid the trap of thinking that battles are decisive, or that winning battles will necessarily lead to eventual victory.
To sum up, the most important thing to remember is that maneuver isn’t primarily about battle: it is about movement toward a goal which results in the defeat of the enemy.
Often artillery is an exception to this rule, because they eat supply like there’s no tomorrow, and if you keep them out of combat, it’s a lesser problem (their effectiveness is reduced, but they won’t evaporate if used at range).
www.wargamer.com /toaw/scenplay/strategy.htm   (10488 words)

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