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Topic: Alcohol by volume

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Alcohol is classified as both a food, due to its high calorie content, and a drug, due to its effects on the body.
Most of the alcohol you drink is absorbed rapidly into the blood stream and processed by the liver, with a small proportion excreted in the breath, sweat and urine.
Alcohol impairs your endurance due to its affect on the heart muscle which beats less strongly and your respiration rate may also be slowed and both of these actions will reduce the flow of oxygen to your muscles.
www.disen.org /nutrition/pages-to-edit/ALCOHOLANDEXERCISE.htm   (1344 words)

  Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies --ONLINE FACTS Neuropharmacology of Alcohol
Alcohol is metabolized by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase to acetaldehyde, an adrenergic toxin, which in turn is rapidly metabolized by another enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase, to acetic acid, and eventually to carbon dioxide and water.
However, the concentration of alcohol in the human body is a function of the number of grams of alcohol consumed, the amount of body water in the person, and other biological factors, such as absorption and metabolism.
The degree of alcohol's effects is determined by the concentration in blood, which is influenced by the amount and rate of alcohol consumption, bioavailability due to factors such as rate of absorption, the biotransformation of alcohol, which may be influenced by genetic factors, and drinking experience.
alcoholstudies.rutgers.edu /NewNewCAS/onlinefacts/neuro.html   (1450 words)

Alcohol is often not thought of as a drug - largely because its use is common for both religious and social purposes in most parts of the world.
Alcohol- is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream from the small intestine, and less rapidly from the stomach and colon.
Alcohol legislation is a joint responsibility of the federal and provincial governments, and many laws regulate its manufacture, distribution, advertising, possession, and consumption.
thesho.com /Drugs/alcohol.htm   (1824 words)

 Alcohol by volume - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alcohol by volume (ABV) is an indication of how much alcohol (expressed as a percentage) is included in an alcoholic beverage.
An "alcoholic proof" is roughly twice the alcohol by volume.
In addition, the relative volume of water and ethanol varies with temperature, and the mixing of water and ethanol produces a less than the combined volume, due to the fact that the ethanol molecules will dissolve somewhat in between the water molecules.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alcohol_by_volume   (212 words)

 Alcohol by volume - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-16)
Alcohol by volume (ABV) is an indication of how much alcohol (expressed as a percentage) is included in an alcoholic beverage.
Another, outdated way of specifying the amount of alcohol is alcoholic proof.
These quotients are a fair approximation to the real values; since the ingredients change from beverage to beverage, it is impossible to have a universal formula, as the density of the beverage minus alcohol varies.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Alcohol_by_volume   (160 words)

Alcohol volume is exactly half of the proof.
An 80 proof liquor should be 40% alcohol by volume.
Since alcohol testing should not be performed in a bottle, this special-shaped plastic container is recommended to insure accurate hydrometer readings.
www.alcoholcontrols.com /alhyd.html   (292 words)

 IPRC Home -> Resources -> Drug Information -> Alcohol
Alcohol (synonymous with ethanol, ethyl alcohol, algrain, jaysol, spirit of wine) is a colorless liquid, is completely soluble in water, and is one of the oldest drugs of abuse.
In 2003, the prevalence of monthly use of alcohol among 8th graders in Indiana was 24.3%, and the corresponding figure for 12th graders was 46.1% (National figures were 19.7% and 47.5%, respectively).
Individual and interpersonal alcohol preventive strategies, such as public health education campaigns deigned to develop skills to resist social influence and peer pressure, and community level strategies, such as policies and regulations to discourage minors from accessing and consuming alcoholic beverages, are the primary preventive efforts implemented by government and community organizations in Indiana.
www.drugs.indiana.edu /resources/druginfo/drugs/alcohol.html   (1043 words)

Alcohol-is a drug that is produced by a chemical reaction in fruits, vegetables, and grains.
Amount-drinking large quantity of alcohol causes the alcohol in the bloodstream to rise.
One 12 ounce beer that has 5% alcohol by volume = One 4 oz glass of wine with 12% to 15% alcohol by volume = One 1½ ounce vodka or whiskey that has 40% alcohol by volume.
www.chlive.org /jwade/alcohol.htm   (754 words)

 Terminology For Alcohol Doses, Measurements, and Blood Alcohol Levels
The dose of alcohol is calculated by multiplying the volume of an alcoholic beverage by the percentage of alcohol by volume.
The dose of alcohol in a typical 12 ounce can of beer, is approximately equal to the dose of alcohol in a 4 to 5 ounce serving of wine, or in a "shot" of whiskey.
0.10% alcohol by volume), or as a proportion (ie.
www.elegantpie.com /alcohol-doses.html   (1296 words)

 Alcohol in the Body
Alcoholic beverages date back as far as 8000 BC Fermentation, the process by which certain yeast act on sugar in the presence of water, is the basis for all alcoholic beverages
90% of alcohol is metabolized in the liver.
Alcoholism has been shown to result in a number of sexual problems (in studies, there appears to be a difference in actual physiological response and the perception of this response).
www.u.arizona.edu /~tommyb/Alcohol.html   (1223 words)

 The MSDS HyperGlossary: Alcohol
An alcohol molecule has the general formula ROH where R is an alkyl group, O is an oxygen atom and H is a hydrogen atom.
Therefore, a beverage that is 100 proof is 50% alcohol by volume and 100% pure ethanol is 200 proof.
Alcohols are generally hygroscopic, meaning that they often contain a fair amount of water.
www.ilpi.com /msds/ref/alcohol.html   (651 words)

 Glossary | Alcohol: Problems and Solutions
Alcohol equivalence refers to the fact that a bottle or can of beer, a five-ounce glass of dinner wine, or a shot of distilled spirits (or a mixed drink) all contain equivalent amounts of alcohol.
Hangover is the unpleasant consequence of over-consuming alcohol.
Thus, a 100 proof beverage is 50% alcohol by volume and a 150 proof beverage is 75% alcohol.
www2.potsdam.edu /alcohol-info/references/Glossary.html   (6504 words)

 10 Alcohol
In Europe the alcohol content of all alcoholic beverages is indicated in terms of the percent alcohol by volume.
In the units system used by most of the world, the volume of alcohol and the volume of the drink are understood by the public in the same units (mL), so the volume of alcohol in a drink is readily understood as the volume of the drink times the percent alcohol by volume.
The alcohol content of blood is commonly measured in terms of the mass of alcohol in a given volume of blood.
www.scienceservingsociety.com /ts/text/ch10.htm   (12093 words)

Corsendonk Monk's Brown and Pale ale have an alcohol content between 5.9 and 6.11 (7.5 and 7.8% by volume) while a Liefmans Kriekbier is 6.22 (7.93 by volume).
The brewery in Kaltenhausen analyzed Edelweiss as approximately 5.4% by volume.
If you are in the mood to digest some of these figures, then you will have a general guideline to alcohol content in beer, possibly better than the analogy, a shot, a glass of wine, and a beer are the same in alcohol.
www.csulb.edu /~parayner/Alcohol.html   (786 words)

 Halal and Haram   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-16)
Alcohol (ethanol, ethyl alcohol) is usually made from starch, sugar and other carbohydrates by fermentation with yeast; also, synthetically from acetylene or ethylene.
There are many members (hundreds) of the alcohol family, from which approximately a dozen alcohols are most commonly used, but ethyl is the best-known alcohol and the one that concern us most, as it is the principal alcohol to be found in all alcoholic beverages.
The alcoholic strength of liqueurs varies greatly depending on the product.They are legally required to contain at least 15% alcohol by volume (at 20oC) in the EEC, and may in practice contain up to 60% by volume.Most liqueurs would, however, contain 20-50% by volume.
www.halalandharam.com /Alcohol.asp   (3876 words)

 Alcohol Prohibition Was A Failure
Alcohol became more dangerous to consume; crime increased and became "organized"; the court and prison systems were stretched to the breaking point; and corruption of public officials was rampant.
The death rate from alcoholism and cirrhosis also declined rather dramatically in Denmark, Ireland, and Great Britain during World War I, but rates in those countries continued to fall during the 1920s (in the absence of prohibition) when rates in the United States were either rising or stable.
It should also be noted that death due to alcoholism and cirrhosis is thought to be the result of a long, cumulative process; therefore, the decrease in death rates must, in part, be at tributed to factors at work before the wartime restrictions on alcohol and Prohibition.
www.cato.org /pubs/pas/pa-157.html   (5768 words)

 Alcohol Doses, Measurements, and Blood Alcohol Content Levels - A Defense Lawyer - Attorney Providing Experienced ...
The dose of alcohol is calculated by multiplying the volume of an alcoholic beverage by the percentage of alcohol by volume.
The dose of alcohol in a typical 12 ounce can of beer, is approximately equal to the dose of alcohol in a 4 to 5 ounce serving of wine, or in a "shot" of whiskey.
0.10% alcohol by volume), or as a proportion (ie.
www.hmichaelsteinberg.com /DUIScience.htm   (1280 words)

 State Alcohol Policy
The mission of the Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control is to administer the provisions of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Act of the Business and Professions Code in a manner that fosters and protects the health, safety, welfare, and economic well being of the people of the State.
Volume taxes, also called per unit taxes, are levied as a dollar amount on a specified volume (in liquid measure—e.g., gallons, ounces, or liters) of alcohol beverage.
In addition, alcohol tax rates are typically based on the level of alcohol content, with higher-alcohol content beverages taxed at higher rates.
www.marininstitute.org /alcohol_policy/state.htm   (561 words)

 alcohol Definition in the Wine Dictionary at Epicurious.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-16)
Alcohol is the intoxicating element produced by the yeast
Wine with a low alcohol level might be too sweet because not enough of the grape's sugar was converted.
Wines with excessive alcohol are characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth and are, in fact, referred to as
www.epicurious.com /drinking/wine_dictionary/entry?id=5299   (396 words)

 Howstuffworks "How do brewers measure the alcohol in beer?"
To determine the amount of alcohol in the beer they are making, brewers compare the specific gravity of the beer before it starts fermenting to its specific gravity when it is finished fermenting.
It is important to note that the percentage of alcohol by mass is higher than the percentage of alcohol by volume because an equal mass of alcohol occupies more volume than water would.
So to convert from percent alcohol by mass to percent alcohol by volume you just divide by the density of alcohol.
www.howstuffworks.com /question532.htm   (756 words)

 ATF Online - Rulings
If both forms of alcohol content are shown, the optional statement in degrees of proof shall be placed in parentheses, in brackets, or otherwise distinguished from the mandatory statement in percent-alcohol-by-volume to emphasize the fact that both expressions of alcohol content mean the same thing.
Held further: A statement of alcohol content expressed in degrees of proof may continue to be published or disseminated in advertising materials such as billboards, signs, displays, and specialty items which were produced or put into service prior to October 10, 1988.
A statement of alcohol content expressed in percent-alcohol-by-volume need not appear in direct conjunction with any additional proof statement appearing on labels or in advertisements, if a proof statement also appears in conjunction with the mandatory statement of alcohol content.
www.ttb.gov /rulings/88-1.htm   (841 words)

 SSGDAT : Home : Young people : teenzone : Alcohol : Alcohol volume
Bottles and cans now show percentages of alcohol by volume (%ABV) where this is over 1.2% so this will help you to compare strengths.
Nearly all the alcohol has to be burnt up by the liver and the rest is disposed of either in sweat or urine.
The concentration of alcohol in the body depends on how much you drink, whether your stomach is empty or not, your height, weight, age and sex.
www.avon.nhs.uk /sgdat/young/teenzone/alcohol/volume.asp   (524 words)

 Alcohol Info and Laws affect students
The laws as they relate to alcohol use changed several years ago so that it is always a criminal violation for anyone under the age of 21 to purchase or to possess alcohol with very few exceptions.
-also no person shall possess an alcoholic beverage other than the unopened manufacturer's unopened original container or consume an alcoholic beverage, in the passenger area of a motor vehicle while the motor vehicle is on a highway or right of way of the highway.
If you are charged with an alcohol related offense in Wake County, and you have no prior convictions, you may qualify for a diversionary program called Drug Action/90-96/Southlight, as long as you have not done the program before.
www.ncsu.edu /stud_affairs/legal_services/legaldocs/Alcoholinfolaws.htm   (1721 words)

 Smurfed: Alcohol by volume - Wikipedia, the smurfy encyclopedia
An "alcoholic proof" is smurfily roughly twice the alcohol by volume (although this does vary in some countries, see main smurf for more information).
In some countries, alcohol by volume is smurfily referred to as
In addition, the relative volume of water and ethanol varies with temperature, and the smurfing of water and ethanol produces a less than the combined volume, due to the fact that the ethanol molecules will dissolve somewhat in between the water molecules.
websmurfer.devnull.net /cgi-bin/translator.cgi?mode=smurf&url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol_by_volume   (220 words)

 Proof (alcohol) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is still used as the British definition, although only the ABV system is used on bottles and sales.
70° proof is approximately 40% alcohol by volume.
Therefore "80 proof" is 40% alcohol by volume (most of the other 60% is water), and pure alcohol would be "200 proof".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alcoholic_proof   (887 words)

 Prescription Drug Interaction with Medications, Food Supplements, Industrial Chemicals & Alcohol
In the Emergency room he was found to have elevated blood levels of Ultram, Amitriptyline, and minimal levels of alcohol and opiates (negligible levels).
Alcohol is a brain (CNS) depressant, and therefore additive with other CNS depressants such as antihistamines, narcotics, Xanax, Valium, opiates.
Effects of alcohol on the liver via P450 enzyme causes reduced metabolism of other medications and therefore may increase the concentration of a given drug which is metabolized by this enzyme.
www.environmentaldiseases.com /article_drug_interactions.html   (1680 words)

Public health advice on sensible drinking puts a limit of 21 units of alcohol per week for men (not more than 4 units in any one day) and no more than 14 units per week for women (not more than 3 units in any one day).
A unit of alcohol equals 10mL (1cL) by volume (8g by weight) of pure alcohol and equates to:
For stronger strength alcohol, the volume in a unit would be proportionately less.
www.medimall.co.uk /alcohol.htm   (150 words)

 Facts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-16)
Because of the potentially harmful effects of alcohol on both mind and body, most physicians recommend moderate drinking, which is defined as no more than one drink a day for women, and no more than two drinks a day for men.
Researchers have found a causal relationship between alcohol consumption and more than 60 types of disease and injury.
Worldwide, approximately 20-30% of esophageal cancer, liver cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, homicides, epilepsy, and motor vehicle accidents are caused by alcohol.
www.basisonline.org /toolkits/alcohol/pages/03_facts1.htm   (273 words)

 Alcohol In Wine
Alcohol in wine is as important an element in the final product as the grape itself.
If a label says 12.5% alcohol by volume, it can actually be as high as 14% or as low at 11%.
These numbers were arrived at because most grapes after fermentation come in somewhere between 8% in alcohol by volume on the low end, and 14% on the high end.
www.supermarketguru.com /page.cfm/965   (525 words)

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