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Topic: Alcohol poisoning

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In the News (Mon 17 Dec 18)

  Alcohol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alcoholism, the physiological or psychological dependency on ethanol, is one of the most common drug addictions (caffeine causes chemical dependency, but not the mental longing known as addiction) in the world.
Propyl alcohol may be n-propyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol depending on whether the hydroxyl group is bonded to the 1st or 2nd carbon on the propane chain.
In the Barton-McCombie deoxygenation an alcohol is deoxygenated to an alkane with tributyltin hydride or a trimethylborane -water complex in a radical substitution reaction.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alcohol   (2769 words)

 Effects of alcohol on the body - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alcohol does not kill brain cells when drunk [6],[7] because at the concentrations which are typically reached when alcoholic drinks are consumed (~0.1%) it is incapable of permanently harming neurons.
A rare complication of acute alcohol ingestion is Wernicke encephalopathy, a disorder of thiamine metabolism.
Chronic alcohol ingestion over many years can produce atrophy of the vermis, which is the part of the cerebellum responsible for coordinating gait; vermian atrophy produces the classic gait findings of alcohol intoxication even when its victim is not inebriated.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alcohol_poisoning   (3531 words)

 Accidental* Alcohol Poisoning Mortality in the United States, 1996·1998
Alcohol poisoning is an acute toxic condition resulting from exposure to excessive quantities of alcohol within a short period of time.
In addition, alcohol poisoning was coded as a contributing cause in 1,076 deaths annually, bringing the total number of deaths with any mention of alcohol poisoning to 1,393 per year (0.49 per 100,000 population).
Alcohol poisoning is often a complication of chronic alcoholism, and inexperienced drinkers rarely reach a lethal level of BAC (Lahti and Vuori 2002).
pubs.niaaa.nih.gov /publications/arh27-1/110-120.htm   (4357 words)

 Hobart and William Smith Colleges :: Alcohol and Other Drugs: Alcohol Poisoning
Alcohol poisoning occurs when more alcohol has been consumed than the body can metabolize in a healthy manner.
In many cases of death by alcohol poisoning the person has died by choking on his or her vomit.
Alcohol consumption combined with some types of medication may also lead to accidental overdose and alcohol poisoning.
www.hws.edu /studentlife/resources/alcohol/poisoning.asp   (393 words)

 Alcohol poisoning: A serious consequence of binge drinking - MayoClinic.com
Alcohol poisoning is a serious — sometimes deadly — result of drinking excessive amounts of alcohol (ethanol).
The effects of alcohol depend on the concentration of alcohol in your blood (blood alcohol level).
Alcohol is a stomach irritant and may cause vomiting.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/alcohol-poisoning/HQ00199   (293 words)

 Go Ask Alice!: Alcohol poisoning
Alcohol poisoning occurs when a large amount of alcohol is consumed, usually over a short period of time.
Alcohol is a depressant, and, in large amounts, dulls the nerves that regulate one's breathing, heartbeat, and gag reflex.
If you are with someone who is experiencing alcohol poisoning, gently prop him or her up on his or her side while waiting for an ambulance; this will prevent him or her from choking if s/he begins to vomit while unconscious.
www.goaskalice-cms.org /2066.html   (794 words)

 Two alcohol poisoning deaths on Colo. campuses stir change - The Boston Globe
Of those deaths, about 300 are attributed to alcohol poisoning, with the rest directly caused by drownings, car crashes, and other accidents.
Kuk is cochairwoman of a 28-member alcohol task force formed after Spady's death that includes not only university officials and students, but also members of the medical community, city officials, and representatives from the public school system.
The amount of alcohol he consumed during a two-hour period is equivalent to nearly 22 beers.
www.boston.com /news/nation/articles/2004/11/01/two_alcohol_poisoning_deaths_on_colo_campuses_stir_change   (937 words)

 eMedicine - Toxicity, Alcohols : Article Excerpt by: Ann G Egland, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Ethanol (ethyl alcohol) is an aliphatic alcohol present in aftershaves, colognes, perfumes, mouthwashes, over-the-counter (OTC) medications, and a myriad of alcoholic beverages.
When metabolized by hepatic alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase, methanol forms formaldehyde and formic acid, both of which are toxic.
Methanol is primarily metabolized by alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/byname/toxicity-alcohols.htm   (561 words)

 Alcohol Poisoning
Alcohol poisoning happens when the blood alcohol level (the percentage of alcohol circulating in the bloodstream) rises to a danger point.
The blood alcohol level was so high that it affected parts of the brain and nervous system that control breathing, heartbeat, and related body functions.
An intoxicated person can also die of exposure, sometimes in temperatures as high as 50 degrees F. Alcohol affects both the body's "thermostat" and the drinker's perception of heat and cold; someone who's been drinking can feel warm while his body temperature is actually dropping.
www.parent-teen.com /substances/poisoning.html   (410 words)

 Loyola Wellness Center: Alcohol Poisoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Alcohol poisoning can be fatal because the central nervous system becomes depressed, potentially causing the heart and lungs to slow down to the point of stopping.
Alcohol poisoning requires immediate attention by a medical professional.
Anytime a person has had a lot to drink or shows signs of significant alcohol impairment, s/he needs to be watched very carefully for danger signs that s/he could be at risk for alcohol poisoning or other medical emergencies.
www.luc.edu /wellness/alc_poison.shtml   (354 words)

Alcohol has different forms and can be used as a cleaner, an antiseptic, or a sedative.
Alcohol poisoning is exactly what it sounds like - the body has become poisoned by large amounts of alcohol.
Violent vomiting is usually the first symptom of alcohol poisoning, as the body tries to rid itself of the alcohol.
kidshealth.org /teen/drug_alcohol/alcohol/alcohol.html   (1447 words)

 Hazelden - Alcohol poisoning: Drinking too much too fast can kill you   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
It's important to remember that the amount of alcohol in standard servings of wine (5 oz.), beer (12 oz.) and distilled spirits (1.5 oz., 80 proof) is the same.
Alcohol poisoning quickly affects the bodily functions that sustain life.
If blood alcohol levels rise sharply in a short time, the areas of the brain that control these functions can be sedated--literally put to sleep.
www.hazelden.org /servlet/hazelden/cms/ptt/hazl_alive_and_free.html?sf=t&sh=t&page_id=25437   (783 words)

 Alcohol Poisoning
In the event of alcohol poisoning, these signs and symptoms will most likely be accompanied by a strong odor of alcohol.
While these are obvious signs of alcohol poisoning, the list is certainly not all inclusive.
If a person appears to be "sleeping it off" it is important to realize that even though a person may be semi-conscious, alcohol already in the stomach may continue to enter the bloodstream and circulate throughout the body.
www.brad21.org /alcohol_poisoning.html   (248 words)

 Alcohol Poisoning 2
The liver metabolizes about a half ounce of pure alcohol per hour, the amount found in the "standard drink" usually used to calculate blood alcohol.
Alcohol poisoning most often occurs when someone drinks relatively rapidly, often because of a drinking game, drinking contest, 21 shots for a 21st birthday celebration, "forced" drinking of large quantities (at a fraternity initiation, for instance), or "drinking to get drunk."
Women are at higher risk for alcohol poisoning, and not only because they may weigh less than the average man.
www.parent-teen.com /substances/poisoning2.html   (632 words)

 BookRags: Alcohol: Poisoning Summary
Alcohol is a depressant of the central nervous system, which is made up of the brain and spinal cord.
When a person has consumed so much alcohol that the medulla is affected, his or her brain's ability to control respiration and heart rate becomes severely diminished.
Depending on an individual's stomach contents, the amount consumed, and how quickly the individual drinks, it may be as much as thirty to ninety minutes after drinking ceases before an individual reaches his or her highest level of intoxication.
www.bookrags.com /other/drugs/alcohol-poisoning-dat-01.html   (668 words)

 DARC: Alcohol Poisoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Alcohol is a depressant and can slow down many of the body's functions including heart rate, blood pressure and breathing.
This means that when you can consume a lot of alcohol in a short period of time, it may take a while to reach the brain.
There are some of the acute symptoms of alcohol poisoning but not all people have all the same symptoms.
www.southernct.edu /departments/darc/alcohol-poisoning.html   (189 words)

One serious concern about alcohol consumption which sometimes falls through the cracks when it comes to alcohol education and abuse prevention, is the reality that heavy alcohol consumption can kill.
The higher the BAL the greater the risk for death due to alcohol poisoning.
One of the primary reasons students do not seek help for their friends who may be at risk for deadly, acute alcohol poisoning is they are afraid the drinker will get in trouble with college officials or the police.
www.beerboozebooks.com /poison.htm   (601 words)

 The Gordie Foundation : To Promote Alcohol Awareness and Education
Alcohol is a clear, relatively odorless chemical made up of three common molecules: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Alcohol is also a psychoactive drug that changes brain chemistry and is lethal in high doses.
Despite general knowledge about alcohol intoxication, drinking and driving and some of the long term medical consequences of alcohol abuse, few people realize that deaths from alcohol overdoses occur about as often as for other drugs.
www.thegordiefoundation.org /home/savealife_alchoholpoisoning.asp   (933 words)

 Alcohol Poisoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Alcohols are compounds in which a hydroxyl group is attached to a saturated carbon.
Tha commom alcohol is the ethyl alcohol made by the fermentation of sugars and the alcohol used in alcoholic beverages.
But...ethyl alcohol ingested pure is hypnptic, depressive and toxic much less than the methyl alcohol, but still toxic.
www.newton.dep.anl.gov /askasci/chem99/chem99572.htm   (187 words)

 Hazelden - Binge drinking can lead to fatal alcohol poisoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
One cause of fatal alcohol poisoning is the view of binge drinking as a rite of passage.
In 2001, the College Alcohol Study from the Harvard School of Public Health found that 44 percent of college students classified themselves as binge drinkers (drinking at least four drinks in a row for women and five for men at least once in the last two weeks).
"It is peak blood alcohol concentration which leads to respiratory arrest or aspiration of vomit and death," said Alex Wagenaar, director of the Alcohol Epidemiology Program at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health in Minneapolis.
www.hazelden.org /servlet/hazelden/go/INFO_BINGE   (681 words)

 College Drinking and Alcohol Awareness
Alcohol poisoning, like other drug overdoses, can occur after the ingestion of a large amount of any alcoholic beverage (this includes beer, wine, and distilled spirits).
Alcohol (a depressant drug), once ingested, works to slow down some of the body's functions.
Further, the amount of alcohol that it takes to produce unconsciousness is dangerously close to the fatal dose.
hcs.calpoly.edu /peerhealth/alcohol/info_students_poisoning.html   (449 words)

Alcohol is a drug, and it is the drug most abused by teens.
The liver, which removes poisons from the blood, is especially at risk.
Because alcohol can cause such problems, the citizens and government leaders in this country have decided that kids shouldn't be allowed to buy or use alcohol.
kidshealth.org /kid/stay_healthy/body/alcohol.html   (658 words)

 GruntDoc: Alcohol poisoning kills 49 Kenyans; Toxic Alcohols strike again
More poisoned patients were still arriving at Machakos General Hospital, medical superintendent Simon Mueke said by telephone.
Toxic alcohols are one of the toxicology problems Emergency Physicians are taught to think about, and to treat if they are found.
Methanol (windshield washer fluid, among other sources) is the prototypical toxic alcohol, followed by ethylene glycol (antifreeze).
www.gruntdoc.com /2005/06/alcohol_poisoning_kills_49_ken.html   (403 words)

 Over 1,300 Americans Die Annually Because of Alcohol Poisoning
Past studies have shown that the rate of accidental alcohol overdose (or "alcohol poisoning") death in the U.S. is very low when alcohol is the sole cause of death, but increases markedly when multiple causes of death are considered.
For the latest study, researchers looked at data from the National Center for Health Statistics and found that while an average of 317 people died annually from alcohol poisoning between 1996 and 1998, an additional 1,076 people died annually, on average, in incidents where alcohol poisoning was identified as a contributing cause.
Eighty percent of those who died as the result of alcohol poisoning or multiple causes were male, with Hispanic men at the greatest risk.
www.jointogether.org /sa/news/summaries/print/0,1856,552556,00.html   (355 words)

 Alcohol poisoning
Alcohol poisoning occurs when a person consumes an excessive amount of alcohol.
Alcohol can depress or stop nerve signals that control breathing and the gag reflex that prevents choking; alcohol poisoning is a serious condition that can lead to irreversible brain damage or death if not treated immediately.
The level of alcohol in the blood continues to rise even after a person stops drinking.
www.webmd.com /hw/health_guide_atoz/ty7096.asp   (198 words)

 Alcohol & Substance Abuse Awareness and Prevention Project
Alcohol poisoning is a potential risk for anyone who drinks too much alcohol.
It is important to understand that even though an intoxicated person may appear to be "sleeping it off," alcohol already in the stomach may continue to enter the bloodstream and circulate throughout the body.
The Alcohol and Substance Abuse Awareness and Prevention Project provides a resource for information, assessment, and treatment referral resources for those with personal or family concerns about alcohol or other drug use or abuse.
www.utmb.edu /studentwellness2/wellness/counceling/AlcoholSubstanceAbuseAwarenessPreventProject.html   (475 words)

 Alcohol Poisoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
He found through research that an alcohol flout, which can happen to anyone who drinks too much too fast, occurs when information is not making it to the hippocampus of the brain.
Sweeney—who has been working in addiction medicine and alcohol treatment since the mid-1980s—and hospital nurses used to watch alcoholics come into the hospital and would attempt to guess their Blood Alcohol Content levels.
Frequent flouts are a symptom of alcohol dependency.
www.sigepcalphi.org /CPhiAlcoholPoisoning.htm   (905 words)

 Alcohol Poisoning
The drug alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that produces numerous behavioral, emotional, and physical effects as it acts upon specific parts of the brain.
At low intake levels, alcohol reduces inhibitions and affects judgment; vision, movement, and speech are impaired as alcohol levels rise.
The lethal dose of alcohol is clinically defined as the amount that would kill half the population.
www.unm.edu /~shc1/htalcoholpoison.html   (714 words)

 Alochol Poisoning: Dangers of Alcohol Poisoning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Alcohol is classified under the drug category as a depressant, and as such, its use causes effects and changes in the body and brain.
Alcohol use slows down many of the functions of the body, including blood pressure, heart rate and breathing.
Some people who have little tolerance for alcohol or whose body is sensitive to the drug could be seriously at risk after six or seven drinks.
www.bacchusgamma.org /ap3.asp   (236 words)

 Alcohol (Ethanol) Poisoning - VeterinaryPartner.com - a VIN company!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Typical alcohol percentages for alcoholic beverages are: beer at 3% to 5% ethanol, wine at 9% to 12%, and whiskey at 40% to 90%.
Thus, when pets drink a person's alcoholic beverage that was left within reach, or that was given to them intentionally by someone, it can cause a significant toxicity problem.
Accidental alcohol poisoning can occur if a pet gets into certain types of medications, because ethanol is frequently used as a solvent in medications.
www.veterinarypartner.com /Content.plx?P=A&A=2059   (469 words)

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