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# Topic: Alcoholic proof

 Mathematical proof Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: ) A proof is a logical argument, not an empirical one. The philosophy of mathematics is concerned with the role of language and logic in proofs, and mathematics as a language. Guaspari Incompleteness The Proof and Paradox of Kurt... www.hallencyclopedia.com /topic/Mathematical_proof.html   (1495 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Alcohol by volume In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: Ï (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kgÂ·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... Alcohol impairs your endurance due to its affect on the heart muscle which beats less strongly and your respiration rate may also be slowed and both of these actions will reduce the flow of oxygen to your muscles. The degree of alcohol's effects is determined by the concentration in blood, which is influenced by the amount and rate of alcohol consumption, bioavailability due to factors such as rate of absorption, the biotransformation of alcohol, which may be influenced by genetic factors, and drinking experience. www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Alcohol-by-volume   (857 words)

 Alcoholic proof: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com Alcoholic proof is a measure of how much ethanol, or "grain alcohol," is in an alcoholic beverage. Alcohol is produced by yeast during the process of fermentation (and the other product of fermentation is carbon dioxide, which is the gas that can make beer bottles explode or blow their tops off). The catch is that water and alcohol form a mixture (called an azeotrope) that has a lower boiling point than either one of them, so what distills off first is that mixture that is 95% alcohol and 5% water. www.encyclopedian.com /al/Alcoholic-proof.html   (488 words)

 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal Therefore "80 proof" is 40% alcohol by volume (most of the other 60% is water), and pure alcohol would be "200 proof". In beer, the alcohol is generally 3% to 12% (6 to 24 proof) and usually about 4% to 6% (8 to 12 proof). This way, the alcohol content can be raised up to a maximum of 95.6% (191 proof), the concentration of the water/alcohol azeotrope. www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Alcoholic_proof   (689 words)

 Science Fair Projects - Alcoholic proof In the definition current in the United States, the proof number is twice the percentage of the alcohol content measured by volume, at a temperature of 60 °F (15.5 °C). Therefore "80 degrees proof" is 40% alcohol by volume (most of the other 60% is water). The British proof system is still based on the original definition, but in labelling has been replaced by ABV, as required by European Union regulations. www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Alcoholic_proof   (744 words)

 Alcoholic proof   (Site not responding. Last check: ) Alcoholic proof is a measure of how much ethanol, or "grainalcohol," is in an alcoholic beverage. Alcohol is produced by yeast during the process of fermentation (and theother product of fermentation is carbon dioxide, which is the gas thatcan make beer bottles explode or blow their tops off). The catch is thatwater and alcohol form a mixture (called an azeotrope) that has a lower boilingpoint than either one of them, so what distills off first is that mixture that is 95% alcohol and 5% water. www.therfcc.org /alcoholic-proof-122824.html   (527 words)

 proof (alcoholic) In Europe a different proof system, called Gay-Lussac, is used; it is also the percentage of alcohol by volume, which is half the American proof. Later a legal standard for proof spirit was defined: half rainwater and half spirit proven by the gunpowder method. Thus the same beverage may be 40 proof (Gay-Lussac), 80 proof (American), or 70 proof (British), depending on where you are drinking it. www.sizes.com /units/proof_alcoholic.htm   (430 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Rye Whisky Whisky (or whiskey) is the name for a broad category of alcoholic beverages distilled from grains, that are subsequently aged in oak casks. In the United States, "rye whiskey" (with an "e") is, by law, made from a mash of at least 51 percent rye. A liqueur is a sweet alcoholic beverage, often flavoured with fruits, herbs, spices, flowers, seeds, roots, plants, barks, and sometimes cream. www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Rye-Whisky   (956 words)

 Alcoholic proof - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Alcoholic proof is a measure of how much ethanol there is in an alcoholic drink. It might have been earlier, when spirits were tested with gunpowder: a mixture of water and alcohol proved itself when it could be poured on a small amount of gunpowder and still light up the wet powder. In the definition of the United States, the proof number is twice the percentage of the alcohol content measured by volume at a temperature of 60°F (15.5°C). simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alcoholic_proof   (780 words)

 Alcoholic proof - Definition, explanation Depending on the strain of yeast, wines top out at about 14% to 16% (28 to 32 proof), because that's the point in the fermentation process where the alcohol concentration denatures the yeast. There are "fortified" wines with a higher alcohol concentration than that because stronger alcohol has been mixed with them. Thus a distilled liquor can't be stronger than 95% (190 proof); there are other techniques for separating liquids that can produce 100% ethanol (or "absolute alcohol"), but they are used only for scientific or industrial purposes. www.calsky.com /lexikon/en/txt/a/al/alcoholic_proof.php   (605 words)

 AA informatiom page/AADayton.org Alcoholics Anonymous is an international fellowship of men and women who have had a drinking problem. This proof of attendance at meetings is not part of A.A.'s procedure. Many treatment centers today combine alcoholism and drug addiction under "substance abuse" or "chemical dependence." Patients (both alcoholic and nonalcoholic) are introduced to A.A. and encouraged to attend A.A. meetings when they leave. www.aadayton.org /aatext.html   (1018 words)

 Alcoholic Beverage Alcoholic beverage, distilled, all (gin, rum, vodka, whiskey) 80 proof Alcoholic beverage, distilled, all (gin, rum, vodka, whiskey) 86 proof Alcoholic beverage, distilled, all (gin, rum, vodka, whiskey) 90 proof www.wise2food.com /Alcoholic_Beverage.html   (111 words)

 Alcoholic proof - RecipeFacts   (Site not responding. Last check: ) This system dates to the 18th century, and perhaps earlier, when spirits were graded with gunpowder: a solution of water and alcohol "proved" itself when it could be poured on a pinch of gunpowder and the wet powder could still be ignited. Alcohol is produced by yeast during the process of fermentation. Austrian Stroh 80 rum is an exception with a ABV of 80% (proof 160). www.recipeland.com:8080 /facts/Alcoholic_proof   (808 words)

 Dean of Students Office - Alcohol Distribution   (Site not responding. Last check: ) Registering to distribute alcoholic beverages on the campus of the University of Houston is a privilege granted to registered registered student groups and departments. Any event at which alcoholic beverages are to be consumed pursuant to this policy may not have that consumption be the main focus of the event. Cease serving alcoholic beverages to any person who appears to be under the influence of alcohol or any other intoxicating substance, to the degree that he or she may endanger himself or another. www.uh.edu /dos/alcohol.html   (792 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - Alcohol Alcohol drunk with other carbonated drinks will normally be absorbed more rapidly for some reason, so that a vodka coke (and other any other cocktail using a fizzy drink mixer) becomes one of the most rapidly absorbed alcoholic drinks. Alcohol dehydrates your body, especially when combined with dancing, and it is this that is the main cause of a hangover. One alcoholic unit is roughly equivalent to half a pint of beer, a glass of wine or a measure of spirits. www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/A4960   (3581 words)

 Alcohol and Public Health - FAQs Alcohol is metabolized in the liver by enzymes, however, the liver can only metabolize a small amount of alcohol at a time, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the body. Alcoholism or alcohol dependence is a diagnosable disease characterized by several factors including a strong craving for alcohol, continued use despite harm or personal injury, the inability to limit drinking, physical illness when drinking stops, and the need to increase the amount drunk in order to feel the effects (4). Alcohol abuse is a pattern of drinking that results in harm to one’s health, interpersonal relationships or ability to work. www.cdc.gov /alcohol/faqs.htm   (1626 words)

 Southwest Airlines Travel Policies - Alcoholic Beverages Alcohol (wine and liquor) must be in the original unopened container with the manufacturer’s label when transported in or as checked baggage. Alcohol (wine and liquor) in checked baggage must be securely packaged in a leak-proof bag with adequate professional packaging designed to fit the proportions of the bottle to prevent breakage. Alcohol (wine and liquor) accepted as checked baggage must be contained within a corrugated box secured with sealing tape. www.southwest.com /travel_center/alcohol.html   (247 words)

 ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE POLICY   (Site not responding. Last check: ) An applicant for written permission to serve or sell alcoholic beverages must be a member of the faculty or staff of NJIT and be over 21 years of age. Proof of age is required at each such event to ensure compliance with State laws. No alcohol may be served during the last half-hour of a student event lasting more than three hours. www.njit.edu /v2/handbook/alcoholicbeveragepolicy.htm   (509 words)

 Alcohol Prohibition Was A Failure Alcohol became more dangerous to consume; crime increased and became "organized"; the court and prison systems were stretched to the breaking point; and corruption of public officials was rampant. The death rate from alcoholism and cirrhosis also declined rather dramatically in Denmark, Ireland, and Great Britain during World War I, but rates in those countries continued to fall during the 1920s (in the absence of prohibition) when rates in the United States were either rising or stable. It should also be noted that death due to alcoholism and cirrhosis is thought to be the result of a long, cumulative process; therefore, the decrease in death rates must, in part, be at tributed to factors at work before the wartime restrictions on alcohol and Prohibition. www.cato.org /pubs/pas/pa-157.html   (5751 words)

 Chapter 9 Alcoholic Beverages The hazards of heavy alcohol consumption are well known and include increased risk of liver cirrhosis, hypertension, cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract, injury, violence, and death. Excess alcohol consumption alters judgment and can lead to dependency or addiction and other serious health problems such as cirrhosis of the liver, inflammation of the pancreas, and damage to the heart and brain. Higher alcohol content (higher percent alcohol or higher proof) and mixing alcohol with other beverages, such as calorically sweetened soft drinks, tonic water, fruit juice, or cream, increases the amount of calories in the beverage. www.health.gov /DietaryGuidelines/dga2005/document/html/chapter9.htm   (975 words)

 Ethanol Summary Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol, is a flammable, tasteless, colorless, mildly toxic chemical compound with a distinctive odor, one of the alcohols that is most often found in alcoholic beverages. Ethanol for use in alcoholic beverages, and the vast majority of ethanol for use as fuel, is produced by fermentation: when certain species of yeast (most importantly, Saccharomyces cerevisiae) metabolize sugar in the absence of oxygen, they produce ethanol and carbon dioxide. Alcoholic beverages vary considerably in their ethanol content and in the foodstuffs from which they are produced. www.bookrags.com /Ethanol   (5960 words)

 1999-2000 Bill 3495: Alcoholic beverage retail establishments, liability of manager or employee when sell to ... (3) he was underage, traces of alcoholic liquors, beer, or wine which could reasonably be expected to be from alcoholic liquors, beer, or wine were found in his bodily system at the time of the injury. The sale or furnishing of the alcoholic liquors, beer, or wine to an underage or intoxicated person is considered negligent unless the defendant establishes by the greater weight of the evidence that the sale or furnishing was not negligent. Proof of good practices, including training of employees, enforcement techniques, and inquiry about the age or degree of intoxication of the person, is admissible as evidence that the sale or furnishing was not negligent. www.scstatehouse.net /sess113_1999-2000/bills/3495.htm   (677 words)

 Absinthe FAQ- Absinthe Frequently Asked Questions Due to its high proof and concentration of oils, absintheeurs (absinthe drinkers) typically add three to five parts ice-cold water to a dose of absinthe, which causes the drink to turn cloudy (called "louching") and often the water is used to dissolve added sugar to decrease bitterness. The fact that he was an alcoholic who had drunk considerably after the two glasses of absinthe in the morning was forgotten, and the murders were blamed solely on absinthe. The alcohol content of this cordial is 55% (110 proof), which does earn it that notoriety as being true absinthe. www.absinthefaq.com /default.htm   (7008 words)

 Alcohol, Wine and Cardiovascular Disease Research is being done to find out what the apparent benefits of drinking wine or alcohol in some populations may be due to, including the role of antioxidants, an increase in HDL ("good") cholesterol or anti-clotting properties. The best-known effect of alcohol is a small increase in HDL cholesterol. Alcohol or some substances such as resveratrol (res-VAIR'ah-trol) found in alcoholic beverages may prevent platelets in the blood from sticking together. www.americanheart.org /presenter.jhtml?identifier=4422   (668 words)

 What is Alcohol The alcohol content of beer in the United States is generally between three and six percent. The remaining major category of alcoholic drink is distilled spirits, often called "hard liquor." The natural fermentation process stops when the alcohol content reaches 14 percent. Remember that proof is twice the percent of alcohol. www.hsc.wvu.edu /som/cmed/alcohol/types-al-bev.htm   (578 words)

 proof - Definitions from Dictionary.com to treat or coat for the purpose of rendering resistant to deterioration, damage, etc. (often used in combination): to proof a house against termites; to shrink-proof a shirt. Any of a limited number of newly minted coins or medals struck as specimens and for collectors from a new die on a polished planchet. a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume) dictionary.reference.com /browse/proof   (1360 words)

 Food File Search Results Alcoholic beverage, distilled, all (gin, rum, vodka, whiskey) 100 proof Alcoholic beverage, distilled, all (gin, rum, vodka, whiskey) 94 proof Alcoholic beverage, whiskey sour, prepared with water, whiskey and powder mix www.foodfileonline.com /search   (125 words)

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