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Topic: Aleutian Islands


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  Aleutian Islands
Because of Midway's importance—the island was within bomber range of Pearl Harbor—he concluded that Nimitz would redirect his fleet from the Aleutians to Midway to prevent the loss of the island.
The Aleutian attack was a sideshow, yet it would reduce Yamamoto's overall available strength in carrier aircraft during the fight for Midway on 4-5 June, one of the decisive battles of all time and the turning point of the Pacific war.
Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea and of nearby Nome and its adjacent airfields on the Alaskan mainland.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/brochures/aleut/aleut.htm   (7052 words)

  
  Encyclopedia topic: Aleutian Islands   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The climate of the islands is oceanic, with moderate and fairly uniform temperatures and heavy rainfall.
On the less mountainous islands, the raising of sheep (Woolly usually horned ruminant mammal related to the goat) and reindeer (Arctic deer with large antlers in both sexes; called reindeer in Eurasia and caribou in North America) was believed to be practicable.
The Russians captured otter pelts from the Aleutian Islands, through the Gulf of Alaska (A gulf of the Pacific Ocean between the Alaska Peninsula and the Alexander Archipelago), along the Alaska Panhandle, and south, even to California (A state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes).
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/a/al/aleutian_islands.htm   (1687 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Aleutian Islands
The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of more than 200 small volcanic islands forming an island arc situated in the Northern Pacific Ocean, and extending about 1,900 km (1,200 miles) westward from the extremity of the Alaskan peninsula toward the Kamchatka Peninsula.
The Andreanof Islands are a group of islands in the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska between the Rat Islands group, to the west and the Fox Islands group, to the east, at about 52° North and 172°57 to 179°09 West.
Aleutian Islands Modified from PCL map collection Western Aleutian Islands from a 1916 map of the Alaska territory This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Aleutian-Islands   (635 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Aleutian Islands, United States (U.S. Physical Geography) - Encyclopedia
Aleutian Islands[ulOO´shun] Pronunciation Key, chain of rugged, volcanic islands curving c.1,200 mi (1,900 km) west from the tip of the Alaska Peninsula and approaching Russia's Komandorski Islands.
The Aleutians were visited in 1741 by Vitus Bering, a Danish explorer employed by Russia.
The islands were included in the Alaska purchase in 1867; after the purchase, the U.S. government forbade seal trapping except by Aleuts.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/A/AleutianI.html   (456 words)

  
 Aleutian Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The POOP Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc situated in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 sq km) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900 km) westward from the Alaska Peninsula toward the Kamchatka Peninsula.
The islands with their 57 volcanoes are located in the northern part of the Pacific Ring of Fire.
The volcano Makushin (5691 ft/1,735 m) is visible from Unalaska, and the volcanic islets Bogoslof and Grewingk, which rose from the sea in 1796 and 1883 respectively, lie about 30 miles (48 km) west of the bay.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Aleutians   (1657 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Aleutian Islands Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of small islands situated in the Northern Pacific Ocean, and extending about 1,200 miles westward from the extremity of the Alaskan peninsula toward the peninsula of Kamchatka.
After the ships were separated by a storm, Chirikov discovered several eastern islands of the Aleutian group, and Bering discovered several of the western islands, finally being wrecked and losing his life on the island of the Komandorski Islands that now bears his name (Bering Island).
During World War II, the Aleutian islands were the only area of the United States to be occupied by Japanese forces when Attu and Kiska were invaded in order to divert American forces away from the main Japanese attack at Midway Atoll.
www.ipedia.com /aleutian_islands.html   (1648 words)

  
 Aleuts of the Pribilof Islands, Alaska
Taken from their homes on the Aleutian chain to two uninhabited and isolated islands in the central Bering Sea, the Pribilof Aleuts were forced into service to kill sea mammals for two colonial regimes, first Russia and later the United States.
The islands were uninhabited at the time of their discovery by Pribilof, although Aleutoral history knew them as Aamix, a rich hunting ground once visited by an Aleut chief lost in a storm.
The Aleut culture and population flourished on the Aleutian archipelago prior to the arrival of Russian fur hunters in the eighteenth century.
www.amiq.org /aleuts.html   (5828 words)

  
 Aleutian Islands - Attu
Attu is the largest (896 km²) member of the Near Islands group, situated at the western end of the Aleutian chain, 725 km east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East.
It is separated from the rest of the Near Islands (Agattu and the Semichi Islands) by the Agattu Strait, with Agattu being 35 km to the southeast.
The island, which has a mountainous interior rising to 860 m, measures 56 km in length (east to west) and is up to 32 km in width.
www.oceandots.com /pacific/aleutian/attu.htm   (113 words)

  
 The Aleutian Islands War - June 3, 1942 - August 24, 1943 - ExploreNorth
Because of Midway's importance—the island was within bomber range of Pearl Harbor—he concluded that Nimitz would redirect his fleet from the Aleutians to Midway to prevent the loss of the island.
The Aleutian attack was a sideshow, yet it would reduce Yamamoto's overall available strength in carrier aircraft during the fight for Midway on 4-5 June, one of the decisive battles of all time and the turning point of the Pacific war.
Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea and of nearby Nome and its adjacent airfields on the Alaskan mainland.
www.explorenorth.com /library/military/aleutian_war-usarmy.html   (6993 words)

  
 Introduced foxes transformed vegetation on Aleutian Islands from lush grasslands to tundra
On islands without foxes, seabirds transfer nutrients from the ocean to the land by feeding on marine fish and invertebrates and spreading nutrient-rich guano around the islands.
Estes said the differences were striking between fox-free islands and fox-infested islands (defined as those where self-sustaining populations of foxes persisted into the late 1990s).
Foxes were first introduced to some of the islands by Russian fur traders in the mid- to late-18th century as a way to supplement the declining harvest of sea otter pelts.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2005-03/uoc--ift032105.php   (1009 words)

  
 Southwest Alaska - Aleutian Islands
The Aleutian Islands are the tops of submerged mountains belonging to a range stretching more than 1,100 miles into the Pacific Ocean from the Alaska mainland.
The Aleutians were strategically important during World War II in preventing Japanese invasion of the U.S. mainland.
Japanese forces occupied the islands of Attu and Kiska in 1942, and traces of this era are still evident throughout the islands.
www.southwestalaska.com /aleutian   (171 words)

  
 1957 Aleutian Tsunami   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
On March 9, 1957, at 14:22 GMT, an earthquake occurred south of the Andreanof Islands, in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
The Island of Kauai, Hawaii, was hit twice as hard by this tsunami than by the Aleutian Islands tsunami in 1946.
In Hilo Bay, Cocoanut Island was covered by 1 m of water and the bridge connecting it to shore was destroyed.
www.geophys.washington.edu /tsunami/general/historic/aleutian57.html   (338 words)

  
 [No title]
A historical baseline analysis for each of the areas focused on specific economic and demographic concerns relevant to an understanding of the historical growth of the economies and was the foundation for the base case assumptions regarding future growth of the areas.
The Aleutian Islands base case total population (including enclave residents and military) in 2000 was 25,089.
Total population of the Aleutian Islands region, including military and enclave personnel, was projected to rise from 10,620 in 1981 to 25,089 in 2000 (4.6% per year).
www.mms.gov /eppd/socecon/techsum/ak/TR-068.DOC   (1271 words)

  
 Voyage to the Aleutian Islands: Understanding Alaska's Deep Sea Frontiers
The Aleutian Islands, most of which are part of Alaska, are located 2200 km (1200 nautical miles) west of the tip of the Alaska Peninsula.
The Aleutian Islands are home to the largest fishing port in the United States, Dutch Harbor, which for the past 15 years has held the top slot for fish and shellfish landings.
The Aleutians are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, with approximately twenty-four active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes, caused by the collision of two of the tectonic plates that form the Earth's crust.
www.oar.noaa.gov /spotlite/archive/spot_aleutian.html   (1383 words)

  
 Road to Recovery for the Aleutian Canada Goose   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
First known introduction of foxes onto Aleutian Islands was supposedly made to make their capture easier and their escape less likely because of the water barrier surrounding the island.
Aleutian Canada geese were not found on any of the islands where they historically nested and were thought to be extinct.
Recovery actions were implemented which included the removal of foxes from the breeding grounds on the Aleutian Islands and the translocation of geese to unpopulated islands.
www.utm.edu /departments/ed/cece/aleutiancanada/alendchron.shtml   (691 words)

  
 L.L.Bean: Park Search - Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve and National Wildlife Refuge   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The islands, covering 1.3 million acres, rise from the sea to form the remnant of a natural land bridge between North America and Asia.
The Aleutian Islands plant and wildlife from both the North American and Asian continents.
This bird was exterminated from other Aleutian Islands as a result of the introduction of arctic fox during the time when the islands were leased for fox farming.
www.llbean.com /parksearch/parks/html/10701gd.htm   (359 words)

  
 Islands.com | Aleutian Islands   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Set in the heart of the 1,000-mile-long Aleutian chain, this rugged outpost was a Russian fur trade outpost in the 18th century and a U.S. military stronghold in WWII.
There are more than 200 islands in the Aleutians chain, but only a handful are inhabited.
Unalaska is one of the few with scheduled air service (in summer, Kodiak Island is a three-day ferry ride away), and the climate is cool (at best), windy (always), and wet (more drizzle than rain).
www.islands.com /aleutians   (725 words)

  
 Aleutian Islands --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Geographically part of the Aleutian Islands, the group is situated in the southwestern part of the Bering Sea, about 110 miles (180 km) east of Kamchatka Peninsula.
The almost 70 islands form an arc that extends for about 1,100 miles (1,800 kilometers) from the tip of the Alaska Peninsula to Attu Island in the North Pacific.
Islands are found in oceans, seas, lakes, and rivers.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9005580?tocId=9005580&query=babuyan   (687 words)

  
 6/29/2000~Sea Otters Decline Throughout the Aleutian Islands in Alaska   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
In the Aleutian Islands, which form the boundary between the Bering Sea and the north Pacific Ocean, two small sea otter populations were known to have survived the commercial harvests for fur.
In the central Aleutians however, the sea otter counts of several islands declined by over 50% and, in a few cases, the decline was as high as 90%.
In the Aleutians, Native subsistence harvest of sea otters has and continues to be intermittent and localized occurring at very low levels and therefore is an inconsequential source of mortality.
news.fws.gov /NewsReleases/R7/A11C3D91-AC20-11D4-A179009027B6B5D3.html   (901 words)

  
 1946 Aleutian Tsunami
Despite its enormous size at Scotch Cap, the 1946 tsunami had little effect on the Alaskan mainland, due to the presence of the Aleutian Islands, which absorbed the brunt of the tsunami's power, shielding the mainland.
The tsunami waves produced extensive destruction along the shorelines of the Hawaiian Islands, especially at Hilo, on the big island of Hawaii, where the city's entire waterfront was destroyed.
The 1946 Aleutian Tsunami crossed the Pacific, producing waves up to 30 feet high in some locations at the Marquesas Islands in French Polynesia, and even had the power to damage fishing boats in Chile.
www.usc.edu /dept/tsunamis/alaska/1946/webpages   (475 words)

  
 Aleutian Islands --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Chain of small islands, Alaska, U.S. They form a border of the Bering Sea, extending in an arc about 1,100 mi (1,800 km) west from the tip of the Alaska Peninsula to Attu Island.
The major island groups, from east to west, are the Fox Islands (including Unimak and Unalaska), Islands of the Four Mountains, Andreanof Islands (including Adak), and Near Islands (including Attu).
Originally inhabited by Aleuts, the islands were explored by Russian-sponsored ships in 1741.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9354936   (824 words)

  
 1946 Aleutian Tsunami   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
On April 1, 1946, at 12:29 GMT, an earthquake occurred in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
One of the structures affected by the tsunami was the newly built Scotch Cap Lighthouse on Unimak Island, Alaska.
The tsunami arrived at Hilo 4.9 hours after it originated in the Aleutian Islands and the run-up was measured at 8.1 m.
www.geophys.washington.edu /tsunami/general/historic/aleutian46.html   (268 words)

  
 The Nature Conservancy Migratory Bird Program - Aleutian Islands
Nesting birds crowd the island rookeries — pelagic and red-faced cormorants of the snaky necks; fl-legged and red-legged kittiwakes that cling like barnacles; horned and tufted puffins that look like footballs with food-processor blades in flight.
Raspy-voiced Arctic and squeaky-voiced Aleutian terns work the surf, and farther out, in the cold green depths, ocean wanderers from southern waters — like the Laysan albatross and short-tailed shearwaters — skim the waves and seine food from the sea.
In late May and June, the outermost islands act as magnets for Asian waifs, and hardy birders travel to the island of Attu to search for these birds.
nature.org /initiatives/programs/birds/animals/aleutianislands.html   (242 words)

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