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Topic: Algonquian languages


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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  
  Algonquian languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (the two Algic languages that are not Algonquian are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California).
Algonquian is sometimes said to have included the extinct Beothuk language of Newfoundland, although evidence is scarce and poorly recorded, and the claim is mainly based on geographic proximity.
The Algonquian language family is renowned for its complex polysynthetic morphology and sophisticated verb system.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Algonquian_languages   (1234 words)

  
 Native American Languages - Search View - MSN Encarta
Languages that have switch reference indicate whether a subject or object of a clause is the same as or different from the subject or object of an earlier clause.
Algonquian languages, Southern Paiute, O’Odham, and Yuman languages have this trait in North America, Jicaque (Tol) in Middle America, and Ecuadorian Quechua (Napo Quichua) in South America.
Languages such as Russian and Latin, which distinguish the role of a noun (such as subject, direct object, or indirect object) by case marking are said to have nominal case systems.
uk.encarta.msn.com /text_761573518__1/Native_American_Languages.html   (3303 words)

  
 Delaware Indians | Linda Mauser Copyright © 2006   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Algonquian nouns consist of stems to which both prefixes and suffixes may be added to indicate gender, number, person, and possession.
Algonquian languages such as Cree and Ojibwa still serve the needs of large communities of speakers, and many of the surviving languages such as Maliseet-Passamaquoddy are now the subject of revitalization programs designed to bring the languages back into use among younger speakers.
Algonquian languages were some of the first that Europeans came in contact with in North America.
www.delawareindians.com /algonquianwordsorigin.htm   (753 words)

  
 HighBeam Encyclopedia - Native American languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
A language family consists of two or more tongues that are distinct and yet related historically in that they are all descended from a single ancestor language, either known or assumed to have existed.
Native American languages cannot be differentiated as a linguistic unit from other languages of the world but are grouped into a number of separate linguistic stocks having significantly different phonetics, vocabularies, and grammars.
At present, the aboriginal languages of the Western Hemisphere are gradually being replaced by the Indo-European tongues of the European conquerors and settlers of the New World—English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Dutch.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/N/NatvAmlang.asp   (3180 words)

  
 Algonquian (Algic) Language Family
Linguists think that the Algonquian (Algic) languages originated from an ancestral language called Proto-Algonquian that was spoken between 3,000-2,000 years ago in the area between Georgian Bay and Lake Ontario.
Today, the Algonquian language family includes a group of 27 languages spoken in a wide region stretching through the central part of the North American continent from the Canadian subarctic in the north to the eastern seaboard as far south as North Carolina.
Algonquian languages are polysynthetic, i.e., they add prefixes and suffixes to stems to indicate various grammatical categories.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/october/Algonquian.html   (707 words)

  
 Dance & Music
Languages in this family are or were widely spoken on the eastern seabord, northeast and upper midwest of the US, and in eastern Canada.
Among the Algonquian languages are Cree, Ojibway, Micmac, Massachusetts, Delaware, Shawnee, Menominee, Potawatomi and Powhatan (the language of Pocohantas).
Arapaho is one of a group of Algonquian languages spoken on the Great Plains, in an area separate from the main speech area.
www.colorado.edu /csilw/arapahoproject/language   (240 words)

  
 Algic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Most Algic languages are part of the Algonquian subfamily, which are spoken from the Rocky Mountains to New England.
The other Algic languages are the Yurok and Wiyot languages of northwestern California.
Within the Algonquian subfamily there is a smaller genetic grouping of the Eastern Algonquian languages.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Algic_languages   (365 words)

  
 Americas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The dominant language of Anglo-America, as the name suggests, is English, though French is also official in Canada and is the predominant language in the Canadian province of Quebec, as well as being spoken widely in parts of other provinces and in the U.S. state of Louisiana, where it is also official.
The dominant language of Latin America is Spanish, though the largest nation in Latin America, Brazil, predominantly speaks Portuguese.
Cherokee- native language spoken in a small corner of Oklahoma, U.S. The use of this language has rebounded in the late 20th century and are known to possessed its' own alphabet, the Cherokee syllabary.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_Americas   (2014 words)

  
 Classified List of BC Native Languages
The Athabaskan language family as a whole is fairly closely related to Eyak, a language once spoken in the Cook inlet area of southern Alaska.
The Tsimshianic languages are spoken on the northwest coast and in adjacent areas of the interior.
Algonquian is one of the most widespread language families in North America, ranging from the East Coast of both Canada and the United States far to the west.
www.ydli.org /bcother/bclist.htm#tsim   (1153 words)

  
 UofM: Arts Research Showcase - Linguistics Department   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Linguistics Department at Manitoba is home to the leading team of researchers in the analysis of such languages as Cree and Ojibwe – belonging to the Algonquian family of languages – and their comparative study.
The Algonquian Linguistics Group combines cutting-edge research in theoretical linguistics with the preparation of reference grammars and dictionaries of the languages as they are spoken today.
Pentland (Associate Professor of Linguistics and Anthropology) holds an Honours degree in Icelandic from the University of Manitoba and the PhD in linguistic anthropology from the University of Toronto.
www.umanitoba.ca /faculties/arts/deans_office/research/wolfart.shtml   (536 words)

  
 The Ultimate Algonquian Dog Breeds Information Guide and Reference   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California).
The group is sometimes said to have included the extinct Beothuk language of Newfoundland, although evidence is scarce and poorly recorded, and the claim is mainly based on geographic proximity.
The Algonquian language family is renowned for its complex morphology and sophisticated verb system.
www.dogluvers.com /dog_breeds/Algonquian   (632 words)

  
 TITLE
The Algonquian languages present an interesting test case for this, since their family relationships have been fairly well worked out and there are active projects that could make use of the information.
Many of the Algonquian languages have already become extinct, but some are in the process of being revived, and the availability of material from related languages is essential to these efforts.
The morphology of the Algonquian languages is complex, and tracking the development of the affixes is one of the most intriguing aspects of work in this family.
www.ldc.upenn.edu /exploration/expl2000/papers/whalen2/whalen2.htm   (2188 words)

  
 Native American Languages
When such correspondences are discovered, the languages being compared are judged to have a historical connection, either genetic--because of descent from a common ancestor--or through language contact and the consequent "borrowing" of words.
While most languages have accusative case systems like that of English (opposing grammatical categories of subject and object), active systems in which the same morpheme is used to indicate the object of a transitive verb and the subject of a stative verb are not uncommon.
Alaskan languages and some as far south as California have Russian loans, for instance, dating from the time of extensive trade with Russia, and borrowings from Spanish are common throughout California, the Southwest, and, of course, Latin America.
www.indians.org /welker/americas.htm   (1965 words)

  
 Algonkin
Both Algonkin and Algonquin are correct spellings for the name of the tribe, but Algonquian either refers to their language or, collectively, to the group of tribes that speak related Algonquian languages.
Algonquian is a family of related languages, but it has many dialects, not all of which are mutually intelligible.
Dreams were of particular importance to the Algonquian peoples, and proper interpretation was an important responsibility of their shamans whose other duties included communication with the spirit world, guiding men's lives, and healing the sick.
www.tolatsga.org /alg.html   (5697 words)

  
 languagehat.com: ALGONQUIAN IN THE NEW WORLD.
He is also engaged in language restoration for the Catawba of North Carolina and is collaborating with Helen Rountree, emeritus professor of anthropology at Old Dominion University, on a dictionary of Virginia Algonquian.
The related Algonquian languages were among the first in America to die out, and no one is known to have spoken Virginia Algonquian since 1785.
It is the hypothetical ancestor common to all Algonquian speech, 4,000 words that scholars have compiled from the surviving tongues and documentation of the extinct ones.
www.languagehat.com /archives/002303.php   (1039 words)

  
 Algonquian Language Family (Algonkian Indian Languages, Algic, Algonquian Indians, Algonquians)
Though these languages are most properly known as 'Algic' to linguists (Wiyot and Yurok are not considered closely related enough to qualify as Algonquian, and the broader category Algic includes them as well), 'Algonquian' (also spelled 'Algonkian') is the general term most often used by the Native American people who speak them.
Algonquian Indian languages are not related to Ancient Egyptian, Hebrew, or other Semitic languages; this data was faked.
Algonquian Indian language distribution and the migration of the Algonquians.
www.native-languages.org /famalg.htm   (243 words)

  
 Lost Algonquian Languages (Etchemin, Loup, Powhatan, Lumbee, Beothuk)
Some cultures were eradicated by Europeans; other tribes survived but their languages were lost so long ago they were never adequately recorded; in other cases, like Etchemin and the Loup languages, we have only a few vocabulary lists and don't even know what tribe they once belonged to.
It's possible that they intentionally gave their captors wrong or incomplete language information, or it may have just been linguistic ignorance of the Englishmen who wrote down the words; but for whatever reason, the vocabulary sets from these prisoners are small and don't match each other well.
The Powhatan language that historical figures John Smith and William Strachey recorded vocabulary from was definitely an Eastern Algonquian language, related to Lenape (Delaware).
www.native-languages.org /lostalg.htm   (564 words)

  
 LINGUIST List 4.1092: Algonquian Inverse
One thing I wanted to know was about the variation between Algonquian languages in the operation of the inverse, particularly variation in the person hierarchy.
Inversion in Algonquian is quite stable and its specific forms are old: the inverse suffix *ekw is reconstructable to proto-Algonquian, according to Bloomfield (1946) and Goddard (e.g.
Macauley doesn't analyse it like that: she says there is a 2pl>1>2sg>3 hierarchy, but the fact is that in most verb paradigms the hierarchy is 2>1>3 and it is only in the negative that number complications arise: I would analyse the situation as two interacting hierarchies.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /linguist/issues/4/4-1092.html   (1313 words)

  
 Amy Dahlstrom
My research is on American Indian languages, especially the Algonquian languages Fox (Mesquakie) and Cree, examining issues of morphology, syntax, and discourse-pragmatic relations.
It is primarily a discourse-based opposition but one which plays a central role in the syntax of Algonquian languages.
The inverse verbs of Algonquian are special inflected forms used when a third person subject acts upon a nonthird person object (or a peripheral third person subject acts upon the central third person object).
humanities.uchicago.edu /depts/linguistics/faculty/dahlstrom.html   (682 words)

  
 Algonquian Family
The Algonquian family includes several languages in the United States and Canada, such as Cheyenne, Arapaho, Cree, Ojibwa, and Fox, as well as the Kickapoo (kikapú) language of Mexico, spoken by a small group in the state of of Coahuila.
The Summer Institute of Linguistics is not currently conducting research on the Kickapoo language in Mexico.
The Algonquian family is not obviously related to other languages in Mexico.
www.sil.org /mexico/algonquina/00i-algonquina.htm   (137 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Algonquian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Algonquian is most of the Algic or Yematasi Native American language family.
(The rest is Epacawani and Teacha'Chi.) Stretching from the east coast of North America all the way to Alberta, Canada, the Algonquian language family includes such languages as Ojibwe, Cree, Fox, Shawnee, Menominee, Mohican, Potawatomi, Cheyenne, Blackfeet, Sauk, and Mi'kmaq.
Images, some of which are used under the doctrine of Fair use or used with permission, may not be available.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Algonquian   (421 words)

  
 Language Log: General Motors Purchases Algonquian Languages
Claire Bowern's joking suggestion that corporate sponsorship for linguistic fieldwork could be obtained by selling the right to name languages and use words from them as product names recalls this item, which apeared in the Watley Review last June.
General Motors (GM) has announced the purchase of exclusive rights to the entire Algonquian language family, including such well-known tongues as Cheyenne, Cree, and Mohican, in a $1.6 billion dollar deal.
GM acquired the languages in an apparent effort to secure the rights to potentially thousands of cool-sounding names for automobiles.
itre.cis.upenn.edu /~myl/languagelog/archives/000534.html   (326 words)

  
 Unit 12 - The Native Languages of North America   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
- Linguists think that the Algonquian (Algic) languages originated from an ancestral language called Proto-Algonquian that was spoken between 3,000-2,000 years ago in the area between Georgian Bay and Lake Ontario...
-Ojibwe, also called Ojibwa, Chippewa or Anishinaabemowin, is the third most commonly spoken aboriginal language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth in the U.S...
-Lakota(Lakhota) is one of the four dialects of the Dakota(Dakhota) branch of the Siouan language family.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/october   (305 words)

  
 California Indian Languages: Algonquian Tribes
The distant but clear affiliation of the Yurok and Wiyot languages was first recognized by their inclusion in a separate "Ritwan Family." However, research relates these languages to the Algonquian languages of the Great Plains and Northeast (e.g.
Algonquian, Yuork, and Wiyot are three branches of a very old Algic stock once located somewhere in north-central North America.
Subsequently, Yurok and Wiyot arrived in northwestern California as distinct languages.
www.parks.ca.gov /?Page_id=23730   (243 words)

  
 Foundation For Endangered Languages Newsletter 19
The participants represented a broad cross-section of interested parties: native speakers, native and non-native linguists, language educators, instructional technologists, revitalization program administrators, instructors and consultants, spiritualists, tribal government officials, and community members.
At the same time, the most salient feature of the conference was the repeated, heart-felt pleas for cooperation and collaboration among the Algonquian nations in their efforts to revitalize their languages.
Held on Saturday, 25 May 2002, 1-4.30 pm, this meeting aimed to increase the awareness of language endangerment issues and the seriousness of the situation.
www.ogmios.org /196.htm   (436 words)

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