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Topic: Alliance (Iceland)

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  Iceland. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The climate is relatively mild and humid (especially in the west and south), owing to the proximity of the North Atlantic Drift; however, N and E Iceland have a polar, tundralike climate.
Iceland may be the Ultima Thule of the ancients.
Iceland was admitted to the United Nations in 1946; it joined in the Marshall Plan and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
www.bartleby.com /65/ic/Iceland.html   (1601 words)

 Encyclopedia: Iceland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Republic of Iceland (Icelandic: Lýðveldið Ísland) is a borderless country, a volcanic island in the northern Atlantic Ocean between Greenland, Norway, Ireland, Scotland and The Faeroe Ilslands.
Iceland remained independent for over 300 years, and was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark, formally as a Norwegian crown colony until 1814 when the united kingdoms of Denmark and Norway were separated by the treaty of Kiel, and Iceland was kept by Denmark as a dependency.
Iceland has a Coast Guard (Landhelgisgæslan) and a SWAT team which is called Víkingasveitin (Viking Squad) and is under the command of the Reykjavík chief of police.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Iceland   (1206 words)

 Iceland (10/05)
Iceland is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle.
Iceland is exploring the feasibility of exporting hydroelectric energy via submarine cable to mainland Europe and also actively seeks to expand its power-intensive industries, particularly aluminum smelting plants.
Iceland maintains diplomatic and commercial relations with practically all nations, but its ties with other Nordic states, with the U.S., and with the other NATO member states are particularly close.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/3396.htm   (3738 words)

Iceland is divided into eight constituencies, the capital Reykjavik representing more than a third of the country.
Iceland is an exception to the rule where tradition has it that the countries in Northern Europe are the domain of the social democrats.
The latter, that was credited with 44.5% of the vote in November 2002 versus 25.1% for the Alliance Party, had 36.4% of the intention to vote in January 2003 versus 39.7% for its main rival.
www.robert-schuman.org /anglais/oee/islande   (1017 words)

 Iceland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
As this is also the first time Iceland takes the floor after the horrific terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September, I would like to express the heartfelt sympathies of the Government and people of Iceland to the Governnment and people of the United States.
At the national level, Iceland is in the process of taking the necessary steps to become a party to and ratify the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and to speedily ratify the already signed Intemational Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings.
Iceland is also closely cooperating with the European Union in adopting and revising its legislation in order to facilitate the suppression of intemational terrorism.
www.un.org /terrorism/statements/icelandE.html   (862 words)

 Alliance - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alliance is a name of several political parties:
a faction in the Warcraft Universe, the Alliance - comprised of the Humans, Night Elves, Dwarves, and Gnomes.
The Alliance was the name of a professional wrestling faction which ostensibly consisted of World Championship Wrestling and Extreme Championship Wrestling.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alliance   (214 words)

 The EU's relations with Iceland - Overview
Iceland came under the rule of the Norwegian monarchy in 1262, and was transferred to the Danish crown in 1380.
Iceland is an associate member of the Schengen agreement since 2000.This association entails cooperation in the field of justice and home affairs.
Iceland is the 11th largest fishing nation in the world and the marine sector is the backbone of Icelandic export activity.
europa.eu.int /comm/external_relations/iceland/intro   (2187 words)

 Iceland -- Review of Children's Rights | The International Save the Children Alliance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Icelandic government became a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)on 26 January 1990 and it ratified the CRC on 28 October.
Icelandic adoption law was amended further in May2000 in respect of co-habiting homosexual couples, making it possible for children of one of the partners to be step-adopted by the other partner.
Another positive development took place in 1999 in that Iceland ratified ILO Convention 138, which stipulates the minimum age a child must be before he or she can work.
www.mannvernd.is /english/news/savechildren.html   (518 words)

 Encyclopedia topic: Alliance (Iceland)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Alliance (Samfylkingin) is a political party (An organization to gain political power) in Iceland (An island republic on the island of Iceland; became independent of Denmark in 1944).
This was a deliberate attempt to unify the entire centre-left of Icelandic politics into one party to become a balance against the right wing (Those who support political or social or economic conservatism; those who believe that things are better left unchanged) Independence Party (additional info and facts about Independence Party).
Vice chairman is the former mayor of Reykjavík (The capital and chief port of Iceland on the southwestern coast of Iceland; buildings are heated by natural hot water), Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/a/al/alliance_(iceland)1.htm   (211 words)

 Iceland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The setting is thus appropriate for the practice of stable multiparty politics, and Iceland conforms to the model.
Regarded as a communist arty, the People's Alliance nevertheless served in a coalition government from 1971 to 1974 and participated in the coalition formed in 1978.
The 1978 election in Iceland may have been a shock to the stability of its party system, as both leftist parties made substantial gains at the expense of the conservative parties.
www.janda.org /ICPP/ICPP1980/Book/PART2/2-ScandinaviaBenelux/22-Iceland/Iceland50-62.htm   (718 words)

 Party Politics in Iceland, 1963 to 2000   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Three years later, the party was renamed the Liberal Left and in the 1971 elections, it drew 9% of the votes and 5 of the 60 seats in the Althingi.
Clearly this party kept much of the support of the People's Alliance, but since the leaders of the People's Alliance supported the merger, this is considered a new party rather than a continuation of the People's Alliance under a new name.
The People's Alliance was part of three governments between 1971 and 1982, claiming right around twenty percent of the vote consistently during that time.
www.janda.org /ICPP/ICPP2000/Countries/2-ScandinaviaBenelux/22-Iceland/Iceland63-00.htm   (1866 words)

 Iceland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Norway was converted to Christianity by King Olaf Tryggvason in the late C10th and Denmark's king, Harald Bluetooth, 950-85, became Christian although it was not until the reign of Canute in the mid C11th that the country was permanently converted.
After twenty years of unrest, Gisur persuaded the Icelanders that the only way to achieve peace was to accept the king of Norway as their ruler.
Iceland joined NATO and the Council of Europe in 1949 and the Nordic Council in 1953.
www.gaminggeeks.org /Resources/KateMonk/Europe-Scandinavia/Iceland/History.htm   (1095 words)

 Iceland - Country information - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Iceland is not a member of the European Union, although Mr Asgrimsson has indicated that Iceland should not preclude EU membership.
Iceland is one of the more liberal states in terms of trade liberalisation under the WTO and is particularly keen to obtain abolition of fisheries subsidies.
Iceland is not a member of the European Union, primarily because of reluctance to hand over control of its fisheries policy to Brussels.
www.dfat.gov.au /geo/iceland/iceland_brief.html   (1375 words)

 News from the High North Alliance
The contentious point is that Iceland re-entered with a reservation to the current whaling ban imposed by the IWC in 1982.
In a legal analysis by Switzerland, it is argued that Iceland’s re-entry to the IWC with a reservation on the whaling ban is “in conformity with international law”.
One reason being that Iceland’s re-entry is in conformity with the purpose and objective of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling.
www.highnorth.no /news/pfriend.asp?which=273   (598 words)

 Iceland (10/04)
The best-known Icelandic writer of the 20th century is the Nobel Prize winner Halldor Kiljan Laxness.
Although the president is popularly elected and has limited veto powers (he can force a public referendum on a proposed law by refusing to sign it—a power that has never been exercised), the expectation is that the president should play the same limited role as a monarch in a traditional parliamentary system.
Iceland is exploring the feasibility of exporting hydroelectric energy via submarine cable to mainland Europe and also actively seeks to expand its power-intensive industries, including aluminum and ferro-silicon smelting plants.
www.state.gov /outofdate/bgn/i/47473.htm   (3261 words)

 U.S. Commercial Service Iceland: Background Note on Iceland
Iceland has few proven mineral resources, although deposits of diatomite (skeletal algae) are mined.
Iceland became a full European Free Trade Association member in 1970 and entered into a free trade agreement with the European Community in 1973.
When Iceland became a founding member of NATO in 1949, it did so on the explicit understanding that Iceland, which has never had a military, would not be expected to establish an indigenous force.
www.buyusa.gov /iceland/en/103.html   (3712 words)

 The American-Scandinavian Foundation
He was elected to the Althing, the Icelandic parliament, in 1978 and in 1980 became leader of the party's faction in the Althing.
Grímsson and Oddsson had often locked horns in Icelandic politics On one occasion in 1992, when he was being criticized for using the same advertising agency for his ministry when he was finance minister as for his party's campaign, Grímsson accused Oddsson of having a "heel's nature" for participating in the attack.
In Iceland the president is a figurehead, and the office is largely ceremonial.
www.amscan.org /grim.html   (2433 words)

 Statement by Foreign Minister Halldór Ásgrímsson
In the meantime, Iceland supports the SFOR mission with medical and police expertise and will contribute to the OSCE mission by providing either verifiers or medical support as long as it is required.
Iceland welcomes increasing consultations and cooperation between the Alliance and the WEU, on the basis of the decisions taken in Berlin and Brussels, and will support efforts towards their implementation before the Washington Summit.
Conditions have changed since 1991, the Alliance is adapting and new challenges and risks are on the horizon.
www.nato.int /docu/speech/1998/s981208s.htm   (993 words)

 Foreign & Commonwealth Office Country Profiles
The Icelanders live in a beautiful, but rather fierce natural setting with extremes in the weather, and are continually reminded of the often-harsh natural elements with earthquakes and volcanic eruptions relatively commonplace.
Iceland was the last country in Europe to be settled, by Vikings and Celts, in the 9th and 10th century AD.
Icelanders enjoy a per capita income amongst the highest in Europe, but Iceland's economic outlook has always depended on its large fishing industry, which, as its main export earner (70 per cent of its exports are marine products), is also responsible for about 12 per cent of its GDP.
www.fco.gov.uk /servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1007029394365&a=KCountryProfile&aid=1019233901475   (2380 words)

 The McLaughlin Group Discussion Board   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Under the terms of a 1951 defense pact between Iceland and the United States, the Air Force and Navy stationed troops in Iceland to guard the North Atlantic seaways from Soviet submarines.
Says one NATO diplomat, "In an alliance, defense is not just about jets, it's also about perceptions, it's about good relations, it's about assurances." Iceland's ambassador to the U.S. thinks that Iceland could become a target of NATO's adversaries.
Nobody is saying that if Iceland were attacked, the United States and the other NATO members, as their treaty obligations are, wouldn't defend them.
www.mclaughlin.com /bb/bb.asp?topicid=1093&showall=1   (289 words)

 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Iceland was the first nation to begin a so-called ‘scientific’ whaling programme in 1986 in defiance of the moratorium, selling or smuggling most of the meat to Japan.
Iceland’s plan to resume ‘scientific’ whaling is a blatant and cynical attempt to resume commercial whaling.
Iceland’s most important markets for fish exports are the US, UK and Germany where the public are strongly opposed to commercial whaling.
www.campaign-whale.org /iceland.htm   (740 words)

 About the high north alliance
Iceland’s Ministry of Fisheries said: “The main objective of the research is to gain knowledge on the role that minke whales have in the marine ecosystem, especially their interaction with fish stocks.”
The Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission agreed a population estimate of 43,000 minke whales in Icelandic waters and that a take of 100 animals per year is unlikely to have a significant impact on that population.
Iceland stopped catching minke whales in 1986 when the moratorium on commercial whaling came into force.
www.highnorth.no /read.asp?which=310   (345 words)

 Icelandic Links / The University of Iowa / Iowa City, IA
He is a former finance minister and was a professor of political science at the University of Iceland and a member of the Icelandic parliament before he was elected president.
International Organizations: Iceland is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations and its agencies, NATO, The Council of Europe, OECD, EFTA and the Nordic Council.
The principal language of instruction is Icelandic, a language descended from and, in its written form at least, still very similar to Old Norse.
www.uiowa.edu /~iceland   (934 words)

1263 Icelanders recognized the authority of the king of Norway after a brief civil war.
15th century Norway and Iceland were increasingly treated as appendages of Denmark, especially after Sweden seceded in 1449.
The country is an island in the north Atlantic Ocean, situated south of the Arctic Circle, between Greenland and Norway.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/countryfacts/iceland.html   (463 words)

 Elections in Iceland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland) is a country in North Europe.
Freedom House rated the country on political rights with a 1 and on civil rights with a 1, both on a scale of 1 to 7 (in which 1 is the most free).
Freedom House considers Iceland to be a free country.
www.electionworld.org /iceland.htm   (206 words)

 [No title]
He was a professor at the University of Iceland, served as Member of Althingi, the parliament, was Minister of Finance 1988 to 1991 and served as chairman of the People's Alliance Party.
Grímsson was elected leader of the Peoples' Alliance Party, a position which he relinquished at the party's national convention in autumn 1995.
He was a member of the Economic Council 1966-1968, on the board of the Icelandic broadcasting Service 1971-1975, was chairman of a committee concerned with the relocation of public institutions 1972-1975 and chairman of the Icelandic Social Sciences Association, 1975.
www.iww.is /infopagee.asp?ID=44   (774 words)

 CIA - The World Factbook -- Iceland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine.
Iceland's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet with an extensive welfare system (including generous housing subsidies), low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income.
Iceland's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the last decade, and new developments in software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place.
www.odci.gov /cia/publications/factbook/geos/ic.html   (1183 words)

 EU Related News From Iceland: May 2005
Lastly, the Social Democratic Alliance held a mail election in the end of the year 2002 among its members where they were asked if starting membership negotiations with the EU at some point in the future should be the policy of the party or not.
If Iceland was a member of the EU this would not be possible since countries among other things surrender their authority to conclude international agreements to the Union's institutions by joining it.
Europhiles in Iceland have been experiencing a rough time since it was revealed last Monday that Iceland has adopted less than 6,5 percent of EU regulations, directives, etc. through the EEA agreement since signing it a decade ago.
eunews.blogspot.com /2005_05_01_eunews_archive.html   (1483 words)

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