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Topic: Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo


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  JURIST - Democratic Republic of the Congo: DR Congo Law, Legal Research, Human Rights
On January 16, 2001 Congolese President Laurent Desire Kabila, whose Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL) overthrew the authoritarian regime of Mobutu Sese Seko by armed force in 1997, was assassinated by one of his guards.
The DR Congo civil judiciary, including lower courts, appellate courts, the Supreme Court, and the Court of State Security, is largely dysfunctional; military tribunals organized since August 1997 have tried nearly all recent cases and have sentenced civilians as well as military personnel to death after summary trials.
The majority of abuses were committed in rebel-held areas, and rebel forces committed numerous, serious abuses with impunity against civilians living in territories under their control, including deliberate, large-scale killings, disappearances, torture, rape, dismemberment, extortion, robbery, arbitrary arrests and detention, harassment of human rights workers and journalists, and forcible recruitment of child soldiers.
jurist.law.pitt.edu /world/congo.htm   (1331 words)

  
 UNHCR - Search UNHCR
Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): Information on a group called "Groupe d'arme d'opposition",  allegedly formed in Belgium and composed in part of army officers who returned to RDC after assisting in the overthrow of Mobutu
Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): Information on the June or July 1997 closure of the University of Kinshasa, on the march organized by students and Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS) members to protest against that closure and on the attitude of the authorities to the march and its organizers
Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): The existence, since 1997, of an embassy of the Democratic Republic of Congo in Angola; and, if this is case, the situation of the ambassadors and staff since Kabila came into power
www.unhcr.org /cgi-bin/texis/vtx/home?id=search&results=refworld&skip=80&query=democratic   (538 words)

  
  International Spotlight: Democratic Republic of Congo
In September, 1996, four rebel groups based in eastern Zaire formed a coalition, the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL).
Laurent Kabila, rebel leader of the ADFL (the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire), backed by Uganda and Rwanda, invades Congo, defeats Mobutu's ill-organized army and pushes forward to Kinshasa where he takes power.
Joseph Kabila is sworn in as the president of Congo in Kinshasa.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-adv/specialsales/spotlight/congo/war.html   (1158 words)

  
 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1999 - Democratic Republic of Congo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Much of the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) continued to be ruled by President Laurent Desire Kabila, whose Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL) overthrew the authoritarian regime of Mobutu Sese Seko by armed force in 1997.
On April 8, members of the security forces arrested the vice president of the local chapter of the UDPS opposition party while he was conversing on the street with a colleague.
The problem reportedly diminished during the year and rebel forces stated that they would reduce their use of child soldiers; however, there were no reports that they generally demobilized child soldiers, and many child soldiers reportedly continued to serve in rebel armed forces.
www.usemb.se /human/human1999/congodr.html   (20386 words)

  
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Much of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) continued to be ruled by President Laurent Desire Kabila, whose Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL) overthrew the authoritarian regime of Mobutu Sese Seko by armed force in 1997.
In 1999 rebel forces stated that they would reduce their use of child soldiers, and the problem reportedly continued to diminish during the year; however, there were no reports that they generally demobilized child soldiers, and many child soldiers reportedly continued to serve in rebel armed forces.
Kabila's attempt to expel the Rwandan armed forces was frustrated by the outbreak in August 1998 of a rebellion, led by the RCD.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2000/af/index.cfm?docid=753   (18973 words)

  
 congo-coltan
The conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, formally Zaire, is complex, complicated by the struggle for power over the country's vast resources by actors within and outside Congo.
Congo received its independence from Belgium in 1960, leaving a politically and economically poor country with civil war breaking out soon after.
In 1997, while Mobutu died of cancer in exile, Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL) leader, Laurent Kabila claimed Kinshasa, the capital, declaring himself president and renaming the country the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
www.american.edu /ted/ice/congo-coltan.htm   (2056 words)

  
 Congo (Democratic Republic of) - Commission on Human Rights
The groups that led the peaceful opposition to Mobutu are being marginalized, according to the report, all political activity has been banned and a ban on political parties, announced in June 1997 was extended indefinitely in August, on the grounds of a state of emergency.
With regard to a transition to democracy, the report notes various statements by authorities in which the intention of holding elections in 1999 was reiterated but also observes that there were no teams preparing either the elections or the necessary groundwork for holding them.
Excessive use of force in repressing crime or dissidence resulting in deaths in some cases was noted, including death resulting from abuse of power shielded by impunity, and various methods of torture.
www.hri.ca /fortherecord1998/vol2/congodrchr.htm   (1322 words)

  
 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2001 - Democratic Republic of the Congo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
On January 16, President Laurent Desire Kabila, whose Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL) overthrew the authoritarian regime of Mobutu Sese Seko by armed force in 1997, was assassinated by one of his guards.
Laurent Kabila's attempt to expel the Rwandan armed forces was frustrated by the outbreak in August 1998 of a rebellion, led by the RCD.
Elements of the armed forces of Rwanda and Uganda continued to operate inside the country in support of rebels, and elements of the armed forces of Burundi operated inside the country against armed groups of Hutus from Burundi.
www.usemb.se /human/2001/africa/congo.html   (18373 words)

  
 ENOUGH :: Eastern Congo :: Roots of the Crisis
Lumumba appealed to the UN Security Council to send a peacekeeping force to help contain the secessionist crises and ONUC, the first force charged to keep the peace, was sent to Congo in 1961.
He returned as Congo's Prime Minister in 1964, in the context of another crisis in eastern Congo, where rebels determined to restore the legacy of Patrice Lumumba opened new fronts in Kisangani, the Kivus, and Bandundu.
Joseph Kabila was elected for a five-year term with 58 percent of the vote, and his alliance won a substantial majority in both the national and provincial assemblies.
www.enoughproject.org /region/eastern-congo/roots.php   (1104 words)

  
 MASSIVE VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN DRC (FORMER ZAÏRE) 1996-1997
We are of the opinion that any account of the human rights violations during the Mobutu period, during which the individuals responsible are known, should be made without linking it to the massacre of refugees which occured in the precise context of war.
Furthermore, the Special Rapporteur on Zaire (Congo) also investigated the events of 1993, 1994, and 1995, in the east of Zaire under Mobutu, in particular in the region of North Kivu (Masisi) and South Kivu.
The "ADFL rebellion" was conceived in Kigali between 1995 and 1996 for the purpose of dismantling the Rwandese refugee camps in eastern Zaire.
www.ichrdd.ca /english/commdoc/publications/demDev/RDC/repDRCIntro.html   (1988 words)

  
 Congo, Democratic Republic of: CONCODOC 1998 report
In 1997 the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (AFDL), led by Kabila, overthrew the regime of Mobutu, which had lasted for more than 30 years.
All former Zairian armed forces were disbanded and the troops of Kabila became the Congolese Armed Forces (FAC).
The Congo Liberation Army (AFDL) that overthrew the former Zairian armed forces comprised 20,000 to 40,000 troops - not even 0.1 percent of the population.
www.wri-irg.org /co/rtba/congodr.htm   (1017 words)

  
 Congo
They now had a string of "client" regimes which included Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda, Rwanda, the DR of Congo and also a great deal of South Africa's foreign policy in the region was dictated by Washington.
On May 17 the forces of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL) took Zaire's capital Kinshasa and changed the name of the country to Democratic Republic of Congo putting an end to 31 years of dictatorship by Mobutu Sese Seko.
This article analyses the different forces behind the conflict and outlines a socialist perspective for the masses of the Central Africa region.
www.marxist.com /congo.htm   (545 words)

  
 ENOUGH :: Northern Uganda :: Roots of the Crisis
But Uganda's security deteriorated in the wake of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, when the perpetrators fled to what was then Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and attempted to regroup with the tacit support of the Mobutu government.
What unfolded in eastern Congo was a major war involving six state militaries and a broad array of non-state actors and rebel groups and also spawned the exploitation of Congolese natural resources by all of these forces, and military battles between Uganda and Rwanda for control of the town of Kisangani.
During the civil war between the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the rebel Southern People's Liberation Army, Khartoum supported the LRA, driven in part by a desire to retaliate against the Ugandan government for its support of the SPLA.
www.enoughproject.org /region/northern-uganda/roots.php   (943 words)

  
 UNHCR - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): The security services of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the ...
UNHCR - Democratic Republic of Congo (RDC): The security services of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL), including its Civilian Security and Protection Branch (Branche de sécurité et de protection civile) (1997-September 2002)
Referring to the changes that had taken place two years after Laurent-Désiré Kabila, head of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (Alliance des forces démocratiques pour la libération du Congo/Zaïre, AFDL), came to power in May 1997, the weekly
République démocratique du Congo : le pouvoir à tout prix.
www.unhcr.org /home/RSDCOI/3f7d4dff15.html   (410 words)

  
 Congo - Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL)
The ADFL was formed October 18, 1996, in Lemera, South Kivu, but is an outgrowth of Kabila's old Marxist group, the Parti de la Revolution Populaire founded in the '60s.
The Rebel Alliance, as it's popularly called-whose official seal is Disney's Lion King-is an ever-expanding army of rubber-booted soldiers who trudged some 1700 kilometers on foot through the jungles and mountains to reach Kinshasa in only seven months.
When leaving, there was a US$20 departure tax and another US$11 in "airport fees." If you thought Congo's rebellion wasn't given enough media coverage, now you know why.
www.comebackalive.com /df/dplaces/congo/player1.htm   (260 words)

  
 ZNet |Africa | Congo
Professor Wamba dia Wamba is the leader of the Rassemblement Congolais la democratic (RCD-Kingani), and is based in Kinshasa, the capital town of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Mobutu’s ex-FAZ is being suspected to favour JP Bemba’s MLC [Ugandan-backed Movement for the Liberation of Congo].
Since the debacle of the 1960, with the UN Congo mission, brought in by a request from the Lumumba government, there seems to be no real grasp of the limitations of the UN missions by the Congolese public consciousness.
www.zmag.org /content/showarticle.cfm?SectionID=2&ItemID=5754   (2010 words)

  
 congo: War in Republic Democratic du Congo
Formation of Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo Zaire 3.
Current War in Congo Democratic Republic of Congo
The weakness of Congo and Kabila regime 2.
www.empereur.com /congowara.html   (262 words)

  
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Security forces were poorly trained, poorly paid, and often undisciplined.
RCD forces detained and beat NGO personnel and businessmen (see Section 1.d.).
Security force officials often harassed and robbed persons.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2001/af/8322.htm   (18365 words)

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