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Topic: Alphabets derived from the Latin

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In the News (Sat 18 Nov 17)

  Alphabets derived from the Latin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Variants of the Latin alphabet are used by the writing systems of many languages throughout the world.
Note that Croatian Latin is the same as Serbian Latin and they both map 1:1 to Serbian Cyrillic, where digraphs map to cyrillic letters џ, љ and њ, respectively.
  The Norwegian alphabet is currently identical with the Danish alphabet, but lately it has been proposed to add the letter Kjell to the Norwegian alphabet (after the letter L), so that the sound which is commonly spelled kj may be written with a single letter.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alphabets_derived_from_the_Latin   (778 words)

 Alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
An alphabet is a complete standardized set of letters--basic written symbols--each of which roughly represents or represented historically a phoneme of a spoken language.
It was inherited by the Canaanites (see early Semitic alphabet) and Phoenicians, and nearly all subsequent alphabets are derived from it or inspired by it, directly or indirectly.
Of special note among its descendants is the Greek alphabet, derived from Minoan Linear B (used as a syllabary) with the innovation of separate symbols for vowels (Semitic didn't need them).
bopedia.com /en/wikipedia/a/al/alphabet.html   (895 words)

 Latin alphabet -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It is generally held that the Latins adopted the western variant of the Greek alphabet in the 7th century BC from Cumae, a Greek colony in southern Italy.
The Latin alphabet spread from Italy, along with the Latin language, to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire.
As late as 1492, the Latin alphabet was limited primarily to the languages spoken in western, northern and central Europe.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Roman_alphabet   (3420 words)

 Alphabet : search word
An alphabet is a complete standardized set of letters—basic written symbols—each of which roughly represents a phoneme of a spoken language, either as it exists now or as it may have been in the past.
Among alphabets, one may distinguish abjads, which only record consonants; alphabets which record consonants and vowels separately, called simply alphabets and first developed by the Greeks; and abugidas, in which the vowels are indicated by systematic modification of the form of the consonants.
The alphabets of Europe, including the Roman alphabet and its descendants and the Cyrillic alphabet, developed for the eastern Slavic languages, and the runic alphabets are all themselves ultimately descended from the Greek alphabet.
www.searchword.org /al/alphabet.html   (1610 words)

 YourArt.com >> Encyclopedia >> alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
An alphabet is a complete standardized set of letters — basic written symbols — each of which roughly represents a phoneme of a spoken language, either as it exists now or as it may have been in the past.
The term "alphabet" is used by linguists and paleographers in a wider and a narrower sense.
The earliest known alphabet in the wider sense is the Wadi el-Hol script, believed to be an abjad, which through its successor Phoenician became the ancestor of or inspiration for all later alphabets; the first alphabet in the narrower sense was the Greek alphabet.
www.yourart.com /research/encyclopedia.cgi?subject=/alphabet   (2326 words)

 Latin alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
- Original alphabet in modern equivalents :''See Alphabet: History and diffusion for the history of alphabets leading up to the Roman alphabet.'' It is generally held that the Latins adopted the western variant of the Greek alphabet in the 7th century BC from Cumae, a Greek colony in southern Italy.
Now the new Latin alphabet contained 23 letters: The [[Duenos inscription, dated to the 6th century BC, shows the earliest known forms of the Old Latin alphabet.]] The Latin names of some of the letters are disputed.
In the course of its history, the Latin alphabet was adapted for use for new languages, some of which had phonemes which were not used in languages previously written with this alphabet, and therefore diacritics and new letters were created as needed.
latin-alphabet.wikix.ipupdater.com   (2646 words)

 Ireland Information Guide , Irish, Counties, Facts, Statistics, Tourism, Culture, How
The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world, the standard script of the English language and most of the languages of western and central Europe, and of those areas settled by Europeans.
The Latin alphabet spread to the Germanic peoples of northern Europe with the spread of western Christianity, displacing the earlier Runic alphabets.
By 1492, the Latin alphabet was limited primarily to the Roman Catholic and Protestant nations of western and central Europe.
www.irelandinformationguide.com /Latin_alphabet   (1876 words)

 alphabet Information Center - graffiti alphabet
An alphabet is a complete standardized set of letters — basic written alphabet coloring sheets symbols — each of which roughly represents a phoneme of a spoken language, either as it exists now or as it may have been in the past.
In later Pahlavi alphabet activities papyri, up to half of the graffiti alphabet remaining graphic distinctions were lost, and the script could no longer be read as a sequence of letters chinese alphabet at all, but calligraphy alphabet had to be learned as word symbols – that is, as logograms like Egyptian Demotic.
The theory claims that a greater level of abstraction alphabet beads is required due to the greater economy of symbols in alphabetic systems; and this abstraction needed to interpret phonemic symbols in turn has contributed in some way to the development of the societies which use it.
www.scipeeps.com /Sci-Linguistic_Topics_A_-_Co/alphabet.html   (2270 words)

 The Latin Alphabet
The Latin alphabet of 23 letters was derived in the 600's BC from the Etruscan alphabet of 26 letters, which was in turn derived from the archaic Greek alphabet, which came from the Phoenician.
The letters J, U, and W of the modern alphabet were added in medieval times, and did not appear in the classical alphabet, except that J and U could be alternative forms for I and V. A comparison of the Greek and Latin alphabets shows the close relation between the two.
Alphabets, of course, represent the elementary sounds of speech, which are combined to form syllables, and the syllables into words, expressing speech in terms of a small number of symbols.
www.du.edu /~etuttle/classics/latalph.htm   (659 words)

 Greatest Inventions-- The Alphabet
Sanskrit is written in an alphabet of 53 letters, including the visarga mark for final aspiration and special letters for kš and jñ, though one of the long els is theoretical and not actually used.
Latin alphabet to write all of its own words, but certain letters (such as K, X and W) are retained for the purpose of writing "foreign" words.
Santali alphabet, an indigenous true alphabet of India, appears to be based on traditional symbols such as "danger" and "meeting place", as well as pictographs invented by its creator.
www.edinformatics.com /inventions_inventors/alphabet.htm   (2709 words)

 Portuguese alphabet
Although not found in vernacular terms, the letters K, W, and Y are still used for proper names and Portuguese words derived from them.
Although not properly a letter of the alphabet, the apostrophe (') can be part of certain words, almost always to indicate the loss of a vowel in the contraction of a preprosition with the next word: de + amigo = d'amigo.
The letters "K", "W", and "Y" were heavily used in the Portuguese alphabet until the 1940s, when they were officially removed from the alphabet by a broad spelling reform agreement between Portugal and Brazil.
starrepublic.org /encyclopedia/wikipedia/p/po/portuguese_alphabet.html   (1803 words)

 Evertype: The Alphabets of Europe   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, and Armenian alphabets have case, that is, almost all letters have both a capital and a small form.
The repertoire is given, in an alphabetical order as found in the sources, and includes digraphs, trigraphs, or tetragraphs used as “letters” for alphabetizing, when a language is subject to this practice.
Letters in (parentheses) are fundamental letters normal to the alphabet of a languages, used in writing native or naturalized (non-foreign) words, but which are, in the sources, interfiled with the base letter.
www.evertype.com /alphabets   (3504 words)

In the earliest Greek alphabet, aleph became the letter alpha; in turn, this became the Roman A, the form and general value of which were passed on to the peoples who later adopted the Roman alphabet.
The symbol is derived from Latin C, a rounding of the Greek Ã, gamma, which was derived from a Phoenician symbol called gimel or camel, which was in turn developed from an Egyptian symbol.
Eventually, in Latin, the sound of w was assigned to the letter v, while the Latin f came to represent the sound it has in English, as in the word fit.
www.maydaymystery.org /mayday/texts/people.html   (14900 words)

 Sorting the letter ÞORN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
A derived letter is one which is, in terms of its historical development, based on one or more other Latin characters, whether by some deformation of the character itself, or by the addition of one or more modifying marks or signs.
The Gothic script was derived by Wulfila from the Greek, with the influence of the Germanic fuþark (already in use by the Goths) and the Latin alphabet.
Nowadays most editions print Gothic with the Latin script, not the Gothic script, though some scholars have argued that this is bad practice: “The extraordinary significance of the alphabet in which the Gothic literary monuments were written was strongly emphasized by the late Herman Hirt: ‘Dreimal sind die Germanen zu einer Schrift gekommen.
www.evertype.com /standards/wynnyogh/thorn.html   (4833 words)

 Danish and Norwegian alphabet -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Danish and Norwegian alphabet is based upon the Latin alphabet and consists of 29 letters:
Its place as the last letter of the alphabet, as in Norwegian, was decided in 1955.
The difference between the Dano-Norwegian and the Swedish alphabet is, that Swedish uses the variant Ä instead of Æ, and the variant Ö instead of Ø — similar to German.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Danish_alphabet   (361 words)

We cannot over-emphasize the benefits derived by humanity from the invention of letters to record meanings and figures to record number.
But the Europeans did not derive them direct from the Nile Valley as the priests were keen on concealing these secrets...
When the letters of the alphabet became in the course of time established and widespread they moved into the vicinity of Egypt, in Sinai and on its Eastern frontiers, where the Arameans and Canaanites had been living.
www.witness-pioneer.org /vil/Books/AM_AIEC/writing.html   (331 words)

 Old Italic alphabets
It was adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC.
The Messapic alphabet is thought to have derived directly from the Greek alphabet, rather than developing from the Etruscan alphabet.
The Osci adapted the Etruscan alphabet to write their language sometime in the 7th century BC though the earlist known Oscan inscriptions appeared on coins dating from the 5th century BC.
www.omniglot.com /writing/olditalic.htm   (438 words)

 Latin - Wiktionary
Of or from Latin America or of Latin American culture.
A person whose native tongue is one descended from Latin, such as a Spaniard or Italian.
Latin - English Dictionary: from Webster's Dictionary - the Rosetta Edition.
en.wiktionary.org /wiki/Latin   (415 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - G
G, seventh letter in the English and other alphabets derived from the Latin.
Alphabet (from alpha and beta, the first two letters of the Greek alphabet), set of written symbols, each representing a given sound or sounds,...
Group of 77 (G-77), also known as United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Group of 77, grouping of developing countries formed...
uk.encarta.msn.com /G.html   (133 words)

 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Albanian language
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language.
Albanian or Shqip is a language spoken by some six million inhabitants of the western Balkan peninsula in the south-eastern Europe (Albanians) and by a small number of people in Calabria, southern Italy.
Albanian was proved to be an Indo-European language in the 1850s, that is thought by some to derive principally from either the Illyrian languages or the Dacian language, both spoken in the south-eastern Europe two millennia ago, and forms part of no known wider sub-group within the Indo-European family.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Albanian-language   (823 words)

 Mongolian alphabets, pronunciation and language
The Uighur alphabet was a derivative of the Sogdian alphabet, which ultimately came from Aramaic.
Between the 13th and 15th Centuries, Mongolian was also written with Chinese characters, the Arabic alphabet and a script derived from Tibetan called Phags-pa.
As a result of pressure from the Soviet Union, Mongolia adopted the Latin alphabet in 1931 and the Cyrillic alphabet in 1937.
www.omniglot.com /writing/mongolian.htm   (486 words)

 The Evolution of the Alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Most evidence suggests that the invention of the Alphabet occurred in Byblos, the city famous for its trade in papyrus, presumably as a result of the work of the workmen and merchants of Byblos who had a long history of commerce with Egypt.
From the Greeks the alphabet passed on to the Etruscans of Italy; to the Copts of Egypt (where it replaced their old Egyptian hieroglyphic writing); and to the Slavonic peoples of Eastern Europe.
Like the earlier Greek, the Latin writing consisted of 24 signs; but the similarity in number was coincidental, for Latin underwent a different set of changes and replacements.
www.cedarland.org /alpha.html   (1048 words)

 Genetic Distance and Language Affinities
A 1999 correspondent informed me that Nostratic is (or should be) viewed as the parent rather than the derivative of Euasiatic.
This is the first alphabet, and forms of it, often by way of Phoenican, eventually passed to Aramaic, Greek, Arabic, Old South Arabian, Ethiopic, Middle Persian and even to India as the Brahmi script.
After some letters were adapted as vowels in Greek, we get other derived alphabets with vowels: Latin, Armenian, Georgian, and Cyrllic.
www.friesian.com /trees.htm   (3444 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - g   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Resistance (electricity), property of any object or substance to resist or oppose the flow of an electrical current.
Alphabet, set of letters or other symbols, each representing a distinctive sound of a language.
These letters can be combined to write all the words...
ca.encarta.msn.com /g.html   (116 words)

 alphabets - Books, journals, articles @ The Questia Online Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
THE ITALIC ALPHABETS 32...affect the Latin alphabet and the modern alphabets derived from the Latin.
The role of the cuneiform alphabets in the history of writing is rightly...priority of cuneiform and linear Phoenician alphabets have been discussed since the decipherment...
When in Latin alphabets the letters for p and r became similar in appearance, the rho form (P; which at first was used for the r sound) was restricted...
www.questia.com /SM.qst?act=search&keywordsSearchType=1000&keywords=alphabets   (1542 words)

 MAUNIK PATEL'S WEB PAGE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
All alphabets derived from the Latin alphabet are called Roman alphabets; their letters are similar but by no means identical in shapes, names, order, number, and sound values.
The Roman alphabet has been adopted even by the Chinese, Koreans, and Japanese to write words for readers of English and other European language [9].
For centuries, however, there was no distinct Korean alphabet, and Korean could only be written using an awkward system of Chinese characters which was so difficult to learn that only a few educated scholars were able to write the language.
www.csuchico.edu /~cheinz/syllabi/fall99/patel/asst100_6.html   (349 words)

 English Alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Since the 5th century, the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc had been used, and both alphabets continued to be used in parallel for some time.
The ampersand (&, &) has sometimes appeared at the end of the English alphabet as with Byrhtferð's list of letters in 1011.[2] The figure is properly speaking a ligature for the letters Et.
In English it is used to represent the word and and occasionally the Latin word et, as in the abbreviation &c (et cetera).
ashleygarden96.bloggerus.com /English_language/English_alphabet   (872 words)

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