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Topic: Alternative Vote

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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

  Instant-runoff voting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In an IRV election, if no candidate receives an overall majority of first preferences the candidates with fewest votes are eliminated one by one, and their votes transferred according to their second and third preferences (and so on) and all votes retallied, until one candidate achieves a majority.
It is called instant runoff voting in the United States primarily because of its resemblance to runoff voting, which is also used in that country and many presidential elections around the world.
It is known as the Alternative Vote (AV) in the United Kingdom and preferential voting in Australia, but this last term can be misleading because IRV is only one of a number of preferential voting systems.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alternative_Vote   (3331 words)

They are plurality voting (the candidate with the most votes wins) and plurality voting with a runoff (the two candidates with the most votes are paired against each other in a second, or runoff, election; the candidate with the most votes in the runoff election wins).
A rational voter will vote for a second choice if his or her first choice appears to be a long shot--as indicated, for example, by the polls--but the voter's calculus and its effects on outcomes is not yet well understood for either approval voting or the other procedures discussed herein (Nurmi, l987; Merrill, l988).
Although cumulative voting offers a means for parties to guarantee their approximate proportional representation, it requires good predictive abilities and considerable organizational efforts on the part of parties to ensure that their supporters concentrate their voters in the proper manner.
bcn.boulder.co.us /government/approvalvote/altvote.html   (6123 words)

 Farrell, Chapter 3
To vote, the elector chooses the appropriate ballot paper of the party he or she supports, places it in the envelope provided, and drops it into the ballot box.
Because the voting takes place on one day, there is no possibility for the parties to adopt manipulative strategies to try and maximize their gains; there is no second round of voting a fortnight later.
There are also problems with the alternative vote which, Rae argues, is not 'the exact equivalent of majority rule, since votes are not to be equated with voters' (Rae, 1967: 24).
janda.org /c24/Readings/Farrell/Farrell3.htm   (4904 words)

 Brief -- What is Alternative Three?
Knockers will say that a vote for Alternative Three will be declared informal, this is not legally possible as the legislation covering referendums, as amended in 1998, clearly sets out that an informal vote is one where the voters intention is not clear.
An Alternative Three vote in fact takes on a position where the people are totally rejecting the government's proposals, -- proposals that are bound by the rules of the legislation and the Constitution itself.
The only rules that apply to a vote for Alternative Three is that the vote is cast in a totally fair and properly supervised situation.
www.ja.olm.net /succeed/Pages/brief--.htm   (1004 words)

 Instant-runoff voting - Electowiki
In this vote, the candidates for the capital are Memphis, Nashville, Chattanooga, and Knoxville.
In order to increase awareness of the voting method and to demonstrate it in a real-world situation, the Independence Party of Minnesota tested IRV by using it in a straw poll during the 2004 Minnesota caucuses (results favored John Edwards).
Alternatively, if the voters from Memphis are unlikely to vote tactically (because they think they have a chance of winning outright or for any other reasons), voters from Nashville can improve their result by "compromising" and ranking Chattanooga over Nashville.
wiki.electorama.com /wiki/Alternative_vote   (3273 words)

 Electoral Methods: Single Winner
Each alternative's Copeland score is calculated by subtracting the number of alternatives that pairwise beat it from the number that it beats.
Each alternative is given a score equal to the greatest margin of victory by which that alternative loses a pairwise contest.
Each alternative is given a score equal to the sum of all its margins of defeat in pairwise contests against other alternatives.
condorcet.org /emr/methods.shtml   (876 words)

 Why vote Alternative Three
Alternative Three or A3 Most Aussies would rather go to the footie than take an interest in the thing that most effects their lives - the Constitution.
A NO vote will give Monarchists exactly what they have been getting since 1920 and will legitimise the 80-year lie, which is fast approaching a Dictatorship.
Alternative Three or A3, — under the Constitution and the Act, is formal as long as the voters intention is clear.
www.ja.olm.net /succeed/Pages/why_vote_alternative_three.htm   (872 words)

 Alternative vote top-up - Electowiki
The Alternative Vote Plus (AV+) or Alternative Vote Top-up is a voting system intended for use in elections to an assembly or legislature.
Under AV+ most candidates are elected from single member constituencies under the Alternative Vote system while a small number of candidates are elected under the regional list system.
AV+ also differs from most versions of AMS in that the constituency seats are elected by means of the Alternative Vote rather than the Simple Plurality ('First past the post') system.
wiki.electorama.com /wiki/Alternative_vote_top-up   (270 words)

 Elections 2006 - Fiji Islands
Under the Alternative Vote system a candidate only wins when he or she has got more than half of all the votes in that constituency.
This candidates’s ballot papers are then looked at again, and his or her votes are transferred to the candidates who are marked as the 2nd preference on each of these ballot papers.
If there is still no winner, then the candidate who now has the fewest votes is eliminated, and his or her votes are transferred to whichever candidate is next in the order of each voter’s preferences.
www.elections.gov.fj /introduction/alt_vote.html   (334 words)

 portland imc - 2006.02.19 - Proposal for Alternative Voting System
Any candidates may transfer their votes to other candidates higher up on the list (obviously the top candidate cannot do this), or just erase their votes completely if there is nobody higher up that they would choose to transfer to.
I think this is normally alright, because voters would vote for candidates most reflective of their positions and, thus, would tend to transfer their votes in a way that best represents what the voter who voted for them would have wanted.
Fusion voting and open primaries are all part of a concerted effort to minimize the rise of third parties and are nothing more than transparent attempts by the ruling duopoly to try and confuse people who are fed up with a broken system.
portland.indymedia.org /en/2006/02/334285.shtml   (7240 words)

 South Ossetians Vote Under Tight Security | The Agonist
The Georgians were not expected to vote in the alternative referendum out of fear of provocations, but the month-long pre-election campaign on Georgian television had an effect and voters showed u at the polls in Akhalgori district and the Georgian enclave of South Ossetia.
The vote was on the question “Do you agree that the Republic of South Ossetia should begin negotiations with Georgia on a federative state structure?” Initially, the referendum question had been about independence.
The alternative elections are necessary to prevent South Ossetia from being recognized in the same manner as Kosovo.
agonist.org /20061112/south_ossetians_vote_under_tight_security   (1422 words)

 A Neo-Downsian Model of the Alternative Vote as a Mechanism for Mitigating Ethnic Conflict in Plural Societies
Their two approaches to electoral system choice in plural societies are widely viewed as being in direct opposition to one another, both by academics studying ethnic conflict and by politicians in plural societies, themselves.
We illustrate such a situation hypothetically for the case of Fiji, a country where, largely due to Horowitz’s influence, in 1999, the alternative vote was adopted for national parliamentary elections.
Jon Fraenkel and Bernard Grofman, "A Neo-Downsian Model of the Alternative Vote as a Mechanism for Mitigating Ethnic Conflict in Plural Societies" (January 7, 2004).
repositories.cdlib.org /csd/04-01   (301 words)

 Free the MLAs! Vote STV! :: Views :: thetyee.ca
There are lots of points to debate before the referendum vote but we should all understand that the main virtue of STV is that, because the MLA becomes more answerable to the voter, the voter has a much greater and more direct influence on public affairs.
This is known as Alternative Vote (AV) and is not proportional.
Explaination of useful vote : a vote that contributes to the election of a candidate.
thetyee.ca /Views/2005/04/25/FreeMLAsVoteSTV   (8326 words)

 Salon Media | Election coverage, gonzo-style   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
Sennett is the editor of NewCity.com, which functions as a selective portal for the alternative press.
While it's no Rolling Stone, Alternative Vote is off to a good start with its small but growing sections on Democrats, Republicans, third parties, key local races, and a hearty list of trend pieces.
Fortunately, Alternative Vote 2000 will be providing us with coverage that's more substantive and straightforward as the big day approaches.
www.salon.com /media/col/shre/1999/10/22/alternativevote/index.html   (566 words)

 The ENnie Awards- Why Alternative Vote/Instant Runoff Vote?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
Instant runoff voting/alternative vote is a system that has been used in many countries for local and national elections for just this purpose.
Voting systems in which the voter must rate all the products, both those he likes and those he dislikes are notorious for producing strategic voting.
If no candidate receives a majority of the vote, the bottom candidate is eliminated and the votes of those supporting it are transferred to the voter's second choice candidate.
www.enworld.org /ennies/fusangite.html   (1356 words)

 Election of one person by means of the Single Transferable Vote (Alternative Vote)
This process shall be continued until the vote for some one candidate exceeds or equals the votes for all other continuing candidates combined, and that candidate shall then be declared elected.
If when a candidate has to be excluded, two or more candidates have each the same number of votes and are lowest on the poll, the candidate with the lowest number of votes at the earliest stage in the count, at which the candidates in question had an unequal number of votes, shall be excluded.
The expression 'invalid voting paper' means a voting paper on which no first or only preference is expressed, or on which any first preference is void for uncertainty.
www.cix.co.uk /~rosenstiel/stvrules/av/welcome.htm   (635 words)

 Allegheny County Division of Elections   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
Public Law 98-435 provides that elderly and disabled voters who are assigned to an inaccessible polling place be provided with an alternative means of casting their ballot on the day of the Primary or Election.
Applications for Alternative Ballots are available at the Allegheny County Elections Division, Room 601 of the County Office Building, located at the corner of Forbes Avenue and Ross Street, downtown Pittsburgh, Pa., 15219 or for more information you may call (412) 350-4520.
If you choose to wait until the day of election to vote your alternative ballot, it must be returned to the Allegheny County Parking Garage, 552 Fourth Avenue, corner of Ross Street and Fourth Avenue, downtown Pittsburgh.
www.county.allegheny.pa.us /elect/alternative.asp   (388 words)

 Strathprints - The alternative vote - a forgotten option for electoral reform in Britain. Strathclyde papers on ...
Strathprints - The alternative vote - a forgotten option for electoral reform in Britain.
This relative neglect of the Alternative Vote is surprising.
In the first place, the Alternative Vote has a respectable pedigree as an electoral reform proposal in Britain.
eprints.cdlr.strath.ac.uk /287   (182 words)

 Scotsman.com News - Latest News - South Ossetia holds independence vote
A man in traditional dress leaves a ballot booth during an alternative South Ossetian presidential election, conducted in contention to a poll held in the separatist part of the region, in the village of Eredvi, some 120 km (75 miles) northwest of Tbilisi, November 12, 2006.
Separatist South Ossetians voted on Sunday to reaffirm independence from Georgia in a referendum the West called illegal but Russia said should be respected.
They reject the vote and were running their own polls to elect a rival regional leader on Sunday.
news.scotsman.com /latest.cfm?id=1674822006   (817 words)

 Instant Runoff Voting
We too often see a far-right candidate lead a couple thousand zealous supporters to vote in a primary election, and so win the Republican nomination in a district that always elects that party's nominee.
IRV can reduce the chances of that by combining the primary with the general election, greatly increasing the number of Republican voters and independents who help select their party's representative.
Australians call IRV "Alternative Vote" or "Majority Preferential Voting" and use it to elect their lower house of parliament and the mayors of all their major cities.
accuratedemocracy.com /c_irv.htm   (1340 words)

 Fast Company | Polls
Copy and paste these links into your email or web pages so that people can visit this poll, vote and add their comments.
Talk to your webmaster (or your cousin Ralph, or visit one of these HTML resources on the net) if you have questions about embedding this code into web pages.
Alternatives: (1) Focus on the top (X) challenges, e.g.
www.fastcompany.com /poll/code.html?x=883   (1006 words)

 The Hindu : Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : None gets to choose the "no vote" option
49(o) of the rules — a "not to vote" alternative, while registering their presence at the booth.
Voters who came to the polling booths determined to use this provision said they were actively discouraged by the staff from doing so.
A voter at Besant Nagar complained that the polling officer in the booth reportedly asked him, "What is 49 (o)?" He said he was forced to cast a vote and not allowed to exercise his "I do not want to vote" right because polling booth officials were unaware of the rules.
www.hindu.com /2006/05/09/stories/2006050910520600.htm   (501 words)

 FairVote - IRV America
San Francisco's third city-wide round of elections under instant runoff voting were a success.
Since instant runoff voting's ground-breaking win in March 2002 in San Francisco, it has been on the ballot in eight cities and counties.
The November campaigns for instant runoff voting won another round of high-profile endorsements this week.
www.fairvote.org /irv   (360 words)

 Fruits and Votes » Blog Archive » Fiji’s use of the alternative vote and power-sharing
Fruits and Votes » Blog Archive » Fiji’s use of the alternative vote and power-sharing
Fiji’s use of the alternative vote and power-sharing
Fiji has faced severe ethnic conflict and democratic breakdown, and its recent return to democracy included the adoption of the alternative vote (instant runoff), on the assumption that such rules would favor moderates.
fruitsandvotes.com /?p=768   (616 words)

 Single Transferable Vote
To break that deadlock, we have a rule: If a round of counting ballots finds no winner, the box with the fewest votes is eliminated.
If a candidate gets more than enough votes, a share of the extra votes goes to each supporter's next choice.
In practice, each voter ranks the candidates as 1st choice, 2nd choice, 3rd etc. Then officials move ballots between boxes or a computer tallies them.
accuratedemocracy.com /d_stv.htm   (718 words)

 STV is different than the Alternative Vote   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
Alexander is quite right, the Alternative Vote (or what we here in the United States call Instant Runoff Voting) is a majoritarian system that uses ranked/transferable ballots to, in essence, ask voters ahead of time who their "runoff" choice is so that you can determine a majority winner in one election.
naturally, like all voting systems, it can suffer from some unusual results and paradoxes in extraordinary circumstances, but generally speaking in 99 percent of cases, IRV/alternative vote works just fine.
STV is a proportional representation voting system electing representatives from multi-seat districts, instead of single-seat districts.
forum.icann.org /election/395B169500000004.html   (192 words)

 Alternative Press - Salon
Alternative weekly journalists share their true feelings on SUVs, cell phones, minks, celebrities and others.
Alternative Vote 2000 brings the counterculture to election coverage.
Alternative Press, articles 1 - 13 of 37 1 2
dir.salon.com /topics/alternative_press/index.html   (331 words)

 The ENnie Awards- Voting Information Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
In July, gamers from around the world are invited to visit the ENnies voting booth on EN World to demonstrate their preferences for products.
Answer: If you are voting from home or work where someone else may have already voted, the IP will be recorded, and no further attempts will be permitted.
However sometimes those with dynamic IP numbers may be told they voted even though no-one from their home or workplace did so already.
www.enworld.org /ennies/voting.html   (359 words)

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