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# Topic: Alternation

###### In the News (Sat 23 Jun 18)

 Alternation (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Because the rule for determining which alternate to use depends on the surrounding sounds, the s/z alternation is called a phonologically-conditioned alternation. The alternation between -s/-z and -en is a grammatically-conditioned alternation. The alternation between s/z/iz is called an automatic alternation because using the wrong alternate in the wrong situation would produce a phonologically illegal English word -- 'fishs' is very hard to say and is not legal English. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alternation_(linguistics)   (490 words)

 alternation of generations - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about alternation of generations The gametes fuse to form a diploid zygote which develops into a new sporophyte; thus the sporophyte and gametophyte alternate. All higher plants are sporophytes, and the gametophyte is not seen because it completes its life within the body of the sporophyte. The life cycles of certain animals (such as the jellyfish) are sometimes said to show alternation of generations, but this is rarely as regular and clearly defined as in plants. encyclopedia.farlex.com /alternation%20of%20generations   (239 words)

 Alternation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Alternation is a solitaire card game which is played using two decks of playing cards. The object of the game is to release the Aces as they become available, creating foundations, and to then build up each suit from the Ace. A sequence or part of a sequence can be moved as a unit. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alternation   (250 words)

 Computational Complexity: Favorite Theorems: Alternation An alternating Turing machine is a nondeterministic machine with states marked either existential or universal. Alternation causes a shift in the time-space hierarchy of classes: P = AL, PSPACE = AP, EXP = APSPACE, EXPSPACE = AEXP, etc. More importantly the two fundamental resource bounds of time and space are really just the same concept on different models. Also alternating machines set the stage for interactive proof systems which led to probabilistically checkable proofs, perhaps the most productive line of research in complexity over the past fifteen years. weblog.fortnow.com /2006/02/favorite-theorems-alternation.html   (321 words)

 § 24.135 Wine premises alternation The proprietor of a bonded winery or bonded wine cellar may alternate all or a portion of wine premises for use as a taxpaid wine bottling house or use as taxpaid wine premises. The proprietor shall, prior to the initial alternation of the premises, identify by portable signs or tags, or by any other method or manner satisfactory to the regional director (compliance), either all taxpaid wine on taxpaid wine premises or taxpaid wine bottling house premises or all untaxpaid wine on bonded wine premises. Authority for the alternation of bonded wine premises, taxpaid wine bottling house premises, taxpaid wine premises, or other premises qualified under 26 U.S.C chapter 51 is conditioned on compliance by the proprietor with the provisions of this section. www.wineinstitute.org /fedlaw/regs/27cfr_part24/24_135.htm   (454 words)

 Job alternation leave — Jyväskylän yliopisto The project analysed the impact of job alternation leave to overall employment, and specifically to the selection of substitutes and their employability, to overall well-being of the alternators and whether the use of job alternation leave affected overall work career and activities of the work organizations. The aim of the present study was to analyse the effects of the job alternation leave system on the well-being and overall length of the work career of the job alternators, as well as the selection of the substitute workers and their later employability, and the overall effects of the system on the work organizations. The personal characteristics of the alternators and substitutes have not changed substantially since the beginning of the alternation leave system, although the mean age of the alternators has risen. www.jyu.fi /ytk/laitokset/yfi/oppiaineet/ykp/tutkimus/paattyneet/vvs/vuoroeng   (852 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) The type of alternation under primary consideration in this chapter is the well-studied causative and non-causative alternation (e.g., a causative-inchoative alternation) or the transitivity alternation in terms of the number of the verb’s argument (e.g., a transitive-intransitive alternation). Sentences in (1) involve a shift in the verb’s transitivity and the syntactic representation of arguments; the syntactic subject in the intransitive sentence in (1a) occurs as the syntactic object of the sentence in the transitive counterpart, (1b). The alternation shown in (1) is often characterized as a causative-inchoative alternation due to the semantic relation between the two sentences; the intransitive sentence(the ice melted(denotes a change of state that the ice undergoes, and the transitive sentence (Sally melted the ice(describes the event in which Sally brings about or causes this change of state. www.ling.udel.edu /simyong/0-Telugu/Chapter2[1].doc   (13743 words)

 On transitivity alternation in Japanese and English: It is part of diathesis alternations, a well-known verbal behavior which, by definition, involves shifts in the syntactic representations of arguments such as dative alternations and locative alternations (Levin 1993:2). I would argue for the non-lexicalist view of the English transitivity alternation in that it is syntactically represented in a strict sense and thus speakers of the language need to rely on syntactic configuration to determine whether a given alternant is transitive or intransitive. Recall that one major syntactic characteristic of the transitivity alternation is that the object of a transitive predicate corresponds to the subject of an intransitive predicate (cf. web.aall.ufl.edu /SJS/Matsuzaki.html   (4511 words)

 Alternation home page Alternation is an international journal which publishes interdisciplinary contributions in the fields of Southern African Literature and Languages. Prior to publication, each publication in Alternation is refereed by at least two independent peer referees. Alternation is indexed in The Index to South African Periodicals (ISAP) and reviewed in The African Book Publishing Record (ABPR). singh.reshma.tripod.com /alternation   (113 words)

 Life Science | Session 4 Note that, unlike mosses and ferns, water is not required to bring sex cells together and that the embryo develops in a seed, where it is protected from drying-out and is supplied with food. Alternation of generations in flowering plants is essentially the same as in the conifers (and just as complicated), except that flowers represent the sporophyte. The main message is this: plant life cycles are unique from animals because of alternation of generations. www.learner.org /channel/courses/essential/life/session4/closer1.html   (1345 words)

 Alternation between Development Modes: reinforcing dynamic conception through functional classification of ... In the right-hemisphere approach, an interesting parallel to the fluid behaviour of plasma is to be found in the important taoist concept of "ch'i" (or ki), which as an essentially intangible form of "energy" defies all exercises in definition. It is by identification with ch'i that an individual develops a way of alternating appropriately between the two modes without the normal discontinuity of awareness. It is rather to discover "models of alternation" (or oscillation) to contain the development process in relation to different alternatives which may be periodically adopted. www.laetusinpraesens.org /docs/altdev.php   (13507 words)

 alpha 4beta 2 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Activation Ameliorates Impairment of Spontaneous Alternation Behavior in ... The objective of the present study was to elucidate the role of nicotine in impairment of spontaneous alternation behavior The acute effects of nicotine on spontaneous alternation behavior in SHRSP are shown in Fig. Shirane M and Nakamura K (2000) Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors are a common target of N-anisoyl-GABA and 1S,3R-ACPD in enhancing ACh release in the prefrontal cortex of freely moving SHRSP. jpet.aspetjournals.org /cgi/content/full/302/1/95   (3318 words)

 Get involved - Runway alternation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) The runway alternation plan does not appear to impact on the early morning arrivals as I have been hearing the planes every morning for as long as I can remember. The moment we reduce, or stop the alternation will be the moment when we abandon any pretence about valuing anything other than an ultra-efficient, fast, noisy and aggressive stytle of urban living. The runway alternation gives some much needed peace, especially at weekends in the summer when you know that you at least some respite from the noise. www.wandsworth.gov.uk /Home/MyWandsworth/Newsextra/alternation.htm   (2102 words)

 SparkNotes: The Life Cycle of Plants: Alternation of Generations The multicellular haploid plant structure is called the gametophyte, which is formed from the spore and give rise to the haploid gametes. The fluctuation between these diploid and haploid stages that occurs in plants is called the alternation of generations. The way in which the alternation of generations occurs in plants depends on the type of plant. www.sparknotes.com /biology/plants/lifecycle/section1.html   (453 words)

 Modulation of Hippocampal Acetylcholine Release and Spontaneous Alternation Scores by Intrahippocampal Glucose ... The results describing ACh output during spontaneous alternation testing are shown in Figure 1. The spontaneous alternation scores are illustrated in Figure 2. The results after spontaneous alternation testing are shown in Figure 5. www.jneurosci.org /cgi/content/full/18/4/1595   (4458 words)

 Development through Alternation It is in the dynamics of an "androgynous" pattern of alternation or resonance between two or more such modes that the possibilities for a planetary meta-answer lie.  But, as with the ideal of marriage, there are many well-recognized patterns of unfruitful organized relationship which are valuable to the non-transformative existence of both partners. In terms of development through alternation, focus on not-doing (as a particular preference) must alternate with focus on doing. Alternation between development modes;  reinforcing dynamic conception through functional classification of international organizations and their concerns.  (Paper for a meeting of Integrative Group B of the UN University GPID project, Athens, 1982) (http://www.laetusinpraesens.org/docs/altdev.php) www.laetusinpraesens.org /docs80s/83deval0.php   (5486 words)

 Regex Tutorial - Alternation with The Vertical Bar The alternation operator has the lowest precedence of all regex operators. That is, it tells the regex engine to match either everything to the left of the vertical bar, or everything to the right of the vertical bar. Because the regex engine is eager, it considers the entire alternation to have been successfully matched as soon as one of the options has. www.regular-expressions.info /alternation.html   (582 words)

 Why transition from alternation to randomisation in clinical trials was made -- Chalmers 319 (7221): 1372 -- BMJ Why transition from alternation to randomisation in clinical trials was made -- Chalmers 319 (7221): 1372 -- BMJ Why transition from alternation to randomisation in clinical trials was made D'Arcy Hart P. A change in scientific approach: from alternation to randomised allocation in clinical trials in the 1940s. bmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/319/7221/1372   (712 words)

 The Haploid-Diploid Life Cycle   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) This alternation of generations creates a morphologically complex life cycle, depending on the similarity or dissimilarity of the GPT and SPT, the relationship of these to each other, and the nature of the spores. There can be an alternation of similar generations, isomorphic alternation of generations, where the GPT and SPT are morphologically identical, except for the reproductive structures. On the other hand, there can also be an alternation of dissimilar generations, heteromorphic alternation of generations, when the GPT and SPT are morphologically different. www.ucmp.berkeley.edu /glossary/gloss6/altergen.html   (296 words)

 Diencephalic Damage Decreases Hippocampal Acetylcholine Release During Spontaneous Alternation Testing -- Savage et al. ... Panel C is the positive correlation between alternation score and mean percent increase in ACh during maze testing. The gray squares are the data from the PTD-treated subjects whereas the fl squares are data from the PF subjects. Lalonde, R. The neurobiological basis of spontaneous alternation. www.learnmem.org /cgi/content/full/10/4/242   (3009 words)

 www.myspace.com/alternation Alternation is more or less an excuse to get loaded to good music with James Alternation and DJ Kickwit Alternation Music is based in Cambridge, UK and runs Alternative and Indie nightclubs in the area. The music was good, but I was wet through most of the night because my girlfriend was drunk and accidentally (I think it was accidentally..) spilt her drink down my back. profile.myspace.com /index.cfm?fuseaction=user.viewprofile&friendid=29928114   (822 words)

 Pump Alternation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) DI-lead, DI-Lag but need the pumps to alternate after each pump down but still operate the lag pump in case of a lead pump failure. You are correct in your thinking to alternate the pumps. As you are aware the other pump would probably be seized by the time need to use it. www.control.com /1026173762/index_html   (287 words)

 LINGUIST List 5.206: Stem alternation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) Thank you to all those who replied to my query (5-156) about cases where an inflectional category is realised by 'stem alternation alone', including prosodic alternation. A slightly weaker version of the claim would be that, even if both affixation and various forms of mutation or stem alternation can expound inflectional categories, nevertheless they behave differently with respect to various principles of the grammar. The lesser, I think, is that even the most processual looking alternations can, with varying degrees of ingenuity, be reformulated as 'things', e.g. www.ling.ed.ac.uk /linguist/issues/5/5-206.html   (1660 words)

 A New Bedside Test of Cognition for Patients with HIV Infection -- Jones et al. 119 (10): 1001 -- Annals of Internal ... Alternation score was determined by calculating the sensitivity The usefulness of different cut-off values for defining abnormal performance on the Mental Alternation Test was determined by calculating the sensitivity and specificity of each cut-off score for abnormal Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) performance (MMSE score < 24). The Mental Alternation Test is a verbal test of cognition that www.annals.org /cgi/content/full/119/10/1001   (2174 words)

 Overexpression of hAPPswe Impairs Rewarded Alternation and Contextual Fear Conditioning in a Transgenic Mouse Model of ... After a 4-d habituation period on the T-maze, mice were trained to alternate arm choices to receive a sucrose pellet reward. Mean ± SEM number of days for each group to reach the criterion for learning of at least 5 out of 6 correct responses on 3 consecutive days. The mice were trained on a rewarded alternation task using a conventional T-maze. www.learnmem.org /cgi/content/full/9/5/243   (6006 words)

 Hong Kong - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hong Kong's climate is seasonal due to alternating wind direction between winter and summer. Hong Kong has been geologically stable for millions of years. However, flora and fauna in Hong Kong are altered by climatic change, sea level alternation and human impact. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hong_Kong   (6670 words)

 Job Alternation Leave - Finland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) A research project, funded by Ministry of Labour, is implemented in the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences at the University of Jyväskylä. The project analyses the impact of job alternation leave to overall employment, and specifically to the selection of substitutes and their employability, to overall well-being of the alternators and whether the use of job alternation leave has affected overall work career and activities of the work organizations. The results were compared to those of previous surveys (1996 – 1997). www.jyu.fi /yhtfil/vuorottelu/ENG.htm   (898 words)

 Alternation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) To move all the cards to the foundations. Build second and fourth piles down in alternate color from King to Ace. Two Aces and Kings of each color are dealt here at the start of the game. www.goodsol.com /pgshelp/alternation.htm   (129 words)

 Alternation (Open for Business - Rules Component)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) Given a set of assemblies, this method matches this alternation against all of them, and returns a new set of the assemblies that result from the matches. Create a random collection of elements that correspond to this alternation. Returns the string to show between the parsers this parser is an alternation of. www.ofbiz.org /api/framework/rules/build/javadocs/org/ofbiz/rules/parse/Alternation.html   (322 words)

 88.9fm WSTB Radio - the AlterNation :: Northeast Ohio's BEST Modern Rock   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07) You can log-in or register for a user account here. Join the AlterNation on Saturday, July 1st as we celebrate with the City of Kent. Look for our big, green AlterNation hut from 9am to 6pm. www.rock889.com   (120 words)

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