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Topic: Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America

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  Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America was a United States labor union known for its support for "social unionism" and progressive political causes.
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America—also known as "ACWA" or simply "the Amalgamated"—formed in 1914 as a result of the revolt of the urban locals against the conservative AFL affiliate the United Garment Workers.
The ACWA merged with the TWUA in 1976 to form the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Amalgamated_Clothing_Workers_of_America   (2094 words)

 Clothing and Garment Manufacturing
Clothing, traditionally made at home or by custom tailors, began to be commercially produced in the early nineteenth century.
In men's clothing, a general strike involving over 40,000 workers and lasting for 14 weeks in 1910–11 prompted the formation of a local union of immigrant workers.
By the late 1920s, Chicago's clothing industry was already on the decline, a tendency greatly accelerated by the Great Depression.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/300.html   (933 words)

 The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
The clothing workers themselves would have come under the jurisdiction of the UGWU, had the ACWA not existed; this contributed to the tension between the two unions.
The ACWA experimented with a variety of educational formats and philosophies, but one theme remained constant: the ACWA wanted its members to be knowledgeable about subjects which the union considered vital to their interests as laborers.
Workers could be integrated and educated without the need for half a dozen different publications.
www.m3ip.org /~mhpm/academic/acwa.html   (6175 words)

 Co-op Village Online Community
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, headed by Sidney Hillman and driven by Abraham E. Kazan, took a bold step and sponsored the construction of affordable housing for the working class.
Bolstered by the success of Amalgamated Cooperative in the Bronx, the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America immediately began working on a 2nd limited equity housing cooperative on Manhattan's Lower East Side - Amalgamated Dwellings was born.
The leadership of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America were instrumental in forming The United Housing Foundation (UHF), which constructed affordable housing around the country.
www.lesonline.org /cv/aboutus.htm   (913 words)

One of the causes of the migration of workers from one State to another is the migration of industry itself.
Some of the workers left behind may be reabsorbed into local industries, others may find it necessary to accept some form of relief or private charity, while still others begin themselves to travel around in search of employment.
Workers in this shop were required to sign a contract that they would pay a percentage of their wages to the town to cover the cost of the subsidy.
newdeal.feri.org /tolan/tol01.htm   (2766 words)

 Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
Chicago played an important role in the formation and growth of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA), a union of men's clothing workers.
In 1976, ACWA members of Chicago, numbering less than three thousand, celebrated the merger of their organization with the Textile Workers Union of America to form the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union.
In 1995, with the addition of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, the organization was renamed UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees).
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/41.html   (292 words)

 Keller, Heumann and Thompson, Inc.
Therefore, Keller, Heumann and Thompson was not a part the national labor agreement that recognized the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) as the sole bargaining agent for workers in the NCMA, despite the fact that many of the company's workers belonged to the ACWA.
Unable to break the impasse between the company and the ACWA, William A. Green, president of the AFL, the parent union of the UGWA, conferred with the president of the ACWA and both agreed that the UGWA should withdraw.
Workers of America (UGWA), Jul. 22, 1933; Statement released re: the agreement.
www.lib.rochester.edu /index.cfm?page=947   (1469 words)

 [No title]
Although he was joined by such exceptional labor leaders as Sidney Hillman and David Dubinsky of the clothing trades, Harvey Fremming of the Oil Workers, and Charles P. Howard of the International Printers and Pressmen, Lewis was by general consensus the national leader of the new federation.
The mine workers, moreover, had a huge financial war chest that they used to assist industrial organization in other unions and that Lewis committed to further aggressive organizing in the steel, auto, and rubber industries, to which thousands of former mine workers had migrated in the 1920s and 1930s.
As president of the ACWA, cofounder of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, and founder of organized labor’s political action committee in the 1940s, Hillman was at or near the focus of most major decisions affecting labor during this time.
www.lexisnexis.com /academic/2upa/Al/CIOIndustrialUnionism_pf.asp   (2418 words)

 Sidney Hillman (1887 - 1946)
Abramowitz was an important labor leader in her own right, having been one of the original leaders of the 1910 strike, and she remained active in the labor movement after their marriage in 1916 and the birth of their two daughters.
Under Hillman's leadership, the ACWA established itself as the leading garment union in the country in the men's clothing industry.
By 1920, the union had contracts with 85 percent of the nation's garment manufacturers (representing some 177,000 workers), had reduced the workweek to 44 hours and was seeking to reduce it to 40.
www.aflcio.org /aboutaflcio/history/history/hillman.cfm   (1267 words)

 Guide to the Amalgamated Clothing Workers Of America Records, 1914-1980
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, the most significant union representing workers in the men's clothing industry, was founded in Chicago in 1914 as a breakaway movement from the United Garment Workers.
Hillman's death in 1946 was a significant blow to the ACWA.
In 1976, the union merged with the Textile Workers of America to become the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union; In 1995 the ACTWU voted to merge with the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE).
rmc.library.cornell.edu /EAD/htmldocs/KCL05619.html   (1691 words)

 Workers World [Sam Marcy]: The debate over the cooperatives (July 12, 1990)
Huge masses of workers were driven into the factories everywhere--in England, France, Italy, the United States, as well as in czarist Russia--and it was on the basis of that cooperation that manufacturing and machine industry, industrialization, advanced on such a broad scale.
The problem, as they saw it, was that if the worker received the full product of his or her labor, minus the cost of administration and organization, it would be easy to do away with the cruelty and extortion of the private capitalist establishments, who appropriated the unpaid labor of the workers.
The Bolsheviks originally were for the nationalization of the land, but the course of events proved that the most profoundly revolutionary thing the Bolsheviks could do was support the land revolution of the peasants in ousting the landlords, and postpone the question of the socialization or nationalization of the land to a later period.
www.workers.org /marcy/1990/sm900712.html   (3536 words)

 Guide to the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Rochester Joint Board minutes, 1919-1966 [bulk 1919-1932].
In 1915, the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) embarked on a large-scale organizing drive in Rochester, N.Y. After four years of extensive organizing, the union succeeded in forcing the Rochester Clothiers' Exchange (the main organization of employers) into adopting a 44-hour workweek.
Beyond the usual issues of collective bargaining, wages, grievances, strikes, organizing campaigns, local union administration and economic conditions in the clothing industry which are addressed throughout these minutes, much space is given to the Joint Board's response to contemporary social and political issues.
Of special interest were the Buffalo Clothing Workers' Strike (1919), the United Shoe Workers' Strike (1922), the Paterson, N.J. Silk Workers' Strike (1924), the Syracuse, N.Y. Bakery Strike (1925) and several strikes in 1926, including those of the United Mine Workers and the United Shoe Workers as well as the Passaic, N.J. General Strike.
rmc.library.cornell.edu /EAD/htmldocs/KCL05273.html   (471 words)

 Amalgamated Bank of Chicago Labor Council (ABLC)
These reforms could include recognition of a union when a majority of workers in a bargaining unit sign authorization cards; compulsory arbitration when there is a stalemate in the negotiation of a first contract; and greater protections against union busting and the intimidation of workers.
Workers who have unions make an average of $8,300 (32%) more a year than non-union workers, and that's not counting better health and pension benefits.
Workers have a right to make certain, however, that trade works for the benefit of all people and not just the multinational corporations.
www.jessejacksonjr.org /issues/i041800129.html   (1996 words)

 http://www.lib.iup.edu/depts/speccol/mg82.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) was established in 1914 by Sidney Hillman and other disgruntled members of the United Garment Workers Union (UGWU) who left that union out of dissatisfaction with its craft structure and lack of interest in organizing immigrant workers.
At its inception, the ACWA had close to 30,000 members, most of whom were drawn to the Amalgamated from the UGWU.
The Amalgamated Textile Workers of America (ATWA) was formed five years later amidst several strikes and during a period of general labor unrest in the textile industry.
www.lib.iup.edu /depts/speccol/mg82.html   (266 words)

 UNITE HERE!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Dorothy Bellanca, a co-founder of the ACWA, was the first full-time woman organizer for her union and the only female vice-president for many years.
She was a long-time advocate for Amalgamated's women staff members and worked on behalf of unemployed clothing workers during the Depression.
It was for these women and men that the ILGWU and the Amalgamated struggled for many long years, through conflicts, strikes, arrests, against the powerful and for the powerless, combating both the insensitivity of the owners and the fears of the workers.
www.unitehere.org /resources/womeninunite.asp   (1841 words)

 UMass Amherst W.E.B. Du Bois Library, SCUA: UMarmot "A"
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America originated from a split in the United Garment Workers in 1914 and quickly became the dominant force for union in the men's clothing industry, controlling shops in Boston, Baltimore, Chicago, and New York.
It coordinated the activities and negotiations for ACWA Locals 1, 12, 102, 149, 171, 172, 173, 174, 181,183, 267, and 335 in the Boston area.
Workers' revolt in Argentina, and the military and political response to it.
www.library.umass.edu /spcoll/collections/umarmot/a.htm   (1337 words)

 "Among the Most Exploited": Fair Labor Standards Act and Laundry Workers
The Bureau of Labor Statistics made a survey of the earnings of power laundry workers in 33 cities in July 1948, and found that the average wages of flatwork finishers, the largest single occupational group, ranged from 37 cents to 91 cents an hour.
Prior to their unionization, it was not unusual for these workers to work as long as 12 or 14 hours on certain days during the week and a total of as many as 70 hours a week.
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America believes that power laundry workers should not be excluded from the protection of the Fair Labor Standards Act.
historymatters.gmu.edu /d/6262   (1177 words)

 Amalgamated Life, Career Opportunities-About Amalgamated Life
The Amalgamated history is a rich one that demonstrates the innovative and dynamic culture from which it grew.
Amalgamated Life began operation in 1943 to provide life insurance, health and disability coverage and retirement benefits to members of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America.
In January 1992, Amalgamated Life was approved by the New York State Insurance Department to sell life, health and disability insurance commercially outside our traditional non-profit base.
www.amalgamatedlife.com /career/about.html   (466 words)

 Poles Together: Leo Krzycki and Polish Americans in the American Labor Movement
The age 65 mandatory retirement forced the Amalgamated Vice President to abide by the Clothing Workers Constitution and retire in 1946.
I have known for many years the Polish workers in the Miner’s Union and of their loyalty to the cause and I’m certain that the workers united in the UAW will show the same loyalty in expanding this union.
The Polish workers are especially interested in the philosophy of the UAW due to the fact that most of them are employed in the automotive, steel, and other industries where the UAW is trying to organize the workers.” Vice President Wyndham Mortimer joined in the tribute.
www.binkowski.org /polestog.html   (4038 words)

 The Allegheny County Labor Council - Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
In 1934 there were three militant strikes -- led by left-wing radicals, involving masses of workers and their families, and resulting in decisive union victories -- that shook Toledo, Minneapolis, and San Francisco.
This inspired John L. Lewis and Philip Murray of the mineworkers, Sidney Hillman of the clothing workers, and other prominent figures in the AFL to insist that the time had come to form the CIO.
Hundreds of thousands of workers in the mass production industries organized new unions and conducted determined strikes (sometimes "sit-down" strikes that took over their workplaces) to force their employers to bargain seriously with them for improved wages, hours and working conditions.
www.pittsburghaflcio.org /cio.htm   (1089 words)

 TIME.com: Easy Does It -- Dec. 24, 1945 -- Page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
But U.S. clothing manufacturers, who last week faced the hard bargainers of Sidney Hillman's wise old union of needleworkers, saw nothing starry-eyed in the union's demands.
Already in the bag were 20% raises for Amalgamated's 15,000 glove and neckwear workers, its 15,000 retail salesmen and journeymen tailors, and 25,000 laundry workers.
Never, in all the negotiations, had it been necessary to dig up the unfortunate "relic." (Thirty-one-year-old Amalgamated has not had a general strike or lockout since 1921.) But the results were there.
www.time.com /time/magazine/article/0,9171,778503,00.html   (469 words)

 Documenting Labor Inside and Out:
The photograph below on the left was taken at the installation dinner of Local 163 of the Shirt, Collar and Uniform Workers of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, in January 1965.
In contrast, the membership of Local 169 of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America appears to be predominately male, as suggested by a photograph taken at an installation banquet around 1955, shown below on the right.
If that was their position, it would suggest that, at least at the time these photographs were taken, the leadership hierarchy of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, or at least the Capital District Joint Board, was male-dominated.
library.albany.edu /speccoll/documentinglabor/membermeetings.htm   (359 words)

 Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America Organizing Activities Materials, 1938-1964   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Eula McGill, born in 1911 in Dalton, Georgia, was a member of the Women's Trade Union League and the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America.
Scrapbook material, composed of newspapers, clippings, and programs, pertaining to her organizing activities for the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America in Tennessee, particularly the ACWA's jurisdictional dispute with the United Mine Workers, and her work with the price control and rationing program during the 1940s.
Photographs, 1938-1943, record conventions of both the ACWA and of the Tennessee State Industrial Union Council.
www.library.gsu.edu /spcoll/Collections/Labor/L1972-48.htm   (242 words)

 Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America - List of Items - MSN Encarta
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America - List of Items - MSN Encarta
, labor union of apparel, textile, hotel, and restaurant workers.
UNITE HERE formed in 2004 as a merger of the Union of Needletrades,...
encarta.msn.com /refedlist_210021093_1/formation_of_the_union.html   (43 words)

 Workers' Rights at Home
ER with Bessie Hillman and Jacob Potofsky, ACWA, and Walter Reuther, UAW, 1957.
She considered American labor unions a critical base of support not only to insure that workers' rights were included as human rights, but also to educate the American people about all human rights and the role of the United Nations in protecting those rights.
For an example of ER's commitment to workers' and human rights, and the UN, see her 1956 address to the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA), excerpted below.
www.gwu.edu /~erpapers/workers/articles/erworkerhome.htm   (546 words)

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