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Topic: Amboyna massacre

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  AMBOYNA - LoveToKnow Article on AMBOYNA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The vegetation is also rich, and Amboyna produces most of the common tropical fruits and vegetables, including the sago-palm, bread-fruit, cocoa-nut,: sugar-cane, maize, coffee, pepper and cotton.
Amboyna wood, of great value for ornamental work, is obtained from the hard knots which occur on certain trees in the forests of Ceram.
Amboyna, the chief town, and seat of the resident and military commander of the Moluccas, is protected by Fort Victoria, and is a clean little town with wide streets, well planted.
36.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AM/AMBOYNA.htm   (636 words)

 Amboyna massacre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thereupon, the Dutch at Amboyna suspected that the British were about to attack them and assassinate their governor.
After the Amboyna Massacre, the British reduced their interest in the East Indies and focused their attention on the continent of Asia, specifically the Indian Sub-Continent.
In 1796 and 1810 British forces captured Amboyna, but returned the colony to the Dutch upon cessation of hostilities.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Amboyna_Massacre   (313 words)

 AMBOYNA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
AMBOYNA (Dutch Ambon), the name of a residency, its chief town, and the island on which the town is situated, in the Dutch East Indies.
Amboyna Island lies off the south-west of Ceram, on the north side of the Banda Sea, being one of a series of volcanic isles in the inner circle round the sea.
The population (about 39,000) is divided into two classes-- orang burger or citizens, and orang negri or villagers, the former being a class of native origin enjoying certain privileges conferred on their ancestors by the old Dutch East India Company.
simplestartpage.com /2301_AMBOYNA.HTML   (650 words)

 BANDA ISLANDS - LoveToKnow Article on BANDA ISLANDS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The main islands are Great Banda or Lontor; Banda Neira to its north; Gunong Api, west of Banda Neira; Wai or Ai still farther west, with Run on its south-west; Pisang, north of Gunong Api; and Suwangi, north-west again.
Shortly after, however, Banda Neira and Lontor were resigned by the natives to the British, and in 1620 Run and Wai were added to their dominions; but in spite of treaties into which they had entered the Dutch attacked and expelled their British rivals.
In 2654 they were compelled by Cromwell to restore Run, and to make satisfaction for the massacre of Amboyna; but the English settlers not beIng adequately supported from home, the island was retaken by the Dutch in 1664.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /B/BA/BANDA_ISLANDS.htm   (591 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
A small Amboyna ^^ of Englisnmen settled in the little island of Amboyna and went to gathering cloves.
This affair, which occurred in 1623, has ever since been known in England as "the massacre of Amboyna." Though a slight affair for so grewsome a name, it was historically important.
The close alliance between Dutch and English, which with rare exceptions had been maintained for centuries, was fast giving way before their keen commercial 1 Collingridge, The Discovery of Australia, Sydney, 1895, p.
lcweb2.loc.gov /service/gc/gckb/041/00950048u.txt   (351 words)

 [No title]
The tragedy of Amboyna, as it was justly termed by the English of the seventeenth century, was of itself too dreadful to be heightened by the mimic horrors of the stage.
The reader may be reminded, that by three several treaties in the years 1613, 1615, and 1619, it was agreed betwixt England and Holland, that the English should enjoy one-third of the trade of the spice islands.
About the 11th of Feb. 1622, old stile, under pretence of a plot laid between the English of the factory and some Japanese soldiers to seize the castle, the former were arrested by the Dutch, and subjected to the most horrible tortures, to extort confession of their pretended guilt.
www.gutenberg.org /dirs/1/6/2/0/16208/16208.txt   (17870 words)

 Wikipedia: Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive
Finally, at this period, Clive repelled the aggression of the Dutch, and avenged the massacre of Amboyna, on that occasion when he wrote his famous letter, "Dear Forde, fight them immediately; I will send you the order of council to-morrow."
On a wider arena, even that of the Great Mogul himself, the shadow was kept up till it obliterated itself in the massacre of English people in the Delhi palace in 1857; and Queen Victoria was proclaimed, first, direct ruler on the ist of November 1858, and then empress of India on 1 January 1877.
Having thus founded the empire of British India, Clive's painful duty was to create a pure and strong administration, such as alone would justify its possession by foreigners.
factbook.org /wikipedia/en/r/ro/robert_clive__1st_baron_clive.html   (5586 words)

 Nathaniel Courthope Jan Coen Pulo Run Sri Lanka nutmeg cinnamon
Following the massacre, William Keeting, an English captain, not only defied a demand by Simon Hoen, the Dutch commander, that he leave the islands in five days, but also let him know that there would be a permanent English factory on Ai.
Those arrested were tortured aboard the 'Dragon,' Coen's flagship, and confessed to the supposed massacre plot of April 21st.
The incident became known as the Amboyna (Ambon) Massacre.
www.periclespress.com /Dutch_spices.html   (3893 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
It was agreed that both countries should maintain fleets for the purpose of destroying Spanish commerce, and that the ports of each country should be open to the ships of the other.
At the time when it was concluded there was much indignation in England over the so-called " massacre of Amboyna," to which allusion was made in my second chapter.
The news of this affair was fresh in England, and the king declared that nothing in the treaty should prevent his demanding justice.
lcweb2.loc.gov /service/gc/gckb/041/01800104u.txt   (368 words)

 Amboyna - - Port Cities
Description: Ambon (or Amboyna, Amboina) was a spice island off the coast of Ceram in what is now Indonesia.
In 1623 they arrested the English merchants and tortured them into confessing that they were plotting against the Dutch.
Several were executed in what became known as the 'Amboina massacre', one of the worst incidents during the Anglo-Dutch struggle to control the spice trade.
www.portcities.org.uk /server/show/conMediaFile.6358/Amboyna.html   (90 words)

After killing the English factor stationed on Run, Nathaniel Courthope, the Dutch then captured the English on the island of Amboyna, and hideously tortured them in the fashion of the times with fire and water, before blowing their limbs off with gunpowder then executing them.
This barbarity became known as the Amboyna Massacre, later written up by John Dryden.
Since the small passenger plane to the islands crashed in 1997, the only commercial carrier is an eight-hour ferry from Amboyna.
www.westville.org /Research/SouthernGardens/nuts.html   (1991 words)

 Hume, The History of England, vol. 6 ToC: The Online Library of Liberty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Cromwel pretended to retaliate by this severe execution the cruelty of the Irish massacre: But he well knew, that almost the whole garrison was English; and his justice was only a barbarous policy, in order to terrify all other garrisons from resistance.
The cruelties committed on the English at Amboyna, which were certainly enormous, but which seemed to be buried in oblivion by a thirty years’ silence, were again made the ground of complaint.
And the allowing the murderers of Dorislaus to escape, and the conniving at the insults to which St. John had been exposed, were represented as symptoms of an unfriendly, if not a hostile disposition, in the states.
oll.libertyfund.org /Home3/HTML.php?recordID=0011.06   (18580 words)

 [No title]
For this purpose, factories were established on behalf of the English East India Company at the Molucca Islands, at Banda, and at Amboyna.
Of this the Amboyna government gave a notable proof.
Amongst the pretexts for making war on the states of Holland were alleged their striking certain satirical medals, and engraving prints in ridicule of Charles II.
www.gutenberg.org /dirs/1/6/2/0/16208/16208-8.txt   (17869 words)

 eBay - island massacre, Long Island Cannibal Massacre, DVD items on eBay.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Massacre Island : A Novel (A PI Jack Delmas Mystery)
Massacre Island : A Novel by Martin Hegwood
search-desc.ebay.com /search/search.dll?query=island+massacre&...&krd=1   (321 words)

 IMPERIALISM IN ASIA FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Because competition lowered their profits, and because of the doctrines of mercantilism, in 1602 the companies united into a cartel and formed the Dutch East India Company, and received from the government the right to trade and colonize territory in the area stretching from the Cape of Good Hope eastward to the Strait of Magellan.
In 1605 armed Dutch merchants captured the Portuguese fort at Amboyna in the Moluccas, which was developed into the first secure base of the company.
The company was in almost constant conflict with the English; relations were particularly tense following the Amboyna Massacre in 1623.
www.fixescredit.com /Imperialism_in_Asia   (7770 words)

 The Works of John Dryden, Volume 5
Amboyna; or the Cruelties of the Dutch to the English Merchants, a Tragedy
I wish that news may hold; but much suspect it, while the English maintain their factories among us in Amboyna, or in the neighbouring plantations of Seran.
I was in some small hope, this ship had been of our own country, and brought back my son; for much about this season I expect him.
www.ibiblio.org /pub/docs/books/gutenberg/1/6/2/0/16208/16208-h/16208-h.htm   (11987 words)

 The Expansion of Europe By Ramsey Nuir- Chapter 4 from Nalanda Digital Library at NIT Calicut   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Cromwell, though he hastened to make peace with the Dutch, was a still stronger imperialist than his parliamentary predecessors; he may justly be described as the first of the Jingoes.
He demanded compensation from the Dutch for the half-forgotten outrage of Amboyna in 1623.
He made a quite unprovoked attack upon the Spanish island of Hispaniola, and though he failed to conquer it, gained a compensation in the seizure of Jamaica (1655).
www.nalanda.nitc.ac.in /resources/english/etext-project/history/euroexp/chapter4.html   (5344 words)

 Fiske, Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America. Ch. II
When a proud city like Dinant could be levelled with the ground and 8000 of its people massacred, at the behest of a feudal prince, it was a day of ill omen for human liberty.
This affair, which occurred in 1623, has ever since been known in England as “the massacre of Amboyna.” Though a slight affair for so gruesome a name, it was historically important.
The close alliance between Dutch and English, which with rare exceptions had been maintained for centuries, was fast giving way before their keen commercial rivalry, and such an incident as that of Amboyna sowed seeds of hatred and strife.
www.dinsdoc.com /fiske-2-2.htm   (6692 words)

 English Tea and Coffee Culture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Although the Dutch had already achieved superiority there, the company took up other trading activities in the Indian Ocean.
However, following the Amboyna massacre of 1623, it abandoned the area for the Indian subcontinent.
From 1709 the company prospered from trade with China and then began to acquire a territorial empire in India after the battle of Plassey in 1757.
englishculture.allinfoabout.com /features/tea.html   (872 words)

 The Nation, 10/29/1908 - Notes
...The atory of the "Massacre" grew into a veritable legend, to which Dryden, appealing to the English middle-class hatred against the Dutch, gave a final poetic but unhistoric account...
...Even before they heard of the massacre, the English at Batavia had decided to dissolve all factories in the Moluccas, Amboyna, Banda, and Japan...
...Writers commonly speak of the Massacre of Amboyna as the cause of England's final withdrawal from the Sploe Islands...
www.archive.thenation.com /Summaries/v087i2261_05.htm   (8046 words)

 Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.2, Entry 1, EAST INDIA COMPANY: Library of Economics and Liberty
The English, on their part, naturally exerted themselves to obtain a share of so valuable a commerce; and as neither party was disposed to abandon its views and pretensions, the most violent animosities grew up between them.
In this state of things it would be ridiculous to suppose that unjustifiable acts were not committed by the one party as well as the other; though the worst act of the English appears venial when compared with the conduct of the Dutch in the massacre at Amboyna in 1622.
While, however, the Dutch company was vigorously supported by the government at home, the English company met with no efficient assistance from the feeble and vacillating policy of James and Charles.
www.econlib.org /LIBRARY/YPDBooks/Lalor/llCy392.html   (9472 words)

 SECOND ANGLO-DUTCH WAR FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Though ordered by the Dutch government to keep on saluting first anyway, many Dutch commanders couldn't bear the insult.
However, the ''cause cel├Ębre'' was the previous Amboyna Massacre, where in 1623, after the British assaulted Batavia, the Dutch had incited locals against British merchants and factors.
The British were hung up with cloths placed over their faces upon which water dripped until the victims inhaled water.
www.barneslanding.net /Second_Anglo-Dutch_War   (1461 words)

 The History of New York State, Book I, Chapter III, Footnotes
In 1618, they laid the foundation of the city of Batavia, in Java, to be the seat of supreme government of the Dutch possessions in the East Indies, which had formerly been at Amboyna.
The massacre of Amboyna in 1623 led the English East India Company to retire from the Eastern seas to the continent of India, and thus, though indirectly, contributed to the foundation of the British Indian empire.
The long naval wars and bloody battles between the English and the Dutch within the narrow seas were not terminated until William of Orange united the two crowns in 1689.
www.usgennet.org /usa/ny/state/his/bk1/ch3/foot.html   (5606 words)

 Expansion Of Europe,The by Ramsay Muir eBook by BookRags
In the end the English were driven out with violence.
After the Massacre of Amboyna (1623) their traders disappeared from these seas, and the Dutch supremacy remained unchallenged until the nineteenth century.
It was a quite intolerant commercial monopoly which they had instituted, but from the commercial point of view it was administered with great intelligence.
www.bookrags.com /ebooks/4326/15.html   (408 words)

 Find in a Library: Vnivst, crvell and barbarovs proceedings against the English at Amboyna
Find in a Library: Vnivst, crvell and barbarovs proceedings against the English at Amboyna
Vnivst, crvell and barbarovs proceedings against the English at Amboyna
WorldCat is provided by OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. on behalf of its member libraries.
www.worldcatlibraries.org /wcpa/ow/12a785fa514b4b5c.html   (93 words)

 The History of England from the Accession of James the Second - Volume IV By Thomas Babington Macaulay- Chapter 2 from ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
While our ancestors were looking to the Hague for deliverance, the massacre of Amboyna and the great humiliation of Chatham had seemed to be forgotten.
Among all warlike barbarians revenge is esteemed the most sacred of duties and the most exquisite of pleasures; and so it had long been esteemed among the Highlanders.
The history of the clans abounds with frightful tales, some perhaps fabulous or exaggerated, some certainly true, of vindictive massacres and assassinations.
www.nalanda.nitc.ac.in /resources/english/etext-project/history/England4/chapter2.html   (20303 words)

 Hort 306 - READING 35-1
Ultimately they had 8 foreign "governments," in Amboyna, Banda, Ternate, Macassar, Malacca, Ceylon, the Cape of Good Hope, and Java.
After an hour the flags were taken down, the ships stripped for battle, and the cannon loaded with shot once again.
The undeclared war culminated in 1623 with the Amboyna massacre, in which nearly a hundred men, women, and children of the English East India Company were tortured and killed.
www.hort.purdue.edu /newcrop/history/lecture35/r_35-1.html   (19465 words)

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