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Topic: Anaemia

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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

  Roche Anaemia
Anaemia is a general term referring to a shortage of red blood cells or a reduction in their haemoglobin content.
Anaemia in cancer used to be left largely untreated and was regarded by many physicians as a minor aspect of the disease and associated therapy.
Nowadays, however, recognition of the severity of the negative impact of anaemia on quality of life, through fatigue, depression, nausea and the inability of patients to work or fulfil their social roles, has led to anaemia management becoming an integral part of quality treatment for cancer patients.
www.roche.com /home/diseases/dis_anae.htm   (508 words)

  Encyclopedia: Sickle cell anaemia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Sickle cell anaemia is caused by a mutation in the β-globin chain of hemoglobin, replacing glutamic acid with less polar valine at the sixth amino acid position.
The evolution of sickle-cell anaemia is probably an example of Baldwinian evolution, whereby humans modify their environment and thus change the selective pressures.
The first approved drug for the causative treatment of sickle cell anaemia, hydroxyurea, was shown to decrease the number and severeness of attacks in a study in 1995 (Charache et al) and shown to increase survival time in a study in 2003.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Sickle-cell-anaemia   (1998 words)

 Sickle cell anaemia - Medical Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a common genetic disease which causes the red blood cells of a sufferer to be shaped like sickles, instead of the normal rounded shape.
The first approved drug for the treatment of sickle cell anaemia, hydroxyurea, was shown to decrease the number and severeness of attacks in a study in 1995 and shown to increase survival time in a study in 2003.
The gene allele responsible for sickle cell anaemia is incompletely recessive.
www.nursingstudy.com /encyclopedia/Sickle_cell_anaemia.html   (780 words)

Anaemia, which means " lacking in blood ", is among the most common diseases affecting human beings.
Anaemia can also be caused by a variety of drugs which destroy vitamin E or by others which inactivate the nutrients needed in building blood cells.
One cause of anaemia is intestinal putrefaction, which is primarily brought on by a high meat diet.
healthychristianliving.com /anaemia.htm   (1092 words)

Anaemia of chronic disease (ACD) is a type of anaemia that occurs in people with chronic infections, chronic inflammatory conditions, or malignancies.
Anaemia is a deficiency in the number or quality of red blood cells, resulting in an inability to deliver sufficient oxygen to the cells.
Iron deficiency anaemia is a disorder of the blood, where the iron level in the blood is low.
www.healthinsite.gov.au /topics/Anaemia   (916 words)

Anaemia is a condition that is characterised by a deficiency of red blood cells in the blood.
HAEMOLYTIC ANAEMIA - Drastic and rapid destruction of red blood cells due to an autoimmune illness is characteristic of this type of anaemia.
Deficiency: Clinically known as pernicious anaemia, it is a common cause for anaemia in the U.K. among the alcoholic, the aged, chronically debilitated, and malnourished population.
www.targetwoman.com /athene/Anaemia   (977 words)

Anaemia of folate deficiency is a decrease in the red cells in the blood caused by folate (folic acid) deficiency.
In folate deficiency anaemia, the red cells are abnormally large and are referred to as megalocytes, and in the bone marrow as megaloblasts.
Congenital pernicious anaemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder.
www.fortunecity.com /greenfield/rattler/46/Anaemia.html   (4663 words)

Anaemia occurs when the normal balance between red blood cell production in the bone marrow and red blood cell destruction in the spleen is upset.
Anaemia may also result from premature or excessive destruction of blood cells in the spleen, which may arise from certain diseases of the spleen.
Sickle cell anaemia is a genetically inherited disorder that affects the red blood cells’; ability to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues.
www.irishhealth.com /?level=4&id=226&ss=anaemic   (1178 words)

 janssen-cilag.co.uk Anaemia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Anaemia is a condition that results from a lack of healthy red blood cells in your body.
Haemoglobin, the main component of red blood cells, is an iron-containing protein that binds oxygen and transports it from your lungs to the rest of your body.
Also anaemia is associated with some drugs such as those used in chemotherapy for cancer.
www.janssen-cilag.co.uk /bgdisplay.jhtml?itemname=ob_anaemia01   (502 words)

Anaemia means that either the level of red blood cells or the level of haemoglobin is lower than normal.
However, anaemia caused by dietary deficiency can be prevented by making sure that certain food groups are consumed on a regular basis, including dairy foods, lean meats, nuts and legumes, fresh fruits and vegetables.
Anaemia means that either the level of red blood cells or the level of haemoglobin is lower than normal, which deprives the body of adequate oxygen.
www.disability.vic.gov.au /dsonline/dsarticles.nsf/pages/Anaemia?OpenDocument   (993 words)

 BBC NEWS | Health | Medical notes | Anaemia
Anaemia is the most common nutritional problem in the world and mainly affects women of child-bearing age, teenagers and young children.
Anaemia is a condition in which the blood fails to supply the body's tissues with sufficient amounts of oxygen.
However, the main cause of iron-deficiency anaemia is loss of iron at a greater rate than normal as a result of abnormally heavy or persistent bleeding.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/health/medical_notes/1468300.stm   (525 words)

 HON Mother & Child Glossary, Anaemia and Pregnancy
Anaemia occurs when the number of red blood cells or the amount of haemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying protein) in them is lower than expected.
Folic acid (folate) deficiencies in the diet may also cause anaemia Folic acid is a B vitamin, which is also needed to produce red blood cells.
Patients with severe anaemia are more likely to delivery early and have small babies.
www.hon.ch /Dossier/MotherChild/preexisting_conditions/anaemia.html   (360 words)

 Symptoms of Anaemia, anaemia treatment, anaemia and diet, cures.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Anaemia may be defined as a condition in which there is a decrease in the quantity of haemoglobin or in the number of red cells.
A diminished formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow, either due to defects in the bone marrow, or due to an inadequate intake of iron, vitamins, and proteins, is one of the main causes of anaemia.
Anaemia can also occur due to a lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, which is needed for digestion of iron and proteins, or intestinal parasites or worms.
www.home-remedies-for-you.com /remedy/Anaemia.html   (1084 words)

 dotPHARMACY:update anaemia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Anaemia can be divided into deficiency anaemias (iron deficiency and vitamin B12, and folate deficiency) and haemolytic anaemia, which can be acquired or inherited.
The most common is pernicious anaemia, which is an auto-immune disorder causing gastric atrophy that results in a reduction in the number of gastric parietal cells and a reduction in intrinsic factor.
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency is an anaemia due to a disorder of metabolism.
www.dotpharmacy.co.uk /upanaem.html   (2011 words)

 Aidsmap | Anaemia
Anaemia is a condition in which there is a lack of red cells in the blood.
Common causes of anaemia in people with HIV include infections or cancers of the bone marrow (where red cells are produced), or drugs which suppress the bone marrow as a side-effect.
Antiretroviral therapy is not associated with an increased risk of anaemia but this condition remains widespread: a study of over 750 people with HIV in Florida found that 30% had anaemia.
www.aidsmap.com /en/docs/4B95EF8B-A38A-4FFB-BD5B-4D87339162B4.asp   (846 words)

The various types of anaemia are classified according to decreased or defective production of red cells by the bone marrow, or because of decreased survival of the red cells in the blood.
In haemolytic anaemia red blood cells are destroyed more quickly than they are replaced; this happens if they have been damaged by drugs, have not been manufactured properly, contain abnormal haemoglobin (as in sickle cell anaemia and thalassaemia), or are mistaken for foreign cells and destroyed by antibodies (as in rhesus incompatibility, Autoimmune disease).
Result is anaemia, low resistance to infection, and spontaneous bruising or bleeding; in severe cases, infection or bleeding may be fatal within a year of onset.
www.drlockie.com /disease/anaemia.htm   (1007 words)

 Anaemia - iron, folate or vitamin B12 deficiency
Anaemia is a condition in which the blood cannot carry enough oxygen.
A common cause of iron-deficiency anaemia in women is heavy periods (menorrhagia).
The length of treatment with iron depends on how severe the anaemia is. The blood may be tested after a few weeks to check that the level of haemoglobin is returning to normal.
hcd2.bupa.co.uk /fact_sheets/mosby_factsheets/anaemia_iron.html   (1171 words)

 Aplastic anaemia
Aplastic anaemia is a rare acquired disorder in which there is a failure of the bone marrow to produce sufficient blood cells for the circulation.
The risk of developing aplastic anaemia as a side-effect of drug treatment is very small, for the antibiotic chloramphenicol, one of the more widely studied triggers for the disease, about one person in 25,000 taking the drug may develop aplastic anaemia.
The degree of anaemia is not used to assess severity because the value is often altered by blood transfusion.
www.lrf.org.uk /en/1/infdispatapl.html   (6546 words)

Anaemia is a condition which occurs when you have an abnormally low amount of red blood cells.
The main types of anaemia are caused by shortages of iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid, all of which are needed (among other things) to produce red blood cells, so if one or more of these are missing or running low then anaemia will develop.
As anaemia causes a shortage of oxygen, the main symptom is usually chronic tiredness and palpitations.
www.homehealth-uk.com /medical/anaemia.htm   (995 words)

 Sickle Cell Anaemia | Vhi Healthcare
Sickle cell anaemia is a disease of red blood cells that is passed from parent to child.
You may not even realise that you're a carrier of sickle cell anaemia until you have a child born with the disease.
In a child with sickle cell anaemia, however, the risk of a life-threatening infection is so high that you should call a doctor as soon as your child shows any symptoms of illness.
www2.vhihealthe.com /article/primer/100114783   (1488 words)

 NIMR :: Mill Hill Essays 1999 :: Infectious Salmon Anaemia
However, in the autumn of 1984, a new disease was observed in Atlantic salmon being farmed in Nordland County along the southwest coast of Norway.
It is not known whether the Infectious Salmon Anaemia virus can reproduce itself in the sea louse in the way that viruses seem to do within the ticks that carry other diseases.
Infectious Salmon Anaemia is currently regarded as a serious threat not only to farmed salmon, but also to the world’s dwindling stocks of wild salmon.
www.nimr.mrc.ac.uk /MillHillEssays/1999/isa.htm   (1594 words)

 Anaemia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The role of anaemia in the genesis of cardiac abnormalities in patients with chr...
Anaemia: ferritin and mean cell volume helped diagnose iron-deficiency anaemia i...
Anaemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency (pernicious anaemia)...
www.scienceoxygen.com /food/209.html   (183 words)

 Iron deficiency anaemia: are the British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines being adhered to? -- Patterson and ...
for anaemia is identified in 10%–43% of patients.
The diagnostic yield of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in the investigation of anaemia.
Causes of iron-deficiency anaemia in an adult population.
pmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/79/930/226   (1582 words)

 Thalassaemia, haemolytic & sickle cell anaemia - symptoms & treatment
Anaemia is a condition in which the blood cannot carry enough oxygen, either because there is a low number of red blood cells or because each red blood cell is able to carry less oxygen than normal.
Anaemia is a condition in which the blood cannot carry enough oxygen to meet the needs of the body.
Anyone with symptoms that may be due to anaemia, such as paleness, weakness and fatigue, should visit their GP.
hcd2.bupa.co.uk /fact_sheets/html/anaemia.html   (859 words)

 Vitamin B12-deficiency anaemia
The cause of pernicious anaemia is not known.
As well as the symptoms of anaemia, vitamin B12 deficiency may cause neurological symptoms such as inflammation of the nerves (neuritis) which can affect movement and sensation, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), colour blindness, lightheadedness, confusion, depression, poor concentration and forgetfulness.
The frequency of injection depends on the exact type and severity of the anaemia, but is usually every one to three months, after an initial two weeks of more frequent injections.
hcd2.bupa.co.uk /fact_sheets/html/anaemia_b12.html   (947 words)

 Diagnosing Anaemia [Nov 1997; 45-6]
A total of 302 inpatients were examined who were over 18 years of age, able to consent and willing to participate and who had a haemoglobin measurement taken within three days of assessment of conjunctival pallor (but no transfusion in between).
The authors sought reports in which the target population was over 18 years with low levels of haemoglobin (<130 g/L for men and <110 g/L for women), with histological appearance of bone marrow aspirates as the gold standard criterion for diagnosis.
The relation of conjunctival pallor to the presence of anaemia.
www.jr2.ox.ac.uk /bandolier/band45/b45-6.html   (858 words)

 Tanya's Feline Chronic Renal Failure/anaemia
Anaemia is relatively common in CRF cats, so it is important to know about it and to be prepared to deal with it.
Anaemia is a condition in which not enough red blood cells exist in the body.
Since anaemia means there is a lack of red blood cells, the body's usual response is to try to generate more red blood cells, so normally you would see reticulocytes if the anaemia is regenerative - this shows that the bone marrow is still making blood cells.
www.felinecrf.org /anaemia.htm   (7439 words)

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