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# Topic: Analogous

###### In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

 Analogy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Analogous objects shared an idea, a pattern, a regularity, an attribute, an effect or a function. It is argued that every analogical argument is partially superfluous and can be rendered as a deduction stating as a premise a (previously hidden) universal proposition which applied both to the source and the target. Analogous structures are the result of convergent evolution and should be contrasted with homologous structures. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Analogy   (2057 words)

 Analogous Electrical and Mechanical Systems Draw over circuit, replacing electrical elements with their analogs; current sources replaced by force generators, voltage sources by input velocities, resistors with friction elements, inductors with springs, and capacitors (which must be grounded) by capacitors. Draw over circuit, replacing mechanical elements with their analogs; force generators by current sources, input velocities by voltage sources, friction elements by resistors, springs by inductors, and masses by capacitors (which are grounded). Converting a circuit diagram to a mechanical 2 analog uses a similar procedure as electrical to mechanical 1 except that the voltages around a loop summed to zero (instead of the sum of currents at a node) is analogous to the sum of forces at a point being summed to zero. www.swarthmore.edu /NatSci/echeeve1/Ref/Analogs/ElectricalMechanicalAnalogs.html   (1135 words)

 Water circuit analogy to electric circuit A battery is analogous to a pump in a water circuit. The resistance to flow represented by a severe constriction in a water pipe is analogous to the resistance to electric current represented by a common electric "resistor". The function of a ground wire in an electric circuit is in many ways analogous to the reservoir attached to the water circuit. hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu /hbase/electric/watcir.html   (730 words)

 Analogous Learning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22) It suggests that analogous thinking mainly compares structures in both areas and that some cognitive elements which are not yet represented in the target domain can be transferred from the basic to the target domain. The gain of analogous reasoning lies in the systematicity principle which means, that transfer begins with relations of the highest order and the others of lower order follow nearly automatically. Therefore analogous thinking should be a top down process beginning with the construction of general rules followed by more specific relations and down to attributes and statements on objects [The compatibility of Gentners information theory background with our constructivistic paradigm is discussed somewhere else. christoph-gaebler.de /narst.htm   (1613 words)

 Search Results for analogous - Encyclopædia Britannica Undulatory swimming is roughly analogous to using one oar at the stern of a boat. The frost point is analogous to the dew point, the temperature at which the... In a manner analogous to that for chemical-reaction equilibrium, ionization reactions such as Ar Ar+ + e-, with corresponding equilibrium equations and ionization equilibrium constants, can be... www.britannica.com /search?query=analogous&submit=Find&source=MWTEXT   (491 words)

 Vented-Box Loudspeaker CAD with SPICE Because of the size and complexity of the analogous model, it will take a considerable amount of time and calculation if one were to analyze the circuit by hand. The analogous model can also accomodate the effects of voice-coil inductance, which is known to have significant negative effects on passive crossover networks. The analogous model can also be modified to accomodate circuit blocks such as crossover networks, notch filters, attenuators, baffle diffraction compensation circuits, impedance compensation circuits and so on. www.geocities.com /f4ier/vented.htm   (1612 words)

 Analogous Enzymes: Independent Inventions in Enzyme Evolution -- Galperin et al. 8 (8): 779 -- Genome Research as analogous, as opposed to homologous, enzymes (Fitch 1970 Table 3 shows that analogous enzymes are more or less uniformly distributed among all enzyme classes. The second large group of analogous enzymes (nine EC nodes) deals with the effects of oxygen on cellular components. www.genome.org /cgi/content/full/8/8/779   (4101 words)

 Charles Darwin : Origin of Species : Distinct species present analogous variations, so that a variety of one species ... I presume that no one will doubt that all such analogous variations are due to the several races of the pigeon having inherited from a common parent the same constitution and tendency to variation, when acted on by similar unknown influences. With pigeons, however, we have another case, namely, the occasional appearance in all the breeds, of slaty-blue birds with two fl bars on the wings, white loins, a bar at the end of the tail, with the outer feathers externally edged near their bases with white. But the best evidence of analogous variations is afforded by parts or organs which are generally constant in character, but which occasionally vary so as to resemble, in some degree, the same part or organ in an allied species. www.classicreader.com /read.php/sid.2/bookid.107/sec.42   (2044 words)

 [No title] The burglar is meant to be analogous to the fetus; the room analogous to the woman’s body. Again, the burglar is meant to be analogous to the fetus; the room analogous to the woman’s body. Recall that the standard procedure with an argument from analogy is (step 1) display the analogous argument alongside the target argument; (step 2) point out that the conclusion of the analogous argument does not follow; and (step 3) conclude that the conclusion of the target probably does not follow. jan.ucc.nau.edu /~ghr/phi332/class/mod_4/top_2/Exercise4-2-7c.doc   (449 words)

 Doxpara: Analogous Key Arrays: A Proposal Regarding Relating Keyboard Hotkeys With Screen Position Analogous Key Arrays, or AKA´s, are command arrays with keyboard hotkeys that correspond to the physical location of the onscreen commands. In conclusion, the Analogous Key Array applies instinctual properties such as relative position and cardinal direction to keyboard hotkey assignment by relating onscreen location with keyboard location. The 3x3 can remain unmarked(leave it to the tooltips to document their behavior), but it´s going to be quite difficult for a user to immediately pick which of, say, ten entries a random one near the middle is. Splitting the 10x1 into two 5x1´s is an alternative, for instance. www.doxpara.com /read.php/aka.html   (2817 words)

 Analogous Colors Analogous (uh-NAL-uh-gus) colors sit next to each other on the color wheel. Orange, yellow-orange, and yellow are an example of analogous colors. With just these two colors, you can create even more analogous colors—blue-green, green-blue, and others in-between. www.factmonster.com /ipka/A0882846.html   (122 words)

 ArtLex's An page Standard audiotape and videotape recordings are produced by an analog process, as a continuous wave, rather than digitally in a binary form. Families of analogous colors include the warm colors (red, orange and yellow) and the cool colors (green, blue and violet). Analogous colors are sometimes referred to as adjacent colors. www.artlex.com /ArtLex/An.html   (4308 words)

 Painting Grade 8: Analogous Colors   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22) Analogous colors are near each other on the color wheel, thus one may be created in part with it's neighbor. This lesson is preceded by a teacher directed discovery lesson on analogous colors and optical art. Students will create a penciled design that incorporates an analogous pair (may include that third option- the color that the pair creates when combined), balanced such that foreground/background placement is ambiguous. pilgrims.net /plymouth/schools/art/curriculum_gdes_5-8/paint8_anlg.htm   (199 words)

 [No title] 2003) (where the general scope of a reference is outside the pertinent field of endeavor, the reference may be considered analogous art if subject matter disclosed therein is relevant to the particular problem with which the inventor is involved). The Commissioner further argued in the brief on appeal that a disengageable catch is a common everyday mechanical concept, however the court held that the Commissioner did not explain why a "catch" of unstated structure is such a concept, and why it would have made the claimed invention obvious.). With this claim interpretation, the court applied the "field of endeavor test" for analogous art and determined that the references were within the field of applicant's endeavor and hence was analogous art because toothbrushes are structurally similar to small brushes for hair, and a toothbrush could be used to brush facial hair. www.uspto.gov /web/offices/pac/mpep/documents/2100_2141_01_a.htm   (1567 words)

 Sanford & A Lifetime of Color: Study Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22) Analogous colors are next to each other on the color wheel. Red, orange, and yellow are analogous because red and yellow make orange. Analogous colors are harmonious and pleasing to the eye. www.sanford-artedventures.com /study/g_analogous.html   (80 words)

 C5: The Analogous Landscape Beginning with the successful expeditions in 2003 to ascend Mt. Shasta and Mt. Whitney in California (the highest peak in the continental United States) C5 is planning research expeditions with the intent of climbing 20 volcanic mountains along the Pacific Rim of Fire. The environmental space of the Pacific Rim is a complex dynamic shaped by a context of economic globalization and post-modernization. The objective of The Analogous Landscape: Rim of Fire project is to develop inferencing techniques for navigation of terrains of similar characteristic. www.c5corp.com /projects/analogouslandscape/index.shtml   (335 words)

 Using Color Shades: Using Colors and Lighter Hexadecimal Codes and Swatches for Color Schemes--Monochromatic, ... An analogous color scheme uses colors that are close to each other in hue. This analogous color scheme involves three colors within approximately 15° range of hue. Analogous colors have some contrast with each other. www.december.com /html/spec/colorshadesuse.html   (1617 words)

 Modern Spiritual Gifts as Analogous to Apostolic Gifts However, these modern visions and auditions may be analogous to the Book of Revelation, just as modern preaching is analogous to apostolic preaching. Hence we may perhaps hesitate to call the two “analogous.” Yet in some ways the two are unmistakably analogous. Analogously in modern times we may postulate that a dream may be simultaneously a product of certain personal psychological predispositions, and a means used by God to bring to a person’s attention some kind of circumstantial content. www.frame-poythress.org /poythress_articles/1996Modern.htm   (13726 words)

 Constitutional Keywords – Analogous Grounds   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22) The equal rights guarantee under section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is an inclusive one, in the sense that equality is guaranteed not only on the enumerated grounds of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability, but also on ‘analogous grounds’ of discrimination. Trudel ([1995] 2 S.C.R. 418), the Supreme Court of Canada identified a number of factors to consider in determining whether a group or personal characteristic is analogous to those enumerated under section 15, and so deserving of Charter protection. Among the analogous grounds of discrimination recognized by the Supreme Court are citizenship status (see Andrews v. www.law.ualberta.ca /ccskeywords/analogous.html   (180 words)

 analogous - definition by dict.die.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22) analogous adj 1: similar or correspondent in some respects though otherwise dissimilar; "brains and computers are often considered analogous"; "surimi is marketed as analogous to crabmeat" [syn: correspondent] 2: (biology) corresponding in function but not in evolutionary origin; "the wings of a bee and those of a hummingbird are analogous" [ant: homologous, heterologous] See Logic.] Having analogy; corresponding to something else; bearing some resemblance or proportion; -- often followed by to. Decay of public spirit, which may be considered analogous to natural death. dict.die.net /analogous   (97 words)

 29+ Evidences for Macroevolution: Part 3 However, Pegasus wings cannot be modifications of its ancestors' structures, since the immediate predicted ancestors of Pegasi and horses had no possible structures there to modify (Futuyma 1998, p. Analogously, we predict that we should never find birds with both wings and arms, or mollusks harboring chloroplasts, even though these structures could be quite useful for these organisms. Equivalently, it would be a strong falsification if the phylogenetic tree had no structural continuity, but rather had functional continuity or had no recognizable continuity of any kind. www.talkorigins.org /faqs/comdesc/section3.html   (4128 words)

 Nobility and Analogous Traditional Elites - Chapter 2 It also affects those countries presently living under monarchical regimes whose respective nobilities find themselves in a situation analogous to that in Italy before the fall of the Savoy dynasty in 1946. Throughout this work, the author has in mind, in a general way, the nobility and analogous traditional elites of Europe and the Americas. They will find it useful to consider the comments of Pius XII regarding this in his 1953 Christmas radio address cited in Chapter V, 3 c. www.tfp.org /what_we_think/bon/chap_02.htm   (2369 words)

 Nobility and Analogous Traditional Elites - Preferential Option At first glance this expression may startle readers familiar with the more common phrase often used by Pope John Paul II: "preferential option for the poor." Nevertheless, what inspires this book is precisely a preferential option for the nobility. Translations of the allocutions of Pius XII are provided in Part III of Nobility and Analogous Traditional Elites in the Allocutions of Pius XII, Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira, Hamilton Press (October 1993). Footnote references to the allocutions have been shortened to "RPN," followed by the year of the allocution and the page(s) on which they may be found in the collected documents or, when otherwise indicated, in Part III of Nobility and Analogous Traditional Elites. www.tfp.org /what_we_think/bon/pref_option.htm   (787 words)

 TSRI - News and Publications In the current issue of the journal Science, the team demonstrates that it is possible to prevent the protein shape changes that cause FAP, a disease that is analogous to Alzheimer's. The strategy is to introduce another protein that interacts with the protein capable of aberrant shape changes, preventing them. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission of TSRI is prohibited. www.scripps.edu /news/press/092701.html   (523 words)

 Analogous and Complementary colors These are just to stretch out designing and creative minds with a little practice with the color wheel. For the uninitiated, analogous colors are colors found right beside one another on the color wheel. This design is by far not so complex or involved as any of Sato's designs but it does offer ample opportunity to arrange colors and try different combinations relatively quickly. www.suite101.com /article.cfm/13499/75643   (512 words)

 A unique Na+/H+ exchanger, analogous to NHE1, in the chicken embryonic fibroblast -- Bhartur et al. 276 (3): 838 -- AJP ... , are inhibited by the diuretic amiloride and its analogs (8), of amiloride and its analogs, DMA and EIPA, in the uptake buffer Pharmacological characterization of stably transfected Na antiporter isoforms using amiloride analogs and a new inhibitor exhibiting anti-ischemic properties. ajpregu.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/276/3/R838   (4842 words)

 Color Theory / Color Schemes - Part 1 of Chapter 2 from Web Graphics for Non-Designers (4/6) - WebReference.com For example, orange, red-orange, and yellow-orange would be an analogous scheme with a fiery influence. An analogous color scheme can provide a truly harmonious feel to a site with a balanced visual experience. Examples of analogous themes are readily present in nature, from the blue-greens of the ocean to the red-browns of natural timber. www.webreference.com /authoring/graphics/color/nondesigners/chap2/1/4.html   (368 words)

 The Created Universe Understood by Analogy This crude diagram illustrates the idealist, analogical world-view of the official Christian ideology of the Middle Ages. "Man is the King in the family", for example: the husband occupies the position in the "hierarchy of the family" analogous to that of the King in the hierarchy of the State. The King's authoritarian power was said to derive from the fact that the King occupied the place in the hierarchy of the State analogous to that of God in the hierarchy of the Created Universe. chss.montclair.edu /english/furr/mel/univhierarchy.html   (1358 words)

 Analogous  color An analogous, or related, color scheme is made of hues near each other on obtain interest in analogous color schemes is to place emphasis on a dominant Figure 2-17 shows the analogous relationship of colors on a color wheel. www.tpub.com /content/draftsman/14263/css/14263_95.htm   (171 words)

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