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Topic: Analytic philosophy

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  Analytic philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical movement in University philosophy departments in English-speaking countries and in Scandinavia, although one of its founders, Gottlob Frege, was German, and many of its leading proponents, such as Ludwig Wittgenstein, Rudolf Carnap, Kurt Gödel and Karl Popper, were Austrian.
Logic and philosophy of language were central strands of analytic philosophy from the beginning, although this dominance has diminished greatly.
The term "analytic philosophy" in part denotes the fact that most of this philosophy traces its roots to the early 20th century movement of "logical analysis"; in part the term serves to distinguish "analytic" from other kinds of philosophy, especially "continental philosophy".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Analytic_philosophy   (2377 words)

 ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY AND TRANSFORMATIVE PHILOSOPHY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The only effect which the dominance of analytic philosophy has had on these fields is to relegate the history of philosophy, moral philosophy, and political philosophy to the margins of the philosophical curriculum.
Analytic philosophers are as quick to divide into schools, each dismissive of the other’s importance, as were the scholastics of the fourteenth century.
The disciplinary matrix of analytic philosophy, despite the hollow defensive rhetoric with which it resounds, is one with which future intellectual historians will have to become familiar, just as they have had to become familiar with the disciplinary matrix of German idealism.
www.stanford.edu /~rrorty/analytictrans.htm   (6721 words)

 Philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The philosophy of this period is characterized by analysis of the nature and properties of God; the metaphysics involving substance, essences and accidents (that is, qualities that are respectively essential to substances possessing them or merely happening to be possessed by them), form, and divisibility; and logic and the philosophy of language.
The "ordinary language philosophy" thinkers shared a common outlook with many older philosophers (Jeremy Bentham, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and John Stuart Mill), and it was the philosophical inquiry that characterized English-language philosophy for the second half of the twentieth century.
According to analytic philosophers, the true meaning of ordinary sentences is "concealed by their grammatical form", and we must translate them into their true form (known as logical form) in order to clarify them.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Philosophy   (4164 words)

 The Philosophical Gourmet Report 2004 - 2006 :: Analytic and Continental Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Analytic philosophers, crudely speaking, aim for argumentative clarity and precision; draw freely on the tools of logic; and often identify, professionally and intellectually, more closely with the sciences and mathematics, than with the humanities.
Continental philosophy is distinguished by its style (more literary, less analytical, sometimes just obscure), its concerns (more interested in actual political and cultural issues and, loosely speaking, the human situation and its "meaning"), and some of its substantive commitments (more self-conscious about the relation of philosophy to its historical situation).
Indeed, what distinguishes analytic philosophy even more than "style" is its adoption of the research paradigm common in the natural sciences, a paradigm in which numerous individual researchers make small contributions to the solution of a set of generally recognized problems.
www.philosophicalgourmet.com /analytic.htm   (1185 words)

 Analytic Philosophy
The term "Analytic Philosophy" was applied during the twentieth century to the dominant philosophical tradition in English speaking academia, and has been applied retrospectively to the philosophical tradition stretching back through millenia before it.
Analytic philosophy emerged from, or at least, in the same period as, the revolution in logic which took place around the end of the 19th Century.
Analytic philosophy has evaded the adoption of formal techniques by positioning itself in an area which is little assisted by deductive reasoning, and which is properly considered an empirical science, the study of the English language.
www.rbjones.com /rbjpub/philos/inter016.htm   (915 words)

 Analytic philosophy, by Roger Jones
Analytic philosophy attempts to clarify, by analysis, the meaning of statements and concepts.
Analytic philosophy has been important in the in the English speaking academic world since the beginning of the 20th century.
Philosophy since Descartes began from the assumption that the most secure knowledge is based on our private experience, indeed Descartes distinction between the mental and the material rests on this assumption.
www.philosopher.org.uk /anal.htm   (1803 words)

 Analytic Philosophy
The Meta-Encyclopedia of Philosophy is comprised of seven different dictionaries that may be used to compare definitions of important terms and hence appreciate the subtleties of philosophical concepts, while the has many free essays, in addition to the wealth of material available if you are prepared to register.
Philosophy Pages is a site providing several useful resources, including a dictionary of philosophical terms, an history and timeline of philosophical development and key thinkers, and a study guide.
Philosophy analyses the concepts used in science (and indeed everything else); that is, philosophy is fundamental to science, supporting (or extending) it but covering a different area.
www.galilean-library.org /int17.html   (8246 words)

 Leiter Reports: A Group Blog (Jan. 23-May 31 2006): Analytic and Continental   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
While an analytic philosopher might give certain arguments for relativism about truth, or the social dimension of rationality, she will do so in such a way as to make vivid her commitment to an inter-subjective standard of rationality or truth according to which her arguments can be judged.
If analytic philosophy prohibits imagery except for rare special effect, and precludes letting the full import of a term (such as, perhaps, 'spontaneity') emerge gradually in the course of using it, as opposed to setting down a definition at the start, I do not care if I am not an analytic philosopher.
Ultimately philosophy is an open game, that is assuming you are truly commited to seeing something general in the vague sets being identified, you have to admit that no single paper by an individual author could capture the thought of one philosopher let alone whole groups.
leiterreports.typepad.com /blog/2005/11/analytic_and_co.html   (5786 words)

 History of Analytic Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The first three topics, philosophy of language, philosophical logic, and metaphysics, are deeply interconnected in early analytic philosophy.
In many respects, early philosophy of language had the largest impact on the development of the ideas and style of analytic philosophy (though see the note about philosophy of logic below).
In a sense, the philosophy of math and logic is actually more important to analytic philosophy than the philosophy of language.
www.bilkent.edu.tr /~cowley/EarlyAnalytic/earlyanalytic.html   (540 words)

 Analytic vs. Non-Analytic Philosophy
She said that analytic philosophers were "concerned with...getting things right and keeping them clean", while non-analytic philosophers were "snobbish literatti concerned with matters of style and being 'intellectuals'." I myself am a "committed and unabashed" non-analytic philosopher.
Analytic philosophers are concerned with questions like "what is a definition?", while non-analytic philosophers are concerned with questions like "does God exist?" Analytic philosophers dance around the great questions, but don't answer them.
Analytical Philosophy is concerned with the process of thinking, the process of reasoning, the process of ascertaining truth.
members.aol.com /soren/dispute.htm   (2332 words)

 OUP: Analytic Philosophy and History of Philosophy: Sorell
Philosophy written in English is overwhelmingly analytic philosophy, and the techniques and predilections of analytic philosophy are not only unhistorical but anti-historical, and hostile to textual commentary.
Analytic usually aspires to a very high degree of clarity and precision of formulation and argument, and it often seeks to be informed by, and consistent with, current natural science.
If history of philosophy includes the respectful, intelligent use of writings from the past to address problems that are being debated in the current philosophical journals, then history of philosophy may well belong to analytic philosophy.
www.oup.co.uk /isbn/0-19-927899-7   (575 words)

 LRB | Jerry Fodor : Water's water everywhere   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It's not that pre-Kripkean analytic philosophy marginalised modality.
Philosophy is to recognise not just the actual world that we live in but also a plethora of 'possible worlds'.
Whereas analytic philosophy used to be seen as tracing relations among concepts, it is now seen as tracing relations among possible worlds.
www.lrb.co.uk /v26/n20/fodo01_.html   (3968 words)

 Andrews, Philosophy after Analytic Philosophy
Such judgments about pre-twentieth century philosophy are the results of the success of logical positivism of the early part of the century and its transformation into the linguistic philosophy of more recent times.
For decades, philosophy in the English-speaking world has had to conform to external standards of "intellectual correctness"; several generations of philosophers in our universities have molded their institutions and formed their students to think that philosophy was analytic philosophy.
The operation of expropriation and mutilation gave to linguistic philosophy that vital connection to the former history of philosophy, creating for them one continuous development where they were just the latest and best in that history, of course at the expense of interpreting former philosophy as unwittingly engaged in linguistic analysis.
www.mun.ca /animus/1997vol2/andrews2.htm   (5868 words)

 Analytic philosophy at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical movement of English-speaking countries that began with Gottlob Frege at the turn of the twentieth-century and whose primary emphasis is on the analysis of language or meaning.
Much philosophy in Germany today, most of that in Scandinavia, and a great deal scattered over the rest of the continent, is likewise "analytic." Conversely, "continental philosophy" is pursued throughout the United States, although often just in literature departments.
Analytic philosophy has its origins in Gottlob Frege’s development of first-order predicate logic.
www.wiki.tatet.com /Analytic_philosophy.html   (542 words)

 Pathways to Phenomenology and Analytic Philosophy
The phenomenological philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961) 337; XII.
From the First Chapter: "It is important to analytical philosophy that it understand its own history, seeing itself in the context of the general history of philosophy during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: especially is this true at a time when it is undergoing profound changes.
This book is intended as an introduction to analytic philosophy for those with a minimal background in the history of philosophy and in logic.
www.formalontology.it /pathways_philosophy_two.htm   (4218 words)

 EUROPEAN SOCIETY FOR ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The objective of this seminar is to analyze the consequences of the naturalist views of Philosophy of Science for the status of socio-cultural phenomena and the status of rationality.
The Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic announces the Sixth Prague International Colloquium Possible Worlds: Alternatives and Applications to be held from 16-19 September, 1997 in Prague at Villa Lanna.
Analytic philosophy appears in the thought of some pioneers in the theory of knowledge, the philosophy of language, and the philosophy of law: Giulio Preti, Norberto Bobbio, Uberto Scarpelli, Ferruccio Rossi-Landi.
filo3.pfmb.uni-mb.si /~kante/html/body_newsletter_no._3.htm   (3242 words)

 Ebla Forum: View topic - Introducing Philosophy 17: Analytic Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
These are the kind of issues that early (and later) analytic philosophers were concerned with initially, taking a variety of positions on them - so much so that it isn't possible to state a clear, "analytic" answer.
Although it was contrasted with Continental philosophy (so called because analytic philosophy tended to be adopted by Anglo-American philosophers while those in Europe went in other directions), analytic philosophy is scarcely any easy to characterise than postmodernism - as we saw in our twelfth discussion.
It seemed, then, that the separation of analytic and synthetic relied on clarifiying analytic propositions via synthetics ones or via an ultimately circular analytic understanding or synonymity, and so would have to be rejected.
www.eblaforum.org /main/viewtopic.php?t=638   (9302 words)

 Philosophical Dictionary: Ambiguity-Anselm
Alternatively, a proposition is analytic if it is true merely by virtue of the meaning of its terms or tautologous; otherwise, it is synthetic.
Greatly influential in England and America, analytic philosophy is sometimes criticized for its excessive professionalization of the discipline.
Despite his rejection of a fundamental distinction between appearance and reality and adoption of an atomistic natural philosophy, Anaxagoras was the first philosopher in the Western tradition to draw a substantial distinction between inert and chaotic matter on the one hand and mind as an active principle and source of order on the other hand.
www.philosophypages.com /dy/a4.htm   (1496 words)

 Philosophy and Monty Python
This is really the first, and the biggest theme, of contemporary analytic philosophy-the contempt for innumerable philosophers of yore, who managed to get nothing done while everyone else was off figuring out neat things like natural selection and the heliocentricity of the solar system.
You see, philosophers from way, way, back in the analytic tradition believed deeply that, one way or another, reason was the proper foundation for society; it was both the mechanism that runs society and the grease on which the mechanism turned.
Philosophy is a conversation going back to Thales, they will say, and if you don't know what's been said then you're simply not doing philosophy, let alone good philosophy.
www.mtholyoke.edu /~ebarnes/python/python.htm   (3188 words)

 NPAPA: the association for UK postgraduate philosophers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The NPAPA was formed in 1997, by two Sheffield philosophy postgraduates of unparalleled foresight and wisdom, one of whom was called Simon Kirchin.
Its aim is to encourage closer communication between philosophy postgraduates from different universities in the UK, primarily through its annual conference.
If you would like to see your university join these illustrious ranks - and hold THE philosophy event of the year and the student party of the summer - then please follow this link to put in a bid.
www.npapa.org.uk   (238 words)

 Analytic Philosophy at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
Analytic Philosophy at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
Categorized by subject and author, this website features thousands of annotated links and text resources for students and teachers in the field of Analytic Philosophy.
Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies
www.erraticimpact.com /~analytic   (84 words)

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