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Topic: Analytic proposition


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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

  
  Analytic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Analytic geometry, the study of geometry using the principles of algebra
Analytical Thomism, the movement to present the thought of Thomas Aquinas in the style of modern analytic philosophy
Analytic signal, a particular representation of a signal
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Analytic   (435 words)

  
 Analytic proposition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The terms "analytic" and "synthetic" are philosophical terms, used by philosophers to divide propositions into two types: "analytic propositions" and "synthetic propositions." Different philosophers (e.g.
In the Introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant combines his distinction between analytic and synthetic propositions without another distinction, the distinction between a priori and a posteriori propositions.
synthetic proposition: a proposition that is not analytic
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Analytic_proposition   (1392 words)

  
 Analytic proposition Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Loosely defined, an analytic proposition is a proposition the negation of which is self-contradictory, or a proposition that is true in every conceivable world, or a proposition that is true by definition.
Analytical judgements (affirmative) are therefore those in which the connection of the predicate with the subject is cogitated through identity; those in which this connection is cogitated without identity, are called synthetical judgments.
Analytic propositions and a priori knowledge are related, though not the same.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/a/an/analytic_proposition.html   (626 words)

  
 ARE THERE SYNTHETIC A PRIORI TRUTHS?
Instead of this they might admit that what are commonly called "analytic propositions" are not propositions at all; that they are, strictly speaking, incapable of truth or falsehood; and that therefore it is misleading to call them "truths." But they might answer that their doctrine needs only a slight verbal modification.
All a priori propositions are analytic in the sense defined.
All ostensibly a priori propositions are really synthetic empirical propositions of a certain kind, viz., announcements by the speaker of his present intention to use certain words and phrases in certain ways or statements about the current usage of certain words and phrases in a certain language.
www.ditext.com /broad/apriori.html   (4673 words)

  
 A Priori and A Posteriori [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
An a priori proposition is one that is knowable a priori and an a priori argument is one the premises of which are a priori propositions.
Correspondingly, an a posteriori proposition is knowable a posteriori, while an a posteriori argument is one the premises of which are a posteriori propositions.
A related way of drawing the distinction is to say that a proposition is analytic if its truth depends entirely on the definition of its terms (i.e., it is true by definition), while the truth of a synthetic proposition depends not on mere linguistic convention, but on how the world actually is in some respect.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/a/apriori.htm   (5580 words)

  
 [No title]
An analytic proposition is one in which the predicate is contained in the subject, as in the statement "birds have wings".
Such propositions are called analytic because truth is discovered by the analysis of the subject itself, in this case, of the concept "bird".
Synthetic propositions, on the other hand, are those that cannot be arrived at by pure analysis, as in the statement "that bird is blue".
www.vusst.hr /~logika/pilot/predavanja/revizijateorije__note17.htm   (857 words)

  
 Slick, but - What would you say?
An analytic proposition is one in which the intension of the predicate is contained in the subject or vice versa.
A synthetic proposition is one where the connection between the subject and predicate is not related to the intension of the terms but it is experientially based.
I am aware some people claim an analytic proposition and a tautology are the same - and disagree - ut this does not rebut the fact that the Rev. is using a false analogy.
www.truthtree.com /Debating/posts/92.html   (406 words)

  
 A.J. Ayer Quotes
For it is possible to conceive of a symbolism in which every analytic proposition could be seen to be analytic in virtue of its form alone.
The fact that the validity of an analytic proposition in no way depends on its being deducible from other analytic propositions is our justification for disregarding the question whether the propositions of mathematics are reducible to propositions of formal logic, in the way that Russell supposed (1919, chap.
For the criterion of an analytic proposition is that its validity should follow simply from the definition of the terms contained in it, and this condition is fulfilled by the propositions of pure mathematics.
www.zaadz.com /quotes/AJ_Ayer   (368 words)

  
 Preamble
If an "affirmative analytical" judgment is true based on this law, then its predicate "cannot be denied (of the subject) without contradiction" because the negation would then violate the self-identity of the concept (the predicated connotation being part of the concept).
Kant's definition of analyticity is based on two criteria, (1) semantical: the predicate of a judgment is already contained in the concept of the subject, and (2) logical: the connection of the predicate with the subject is secured negatively by the principle of contradiction.
Previous analyses of arithmetical propositions were mislead by the simplicity of their examples (typically, Descartes and Hume were considering very simple operations like "2 + 2 equal 4" or "2 + 3 = 5" which create the impression that the result is analytically deduced from the concepts of additives).
www.uri.edu /students/szunjic/philos/preamble.htm   (9093 words)

  
 [No title]
A proposition affirms (or denies) that all (or some) of the subject is contained in the predicate.
A proposition is analytic (i.e., logically true) if and only if it is both a priori and mentions no particular properties, or (for Frege) it can be proved using only such propositions.
Analytic propositions are true just because they correspond to “logical facts”, i.e., relations holding among logical objects.
www.uni.edu /boedeker/hjlgfbrtlp.doc   (1444 words)

  
 What is a Proposition? | Lambda the Ultimate
In Aristotelian logic a proposition is a particular kind of sentence: one which affirms or denies a predicate of a subject.
Propositions are the elements of the formal language that get mapped into the set {true, false} in every interpretation.
Saying that X is a proposition is simply a way of saying that we are not going to concern ourselves with worries that X might be uncertain, or a matter degree.
lambda-the-ultimate.org /node/view/1239   (3753 words)

  
 Fr. Copleston vs. Bertrand Russell: The Famous 1948 BBC Radio Debate on the Existence of God
If you are going to call every necessary proposition an analytic proposition, then -- in order to avoid a dispute in terminology -- I would agree to call it analytic, though I don't consider it a tautological proposition.
That there is a contingent being actually existing has to be discovered by experience, and the proposition that there is a contingent being is certainly not an analytic proposition, though once you know, I should maintain, that there is a contingent being, it follows of necessity that there is a necessary being.
The proposition that metaphysical terms are meaningless seems to me to be a proposition based on an assumed philosophy.
www.bringyou.to /apologetics/p20.htm   (8423 words)

  
 Introduction to Philosophy, Dr Tom Kerns
An analytic proposition, on the other hand, is quite different than this.
You've heard a proposition that simply analyzes the concept of "bachelor," which is why it is called an analytic proposition.
So that proposition doesn't tell you diddly squat about what noumenal reality is, and for that reason it's really pretty useless as a proposition.
home.myuw.net /tkerns/MyUWsite/waol-phi-website/lecsite/lec-kant.html   (2344 words)

  
 Analytic Philosophy
This was an attractive proposition to some philosophers; after all, it would mean that philosophical questions could be translated into the ideal language and addressed by applying the rules of logic.
To say nothing except what can be said, i.e., the propositions of natural science, i.e., something that has nothing to do with philosophy: and then always, when someone else wished to say something metaphysical, to demonstrate to him that he had given no meaning to certain signs in his propositions.
Nevertheless, to call hinge propositions "true", "absolutely certain" or something similar is to miss the point: for something to be true it must have been possible that it could be false, but it is meaningless to talk of hinge propositions as having been otherwise.
www.galilean-library.org /int17.html   (8246 words)

  
 logic of props
A proposition is analytic iff it is true (or false) in sole virtue of the meanings of the terms
A proposition is synthetic iff its truth value depends entirely on matters of contingent fact.
Again, like an analytic prop, we can determine the tuth-value this proposition without having to count things - it we know it is TRUE prior to experience, based on the laws of mathematics.
home.comcast.net /~infieri/logicofprops.htm   (508 words)

  
 Man is the Measure
Analytic propositions: Statements of identity, Statements asserting the Inclusion of a subclass within a class, Definitions, Stipulations, Statements making implicit meanings explicit
Analytic propositions are certain - true in all possible worlds
Proposition: a statement which has truth value (T or F) Analytic Proposition (priori) - a proposition which is T or F by virtue of its terms and/or structure
www.geocities.com /sphstok/books/mitm/mitm.html   (598 words)

  
 Kant
Kant says "no", that such a proposition is not necessary, and that we might talk as if it is (he calls this an "arbitrary extension of a validity") but in reality it isn't.
The proposition "all bachelors are unmarried" is analytic because the predicate (being unmarried) being attributed to the subject (bachelors) is contained within the subject.
According to Kant, all analytic propositions are known a priori.
www2.drury.edu /cpanza/kantarticle.html   (1922 words)

  
 Here is a philosophical problem, see if you can solve it
  A proposition is any phrase that states something and has a truth-value (Having a “truth-value” is simply being either true or false).
For each of the three methods, the two choices are mutually exclusive, so any proposition will fall into one of the two halves of each graph.
I would suggest re-reading the definitions for the types of propositions very carefully, and using the graphs.
www.public.iastate.edu /~dstarks/philprob.htm   (1210 words)

  
 Provisional outline of the chapter, “Kant in Twentieth-Century Philosophy”
Another problem is how propositions construed as ordered complexes of individuals, properties, and relations, along with logical connectives or constants such as all, some, and, or, not, and if-then,can ever be formally or materially unified into coherent, semantically unambiguous truth-bearers (the problem of the unity of the proposition).
Now any proposition that expresses the unique translation of an empirically meaningful proposition into a determinate set of logically independent propositions in a sense-datum language is itself going to be an analytic proposition.
Then he distinguishes between two types of analytic truth: (i) the truths of classical bivalent first-order predicate logic with identity, and (ii) analytic statements that are not truths of class (i), but that can be systematically translated into truths of class (i) by systematically replacing synonyms with synonyms.
spot.colorado.edu /~rhanna/Kant20C.html   (14572 words)

  
 Is There a Synthetic A Priori?
By saying of a proposition that it is logically true, I mean, roughly, and with an eye on the problem of the relation of logical categories to natural languages, that when defined terms are replaced by their definientia, it becomes a substitution instance of a truth of logic.
The propositions traditionally characterized as a priori, with the possible exception of the proposition "God exists" (in the context of the ontological argument) have been universal propositions -- a priori knowledge about individuals presupposing a minor premise of subsumption.
Neither the axioms nor the theorems are logically analytic, though the implicative proposition whose antecedent is the conjunction of the axioms, and whose consequent is one of the theorems, is logically analytic.
www.ditext.com /sellars/itsa.html   (7607 words)

  
 PHIL 350YA: Handout #6   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Kant's account of analytic a priori knowledge: Analytical judgments are always in categorical (subject-predicate) form.
For example, pure Euclidean geometry is analytic for Ayer, because pure Euclidean geometry only makes conditional claims that the theorems are true, given that the axioms are true.
But he believes that some other propositions (e.g., the axioms of arithmetic) are also analytic.
faculty.washington.edu /wtalbott/phil350/hd6.htm   (382 words)

  
 [No title]
\par }{\ul\insrsid214648 Analytic and Synthetic Propositions}{\insrsid2644291 : \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid214648 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx720\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls1\adjustright\rin0\lin720\itap0\pararsid2644291 {\insrsid214648 An }{\i\insrsid214648 analytic}{ \insrsid214648 proposition is one that is true or false depending upon the concepts involved.
Thus, these }{ \insrsid2644291 are both analytic propositions.
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid2366187 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}{\i\insrsid2366187 Rationalism}{\i\insrsid8211933 :}{\insrsid8211933 It IS possible to know a synthetic proposition }{\i\insrsid8211933 a priori}{\insrsid8211933.}{ \insrsid13394195 \par }\pard \ql \li432\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin432\itap0\pararsid2644291 {\insrsid8211933 \par }\pard \ql \li0\ri0\widctlpar\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid2644291 {\b\insrsid543205 Locke\rquote s Theory: Representative Realism}{\insrsid8211933 \par {\listtext\pard\plain\f10\insrsid543205 \loch\af10\dbch\af0\hich\f10 \'d8\tab}}\pard \ql \fi-360\li360\ri0\widctlpar\jclisttab\tx360\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls4\adjustright\rin0\lin360\itap0\pararsid12199978 {\insrsid543205 Locke is an empiricist.
www.isu.edu /~baerralp/LockeMetaphys.rtf   (732 words)

  
 Philosophical Dictionary: Ambiguity-Anselm
A judgment is analytic if the concept of its predicate is already contained in that of its subject; if the concepts of its subject and predicate are independent, it is synthetic.
Alternatively, a proposition is analytic if it is true merely by virtue of the meaning of its terms or tautologous; otherwise, it is synthetic.
Greatly influential in England and America, analytic philosophy is sometimes criticized for its excessive professionalization of the discipline.
www.philosophypages.com /dy/a4.htm   (1496 words)

  
 Analytic Proposition Term Papers, Essay Research Paper Help, Essays on Analytic Proposition
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www.essaytown.com /topics/analytic_proposition_essays_papers.html   (928 words)

  
 [No title]
In sum: all attempts to define ‘analytic’ are circular or rest on terms that are no clearer than ‘analytic’.
Synthetic a priori propositions Are all a priori claims analytic (e.g.
If it is analytic, then ‘square’ can be reduced to logically independent concepts, one of which is ‘has shape’, i.e.: ‘Everything that is ____ and has shape has shape’.
post.queensu.ca /~mozersky/lec21.doc   (1784 words)

  
 Introduction to Philosophy
What is the difference between denying a true analytic proposition and denying a true synthetic proposition?
What is the difference between discovering the truth of an analytic proposition and discovering the truth of a synthetic proposition?
Is the assertion that this central concept is true an analytic or synthetic proposition?
www.madwizard.com /intro08.htm   (1107 words)

  
 Quotations from the Writings of Alfred Jules Ayer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
A point which is not sufficiently brought out by Russell, if indeed it is recognised by him at all, is that every logical proposition is valid in its own right
The fact that the validity of an analytic proposition in no way depends on its being deducible from other analytic propositions is our justification for disregarding the question whether the propositions of mathematics are reducible to propositions of formal logic, in the way that Russell supposed (1919, chap.2).
In other words, the propositions of philosophy are not factual, but linguistic in character - that is, they do not describe the behaviour of physical, or even mental, objects; they express definitions, or the formal consequences of definitions.
www.rbjones.com /rbjpub/philos/history/aaq001.htm   (365 words)

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