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Topic: Anarchism

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  anarchism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07
Also central in anarchism are the belief in individual freedom and the denial of any authority, particularly that of the state, that hinders human development.
Zeno of Citium, founder of Stoic philosophy, is regarded as the father of anarchism.
As an organized movement, anarchism is largely dead, but it retains importance as a philosophical attitude and a political tendency, and to lesser degree as a source of social protest.
www.bartleby.com /65/an/anarchis.html   (436 words)

  Anarchism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anarchism is the name for both a political philosophy and political movement, derived from the Greek αναρχία ("without archons" or "without rulers").
Thus "anarchism," in its most general meaning, is the belief that all forms of domination, coersion, and rulership are undesirable and should be abolished.
Anarcho-capitalism, inspired by the self-ownership principle of individualist anarchism, diverges by rejecting labor theory of value and the label of socialism in favor of the subjective theory of value and a broader notion of private property.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anarchism   (4459 words)

 Anarchism - MSN Encarta
All these schools of anarchism shared common traits: they were for the devolution of power from the State to the smaller units of voluntary organizations and thus had great sympathy for federalism, of which Proudhon wrote extensively.
Anarchism influenced the emergence of modernism, with James Joyce, Oscar Wilde, and Franz Kafka, for example, Post-Impressionist painters in Paris, Futurists in Milan, and later the movement of Dada in Zurich during World War I, all fascinated by its implications.
Anarchism was an important cultural current in the bohemian quarters of New York, Munich, Paris, and elsewhere.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761568770_2/Anarchism.html   (1432 words)

 "Anarchism", by Peter Kropotkin, 1910
This created in the general public the impression that violence is the substance of anarchism, a view repudiated by its supporters, who hold that in reality violence is resorted to by all parties in proportion as their open action is obstructed by repression, and exceptional laws render them outlaws.
Anarchism and Outrage, by C. Wilson, and Report of the Spanish Atrocities Committee, in 'Freedom Pamphlets'; A Concise History of the Great Trial of the Chicago Anarchists, by Dyer Lum (New York, 1886); The Chicago Martyrs: Speeches, etc.).
Anarchism continued to develop, partly in the direction of Proudhonian 'mutuellisme', but chiefly as communist-anarchism, to which a third direction, Christian-anarchism, was added by Leo Tolstoy, and a fourth, which might be ascribed as literary-anarchism, began amongst some prominent modern writers.
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/Lobby/6669/meaning.html   (3150 words)

 anarchism - Anarchopedia
As such anarchism opposes all forms of hierarchical control - be that control by the state or a capitalist - as harmful to the individual and their individuality as well as unnecessary.
Anarchism, therefore, is a political theory that aims to create a society which is without political, economic or social hierarchies.
Anarchism unites critical analysis with hope, for, as Bakunin pointed out, "the urge to destroy is a creative urge." One cannot build a better society without understanding what is wrong with the present one.
eng.anarchopedia.org /anarchism   (1208 words)

Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of social hierarchy.
Anarchism has a broader series of definitions of the state, ranging from the bourgeois state formation of army, bureaucracy, and representative parliament, to an idea of the state as a monopoly of violence.
Anarchism had a large influence on French Symbolism of the late 19th century, such as that of Stéphane Mallarmé, who was quoting as saying "La vraie bombe c'est le livre" (the true bomb is the book) and infiltrated the cafes and cabarets of turn of the century Paris (see the Drunken Boat #2).
www.askfactmaster.com /Anarchism   (9648 words)

 Defining Anarchism By Jason Justice
Anarchism, because of the threat it imposes upon established authority, has been historically, and is still, misused by power holders.
Anarchism today is being used to find solutions to the problems of power; not just state power, but corporate power and all immediate forms of domination among individuals and organizations.
Anarchism is, in essence, both a tendency to be free of rule, and a set of principles to be applied when dealing with the problems of power.
www.lucyparsonsproject.org /anarchism/defininganarchism.html   (2119 words)

 Individualist Anarchism Encyclopedia Articles @ MatronOfTheArts.com (Matron of the Arts)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Individualist anarchism is an anarchist philosophical tradition that has a strong emphasis on sovereignty of the individual.
Individualist anarchism's roots includes Europeans such as William Godwin, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Emile Armand, Oscar Wilde, Han Ryner and Max Stirner (who is also connected to the existentialist philosophy), though the individualist anarchist tradition draws heavily on American independent thinkers, including Josiah Warren, Benjamin Tucker, Lysander Spooner, Ezra Heywood, Stephen Pearl Andrews, and Henry David Thoreau.
As such, some consider the liberal British writer to be the "father of philosophical anarchism." There is a lack of consensus as to whether Godwin was an individualist or a communist.
matronofthearts.com /encyclopedia/Individualist_anarchism   (2069 words)

This is new, at least in my experience of anarchism, and it is useful to recall that many anarchists as little as a decade back, perhaps even more recently, would have said that anarchism addresses everything, yes, of course, but via an anti-authoritarian focus rather than by simultaneously elevating other concepts in their own right.
It is perhaps premature to expect newly enlarging anarchism to produce from within a compelling vision of future religion, ethnic identification, or cultural community, or a future vision of kinship, sexuality, procreation, or socialization relations, or even a future vision of production, consumption, or allocation relations.
Indeed, I suspect that until there is a widespread component of anarchism that puts forth something positive and worthy regarding political goals, the negative component decrying all political structures and even all institutions will remain highly visible and will greatly reduce potential allegiance to anarchism.
www.zmag.org /anarchism.htm   (1526 words)

Anarchism is the political belief that society should have no government, laws, police, or other authority, but should be a free association of all its members.
Socialism is the preparation for that higher Anarchism; painfully, laboriously we mean to destroy false ideas of property and self, eliminate unjust laws and poisonous and hateful suggestions and prejudices, create a system of social right-dealing and a tradition of right-feeling and action.
The danger of anarchism, one might argue, is that it has become such a revolutionary weapon that it may never know what to do with the golden age when it has it, and may exhaust itself in a perpetual series of counter-revolutions.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /USAanarchist.htm   (2704 words)

 Anarchism and Other Essays: Anarchism: What It Really Stands For
Anarchism urges man to think, to investigate, to analyze every proposition; but that the brain capacity of the average reader be not taxed too much, I also shall begin with a definition, and then elaborate on the latter.
Anarchism is the only philosophy which brings to man the consciousness of himself; which maintains that God, the State, and society are non-existent, that their promises are null and void, since they can be fulfilled only through man's subordination.
Anarchism is the great liberator of man from the phantoms that have held him captive; it is the arbiter and pacifier of the two forces for individual and social harmony.
sunsite.berkeley.edu /Goldman/Writings/Anarchism/anarchism.html   (4698 words)

 Anarchism: Arguments for and against -- by Albert Meltzer   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Anarchism is neither a mindless theory of destruction nor, despite some liberal-minded literary conceptions, is it hero-worship of people or institutions, however liberated they might be.
Anarchism, said Marx, was the movement of the artisan worker -- that is to say, the self-employed craftsman with some leisure to think and talk, not subject to factory hours and discipline, independently-minded and difficult to threaten, not backward like the peasantry.
Anarchism is clearly seen by fascists as a direct menace and not a purely philosophical one.
www.spunk.org /library/writers/meltzer/sp001500.html   (15157 words)

Anarchism is a widely disputed label, there are probably as many different kinds of anarchisms as there are different ideologies or traditions in statism.
Therefore anarchism is used in a number of ways--by people who want to abolish the government, abolish capitalism, abolish violence, abolish technology, abolish large-scale production, or abolish society.
The obvious answer is “no.” We will lead you towards a better understanding of anarchism and the idea of a free society--where no force is necessary to establish or uphold freedom and liberty.
www.anarchism.net   (274 words)

 Gyration, another word for revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This soon led to a division in the Working Men's Association, and the Latin federations, Spanish, Italian, Belgian and Jurassic (France could not be represented), constituted among themselves a Federal union which broke entirely with the Marxist general council of the International.
He demanded the complete abolition of the state, which -- he wrote -- is a product of religion, belongs to a lower state of civilization, represents the negation of liberty, and spoils even that which it undertakes to do for the sake of general well-being.
His religious arguments are, however, so well combined with arguments borrowed from a dispassionate observation of the present evils, that the anarchist portions of his works appeal to the religious and the non-religious reader alike.
www.gyration.org /theory/anarchism.html   (3602 words)

 Towards Anarchism
But we do not want this; we want Anarchism which is a society based on free and voluntary accord — a society in which no one can force his wishes on another and in which everyone can do as he pleases and together all will voluntarily contribute to the well-being of the community.
Anarchism is the abolition of exploitation and oppression of man by man, that is, the abolition of private property and government; Anarchism is the destruction of misery, of superstitions, of hatred.
Anarchism could not be, nor would it ever be if not for these few who want it and want it only in those things they can accomplish without the co-operation of the non-anarchists.
www.irational.org /sic/anarchism/malatesta.html   (1015 words)

 circleAcycles   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Still, anarchism is so widely and wildly misunderstood, especially in this country, that it does become a bit exasperating trying to address all the misapprehensions and slander that are floating around.
Anarchism, we may project, is the philosophy of such a system.
An important part of any brand of anarchism is the idea that people will behave and respond differently in different kinds of societies or structures.
www.circleacycles.com /anarchism.asp   (1067 words)

 Latin American Anarchism
Although Vitale also places anarchism squarely within the labor movement, his focus is slightly different: he understands anarchism less as an expression of class interests and more as a utopian movement that seeks to reconstruct society along radically democratic, communitarian lines.
Ortiz's study of key moments in the history of Chilean anarchism allows him to illustrate a revolutionary counter-culture made up of militant workers and idealistic bourgeoisie who were unified by a common anarchist axiom and the vicious persecution visited upon them by the ruling class as a result.
All of these authors agree that anarchism disappeared as a mass movement in Latin America around 1930 and all agree that vicious state repression was a significant cause of its decline.
www.newformulation.org /3morse.htm   (3704 words)

 Anarchism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
We say Yes if they are political and juridical laws, imposed by men upon men: whether violently by the right of force; whether by deceit and hypocrisy--in the name of religion or any doctrine whatever; or finally, by dint of the fiction, the democratic falsehood called universal suffrage.
Anarchism could be simply defined as absolute freedom, as long as you do not infringe upon the freedom of others.
And I personally prefer this definition for an anarchist: a person against all forms of exploitation and hierarchy, especially their most blatant manifestations: government and capitalism.
www.geocities.com /onetwitch/anarchism.html   (419 words)

 Defining Anarchism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
As the 20th century emerged anarchism began to peak and the definition of anarchism became concrete with the growth of new anarchist writers and movements.
Anarchism, because of the threat it imposes upon established authority, has been historically, and is still, misused by power holders as violence and chaos.
Because of the misuse of anarchism, the simple dictionary definitions of anarchism, and the different interpretations of anarchism the word can take on many meanings, but the truly accurate meaning of the word anarchism can be found in anarchist history, anarchist writings and anarchist practice.
flag.blackened.net /liberty/defanar.html   (1441 words)

 Anarchism Encyclopedia Articles @ InnerMan.com (Inner Man)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Anarchism is a philosophy that advocates the elimination of authoritarian institutions and relationships.
The fl cat, also called the "wild cat" usually with an arched back and with claws and teeth bared, is closely associated with anarchism, especially with anarcho-syndicalism.
Since they believed that the working man ought to enjoy the full fruit of his labor, many individualists, such as Tucker and Warren, described their position as "socialism." However, by the modern meaning of the term, they were not socialist.
www.innerman.com /encyclopedia/Anarchism   (3563 words)

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