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Topic: Anarchism in Spain

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  Anarchism - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Anarchism is a term which encompasses a variety of political philosophies, social movements, and political ideologies that advocate the abolition of all forms of coercion (including any social hierarchy of a dominating nature).
Proponents of anarchism argue that relations based upon voluntary cooperation and mutual aid will lead to a society characterized by the ability of each actor to have a say in outcomes proportionate to the degree they are affected by them, a society consisting of free individuals.
Insurrectionary anarchism is not an ideological solution to all social problems, a commodity on the capitalist market of ideologies and opinions, but an on-going praxis aimed at putting an end to the domination of the state and the continuance of capitalism, which requires analysis and discussion to advance.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Anarchism   (8507 words)

 Anarchism - Search Results - ninemsn Encarta
Anarchism, political concept and social movement that advocates the abolition of any form of State, which is regarded as coercive, and its...
Anarchism is founded on the observation that since few men are wise enough to rule themselves, even fewer are wise enough to rule others.
Anarchism is deeply rooted in Spain and is likely to outlive Communism when the Russian influence is withdrawn.
au.encarta.msn.com /Anarchism.html   (156 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Spain was no exception By 1936 unemployment had gone over 30% in many of the towns and cities Out of a total workforce of three million, one million were out of work.
In Spain a socialist proposal that the land be nationalised was dropped because of republican opposition.
The key element in proving to the world that the fight in Spain was simply to restore democracy, to rebuild the shattered state machine and return to the government the authority and power that was in the hands of the armed workers.
www.spunk.org /texts/places/spain/sp000336.txt   (14389 words)

 Institute for Social Ecology - Anarchism: Past and Present
Historically, it is not accidental that Anarchism in Spain, in the Ukraine, and, in its Zapatista form in Mexico, could be crushed only by a genocidal destruction of its social roots, notably the village.
The seeming "atavism" of Anarchism -- its attempts to retain artisanship, the mutual aid of the community, a closeness to nature and enlightened ethical norms -- are its virtues insofar as they seek to retain those richly articulated, cooperative, and self-expressive forms of human consociation scaled to human dimensions.
Anarchism, in effect, provides the materials for an analysis of the nature of freedom and the nature of oppression that go beyond the conventional economistic, nexus of capitalist society into the very sensibility, structure, and nature of human consociation as such.
www.social-ecology.org /article.php?story=20031117102316395   (3602 words)

 anarchism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Zeno of Citium, founder of Stoic philosophy, is regarded as the father of anarchism.
Anarchism’s only real mass following was in Latin countries, where its doctrines were often combined with those of syndicalism, especially in Spain.
As an organized movement, anarchism is largely dead, but it retains importance as a philosophical attitude and a political tendency, and to lesser degree as a source of social protest.
www.bartleby.com /65/an/anarchis.html   (436 words)

 Anarchism in Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Anarchism had soon taken root throughout Spain, in villages and in cities, and in scores of autonomous organizations.
Spain's economy suffered upon the decline of the wartime economy.
Whereas anarchism in Spain was previously disjointed and ephemeral, even the smallest of towns now had organizations and took part in the movement.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anarchism_in_Spain   (7709 words)

 Spain and Civil War
Spain's army, its landed aristocracy and the Church had been prepared to tolerate the republican government so long as it respected their rights and privileges, and feeling that the government had failed at this, they turned hostile.
Economic crisis in Spain was being fed by unrest and conflict.
Spain's Prime Minister, Santiago Quiroga, was unable to cope with the chaos.
www.fsmitha.com /h2/ch19sp.htm   (1812 words)

 Anarchist revolution in Spain : a victim of international Politics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Anarchism, then, really stands for the liberation of the human mind from the dominance of religion; the liberation of the human body from the domination of property; liberation from the shackles and restraint of government.4
Anarchism contends "that the serious, final, complete liberation of the workers is only possible on one condition: the appropriation of capital, that is raw materials and all the tools of labor, including land, by the whole body of workers."7
Daniel Guérin sees anarcho-syndicalism as well suited for the conditions in Spain before the War, both in undeveloped rural areas as well as in the industrialized cities.10 It offered solutions to the plight of both the peasant, in the rural collective, and the proletarian, in the worker-controlled factory.
flag.blackened.net /revolt/spain/inter_pol.html   (4463 words)

 Social Anarchism/Free Women of Spain
Because she has a deep and full understanding of historical anarchism and a personal knowledge of current feminist discussions and theory, her book is a delightful weave of yesterday as applied to today.
She looks at anarchism from a feminist orientation, from a woman's perspective, and tells us how anarchist women dealt with the inherent sexism in the anarchist movement.
In Spain direct action existed in the form of storefront cultural centers and in the day to day issues of people who need to learn to take control of their lives.
library.nothingness.org /articles/SA/en/display/365   (1191 words)

 Felix Morrow: Anarchism in Spain (January 1938)
Their recognition of the necessity for democratic organs of power (soviets) and organs of repression against the bourgeoisie and its direct allies (dictatorship of the proletariat)—lessons learned not from books but from the hard blows of the Spanish events—have spelled the end of anarchist prejudices against proletarian state power.
Anarchism becomes class collaborationism in the period of social revolution.
No, CNT approval flowed from a basic tenet of anarchism: the refusal to distinguish between workers’ states and bourgeois states, hence CNT collaboration in a bourgeois state, CNT approval of legislation to strengthen the bourgeois state against the workers.
www.marxists.org /archive/morrow-felix/1938/01/anarchspain.htm   (1410 words)

 Frequently Asked Questions about Anarchism
Anarchism is a body of ideas, but they are flexible, in a constant state of evolution and flux, and open to modification in light of new data.
All the major branches of anarchism are opposed to capitalism, because the latter is based on domination and exploitation (see sections B and C).
Therefore, anarchism bases itself upon the power of ideas and the ability of people to act and transform their lives based on what they consider to be right.
www.anarchy.be /anarchie/teksten/anarchyfaq.html   (19751 words)

 Index of anarchists and anarchism around the world
Like most people who hear about Anarchism you probably believe that "it is a good set of ideas but unfortunately it would never work.
At least 60% of "republican" Spain's agriculture was collectivised.
In the workplaces councils or "comite" elected by assemblies of workers and representing all sectors of the enterprise, were given the task of administering the collectivised factory.
anarchism.ws   (2512 words)

 George Walford - Appendies to Beyond Politics
One apparent exception to the rule, that the nearer to anarchism a movement stands the smaller and weaker it tends to be, is provided by the strength of the anarchist movement in Spain prior to and during the Civil War.
Spanish anarchism was divided between the large trade union organisation, the CNT (translating, roughly, as National Confederation of Labour), and the much smaller FAI (Iberian Anarchist Federation).
If there is one single feature which identifies anarchists (as that term is used in anarchist movements outside Spain and in systematic ideology) it is the repudiation, among themselves as elsewhere, of authority and leadership.
www.gwiep.net /books/bp14.htm   (990 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
It is even very political if the events in Spain of 1930s are called “Civil War” only, and not “Revolution.”; As most of the monographs or articles published on Spanish Anarchism have been written by anarchists themselves, many of them contemporaries of the struggles, anarchist violence is disproportionately little discussed.
Anarchism spread through the countryside less because of the pamphlets and more because of the intermediaries who delivered them and their philosophy to the villages.
There were at least two major strains of anarchism in Spain at that time: Anarcho-Syndicalism on the one hand and radical anarchism, more violent and strictly non-hierarchical, on the other.
www.eiu.edu /~historia/2001/agrarian.htm   (3377 words)

 MBEAW: Anarchism
"Rural anarchism in Spain and the 1873 Cantonalist Revolution," in H. Landsberger (ed.) Rural Protest (London, 1973), pp.
Anarchism and Violence: Severeino di Giovanni in Argentina, 1923-1931 (London: Elephant, 1985).
Anarchism, Marxism and the Future of the Left: Interviews and Essays, 1993-1998 (San Francisco: AK Press, 1999).
www.mbeaw.org /resources/left/anarchism.php   (1418 words)

 [No title]
Anarchism is the belief that no government is just and that no government is therefore exactly what we ought to strive for.
Anarchism (when it’s not just a fashion statement) is often thought of as a dramatic battle of mad bombers (Kaczynski) and assassination (Czolgosz, Berkman) — but the con-game of government has never been more powerful or more jealous of power, and thanks to the Stockholm Syndrome it’s never been more popular.
Withered Anarchism (a response to Bookchin’s “Whither Anarchism”)
www.sniggle.net /anarchism.php   (1226 words)

 Omniseek: /Politics /Political Theory /Anarchism /History
Anarchism has been defined many ways by many different sources.
The word anarchism is taken from the word anarchy which is drawn from dual sources in the Greek language.
But no matter how valuable they were to Chomsky as he rediscovered the study of language, it is not solely through their power to illuminate contemporary linguistic concerns, theories of deep...
www.omniseek.com /srch/{96630}   (374 words)

Initially, across one half of Spain the right-wing coup was stalled by armed resistance from peasants and the working class, and only after three years of civil war was the fascist victory secured.
But in one sense the fascist revolt was an immediate success: the working class and peasants sacrificed the struggle for their own needs and demands and united with liberal and radical supporters of capitalism in a fight to defend one form of capitalist domination -- democracy -- against another -- fascism.
At the time of the war, a popular idea amongst the Spanish working class and peasants was that each factory, area of land etc., should be owned collectively by its workers, and that these 'collectives' should be linked together on a 'federal basis' -- that is, without any 'superior central authority'.
www.angelfire.com /pop2/pkv/spain.html   (2136 words)

 Sydney Libertarians and Anarchism Index
Although the book never articulates anarchism per se, it is a ground breaking liberatory text which draws upon anarchist ideas.
The anarchist philosophy Hooton developed was anarcho-technocracy and The Politics of Things, which are prescient pieces of writing on anarchism, technics and society, still relevant today.
The values that I have never abandoned, no matter how far I have fallen short of the standards they call for, are an amalgam of what was given to me by my upbringing; by the Spanish anarchists; by William Blake; by John Anderson; and by the Sydney libertarians.
www.takver.com /history/sydney/indexsl.htm   (986 words)

 Anarchism - {{ᏏᏖᎾᎺ}}   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Resisting the Nation State - the anarchist and pacifist tradition, Anarchism As A Tradition of Political Thought.
^ Anarchism as a Scapegoat of the 21st century: violence, anarchism and anti-globalisation protests ᏗᎨᏥᎾᏝᎢ ᎢᏳᏍᏗ ᎧᏃᎮᏗ #21, 2001 retrieved 5 ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 2006
www.wikigadugi.org /wiki/Anarchism   (6432 words)

 Anarchism in the Spanish Revolution of 1936 - Spanish Civil War
The role of anarchism in the Spanish Revolution or Spanish Civil War of 1936 is too often absent from histories of this struggle against fascism.
Alongside the war millions of workers collectivised the land and took over industry to pursue their vision of a new society.
Conditions for the vast majority of people in Spain in the 1920s and 1930s were appalling.
struggle.ws /spaindx.html   (1323 words)

 Spanish Anarchism
The Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) is an anarcho-syndicalist labor union in Spain, and while it was banned during the dictatorship of Franco, re-emerged with great popularity after Franco died.
Anarchism in Spain, by Gerald Brenan, from The Anarchists, Irving Horowitz/Dell Pub./1964
Recently right-wing, pro-free market capitalists (who call themselves "anarcho"-capitalists) have started to attack anarchism and in particular the Spanish anarchists and their role in the Spanish Revolution/Civil War.
flag.blackened.net /liberty/spain.html   (567 words)

 anarchism bib page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
As a student of anarchism, this was my first exposure to the topic.
Obviously, this entire web project attempts to relate anarchism to The Iron Heel, which is set in Chicago.
Other chapters include a case study of anarchism in Spain, as well as some contemporary theory.
www.louisville.edu /a-s/english/haymarket/ericf/bibpage.html   (433 words)

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