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Topic: Ancient Egyptian architecture

  Ancient Egyptian architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This complex of ancient monuments is located some eight km inland into the desert from the old town of Giza on the Nile, some 20 km southwest of Cairo city center.
This Ancient Egyptian necropolis consists of the Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the Great Pyramid and the Pyramid of Cheops), the somewhat smaller Pyramid of Khafre (or Kephren), and the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure (or Mykerinus), along with a number of smaller satellite edifices, known as "queens" pyramids, and the Great Sphinx.
Ancient Egyptian architecture has had influence upon the architecture and art of medieval Europe, notably in the early 17th century, when Renaissance designers brought elements of Egyptian art into the ornamentation of castles and other fine buildings.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ancient_Egyptian_architecture   (1217 words)

 Egyptian Architecture - Architectural Character
The primitive architecture in the valley of the Nile appears to have consisted of puddled clay and reeds, or of sun-baked bricks, and some of its original character is seen in the later monumental style of stone and granite.
Egyptian monumental architecture, which is essentially a columnar and trabeated style, was mainly employed on pyramids, tombs, and temples, in contrast to the Assyrian, its nearest in age, which was devoted to spacious palaces for warrior-kings.
Egyptian architecture proceeded along uninterrupted traditions, and when necessity dictated a change in the methods of construction or in the materials used, the traditional forms, hallowed by long use, were perpetuated in spite of novel conditions.
www.oldandsold.com /articles22/architecture-4.shtml   (691 words)

 Architecture of Ancient Greece - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Architecture (building executed to an aesthetically considered design) was extinct in Greece from the end of the Mycenaean period (about 1200 B.C.) until the 7th century B.C., when urban life and prosperity recovered to a point where public building could be undertaken.
Most of our knowledge of Greek architecture comes from the late archaic period 550 – 500 B.C, the early to pure classical period 480 – 430 B.C, and the Periclean age 450 – 430 B.C. Greek examples are considered alongside Hellenistic and Roman periods (since Roman architecture heavily copied Greek), and late written sources such as Vitruvius (1st century).
Like Greek painting and sculpture, Greek Architecture in the first half of classical antiquity was not "art for art's sake" in the modern sense.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Architecture_of_Ancient_Greece   (1351 words)

 Art in Ancient Egypt - Crystalinks
Ancient Egyptian art forms are characterized by regularity and detailed depiction of human beings and the nature, and, were intended to provide company to the deceased in the 'other world'.
Egyptian art in all forms obeyed one law: the mode of representing man, nature and the environment remained almost the same for thousands of years and the most admired artists were those who replicated most admired styles of the past.
Ancient Egyptians used steatite (some varieties were called soapstone) and carved small pieces of vases, amulets, images of deities, of animals and several other objects.
www.crystalinks.com /egyptart.html   (4294 words)

 HighBeam Encyclopedia - Egyptian architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
EGYPTIAN ARCHITECTURE [Egyptian architecture] the architecture of the ancient Egyptians, formulated prior to 3000 BC and lasting through the Ptolemaic period (323-30 BC).
The Egyptians developed post-and-lintel construction—the type exclusively used in their monumental buildings—even though the use of the arch was developed during the dynasty of Snefru (2780-2689 BC).
Egyptian architectural development parallels the chronology (see Egypt): Old Kingdom, 2680-2258 BC; Middle Kingdom, 2134-1786 BC; New Kingdom, 1570-1085 BC Old Kingdom remains are almost entirely sepulchral, chiefly the tombs of monarchs and nobles.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/E/Egyptn-arc.asp   (941 words)

 Egypt: Construction in Ancient Egypt, Egypt
Ancient Egyptians used two words for stones; one to denote precious stones, such as turquoise and emerald brought in small bags from eastern mines, red carnelian from Nubia and lapis lazuli from Asia.
Studies of remaining ancient tools and illustrations of sculptors at work show that their working modalities were as follows: The overall design was made, using a global-shaped hammer of more solid stone, then cut with a saw and sanded out.
Ancient Egyptians knew how to fortify their cities and to surround their tombs with mud bricks and to build roomy temples; for almost in 3200 BC, ancient Egyptians started using sun-dried mud bricks on a large scale; a practice that persisted for long.
www.touregypt.net /featurestories/construct.htm   (2449 words)

 Skara Brae: an Ancient Egyptian Settlement
Significantly this is the same house where the Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs were carved and the bodies of two older women were discovered in a sarcophagus beneath the sarcophagus bed at the right hand side.
The Knap of Howar: An Ancient Egyptian Settlement
These Ancient Egyptian explorers nevertheless fulfilled their obligation to their motherland, building a new civilization in the Land of the Westerners with the knowledge of the arts and sciences they brought with them.
www.geocities.com /futhark_runes/SkaraBrae_AncientEgyptianSettlement.html   (3737 words)

 PlanetPapers - Ancient Egyptian Religious Architecture
One of the greatest cultural achievements of Ancient Egypt was undoubtedly in their architecture associated with religion.
Egyptian theology, with its deified pharaohs and strange animal-headed gods, was complicated, but the most important belief was that survival after death depended upon the preservation of the body.
Undoubtedly the most striking reflection of Egypt’s architectural prowess is in the mechanical construction of their monuments, in particular the pyramid, with its ‘sheer size alone enough to dumbfound any passer-by’ (Silverman:135, 1997).
www.planetpapers.com /Assets/3656.php   (1218 words)

Another point to make about the influence of Egyptian religion is that religion was the central part of their lives for the most part,3 much like the way it is for people of the church and monks today.
Other aspects of ancient Egyptian religion that can be viewed as influential could be the fact that they worshipped in temples,4 comparable to the churches and temples of today.
Egyptians actually celebrated the feast of Easter with the death, burial, and disappearance of their King, Osiris, on a Friday, and to celebrate his resurrection three days later, on the Sunday.
www.termpapers2000.com /lib/essay/Ancient-Influence-on-Medieval-Architecture.html/?a=link1   (3382 words)

 Abstract, Nexus 2002, Peter Schneider: Puzzle of the First Square in Ancient Egyptian Architecture
Peter Schneider presents the puzzle of the first square in ancient Egyptian architecture at at the Nexus 2002 conference in Obidos, Portugal, 15-18 June 2002.
As one looks at the history of measure in ancient Egypt, one finds references to a 'new' measure that is also taken out of the 'old.' It is called the remen, and it is derived directly from the measure called the great or royal cubit.
It suggests that there was a simple, clear, effective and efficient technique using two cords, with one knotted in remen and the other knotted in cubits, that allowed the ancient Egyptian architect to construct that first square from which all subsequent squares and proportions were derived with an amazingly high degree of geometric accuracy.
www.nexusjournal.com /conferences/N2002-Schneider.html   (709 words)

 Ancient Egypt Magazine - Reviews
Ancient Egypt is filled with impressive sites, larger than life personalities and obscure specialist terms and a ‘pocket sized book’ can only grow so big before it becomes unwieldy.
The high survival rate in the archaeological record is matched by a level of concern by the Egyptians to produce material remains for the welfare of their dead, and the construction of as large and well-equipped tomb as possible was at the top of their list of priorities.
On the face of it Professor Kanawati’s book is much like many others, consisting of a general overview of Egyptian beliefs concerning the afterlife, a brief description of the development of tomb architecture during the dynastic period, and a section discussing the themes and content of tomb-scenes.
www.ancientegyptmagazine.com /reviews19.htm   (1536 words)

 Architecture and Mathematics in Ancient Egypt - Cambridge University Press   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In this fascinating new study, architect and Egyptologist Corinna Rossi analyses the relationship between mathematics and architecture in ancient Egypt by exploring the use of numbers and geometrical figures in ancient architectural projects and buildings.
While previous architectural studies have searched for abstract 'universal rules' to explain the history of Egyptian architecture, Rossi attempts to reconcile the different approaches of archaeologists, architects and historians of mathematics into a single coherent picture.
Using a study of a specific group of monuments, the pyramids, and placing them in the context of their cultural and historical background, Rossi argues that theory and practice of construction must be considered as a continuum, not as two separated fields, in order to allow the original planning process of a building to re-emerge.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/print.asp?isbn=0521829542&print=y   (269 words)

 RCLS Member Library Youth Services Homework Links: World_History/Ancient_Civilizations
Ancient Egypt: The Mythology - Ancient Egypt: the Mythology is dedicated to providing the most detailed and accurate information about the gods, goddesses and religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptian people.
Egyptian Architecture - In this section of Architecture Through the Ages, you will learn about the great architecture that was made by the Egyptians.
Egyptian Mythology - 200+ alphabetically sorted articles on the indigenous beliefs of ancient Egypt from predynastic times (4th millennium BCE) to the disappearance of the traditional culture in the first centuries CE.
www.rcls.org /ystughh/World_History/Ancient_Civilizations   (632 words)

 The Ancient Egypt Site - The Early Dynastic Period
It was the culmination of the formative stage of the Ancient Egyptian culture that began centuries before during the Prehistory.
The typical ancient Egyptian artistic canon took shape for both two and three dimensional representions, determining the work of artists for millenia to come.
According to the Ancient Egyptian tradition, the first (human) king to have ruled over the whole of Egypt was a man named Menes.
www.ancient-egypt.org /history/01_03/index.html   (1126 words)

 Egyptian And Ancient Architecture Terms quiz -- free game
Egyptian obelisks are thicker at the top than the bottom; Roman obelisks narrow as they go up.
Egyptian have plain tips; Roman are often topped by carved flowers or people.
Egyptian remain in their original places; Roman were moved frequently from their original sites.
www.funtrivia.com /playquiz.cfm?qid=53167&origin=   (422 words)

 Egyptian Architecture
The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture Arnold is one of the pre-eminent modern scholars of Egyptian.
Egyptian architecturethe architecture of the ancient Egyptians from HighBeam Research on: Egyptian architecture.
Architecture is very important to Egypt because it It is important to the Egyptian religion because the pyramids are the
www.monna.com /art/Architecture/Egyptian_Architecture   (742 words)

 Dear Kitty. Some blog :: Ancient Egypt: architecture: temples, graves, houses :: May :: 2006
The region’s many ancient cultural treasures were threatened to be lost, but UNESCO set up a rescue plan, to which the Netherlands contributed.
Also typically Egyptian in the Taffeh temple is that the columns are not outside, like in a Greek temple, but mainly inside.
For Egyptians, the discoveries had a special significance: a tree that had so long been part of their culture was alive and growing in Egypt.
dearkitty.blogsome.com /2006/05/28/ancient-egypt-architecture-temples-graves-houses   (2469 words)

 Egyptian architecture 2
C. architects :Violet Le Duc and A. Choisy, and more recently by Eric Iversen (Canon and Proportion in Egyptian Art) and by Badawy, who claimed that the use of proportions was initiated by the ancient Egyptians, based on their study of Egyptian building, sculpture and painting.
According to this view, the ancient Egyptians were instinctive designers and skilled builders, who developed their techniques over a long number of generations.
In ancient times, the gap between intent and actuality was vast and therefore the attempt to fit various triangles to a plan has about the same probability of reproducing reality as fitting a continuos curve through a set of discrete events by a modern economist (and yet we try).
www.brlsi.org /egypt2.htm   (894 words)

 Egyptian ancient Architecture
Historical Development ancient Egyptian architectural development parallels the chronology (see History): Predynastic, Old Kingdom, 2680—2258 B.C., Middle Kingdom, 2134—1786 B.C., New Kingdom, 1570—1085 B.C and Ptolemaic period.
Perpendicular structures and inclined planes were the base or architecture, since there was no structural assistance except the strength and balance of the structure itself.
The Egyptians developed post-and-lintel construction—the type exclusively used in their monumental buildings—even though the use of the arch was developed during the dynasty of Snefru (2780—2689 B.C.).
www.aldokkan.com /art/architecture.htm   (907 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2003.06.33
It is remarkable for its inclusion of buildings that served a wide variety of functions within ancient Egyptian culture; alongside the monumental temples and tombs of the kings and the elaborate tombs of the elite, Arnold describes such domestic and industrial entities as "Town" and "Grain store/silo."
The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture also limits its focus to architectural elements, and there is no attention devoted to the surface treatment of walls incorporated into the various types of buildings it describes other than references to some of the materials employed for such purposes (for instance "Gypsum/gesso," "Plaster" and "Metal overlay").
The volume provides an overview of the major Egyptian monuments and sites, together with descriptions of types of structures often omitted from studies of the architecture of Egypt: the houses and towns, the industrial areas and storage facilities that were central to the lives of the populace.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2003/2003-06-33.html   (1004 words)

 Egyptian mathematics references
P Ernest, On the adequacy of the Egyptian representation of fractions, Bull.
P Gerdes, Three alternate methods of obtaining the ancient Egyptian formula for the area of a circle, Historia Math.
W Wendrich, Ancient Egyptian rope and knots, in History and science of knots (River Edge, NJ, 1996) 43-68.
www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk /HistTopics/References/Egyptian_mathematics.html   (627 words)

 Morien Institute Ancient Mysteries Bookshoppe - books about Egyptian Mysteries, the Great Sphinx and the Secrets of the ...
The pure majesty of ancient Egyptian architecture is often just too difficult to put into words, and a high percentage of those who have visited them say that the
His elucidation of the temple at Luxor and his presentation of the Egyptian understanding of a special quality of innate consciousness form a bridge that links the sacred science of the Ancients to its rediscovery in our own time.
The essays and illustrations portray the emergence and development of the distinctive civilization of the ancient Egyptians covering the period from 700,000 BC to AD 311.
www.morien-institute.com /egyptbooks2.html   (1706 words)

 Department of Cultural Affairs - This Was Nevada: Shades of Ancient Egypt Found In Nevada   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A modern expression of Egyptian Revival began in the late 18th Century with French and English exploration and documentation of Egyptian antiquities.
It has not been uncommon for architectural styles to appear and disappear later in the West where current fashions were slower to manifest, so the late occurrence of these Egyptian Revival elements is not surprising.
Indeed, Nevada is home to one of the nation's most recent monumental expressions of Egyptian Revival architecture, a structure dating to end of the 20th Century.
dmla.clan.lib.nv.us /docs/dca/thiswas/thiswas09.htm   (592 words)

 Mathematics and Architecture references
A Capanna, Conoids and hyperbolic paraboloids in Le Corbusier's Philips Pavilion, in Nexus III : architecture and mathematics, Ferrara, June 4-7, 2000 (Pisa, 2000), 35-44.
L Pepe, Architecture and mathematics in Ferrara from the thirteenth to the eighteenth centuries, Nexus III : architecture and mathematics, Ferrara, 2000 (Pisa, 2000), 87-104.
M Spigaroli, Pulchritudo sive proportio : Architecture and mathematics in the gothic of the mendicants, Nexus Netw.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/HistTopics/References/Architecture.html   (557 words)

 Jackals on the Westside?
An ancient Egyptian term, Wep-waut means "Opener of the Ways"; it is also the name of an Egyptian god depicted in the form of a jackal.
Kerry Muhlestein, a graduate student in Near Eastern Languages and Cultures studying Egyptian literature, discussed the apotropaic aspect of ancient Egyptian monumental architecture that is, architecture as a means to ward off chaos.
It is likely that the Egyptians had numerous apotropaic measures taken in the course of daily life such as the utterance of a spell, drawing of symbols in the sand, or marks over a door.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /ioa/backdirt/fallwinter03/jackals.htm   (723 words)

 Arnold, D. and Arnold, D. and: The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture.
The definitive reference on the diverse monuments built by the ancient Egyptians across three millennia, this generously illustrated volume surveys the ancient world's most remarkable architecture.
Destined to be the standard reference for years to come, this comprehensive encyclopedia offers a welcome overview of the magnificent structures that continue to lure pilgrims and tourists, impress architects, and inspire awe.
It will be enjoyed by serious devotees of architecture and archaeology as well as by armchair travelers and all who have wondered how the great pyramids were built.
www.pup.princeton.edu /titles/7504.html   (448 words)

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