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Topic: Ancient Persia

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  Persian Empire, Persopolis - Crystalinks
Persia's earliest known kingdom was the proto-Elamite Empire, followed by the Medes; but it is the Achaemenid Empire that emerged under Cyrus the Great that is usually the earliest to be called "Persian." Successive states in Iran before 1935 are collectively called the Persian Empire by Western historians.
Meanwhile in Persia a usurper, the Magian Gaumata, arose in the spring of 522, who pretended to be the murdered Bardiya (Smerdis) and was acknowledged throughout Asia.
This probably was the reason why Xerxes in 484 BC abolished the Kingdom of Babel and took away the golden statue of Bel (Marduk, Merodach), the hands of which the legitimate king of Babel had to seize on the first day of each year, and killed the priest who tried to hinder him.
www.crystalinks.com /persia.html   (3505 words)

  The Islamic World to 1600: Islamic Beginnings (Ancient Persia)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Achaemenid Empire was the largest empire yet seen in the ancient world, extending at its height as far east as the Hindu Kush mountains in present-day Afghanistan.
Persia did not regain its Achaemenid-era power until the Sassanid Empire rose in the 3rd century CE.
In the meantime, Persia was ruled by weaker dynasties, the Seleucid and the Parthian, a period sometimes called the Hellenistic period in Iran because of the Greek cultural influence.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/islam/beginnings/persia.html   (586 words)

  Persian Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 913, Western Persia was conquered by the Buwayhid, a native Iranian tribal confederation from the shores of the Caspian Sea.
Safavid Persia was a violent and chaotic state for the next seventy years, but in 1588 Shah Abbas I of Safavid ascended to the throne and instituted a cultural and political renaissance.
In 1919, northern Persia was occupied by the British General William Edmund Ironside to enforce the Turkish Armistice conditions and assist General Dunsterville and Colonel Bicherakhov contain Bolshevik influence (of Mirza Kuchak Khan) in the north.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ancient_Persia   (4749 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Persia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Nasir ad-Din NASIR AD-DIN [Nasir ad-Din], 1831?-1896, shah of Persia (1848-96).
Ismail ISMAIL [Ismail], 1486-1524, shah of Persia (1502-24), founder of the Safavid dynasty.
Tahmasp TAHMASP [Tahmasp], 1514-76, shah of Persia (1524-76), son and successor of Ismail and the second of the Safavid dynasty.
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/10052.html   (652 words)

Persia under Generals Outram and Havelock, it was terminated on 4 March 1857, by a treaty signed at Paris, favourable to the demands of the British.
Persia, resigned in 1845, and was succeeded, in 1848, by Joseph Audo, who died in 1878, and was succeeded by Elia Abbolionan, who died in 1894 and was succeeded by Ebedjesus Khayyat, after whose death at Bagdad, in 1899, the patriarchal dignity was conferred in 1900 upon the present incumbent, Joseph Emanuel.
Persia was raised to the dignity of an
www.newadvent.org /cathen/11712a.htm   (13488 words)

 Irrigation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
There is also evidence of ancient Egyptian pharaohs of the twelfth dynasty using the natural lake of the Fayƻm as a reservoir to store surpluses of water for use during the dry seasons, as the lake swelled annually as caused by the annual flooding of the pisshole.
Developed in ancient Persia the Qanat is among the oldest known irrigation methods developed and still used today.
Irrigation Works of Ancient Sri Lanka were one of the most complex irrigation systems of the ancient world, the sinhalese managed to build major irrigation schemes to support the agriculture which thrived at the time.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Irrigation   (2440 words)

 Persia - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The religion of Persia itself was Zoroastrianism, and the unity of Persia may be attributed in part to the unifying effect of that broadly established faith.
After Alexander the Great's death, Persia fell for the most part to Seleucus I and his successors (the Seleucids), but their grasp on the vast territories was weak administratively, although they did introduce a vital Hellenistic culture, mingling Greek with Persian elements.
Persia developed as a strong centralized state, based on a revived Zoroastrian religion and a class society.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-persia.html   (2037 words)

 Ancient Persia Essays| Ancient Persia Dissertations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
In 913, western Persia was conquered by the Buwayhid, a Deylamite tribal confederation from the shores of the Caspian Sea.
Persia found relative stability in the Qajar dynasty, ruling from 1779 to 1925, but lost hope to compete with the new industrial powers of Europe; Persia found itself sandwiched between the growing Russian Empire in Central Asia and the expanding British Empire in India.
In 1919, northern Persia was occupied by the British General William Edmund Ironside to enforce the Turkish Armistice conditions and assist General Dunsterville and Colonel Bicherakhov contain Bolshevik influence (of Mirza Kuchak Khan) in the north.
www.geography.degree-essays.com /ancient-persia-essays.html   (5351 words)

 Women's Lives in Ancient Persia
In the records numbers of male and female workers are well balanced a clear indication of women’s active and healthy participation in the economic life of the period.
In the first known reference to veiling, an Assyrian legal text of the thirteenth century B.C., it is restricted to respectable women and prohibited for the prostitutes and lower class women.
Nevertheless such evidence clearly indicates that women in ancient Iran were not an undifferentiated mass leading a secluded life behind high walls without any function and purpose other than child rearing.
www.parstimes.com /women/women_ancient_persia.html   (2912 words)

 Ancient Persia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The central part of the Persian Empire, Persia, was the farthest west it expanded, and India the boundary to the east.
Persia is located in one of the most mountainous areas in the world.
Ancient Persia was one of the most influencial empires in history.
panthers.moundsparkacademy.org /~hmoore08/xerxes/persia.html   (442 words)

 Iran - Crystalinks
The term Persia is the name used for this country by European countries since the Persian Empire of the Achaemenids in the 6th century BC.
Iran traces its national origin to Persia, an empire that emerged in the 6th century BC under the Achaemenid dynasty.
During the 19th century Persia came under pressure from both Russia and the United Kingdom leading to a process of modernisation that continued into the 20th century.
www.crystalinks.com /iran.html   (504 words)

 Internet Ancient History Sourcebook: Main Page
The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook is a companion to the Internet Medieval Sourcebook and the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
The Ancient and Modern Sourcebooks have a different role: since there are already ample online repositories of texts for these periods, the goal here is to provide and organize texts for use in classroom situations.
The Ancient History Sourcebook also includes links to visual and aural material, since art and archeology are far more important for the periods in question than for later history.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/ancient/asbook.html   (957 words)

 Iransaga, Iran (Persia) the country and history
For more than three thousand years Persia was a melting pot of civilizations and demographic movements between Asia and Europe.
In ancient Persia, it was believed that the sky was the first part of the world to be created.
"The traditional tales and stories of ancient Persia describe confrontations between good and evil, the victories of the gods, and the exploits of heroes and fabulous supernatural creatures.
www.art-arena.com /sagach.htm   (830 words)

 Daily Bible Study - Ancient Empires - Persia
They settled in Persia, on the eastern side of the Persian Gulf.
The Persians were Aryans, speaking one of the eastern Indo-European group of languages.
Persepolis (see map) was an ancient city of Persia that served as a ceremonial capital for Darius and his successors.
www.keyway.ca /htm2002/persia.htm   (311 words)

 chronology of boys' clothing : ancient civilizations -- Persia
Persia is not one of the early cradles of civilization and Persian civilization did not develop in river valley.
Persia for nearly 5 centuries was ruled as a province of the Selecuid Empire.
Persia during the Caliphate became largely Shi'a, separating it from the larger Suni faith of the Arabs and the rest of the Islamic worl.
histclo.com /chron/ancient/ac-per.html   (1958 words)

 Wonderful Ethiopians of the Ancient Cushite Empire: Chapter XVIII. Ancient Media and Persia Were Cushite
The Iranian legends said that the whole region of ancient Persia to India was inhabited by a race of fl men with short wooly hair.
The ancient Zend writings said that anciently the Medes, Persians and Bactrians were the same, having one common language, the Zend, and one religion.
He says: "I restored the ancient book in all the countries and the people followed it." Thus in the inscriptions he allies himself with the old race, that was fundamentally Cushite.
www.sacred-texts.com /afr/we/we20.htm   (4173 words)

 The Laws of the Ancient Persians - Administration of Justice
Although the rulers of the first ancient royal house of Iran have all been distinguished as lawgivers, the first personage to have rendered special service in framing and codifying laws was Prince Uruvakhshaya, the brother of the immortal hero Krsaspa (Garshasp) and the son of King Thrita, the father of medicine.
Hence apparently jurisprudence should have a very ancient history in all annals of humanity, and every civilized nation of antiquity must have had a fair system of laws to guide and govern it.
The Code of Moses is supposed to have followed; but Sparta in ancient Greece probably had the next system of codified law in known history; for, in B.C. 900, Lycurgus, the king of that country, gave his people a new set of laws.
www.farvardyn.com /laws.php   (2890 words)

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Magi were a class of Zoroastrian priests in ancient Persia who practiced astrology, medicine and magic -- and were renowned in the ancient world for their wisdom.
In the ancient Persia messages were written on the head of hairless slaves, then the hair grew again, and slaves were sent to the destination.
It is generally accepted that the cultures of ancient Persia and India have common roots, and that the common ancestor was in turn a descendent of the original proto-Indo-European culture, along with other influences.
www.lycos.com /info/ancient-persia.html?page=2   (679 words)

 From Ancient Persia to Contemporary Iran - History of Iran Timeline
Persia's financial and naval assistance was instrumental in Sparta's victory over Athens in the Great Peloponnesian War.
An important legacy of his conquest of Persia was the introduction of the Persian imperial practices into the West.
Although Persia did not become a Shi'ite state for almost another nine centuries, this clash was pivotal in its history.
www.mage.com /TLbody.html   (5130 words)

 The Persian Empire of Ancient Iran
23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah.
Persia was an ancient empire, extending from the Indus to Thrace, and from the Caspian Sea to the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.
The Persians were originally a Medic tribe which settled in Persia, on the eastern side of the Persian Gulf.
ancientneareast.tripod.com /Persia.html   (544 words)

A civilization rooted in the history and culture of ancient Mesopotamia, the Assyrians had, out of necessity, evolved with a strong military focus.
Ancient Persia (located in what is today Iran) emerged on the world stage as a powerful military and political presence due in large part to the efforts of one leader.
(see map) Reaching far beyond that achieved by the Assyrians and certainly the later Chaldeans, Persians controlled territory east of Persia as far as the Indus River (in what is today the country of Pakistan.) In the west, the Persians conquered Anatolia, and the Balkan peninsula in Europe.
www.hcc.hawaii.edu /distance/hist151/persia.htm   (1408 words)

 ANE History: Persia
The Zend-Avesta, the sacred scriptures of the Persains, idealized the racial memory of their ancient homeland and described it as a paradise.
Thus, in a single engagement, Media ceased to be the master of Persia, and Persia became the master of Media; soon, it would become the master of the entire Near Eastern world, as well.
During the reign of his jerk of a son, the influence of Persia would extend all the way to Egypt as well.
www.theology.edu /lec24.htm   (2122 words)

 Royalty.nu - Royalty & Monarchy in Iran and Persia - Persian Royal History
Persia's Achaeminid Empire flourished between 550 and 331 B.C. This beautifully illustrated book was created in association with the British Museum, which is mounting the most comprehensive exhibit ever staged on the Achaeminids.
Persia and the West: An Archaeological Investigation of the Genesis of Achaemenid Persian Art by John Boardman.
The medieval period of Persia's history began with its conquest by the Muslim Arabs in the seventh century AD and gave way to the modern period at the end of the 18th century.
www.royalty.nu /MiddleEast/Iran/index.html   (1957 words)

 Untitled   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Ancient Persia Fund was established in 1988 in memory of the distinguished Russian scholar Vladimir G Lukonin.
The aim of the Fund is to encourage and support the study of Ancient Persia and related areas including Central Asia, in the period before the coming of Islam.
Contributions may be sent to the Honorary Secretary, Ancient Persia Fund, c/o The Department of Western Asiatic Antiquities, The British Museum, London, WC1B 3DG, or to the Finance Officer, The British Academy, 10, Carlton House Terrace, London, SW1Y 5AH.
www.britac.ac.uk /guide/persia/index.html   (201 words)

 Ancient Persia | Persian Empire | Persian History | Questia.com Online Library
In Media...temples, ransacked ancient sepulchres, and...treatment of the beaten Persians was by ancient standards remarkably...M. Swindler...
The Ancient History of the Near East: From the Earliest Times to the Battle of Salamis (Chap.
Ancient Times, a History of the Early World: An Introduction to the Study of Ancient History and the Career of Early Man (Chap.
www.questia.com /CM.qst?D=se1&CRID=ancient_persia&KEY=persian_history   (785 words)

 Prince of Persia Warrior Within > Community > Prince Of Persia The Sands of Time
In medieval Persia, a king and his son defeat the powerful Maharajah and kidnap his daughter, looting his palace of priceless treasure, including an extravagant hourglass and a mysterious dagger.
Now, it is up to the young Prince of Persia to call upon every resource and ounce of courage he possesses to save his kingdom and redeem his fatal mistake.
Ancient Persia, mythical and deadly, holds a staggering array of landscapes and kingdoms to explore and conquer.
www.princeofpersiagame.com /uk/ww/pop1.php   (392 words)

 A Hotlist on Ancient Cultures   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Ancient Persia - A summary of Ancient Persia including some nice pictures as well.
Early Persia - A detailed summary of Ancient Persia from the History Department of Winthrop University.
Ancient India - Links to the Indus Valley Civilization and to the Kautilya and Arthashastra.
www.kn.pacbell.com /wired/fil/pages/listancientmr8.html   (346 words)

 Norouz (New Year)
This was the religion of Ancient Persia before the advent of Islam 1400 years ago.
In their ancient text, Bundahishn foundation of creation, we read that The Lord of Wisdom residing in the eternal light was not God.
The ancient Zoroastrians would also celebrate the first five days of No Ruz, but it was the sixth day that was the most important of all.
persia.org /Culture/nowruz.html   (2008 words)

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