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Topic: Anemia

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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

Thalassemia major, also called Cooley's anemia, is a severe form of anemia in which RBCs are rapidly destroyed and iron is deposited in the skin and vital organs.
It's the only way to diagnose aplastic anemia definitively and is also used if a disease affecting the bone marrow (such as leukemia) is a suspected cause of the anemia.
Anemia caused by an infection will usually improve when the infection passes or is treated.
kidshealth.org /parent/medical/heart/anemia.html   (1980 words)

  Anemia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In older patients, iron deficiency anemia is often due to bleeding lesions of the gastrointestinal tract; fecal occult blood testing, upper endoscopy and lower endoscopy are often performed to identify bleeding lesions, which can be malignant.
Pernicious anemia is an autoimmune condition directed against the parietal cells of the stomach.
The cause of megaloblastic anemia is primarily a failure of DNA synthesis with preserved RNA synthesis, which result in restricted cell division of the progenitor cells.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anemia   (2264 words)

 Anemia- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
Anemias can also be caused by such conditions as external bleeding, chronic disease, pregnancy, alcoholism, bleeding disorders, infection and hereditary conditions.
Vitamin B12 anemia is the result of an impaired ability of the digestive tract to absorb the B12 that is a normal part of the diet.
Anemia is diagnosed from the patient's symptoms and by a blood test that measures the level of hemoglobin in the blood, as well as substances such as folic acid, bilirubin and vitamin B12.
drdean.healthcentral.com /encyclopedia/408/112/Anemia.html   (974 words)

Anemia is usually caused by a deficiency of hemoglobin which is the oxygen carrying molecule in the red blood cell.
Anemia is often the first sign of hypothyroidism." Very important is the observation that anemia in hypothyroidism is often not diagnosed because hypothyroids have a lower volume of plasma which causes a false high estimation of the amount of hemoglobin in the blood.
Iron deficiency may be a factor in anemia, hypothyroidism, and myxedema (pretibial myxedema is a swelling of the front of the shin from fibroblast proliferation, a condition associated with thyroid disease and thyroid eye disease).
www.ithyroid.com /anemia.htm   (5565 words)

 MSN Encarta - Anemia
Anemia, medical condition caused by an abnormally low number of red blood cells.
People with anemia develop symptoms caused by the poor delivery of oxygen to their body tissues.
There are three primary causes of anemia: (1) reduced production of red blood cells; (2) excessive destruction of red blood cells; and (3) extensive bleeding.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761575542/Anemia.html   (363 words)

 Information about Iron Deficiency Anemia
The main causes of iron deficiency are: poor absorption of iron by the body (Vitamin C aides in iron absorption), inadequate daily intake of iron, pregnancy, growth spurts or blood loss due to heavy period or internal bleeding.
Anemia develops slowly after the normal stores of iron have been depleted in the body and in the bone marrow.
In men and postmenopausal women, anemia is usually due to gastrointestinal blood loss associated with ulcers, the use of aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS), or colon cancer.
www.mamashealth.com /nutrition/anemia.asp   (558 words)

 THE MERCK MANUAL, Sec. 11, Ch. 127, Anemias
Adequate marrow response to anemia is evidenced by peripheral blood reticulocytosis or polychromatophilia.
For significant anemia, less blood can be added to the fixed amount of anticoagulant by drawing the blood in a syringe; for polycythemia, the amount of anticoagulant must be reduced (see Table 127-3).
The diagnostic criterion for anemia in men is RBC < 4.5 million/µL, Hb < 14 g/dL, or Hct < 42%; for women this criterion is RBC < 4 million/µL, Hb < 12 g/dL, or Hct < 37%.
www.merck.com /pubs/mmanual/section11/chapter127/127a.htm   (2140 words)

 Understanding Anemia -- the Basics
Anemia is a condition that develops when your blood is deficient in healthy red blood cells, which are the main transporter of oxygen to organs.
Women in the childbearing years are particularly susceptible to a form of anemia called iron-deficiency anemia because of the blood loss from menstruation and the increased blood supply demands during pregnancy.
Iron deficiency anemia occurs because of a lack of the mineral iron in the body.
www.webmd.com /content/article/8/1680_54569.htm   (1215 words)

 Aplastic Anemia (Severe)
Aplastic anemia is not a single disease, but a group of closely related disorders characterized by the failure of the bone marrow to produce all three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
In aplastic anemia, the quantity of each of the three blood cell types is much lower than normal, which leads to the symptoms that cause a physician to suspect the disease.
Transfusions may quickly stabilize aplastic anemia patients with severe blood cell deficiencies, but it is very rare for a patient to achieve a long-term recovery using this form of treatment alone.
www.marrow.org /PATIENT/aplastic_anemia.html   (1057 words)

 anemia - Medical Information on Treatment Options, and Links to Other Sites.   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Anemia (American English) or anaemia (British English) is a lack of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin.
Anemia is classified by the size of the red blood cell: decreased (microcytic), normal (normocytic) or enlarged (macrocytic or megaloblastic).
Very severe anemia prompts a compensatory response where cardiac output is markedly increased, leading to palpitations and sweatiness; this process can lead to heart failure in elderly people.
www.mdsa.bc.ca /anemia.html   (214 words)

 MEdIC - Aplastic Anemia Answer Book   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Aplastic anemia is a rare but extremely serious disorder that results from the unexplained failure of the bone marrow to produce blood cells.
In aplastic anemia, the bone marrow biopsy shows a great reduction in the number of cells in the bone marrow, with a normal appearance of the few remaining cells.
The diagnosis of aplastic anemia is usually made or confirmed by a hematologist- a specialist in blood disorders.
medic.med.uth.tmc.edu /ptnt/00001038.htm   (2343 words)

 Anemia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Anemia in such cases may be less likely to result from bleeding ulcers but more to impaired iron or vitamin B12 absorption caused by the presence of the bacteria.
Anemia of chronic disease (ACD) is generally a condition that is triggered by a persistent inflammatory process that is, in turn, a by-product of the disease-fighting immune system.
Maternal iron deficiency anemia is associated with increased weight or size of the placenta, a condition that may pose a risk for later high blood pressure in the offspring.
www.reutershealth.com /wellconnected/doc57.html   (10022 words)

 Anemia, What Is
Anemia (uh-NEE-me-eh) is a condition in which a person’s blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells (RBCs), or the RBCs don’t have enough hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow-bin).
In severe or prolonged cases of anemia, the lack of oxygen in the blood can cause serious and sometimes fatal damage to the heart and other organs of the body.
People who have symptoms of anemia should see their doctor to find out if they have the condition, its cause and severity, and how to treat it.
www.nhlbi.nih.gov /health/dci/Diseases/anemia/anemia_whatis.html   (316 words)

 Anemia in Kidney Disease and Dialysis
Anemia may begin to develop in the early stages of kidney disease, when you still have 20 percent to 50 percent of your normal kidney function.
Anemia tends to worsen as kidney disease progresses.
At one time, aluminum poisoning contributed to anemia in people with kidney failure because many phosphate binders used to treat bone disease caused by kidney failure were antacids that contained aluminum.
kidney.niddk.nih.gov /kudiseases/pubs/anemia   (1490 words)

 eMedicine - Anemia : Article by Marcel E Conrad, MD
Although geographic diseases, such as sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, malaria, hookworm, and chronic infections, are responsible for a portion of the increase, nutritional factors with iron deficiency and, to a lesser extent, folic acid deficiency play major roles in the increased prevalence of anemia.
Anemia solely due to hemolysis does not occur until RBCs are being destroyed at 6-8 times the normal rate, reducing the mean RBC lifespan to less than 20 days because of the bone marrow's capacity to undergo 6-fold hypertrophy and hyperplasia.
Splenectomy is useful in the treatment of autoimmune hemolytic anemias and in certain hereditary hemolytic disorders (ie, hereditary spherocytosis and elliptocytosis, certain unstable Hb disorders, pyruvic kinase deficiency).
www.emedicine.com /med/topic132.htm   (7918 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Anemia
Anemia is a condition where there is a lower than normal number of red blood cells in the blood, usually measured by a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin.
Anemia can be confirmed by a red blood count or hemoglobin level.
Severe anemia can cause low oxygen levels in vital organs such as the heart, and can lead to a heart attack.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000560.htm   (390 words)

 Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine: Anemia
Anemia is a condition characterized by abnormally low levels of healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin.
However, excessive bleeding is the most common cause of anemia, and the speed with which blood loss occurs has a significant effect on the severity of symptoms.
The onset of iron deficiency anemia is gradual.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g2603/is_0001/ai_2603000157   (829 words)

 Anemia: When Low Iron Is the Cause -- familydoctor.org   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Hemoglobin is a protein in your red blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body.
A common cause of anemia is not having enough iron.
For example, if anemia results from losing too much blood, the cause of the blood loss will need to be treated.
familydoctor.org /009.xml   (684 words)

 MEdIC - Aplastic Anemia - Introduction for the General Physician   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Aplastic anemia is a hematologic disorder characterized by a decrease in the cellular elements of the peripheral blood.
Aplastic anemia develops before age 30-40 in patients who are predisposed due to a congenital chromosomal abnormality such as Fanconi's anemia or dyskeratosis congenita.
Patients with aplastic anemia generally present with symptoms of bleeding or bruising due to the thrombocytopenia (low platelets), tiredness or pallor due to the anemia (low hemoglobin), or infection due to the neutropenia (low white blood cell count).
medic.med.uth.tmc.edu /ptnt/00001040.htm   (1303 words)

 Anemia (Low hemoglobin) - DrGreene.com
Anemia occurs when the production of red blood cells is insufficient, when too many red blood cells are destroyed, or when blood is lost (through bleeding).
Sickle cell anemia is one type of hereditary anemia where the red pigment, called hemoglobin, is not made normally.
Anemia on the screening blood test is not necessarily caused by iron deficiency, although mild anemia in an otherwise well child is most often caused by iron deficiency.
www.drgreene.com /21_1025.html   (732 words)

 Women's Health: Anemia - American Institute for Preventive Medicine - HealthWorld Online
Sickle cell anemia - an inherited disorder that occurs primarily in fls, which affects the red blood cells’ ability to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues.
Thalassemia anemia - an inherited disorder in the synthesis of hemoglobins (substances that carry oxygen).
If it’s due to a poor diet, you’re in luck: Iron deficiency anemia is not only the most common form of anemia, it’s the easiest to correct if it’s due to heavy periods or taking in inadequate amounts of certain foods.
www.healthy.net /library/books/healthyself/womens/anemia.htm   (913 words)

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