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Topic: Anencephaly


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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  
  Anencephaly - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anencephaly is a cephalic disorder that results from a neural tube defect that occurs when the cephalic (head) end of the neural tube fails to close, usually between the 23rd and 26th day of pregnancy, resulting in the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp.
Although some individuals with anencephaly may be born with a rudimentary brainstem, which controls autonomic and regulatory function, the lack of a functioning cerebrum permanently rules out the possibility of ever gaining consciousness.
Most of the foetuses who are affected by anencephaly die in the womb of the mother, during childbirth or in the next few hours after the have exited the mother's body.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anencephaly   (759 words)

  
 Anencephaly: Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders
Anencephaly is a lethal birth defect characterized by the absence of all or part of the skull and scalp and malformation of the brain.
Anencephaly is readily apparent at birth because of the absence of the skull and scalp and with exposure of the underlying brain.
Anencephaly is readily apparent at birth because of exposure of all or part of the brain.
health.enotes.com /genetic-disorders-encyclopedia/anencephaly   (571 words)

  
 Catholic Culture : Document Library : Moral Principles Concerning Infants with Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a congenital anomaly characterized by failure of development of the cerebral hemispheres and overlying skull and scalp, exposing the brain stem.
Anencephaly is not a pathology of the mother, but of the child, and terminating her pregnancy cannot be a treatment of a pathology she does not have.
Anencephaly is defined as an incurable, fatal congenital malformation characterized by the absence of the cranial vault, with cerebral hemispheres completely missing or reduced to small masses attached to the base of the skull.
www.catholicculture.org /docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=542   (2530 words)

  
 Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a neural tube defect (a disorder involving incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, and/or their protective coverings).
Anencephaly occurs when the "cephalic" or head end of the neural tube fails to close, resulting in the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp.
Although some individuals with anencephaly may be born with a rudimentary brain stem, the lack of a functioning cerebrum permanently rules out the possibility of ever gaining consciousness.
healthlink.mcw.edu /article/921383913.html   (295 words)

  
 Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a condition present at birth that affects the formation of the brain and the skull bones that surround the head.
Anencephaly and spina bifida are the most common ONTDs, while encephaloceles (where there is a protrusion of the brain or its coverings through the skull) are much rarer.
Anencephaly occurs when the neural tube fails to close at the base of the skull, while spina bifida occurs when the neural tube fails to close somewhere along the spine.
www.healthsystem.virginia.edu /uvahealth/peds_neuro/anenceph.cfm   (776 words)

  
 Anencephaly Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Anencephaly is a defect in the closure of the neural tube during fetal development.
The neural tube is a narrow channel that folds and closes between the 3rd and 4th weeks of pregnancy to form the brain and spinal cord of the embryo.
Infants with this disorder are born without a forebrain (the front part of the brain) and a cerebrum (the thinking and coordinating part of the brain).
www.ninds.nih.gov /disorders/anencephaly/anencephaly.htm   (460 words)

  
 Anencephaly
Anencephaly is classified as a neural tube defect (NTD), and that term refers to the incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, and/or their protective coverings.
Anencephaly occurs when the anterior or cephalic head-end of this neural tube fails to close, resulting in the failure of major portions of brain, skull and scalp to form.
Infants with anencephaly are born without both a forebrain (the front part of the brain) and a cerebrum (the thinking and coordinating part of the brain).
hw.healthdialog.com /kbase/nord/nord596.htm   (1259 words)

  
 Dr. Koop - Anencephaly
Anencephaly is the absence of a large part of the brain and the skull.
Anencephaly is a neural tube defect that occurs early in the development of an unborn baby.
Anencephaly results when the upper portion of the neural tube fails to close.
www.drkoop.com /ency/93/001580.html   (262 words)

  
 Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a congenital fetal defect involving the absence of the higher brain, sometimes with the absence of the brain stem, but usually with the brain stem intact.
While it is possible to diagnose anencephaly as early as the 10th or 12th week of pregnancy, in clinical practice it is typically diagnosed between 15-18 weeks.
There is, however, no cure for anencephaly, and many physicians recommend aborting the fetus in order to reduce the risk of potential complications that might result from continuing the pregnancy, and in an attempt to alleviate anxiety on the part of the mother and family.
www.ascensionhealth.org /ethics/public/issues/anencephaly.asp   (1018 words)

  
 Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a birth defect that occurs when the bones of the skull do not close properly.
Babies with anencephaly can survive inside the womb because their vital organs, such as heart and kidneys, are normal and they receive nutrients from the mother's blood.
Anencephaly or spina bifida occurs in about 1 to 2 per 1,000 births in the Caucasian population and in about 1 in 2,000 births in the African-American population.
members.tripod.com /dondoe00/id4.htm   (925 words)

  
 Community Connections > Disabilities > About > Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a birth defect that occurs before the 26th day of pregnancy.
Anencephaly is usually diagnosed with an AFP (alpha-fetoprotein) test at 16 to 18 wks and then confirmed by follow up level 2 ultrasound.
In anencephaly, the infant is born with no cerebral hemispheres, only a rudimentary brain and brainstem, and no calverium (skull bone).
www.arcofkingcounty.org /guide/disabilities/about/anencephaly   (593 words)

  
 Anencephaly definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Anencephaly: A neural tube defect (NTD) that occurs when the cephalic (head) end of the neural tube fails to close, usually between the 23rd and 26th days of pregnancy, resulting in the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp.
Infants born with anencephaly are usually blind, deaf, and unconscious.
Anencephaly can often be diagnosed before birth through screening of the mother's blood for the level of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and an ultrasound examination.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2245   (479 words)

  
 eMedicine - Anencephaly : Article by Robert G Best, PhD, FACMG   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Anencephaly is lethal in all cases because of the severe brain malformation that is present.
History: Anencephaly is readily apparent at birth because of the absence of the cranial vault and portions of the cerebrum and cerebellum.
Anencephaly caused by amniotic band disruption sequence is frequently distinguishable by the presence of remnants of the amniotic membrane.
www.emedicine.com /neuro/topic639.htm   (3028 words)

  
 medical information about anencephaly
Anencephaly is a neural tube defect (NTD) in which the brain and cranial vault are grossly malformed.
Anencephaly is due to failure of primary neurulation (neurulation is the process which progenitors of the central nervous system are shaped, separated from and brought beneath the epidermis).
Anencephaly results from failure of neural tube closure at the cranial end of the developing embryo.
www.anencephalie-info.org /medical.htm   (631 words)

  
 Anencephaly
Anencephaly is one of the most severe forms of a neural tube defect (NTD) and is typically not compatible with life.
Anencephaly occurs when the top, or cephalic portion, of the neural tube does not close properly during fetal development.
By studying families with anencephaly and other NTDs, we hope to identify the genes that contribute to the development of the neural tube.
www.chg.duke.edu /diseases/anencephaly.html   (509 words)

  
 eSynopsis of Anencephaly of the Brain
•Anencephaly is due to failure of the anterior neural tube to close properly during very early intrauterine life.
•Anencephaly is seen in the United States at a frequency of 1:1000 births.
•Anencephaly is usually sporadic with a frequency of 1:1000 births in the United States, but 5:1000 in Ireland and lesser numbers in Asia.
esynopsis.uchc.edu /S437.htm   (254 words)

  
 Fr. Benedict Ashley - Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a distressing condition of infants whose brains have failed to develop during gestation beyond a very rudimentary stage.
Anencephaly is medically defined as an incurable, fatal congenital malformation characterized by the absence of the cranial vault, with cerebral hemispheres completely missing or reduced to small masses attached to the base of the skull".
The child with anencephaly, therefore, must be so cared for that he or she is as free of suffering as possible and should be given loving attention, affection and protection so that it will be evident to all that she or he is a child like other children.
www.ewtn.com /library/PROLIFE/bcdanen3.htm   (5943 words)

  
 Spina Bifida and Anencephaly Prevalence --- United States, 1991--2001
After a decline in the early part of the decade, the anencephaly prevalence was stable during the mid-1990s.
Spina bifida and anencephaly are serious birth defects that occur when the neural tube fails to close properly during fetal development.
Anencephaly is a lethal defect, and spina bifida results in serious long-term morbidity and disability.
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5113a3.htm   (1635 words)

  
 Basic Summary for Anencephaly - WrongDiagnosis.com
Anencephaly is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Incidence of Anencephaly: Each year in the U.S., 4,000 pregnancies are affected by birth defects of the spine and brain, called spina bifida and anencephaly.
Causes of Anencephaly: The cause of anencephaly is unknown.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /a/anencephaly/basics.htm   (743 words)

  
 Anencephaly
anencephaly n: a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres.
Anencephaly Anencephaly is a neural tube defect (a disorder involving and the brain and spinal cord of the embryo.
anencephaly arises from an embryonic defect occurring prior to day 26 which prevents the closure of the anterior...
www.health-nexus.com /anencephaly.htm   (207 words)

  
 Anencephaly Awareness-info on possible causes and future prevention
Normally, a detectable and predictable amount of this protein crosses the placenta and enters the bloodstream.The alpha-fetoprotein test detects amounts of this protein, which is produced by the unborn babies liver, and measures the amount in the mother's blood.
Some cases of anencephaly have been diagnosed, via ultrasound, as early as 10 1/2 wks.
Organ donation has caused an ethical debate when it comes to infants with anencephaly due to the difficulty in determing brain death since these infants usually have a rudimentary brain stem.
www.angelfire.com /mb/jessicasjourney/info.html   (1187 words)

  
 WiSSPers, June 1998, page 2
Comment: Anencephaly is one of the birth defects which arises early in gestation secondary to failure of closure of the neural tube.
One of the most common imitators of anencephaly is Early Amnion Disruption, in which rupture of the amniotic sac can result in adhesions to the early developing calvarium, resulting in an anencephalic-like picture, but in which amniotic strands can also result in amputations or syndactyly of the fingers.
Clearly distinguishing anencephaly and Early Amnion Disruption is germane to counseling a family.
www.wisc.edu /wissp/wisspers/w51p2.htm   (1348 words)

  
 Lifespan's A - Z Health Information Library - Anencephaly
This condition is usually found by the physician during routine prenatal testing and ultrasound.
If anencephaly is detected before birth, further counseling will be needed.
It is important for women who may become pregnant to get enough folic acid.
www.lifespan.org /adam/healthillustratedencyclopedia/1/001580.html   (374 words)

  
 Anencephaly - Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Anencephaly is the most extreme type of neural tube defect.
Spina bifida (open spine) is more common and seen in one to two per 1,000 live births.
The diagnosis of anencephaly can be made early in pregnancy, or at birth by physical examination.
www.chop.edu /consumer/your_child/condition_section_index.jsp?root_id=0&id=-9254   (919 words)

  
 Anencephaly Net
Anencephaly Information - Anencephaly is a congenital malformation that occurs in approximately one in one thousand pregnancies.
Anencephalie (in de volksmond open schedeltje of kattenkopje genoemd) is in tegenstelling tot spinabifida niet verenigbaar met het leven, vele babies met anencephalie overleven de geboorte niet en anders is de levensverwachting niet meer dan enkele uren tot enkele dagen.
Anencephaly Net was created by Steve and Patricia Karg in memory of their daughter, Mary Elizabeth.
www.anencephaly.net   (2342 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The overriding folate policy issue is how to increase dramatically the folate consumption of 75% of the population who are now consuming 0.4 mg of folic acid in a supplement.
Fortification at the higher level would prevent about 1000 spina bifida and anencephaly birth defects each year and perhaps as many as 50,000 premature deaths each year from coronary disease.
SOURCE J Craniofac Genet Dev Biol 1990;10(2):163-74 ABSTRACT Anencephaly patients are of renewed interest because they are regarded as a potential source of organ donation.
www.webshells.com /medsrch/anenceph.txt   (841 words)

  
 Anencephaly News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Anencephaly News continually updated from thousands of sources around the net.
Fortification of flour with folic acid, associated with reducing the occurrence of neural tube defects like spina bifida and anencephaly, was made compulsory in the US in 1998, and has led to the number of...
In the last 1980s and early 1990s, dozens of cases of anencephaly in the Rio Grande Valley caused plenty of finger pointing.
www.topix.net /health/anencephaly   (632 words)

  
 Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a condition in which a fetus forms with a partially formed brain and spinal cord.
Anencephaly can be detected with prenatal tests, such as ultrasound and amniocentesis.
If a woman learns that she is pregnant with a fetus that has anencephaly, termination of the pregnancy is usually offered.
www.webmd.com /hw/health_guide_atoz/sta123265.asp   (93 words)

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