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Topic: Anglo-Norman


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In the News (Sat 16 Dec 17)

  
 Anglo-Norman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Normans began to identify themselves as Anglo-Norman; indeed, the Anglo-Norman language was considerably distinct from the "Parisian French" which was the subject of some humour by Geoffrey Chaucer.
This led quickly to the establishment of an Anglo-Norman army made up of Norman horsemen of noble blood, Saxon infantrymen often of equally noble blood, assimilated English freemen as rank-and-file, and foreign mercenaries and adventurers from other parts of the Continent.
This article is about the group of people categorised by historians of the late 19th and early 20th century in particular as the Anglo-Normans.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anglo-Norman   (851 words)

  
 Anglo-Norman language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anglo-Norman was the spoken language of the Norman nobility and was also used in the courts, to compile official documents, to write literature, and for commercial purposes.
It is far safer to think in terms of a range of speakers from various dialectal backgrounds, by no means all Norman; since their speech is of course not recorded, the diversity of it (both regional and social) is equally unattested.
The name is something of a misnomer: the specifically Norman traits of the language found in England are neither overwhelmingly dominant, nor are they the only dialectal elements which are discernible in documents written in French in England.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anglo-Norman_language   (1641 words)

  
 French as a mother-tongue in Medieval England
Norman French was distinct from Parisian or Continental French, and, with time, the French spoken in England by the Norman landed gentry became distinct.
The Norman Conquest of 1066 by William the Conqueror marks the beginning of an era of French influence in England
Modern scholars estimate that the initial migration of Normans into England after the Conquest was no more than 20,000 people including the army, a number that was roughly 1.3% of England’s population (Berndt 1965, quoted in Kibbee 1991).
www.chass.utoronto.ca /~cpercy/courses/6361Heys.htm   (1766 words)

  
 Anglo-Norman -- DBA 134
The historical versality of the Anglo Norman armies is represented in DBA by the dismounting option and the option for either an Ax, Cb, or Ps element.
The success of the Norman conquest was also partly due to the fact that every single one of the Norman kings was a capable general in the field.
All the major tenants of the kingdom were Normans themselves and their fortunes were tied together with that of the Crown; it was in their own best interest to defend the realm against the numerous adversaries so they would maintain their newly acquired-and richly endowed-land ownerships.
www.fanaticus.org /dba/armies/dba134.html   (1513 words)

  
 Anglo-Norman church architecture
The Norman Conquest led to a great upsurge in the building and rebuilding of cathedrals, monastic houses and parish churches.
Ornamentation in the early Norman churches was restrained, involving simple geometric patterns and blind arcading, but little figurative work.
The two abbeys founded by William the Conqueror at Caen provided one model for the major churches of early Norman England.
www.norman-world.com /angleterre/cultures/GB_FR/culture6_3.htm   (350 words)

  
 Anglo-Norman Historians
The Gesta Normannorum Ducum ("Deeds of the Norman Dukes") was written by William of Jumièges, a monk of that abbey, shortly before 1060 and then, at the request of King William, extended early in 1070 to include in Book VII an account of the conquest.
Remarks on the compassion of the Normans, therefore, either are ignored or directly contradicted by Orderic, who does not repeat William of Poitiers' obsequious characterization of the Conqueror.
Unlike these abbreviated annals, the Norman accounts of the battle are panegyics, written to eulogize William and legitimize his conquest of England.
itsa.ucsf.edu /~snlrc/britannia/hastings/anglonorman.html   (1753 words)

  
 Anglo-Norman literature --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Though this dialect had been introduced to English court circles in Edward the Confessor's time, its history really began with the Norman Conquest in 1066, when it became the vernacular of the court, the law, the church, schools, universities, parliament, and later of municipalities and of trade.
A verse narrative of heroic deeds written in Middle English in about 1300 AD, Havelok the Dane offers the first view of ordinary life in the literature that was produced after the Norman conquest of England in 1066.
Layamon's Brut, written in about 1200, is considered the outstanding literary product of the 12th-century revival of English literature, which had been virtually suppressed in favor of French and Latin after the Norman...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9007589   (777 words)

  
 Medieval England 1066-1399 - Seminar Programmes
The Norman's adapted the role, so the sheriff became able to collect the taxes within their areas, this helped the Normans to be able to effectively collect taxes when they were building up their control of the country.
The norman conquest meant a reduction in the importance of the earl within the english system of local government, as William did not want his kingdom to be divided into semi-independent princedoms.
Whether this was a deliberate attempt to place the country under complete Norman control or just rewards to the lower landowners who had fought in 1066, is difficult to tell, but it does show that the Normans were able to spread out their influence out into the localities.
www.the-orb.net /wales/h3h03/h3h03r01.htm   (6342 words)

  
 All About Romance Novels - The Norman Conquest by Jo Beverley
To understand the Anglo Norman period, we have to understand something of the previous decades and the English tradition.
The Norman Conquest did not happen overnight, though it was close in the south east, in the areas around Winchester and London.
Normans had been part of the court of previous kings, especially Edward, and had helped him build castles to keep out the Welsh.
www.likesbooks.com /medevil1.html   (2475 words)

  
 lang.html
The homilectic pontificals of Osmund, the first Norman bishop of Salisbury, are heteroglossic, since he produced homilies in the English vernacular.
One reason may have been that the personnel producing the documents before then may have been of insular origin and were only later replaced by Normans.
Later texts which are heteroglossia including the English vernacular, might be either macaronic or code-switching, for whatever purpose.
paleo.anglo-norman.org /lang.html   (825 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Anglo Norman
Look for Anglo Norman in the Commons, our repository for free images, music, sound, and video.
The effects of the Norman Conquest on the people and governance of England were immense.
However, Norman French became the language of political and legal power and of education.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Anglo_Norman   (318 words)

  
 Chibnall, Marjorie Anglo-Norman England
Even in Edward the Confessor's reign a few Norman settlers had occupied the borders of Herefordshire, and built their mottes in the region of Richard's Castle...Robert established his base at Rhuddlan." (p.
There is also a clearer understanding of the nature of the gradual assimilation of Norman and English institutions over several decades.
"For some centuries the history of the Norman conquest and its aftermath has bee rewrittne in every generation...In the seventeenth century Henry Spelman and Robert Cotton traced the feudal customs that had become legal abuses in their day back to the Norman conquest.
www.uvm.edu /~hag/rhuddlan/chibnall-anglo-norman-england.html   (836 words)

  
 Making Medieval Women Visible: Ruth Dean Lecture Set for November 7
The Ruth Dean lecture series was established in 1967 upon the retirement of Ruth Dean, MHC Professor Emeritus of French and a specialist in the study of Anglo-Norman literature and culture.
Collette refers to studies of the Anglo-Norman era, the period after the Norman conquest of Britain in 1066 when French was a major language of culture, law, administration, and other areas of medieval England.
To start her lecture at MHC, Wogan-Browne will explore the ideological position of Tolkien, an influential Oxford don and eminent medievalist who in his literary criticism, as well as in his own fantasy literature, marginalized the influence of women and the importance of Anglo-Norman culture in Britain.
www.mtholyoke.edu /offices/comm/csj/110102/lecture.shtml   (554 words)

  
 england
Loyn, Anglo-Saxon England and the Norman Conquest (Longman's Social and Economic History of England; London, 1962); D. Palliser, The Age of Elizabeth: England Under the Later Tudors, 1547-1603 (Social and Economic History of England; Longmans).
The Norman Impact Upon England (Berkeley, 1964); Frank Barlow, William I and the Norman Conquest (1965).
Allen Brown, Origins of English Feudalism (1973); The Norman Conquest (The Documents of Medieval History, 5; London, 1984); The Normans and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge, 1994); The Normans (Woodbridge, 1994).
urban.hunter.cuny.edu /~thead/england.htm   (4501 words)

  
 biology - Wace
The Anglo-Norman language Wace wrote in is variously regarded as a dialect of the Norman language, a dialect of Old French, or specifically the precursor of Jèrriais.
A large part of the Roman de Rou is devoted to William the Conqueror and the Norman Conquest.
Wace's reference to oral tradition within his own family suggests that his account of the preparations for the Conquest and of the Battle of Hastings are reliant not only on documentary evidence but also on eyewitness testimony from close relations.
www.biologydaily.com /biology/Wace   (555 words)

  
 Anglo-Norman. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.
The dialect of Old French, derived chiefly from Norman French, that was used by the Anglo-Normans.
One of the Normans who lived in England after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 or a descendant of these settlers.
The form of this dialect used in English law until the 17th century.
www.bartleby.com /61/49/A0304900.html   (115 words)

  
 Medieval England 1066-1399 - Bibliographies
Brown R.A., (1978-), Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo Norman Studies Brown R.A., (1969), The Normans and the Norman Conquest Brown R.A., (1973), The Origins of Feudalism Brown R.A., (1984), The Norman Conquest Brown R.A., (1967), The Norman Conquest.
Hollister C.W., (1986), Monarchy, magnates and Institutions in the Anglo Norman World Hollister C.W., (1961), The Norman Conquest and the Genesis of English Feudalism.
T.R.H.S. Cheney C.R., (1941), The compromise of Avranches and the spread of canon law in England E.H.R. Chibnall M., (1986), Anglo Norman England Critchley J., (1979), Feudalism Davies R.M.C., (1976), The Normans and their Myth Davis R.H.C., (1966), The Norman Conquest.
www.the-orb.net /wales/h3h03/h3h03b08.htm   (298 words)

  
 The Corbet Family: The Anglo Norman Period
J.F.A. Mason, The Officers and Clerks of the Norman Earls of Shropshire, Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society lvi, 1957-60, pp.
A more important ecclesiastical foundation was the abbey at Shrewsbury, with Benedictine monks from the Norman abbey of Sées.
He rearranged the existing fragmented pattern of Anglo-Saxon estates in western Shropshire into compact tenurial blocks which could thereby serve as coherent military units and granted them to personal followers."
website.lineone.net /~corbett_group/First/People/anglo.htm   (5657 words)

  
 Battle Conference of Anglo-Norman Studies
The Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman Studies is an annual conference devoted to English and Norman medieval history and culture.
For further information about any other aspect of the conference please contact Chris Lewis, at chris.lewis@sas.ac.uk.
www.battleconference.com   (361 words)

  
 Powell's Books - Anglo-Norman Warfare: Studies in Late Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman Military Organization and Warfare by Matthew Strickland
The Themes dealt with largely span the period of the Conquest, offering an assessment of the extent to which the Norman invasion marked radical change or a degree of continuity in the composition of armies and in methods of fighting.
The book examines the period of the Norman Conquest and looks at changes in the military organisation and methods of fighting wrought by the invasion.
The result is not only an in-depth analysis of the nature of war itself, but a study of warfare in a broader social, political and cultural context.
www.powells.com /biblio?PID=719&cgi=product&isbn=0851153283   (310 words)

  
 [Aireacha] Fw: [hibernet] CFP: Anglo-Norman Ireland at Kalamazoo 06 - IDENTITIES
These are the gall-óglaigh ('foreign young warriors' or 'galloglasses'), the Gaelic-speaking mail-coated axe-warriors of mixed Norse and Gaelic ancestry brought in from western Scotland and the Hebrides to counter the heavily-armored Norman knights.
These are mostly Normannaigh or Normans, but the classification does include the earlier Dubh-Ghaill and Fionn-Ghaill plus the Pléimeannaigh or Flemings and Breatnaigh or Welsh who accompanied the Normannaigh; * Gaill-Ghaeil - 'foreign Gaeil'.
As you know, sean-Ghaeilge and nua-Ghaeilge refer to development of the language, not ethnic distinctions.
www.scoilgaeilge.org /pipermail/aireacha_scoilgaeilge.org/2005-July/002410.html   (517 words)

  
 The Anglo-French (Norman) Invasion of Ireland: Irish History
Therefore, historians variously use the terms "Cambro- Norman", "Anglo- Norman", "Anglo- French" or simply "Norman".
(See a note on Norman names.) Strongbow was no friend of King Henry, and the feeling was mutual - he had opposed Henry's bid for the throne and was paying for it by being ignored.
The Normans (from northern France) had taken over English government only 100 years before.
www.wesleyjohnston.com /users/ireland/past/history/norman_invasion.html   (3962 words)

  
 David Brown Book Company - Browse catalogue - Anglo-Norman
Fourteen papers forming the proceedings of the 24th Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman Studies which was held in 2001.
Conquest and Colonisation: The Normans in England 1066-1100
Golding argues that the Conquest was by no means certain until c.1070 and that the interaction between the English and the Normans was highly complex.
www.oxbowbooks.com /browse.cfm/CatID/203/O/D/StartRow/41/Location/DBBC   (598 words)

  
 Search Results for Anglo-Norman - Encyclopædia Britannica
chronological account of events in Anglo-Saxon and Norman England, a compilation of seven surviving interrelated manuscript records that is the primary source for the early history of England.
The displacement of the English upper class, with the consequent decline of the Anglo-Saxon tradition attendant upon the Norman invasion, arrested for a while the movement toward the production of...
The Normans founded the duchy of Normandy and sent out expeditions of...
www.britannica.com /search?query=Anglo-Norman&submit=Find&source=MWTEXT   (463 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Anglo-Norman literature (English Literature To 1499) - Encyclopedia
Anglo-Norman literature, body of literature written in England, in the French dialect known as Anglo-Norman, from c.1100 to c.1250.
Initiated at the court of Henry I, it was supported by the wealthy, French-speaking aristocracy who controlled England after the Norman conquest.
The dominant literary forms were histories, sacred and secular biographies, and homilies; romance and fiction were relatively scarce.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/A/AngloNor.html   (252 words)

  
 A History of the English Language
The Normans were also of Germanic stock ("Norman" comes from "Norseman") and Anglo-Norman was a French dialect that had considerable Germanic influences in addition to the basic Latin roots.
Many legal terms, such as indict, jury, and verdict have Anglo-Norman roots because the Normans ran the courts.
The influence of the Normans can be illustrated by looking at two words, beef and cow.
www.wordorigins.org /histeng.htm   (2456 words)

  
 Haskins Society Web Page -- Anglo-Norman Anonymous 14.2
Guitmund, of course, was a Norman monk of La-Croix-St-Leuffroy, student of Lanfranc at Bec, correspondent of Anselm, intimate of Gregory VII, and finally Bishop of Aversa (1088-94).
Boydell and Brewer have reissued Marjorie Chibnall's The World of Orderic Vitalis: Norman Monks and Norman Knights in a paperback format (originally published in 1984 by Oxford University Press).
This list of the Cathedral Clergy of the English church, first published in 1716 by John Le Neve, then revised and enlarged in 1854 by E. Duffus Hardy, is now sponsored by the Institute of Historical research in London.
www.arts.cornell.edu /haskins/Anon14-2.html   (3028 words)

  
 Norman language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Most literature was published in the large number of competing newspapers, which also circulated in the neighbouring Cotentin peninsula, sparking a literary renaissance on the Norman mainland.
Norman is spoken in mainland Normandy in France where it has no official status, but is classed as a regional language.
Today, the Norman language is strongest in the less accessible areas of the former Duchy of Normandy: the Channel Islands and the Cotentin peninsula in the West, and the Pays de Caux in the East.
www.hartselle.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Norman_language   (3028 words)

  
 French literature - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Literature in the regional languages continued through to the 18th century, although increasing eclipsed by the rise of the French language and influenced by the prevailing French literary model.
French literature is literature written in the French language; and especially, literature written in French by citizens of France; it may also refer to literature written in other languages of France.
Literature in the Classical Period was essentially aristocratic in its outlook.
www.pineville.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/French_literature   (3028 words)

  
 Anglo-Norman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Normans began to identify themselves as Anglo-Norman; indeed, the Anglo-Norman language was considerably distinct from the "Parisian French", which was the subject of some humour by Geoffrey Chaucer.
It is ahistorical in the extreme to deny the very Hiberno-Norman cultural and political world they developed in these centuries and hide it under the simplistic misnomer, "Anglo-Normans".
This led quickly to the establishment of an Anglo-Norman army made up of Norman horsemen of noble blood, Saxon infantrymen often of equally noble blood, assimilated English freemen as rank-and-file, and foreign mercenaries and adventurers from other parts of the Continent.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anglo-Norman   (3028 words)

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