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Topic: Antarctic Peninsula

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  Antarctic Peninsula - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Antarctic Peninsula (69°30′ S 065°00′ W) is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica, and the only part of that continent that extends outside the Antarctic Circle.
The first sighting of Antarctic Peninsula is contested but it apparently occurred in the 1820s.
Graham Land is now restricted to that part of Antarctic Peninsula northward of a line between Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz; Palmer Land to the part southward of that line.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Antarctic_Peninsula   (330 words)

 Antarctic peninsula   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
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Antarctic Adventure Travelogue of a couple's cruise adventure in and around the Antarctic Peninsula.
Antarctic Adventure Visit this attraction in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia to learn about the science and ecology of the Antarctic.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Antarctic_peninsula.html   (286 words)

 Encyclopedia: Antarctic Peninsula   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Zoomable PDF of the map this is based on The Antarctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth.
Map of Antarctica Graham Land is that portion of the Antarctic Peninsula which lies north of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz.
Map of Antarctica Palmer Land (71º30´S 065º00´W) is that portion of the Antarctic Peninsula which lies south of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Antarctic-Peninsula   (700 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The peninsula is surrounded by numerous islands, including the South Shetlands and the Palmer Archipelago.
The northwest coast of the peninsula is believed to have been mapped by the British navigator James Bransfield in Jan., 1820, and was explored by sealers in 1820–21.
First considered to be part of the continent, the peninsula was later (1928) thought to be a group of islands; the John Rymill expedition (1934–37) proved its peninsularity.
www.bartleby.com /65/an/AntarcPen.html   (319 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Antarctic Peninsula (69°30′ S 065°00′ W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=69_30_S_065_00_W_)) is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica, and the only part of that continent that extends outside the Antarctic Circle.
In Spanish, it sometimes is referred as O´Higgins Land, after the Chilean patriot and Antarctic visionary.
Hope Bay, at 63°23′ S 057°00′ W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=63_23_S_057_00_W_), is at the northernmost extremity of the peninsula.
www.lighthousepoint.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Palmer_Peninsula   (322 words)

 Climate Conditions - Weather in Antarctica - Antarctic Connection   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Antarctic polar climate boundary -- the 50° F (10°C) isotherm for the warmest month -- encompasses about 12 percent of the surface of the globe, an area twice as large as that of the Arctic.
The coastal areas of the Antarctic continent are characterized by somewhat milder temperatures and much higher precipitation rates, mainly occurring as snow.
Peninsula extends much further north than the rest of the continent and is characterized by a warmer and wetter climate than the coastal areas, with above-freezing temperatures common.
www.antarcticconnection.com /antarctic/weather/climate.shtml   (961 words)

 Antarctic Ice Shelves
Antarctic Glaciers Speed Up: Scientists at NSIDC have found that glaciers around the area of the Larsen B Ice Shelf accelerated immediately after it collapsed early in 2002, and are still speeding up.
Antarctic Ice Shelf Collapse Triggered by Warmer Summers: Recent work by scientists at NSIDC, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, and the University of Maryland, indicate that the shelves are particularly sensitive to climate change.
Breakup of the Larsen B Ice Shelf: 15 February 1998 - 18 March 1999: Two ice shelves on the Antarctic Peninsula known as the Larsen B and Wilkins are in "full retreat" and have lost nearly 3,000 square kilometers of their total area in the last year.
www.nsidc.org /iceshelves   (536 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability Workshop - Simmonds Abstract
The region centered on the Antarctic Peninsula is increasingly being seen as a 'hot spot' in Southern Hemisphere (SH) climate.
In the past the poor observational record of this region of the Antarctic, and of the SH as a whole, has militated against being able to see these changes in a broader perspective, and has meant that analyses of climate variability and change have had to be undertaken with caution.
In more recent times the acquisition of data from a wide variety of platforms (e.g., satellites, AWSs) and the application of sophisticated integrating techniques have meant that we now have at our disposal representations of the SH weather and climate over the last 4 or 5 decades which are far superior to those used heretofore.
academics.hamilton.edu /workshops/antarctica/abstracts/simmonds.html   (305 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The ocean west of the Antarctic Peninsula has warmed by more than a degree since the 1960s - contradicting the results of computer models.
Antarctic Peninsula (formerly Palmer Peninsula) is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica, and the only part of that continent that extends outside the Antarctic Circle.
The peninsula is highly mountainous, its highest peaks rising to approximately 2,800 meters (9,186 feet).
www.wikiverse.org /antarctic-peninsula   (267 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula: "Of Ice and Men" - travel journey expedition cruise antarctica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
As far as the Antarctic is concerned, the peninsula is the most densely populated location on the continent, sprinkled with vast research bases and minute outposts alike.
Arranged in totally random assortments, these guys are gathered here from all around the peninsula, their normal migration halted permanently by the shallow harbour.
Abandoned by the British Antarctic Survey in 1962, the cute hut is chock full of artefacts from the mid 20th century's Antarctic expeditions and is now a heritage listed site.
members.ozemail.com.au /%7Erodeime/antarctica   (1036 words)

 EO News: Glaciers from Antarctic Peninsula in Widespread Retreat, Science Study Says - April 21, 2005
The first comprehensive study of glaciers on Antarctic Peninsula has uncovered widespread glacier retreat and suggests that recent climate change on the peninsula is responsible.
With these photos and satellite images, Alison Cook from the British Antarctic Survey in Cambridge, U.K. and her team compiled a record of the behavior of glacier-ice shelves and tidewater glaciers along the coasts of the Antarctic Peninsula over the last half-century.
The Antarctic Peninsula glaciers have a complex response to climate change that may also involve variables such as ocean temperature, for which researchers have little data at present.
earthobservatory.nasa.gov /Newsroom/MediaAlerts/2005/2005042118836.html   (851 words)

 USGS Fact Sheet 017-02: Coastal-Change and Glaciological Maps of the Antarctic Peninsula
Locations and names of three Antarctic Peninsula areas for which the U.S. Geological Survey and the British Antarctic Survey are preparing coastal-change and glaciological maps (I-2600-A, B, and C, scale 1:1,000,000).
For much of the Antarctic Peninsula, the BAS has used a georeferenced digital image mosaic from Landsat Thematic Mapper images prepared by the Institut für Angewandt Geodäsie (now the Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie) in Germany as an image-map base (backdrop).
The pronounced glaciological changes occurring in the Antarctic Peninsula region are the probable result of regional climate warming (+2.5°C since meteorological observations were initiated in the 1940s) and may even have global-climate-change implications.
pubs.usgs.gov /fs/fs17-02/fs017-02.html   (836 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Antarctic Peninsula   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The peninsula lies south of Cape Horn within the British Antarctic Territory.
Before 1964 the British called the entire peninsula Graham Land and the Americans called it Palmer Land, after a US navigator, Captain Nathaniel Palmer (1799–1877), who was the first to explore the region in 1820.
From 1964 the northern area was universally known as Graham Land, the southern area as Palmer Land, and the peninsula as a whole as the Antarctic Peninsula.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Antarctic+Peninsula   (183 words)

 naturalSCIENCE, Volume 1, Article 6, 1997
Recent changes to ice shelves around the northern Antarctic Peninsula have inspired various environmentally-minded groups to warn that Antarctic ice is about to become a victim of "global climate warming." There is clearly a connection between warming around the Antarctic Peninsula and the collapse of peninsular ice shelves.
However, temperatures in the interior of the continent have remained fairly constant (Mosely-Thompson 1992) and it is not yet known whether the observed warming is part of a global trend or is simply a normal fluctuation in local climate.
Melted, Antarctic ice would contribute 66 meters to global sea level (that figure accounts for changes in salinity and for back-filling of the Antarctic continent with water once the ice is removed).
www.naturalscience.com /ns/articles/01-06/ns_clh.html   (2450 words)

 Antarctica Cruise and Travel Guide, Antarctic Peninsula
The Antarctic Peninsula is regarded by many visitors as being one of the most beautiful places on earth.
The Antarctic Peninsula is mainland Antarctica, so until you have been here and set foot upon the ground, you have not truly been to Antarctica.
The Antarctic Peninsula is truly a serenely beautiful place that makes you feel like you are (quite rightly) in the cage of your ship an intruder into another world.
www.coolantarctica.com /Travel/antarctic_peninsula.htm   (1393 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability Workshop - King Abstract
It is fortunate that the Antarctic Peninsula, which is arguably the most climatologically interesting part of Antarctica, possesses some of the longest and most complete climate records from the continent.
Interannual temperature variations on the Peninsula have been shown to be associated with changing atmospheric circulation patterns and with sea ice extent to the west of the Peninsula.
The observed pattern of Peninsula warming is not inconsistent with a regional enhancement of anthropogenic "greenhouse" warming as a result of local air-sea-ice interaction processes.
academics.hamilton.edu /workshops/antarctica/abstracts/king.html   (469 words)

 USATODAY.com - Study: Glaciers on Antarctic peninsula are shrinking   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
LONDON (AP) — The first comprehensive survey of glaciers on the Antarctic peninsula has shown that the rivers of ice are shrinking, mostly because of warming of the local climate.
The Antarctic peninsula is a small segment of the Antarctic continent, located at the South Pole, and the behavior of the ice on the peninsula is not necessarily a reflection of what's going on elsewhere in Antarctica, said another investigator, David Vaughan of the British Antarctic Survey.
Temperatures seem to be much warmer on the Antarctic peninsula than on the rest of the continent.
www.usatoday.com /weather/climate/2005-04-22-glaciers_x.htm   (497 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The northwest coast of the peninsula is believed to have been mapped by the British navigator James Bransfield in Jan., 1820, and was explored by sealers in 1820-21.
First considered to be part of the continent, the peninsula was later (1928) thought to be a group of islands; the John Rymill expedition (1934-37) proved its peninsularity.
Scientists to discuss climate change on Antarctic Peninsula; Recent collapse of Larsen B ice shelf one likely focus of discussions.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/A/AntarcP1en.asp   (668 words)

 Guardian Unlimited | Special reports | Ocean warming threatens Antarctic wildlife
Animals that live on the seabed around the Antarctic Peninsula, where summertime water temperatures currently peak at about 0.5C, are sensitive to small shifts in temperature.
The climate of the Antarctic Peninsula, which reaches north from the frozen continent towards South America, is the most rapidly changing in the southern hemisphere.
Antarctic creatures are particularly vulnerable to rising temperatures because the roughly circular Antarctic continent stops them moving south to escape warmer conditions.
www.guardian.co.uk /climatechange/story/0,12374,1595328,00.html?gusrc=rss   (951 words)

 Antarctic seals and other animals
And the Antarctic convergence adds another barrier: it's a current that circumnavigates the continent, with a sudden difference of 3°C from the northern water, also a lower salinity, higher oxygen and higher density making so that the species living in it are highly specific.
Most antarctic fish keep their body temperature identical to the water temperature, using a high quantity of glycopeptides in their blood as antifreeze, but not this specie thanks to a special muscle.
Get your countries to sign and support the Antarctic Treaty, and read it yourself to be aware of the issues, it may be a legal document but it's quite short, rather interesting and not written in too bad a legalese...
www.gdargaud.net /Antarctica/Animals.html   (1650 words)

 New Scientist Breaking News - Antarctic Peninsula glaciers in major retreat
The Antarctic Peninsula is a narrow mountain chain that stretches north from the icy continent towards South America.
The retreat of the glaciers, which are mostly on the west side of the peninsula, has coincided with the melting of large floating ice-shelves on the eastern side in the past decade.
It is not clear that events on the Antarctic Peninsula are being repeated elsewhere on the continent.
www.newscientist.com /article.ns?id=dn7295   (538 words)

 Ice Polar Scuba Diving in Arctic Antarctic Antarctica Peninsula Expeditions Cruises Travel Guide, Underwater ...
The Antarctic Circle crossing, through spectacular passages to Crystal Sound, reveals major changes in the continent's land- and ice scapes, and also in the distribution and abundance of wildlife.
Antarctic visits are mainly concentrated at ice-free coastal zones over the Antarctic summer, which is a five-month period from November to March.
Antarctic tourism is such a recent phenomenon that IAATO has been able to avoid the mistakes made in other parts of the world by instigating an appropriate environmental code from the outset.
www.ecophotoexplorers.com /antarctica.asp   (3025 words)

 Antarctic Log
And I know that a map of the Antarctic Peninsula which shows all the islands and bays I mention is very hard to come by.
The west edge of the Peninsula is dotted with islands; the inside passage is the area between the islands and the mainland.
In the Antarctic summer they come ashore on the islands and coastal areas which are free of ice and snow, to lay their eggs and raise their chicks.
www.earlham.edu /~peters/antarcti.htm   (3940 words)

 AllRefer.com - Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctica (Antarctic Physical Geography) - Encyclopedia
Antarctic Peninsula, glaciated mountain region of W Antarctica, extending c.1,200 mi (1,930 km) N toward South America; in the south, volcanic peaks rise to c.11,000 ft (3,350 m).
The tip of the peninsula, 670 mi (1,078 km) from Cape Horn, is Antarctica's farthest point from the South Pole.
The peninsula is now the site of numerous research stations.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/A/AntarcPen.html   (388 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula (from glacier) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
More results on "Antarctic Peninsula (from glacier)" when you join.
Unbroken by any other continental landmass, the Antarctic Ocean's narrowest constriction is the Drake Passage, 600 miles (1,000 km) wide, between South America and the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula.
Antarctic glacier situated on the Hillary Coast of Victoria Land, to the northeast of the Cook Mountains, near McMurdo Sound.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-65678?tocId=65678   (897 words)

 New Scientist Breaking News - Antarctic ice sheet is an 'awakened giant'
The massive west Antarctic ice sheet, previously assumed to be stable, is starting to collapse, scientists warned on Tuesday.
Glaciers on the Antarctic peninsula, which protrudes from the continent to the north, were already known to be retreating.
Changes on the peninsula, where 75% of the 400 mountain glaciers are in retreat, have provided new insights into the ways that ice sheets may disintegrate.
www.newscientist.com /article.ns?id=dn6962   (549 words)

 Antarctic Peninsula --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The peninsula is ice-covered and mountainous, the highest point being Mount Jackson (13,750 feet [4,191 m]).
Three of the claimed sectors overlap on the Antarctic Peninsula.
Electronic field trip for teachers, students, and the general public to the Palmer Station on the Antarctic Peninsula, sponsored by the National Science Foundation.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9007751   (912 words)

 BBC NEWS | UK | Antarctic's ice 'melting faster'
Scientists from the British Antarctic Survey (Bas) say the rise in sea levels around the world caused by the melting may have been under-estimated.
It is thought that over 13,000 sq km of sea ice in the Antarctic Peninsula has been lost over the last 50 years.
Over the past five years, studies have found that melting Antarctic ice caps contribute at least 15% to the current global sea level rise of 2mm (0.08in) a year.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/uk_news/4228411.stm   (367 words)

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