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Topic: Antecedent

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  Antecedent - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Antecedent moisture is a hydrologic term describing the relative wetness condition of a sewershed.
In grammar, an antecedent is the word to which a pronoun refers.
In criminal cases, antecedents are the life history and previous convictions of a defendant.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Antecedent   (148 words)

 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement: Basics
If the antecedent is a person who could be of either gender (e.g., teacher, doctor, student), we are obligated to use "he or she," "him or her," "his or her," as appropriate.
The antecedent of the pronoun is passenger (singular).
The antecedent of the pronoun is student (singular, male or female); thus, the correct pronoun is he or she.
www.grammarmudge.cityslide.com /articles/article/2569239/35950.htm   (734 words)

 Antecedent (grammar) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In grammar, an antecedent is the noun or noun phrase to which a pronoun refers.
Strictly speaking, "he" should refer only to "John" (a rule of prescriptive grammar states that pronouns in the nominative case, like "he" and "she," cannot refer to an antecedent in the genitive case), but in ordinary speech, listeners are still confused by such sentences.
Antecedents are of particular importance in connection with relative pronouns; the pronoun usually opens the relative clause, but the antecedent is located in the main clause.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Antecedent_(grammar)   (311 words)

 Online Writing Lab - Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Reasoning: "It" is the pronoun because it refers to the noun "party." And "party" is the antecedent because "party" is the noun to which "it," the pronoun, refers.
Pronoun antecedent agreement is when the pronoun agrees in number (referring to singular or plural) and person (referring to first, second, and third person) with its antecedent.
Since the antecedent (employee) is singular and the pronoun (their) is plural, the pronoun disagrees with the antecedent, thus containing a pronoun-antecedent agreement error.
depts.dyc.edu /learningcenter/owl/agreement_pa.htm   (393 words)

 An Antecedent Debt is a condition to a preference   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
What is the correlation between "antecedent debt" and a "preferential payment?" If a payment on antecedent debt is made by a debtor to a creditor during the preference period (i.e.
If "antecedent debt" was calculated from the date of invoicing instead of the date of obligation, the creditor would be left with the discretion to determine the date the obligation was incurred.
Not only would this create the possibility of unequal treatment of similarly situated creditors, but also the opportunity for a particular creditor, who foresees that his debtor is approaching bankruptcy, to secure preferential treatment for himself by the timing of his bill.
www.creditservices.org /articles/art617.shtml   (746 words)

 antecedent definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta
Avoid constructions like these where the antecedents (words or phrases that subsequent material refers to) are either absent or unclear: I'd sign up for advanced calculus if I were smart, which I'm not.
The clause which I'm not has no antecedent; also, if I were smart already tells the reader that I am not smart.
Similarly, avoid relative clause constructions with vague antecedents: She crashed the ultralight aircraft into the freeway, which was her own fault.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx?refid=1861585855   (370 words)

 Methodist College - The Dirty Dozen: Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Error
An antecedent is the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.
Pronouns and antecedents agree in person—first (I, we), second (you), or third (he, she, it, they.) They also agree in gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter) and number (singular or plural).
When antecedents are joined by or or nor the pronoun should agree with the antecedent closer to it.
www.methodist.edu /english/dd_paa.htm   (637 words)

 Pronoun Antecedent Agreement
Antecedents are the nouns for which a pronoun is used as a substitute.
In this pair of sentences, “it” is the pronoun that refers to “dog,” its antecedent.
If your sentence is to be grammatically correct, a pronoun should only be used when an antecedent is present, either in the same sentence or in a previous sentence.
wise.fau.edu /~weisser/pronounantecedentagreement.htm   (626 words)

 Role of Cortisol in the Pathogenesis of Deficient Counterregulation after Antecedent Hypoglycemia in Normal Humans -- ...
euglycemia (53±11 pg/ml) or antecedent cortisol (65±14 pg/ml).
Antecedent cortisol had a profound effect on blunting the response of plasma glucagon during day 2 hypoglycemia.
Antecedent hypoglycemia produced a greater blunting of HGP compared to antecedent cortisol.
www.jci.org /cgi/content/full/98/3/680   (4689 words)

 Pronoun - Antecedent Agreements
When two or more noun antecedents are joined by or or nor, choose a pronoun referent to agree with the antecedent CLOSEST TO THE VERB.
For antecedents joined by or or nor – choose a referent pronoun to agree with the antecedent closest to the verb.
Her is both feminine and singular to agree with the feminine, singular antecedent she.
wwwnew.towson.edu /ows/modulePAA.htm   (1191 words)

 Effect of Acute and Antecedent Hypoglycemia on Sympathetic Neural Activity and Catecholamine Responsiveness in Normal ...
Effect of antecedent hypoglycemia on adrenal SNA in response to subsequent hypoglycemia.
Catecholamine concentrations were determined on the last six rats exposed to antecedent hypoglycemia and the last seven exposed to antecedent sham treatment, as described in the legend to Fig.
hypoglycemia was not impaired by antecedent hypoglycemia (Fig.
diabetes.diabetesjournals.org /cgi/content/full/50/5/1119   (3694 words)

 Theory of "Antecedent States"
The costs of the antecedent rules add up in the same way: the cost of the int state is 1, the cost of the object state is 5 + 1, and the cost of the string state is 2 + 6.
int has no antecedent, so the reducer "reduces" int by running its rule, pops the object rule and "reduces," and finally pops the string rule and "reduces" to the goal state.
To prove: s1's antecedent relationship with a1 does not depend on whether a1 has antecedents (as long as the stage's states can be assembled into a partial ordering).
jburg.sourceforge.net /antecedent_theory.html   (686 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The antecedent is needed to determine the referent of the anaphor (see figure 2 for an illustration of Lyons’s approach).
Definition: Antecedent The antecedent (Latin: antecedens > going prior to) is the linguistic entity that is needed to determine the referent of the anaphor it belongs to.
Thus the antecedent is go to the movies and the referent of the anaphor is determined by it as stated in the definitions in paragraph 1.1 and 1.2.
www.stanford.edu /~tiflo/papers/h_lin_anaphor_resolution.doc   (3773 words)

 Antecedent Agreement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The antecedent of a pronoun is the word the pronoun refers to.
A pronoun, unless it is an indefinite pronoun, must have an antecedent, a word it refers to.
When the antecedent is a different gender, person, or number than the pronoun it is supposed to replace; this is sometimes called a "faulty co-reference."
englishplus.com /grammar/00000030.htm   (305 words)

 Alzforum: Antecedent Biomarkers in Alzheimer's Disease
To examine the nascent field of antecedent biomarkers for AD, a group of scientists and physicians (the Antecedent Biomarkers Group) convened in May 2003 in St. Louis, Missouri, to review recent findings on the use and limitations of candidate biomarkers for AD that may have utility in preclinical stages.
Continuing to explore the early pathologic stages of AD and establish antecedent markers of disease onset and progression could help in the pursuit of medical treatment by identifying target treatment populations and biological targets for treatment.
The paucity of antecedent biomarker studies is in part due to the methodological and logistical challenges of measuring the progression of a disease with a long, asymptomatic pathogenesis.
www.alzforum.org /res/enab/workshops/biomarkers.asp   (6407 words)

 Pronoun-antecedent agr
Gender agreement is seldom a problem with most pronoun/antecedent relationships when the antecedent is a noun because most of us have enough experience with the language to know when an object or being is naturally or traditionally assigned to one sex or another grammatically.
When plural antecedents are joined to singular antecedents, the antecedent nearest the pronoun determines its person, number, and gender.
The only time agreement between a relative pronoun and its antecedent becomes important is when the relative pronoun is the subject of a clause; then it determines the form of the verb.
www.zianet.com /jkline/u3pnagr.htm   (1068 words)

 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
Writing:  To use revision skills to correct errors in pronoun-antecedent agreement and to remove indefinite and ambiguous pronoun references.
The teacher will teach the class as a whole group explaining that an antecedent is the noun or pronoun for which another pronoun stands and to which it refers.
Agreement in number: the teacher will explain if the antecedent of a pronoun is singular, a singular pronoun is required.
www.saumag.edu /edavis/PronounLessonPlanmain.htm   (355 words)

 Pronoun Reference
A pronoun's antecedent may be either a noun or another pronoun, but in either case, it must be clear what the antecedent is. Consider this example:
Unless pronouns refer unmistakably to distinct, close, and single antecedents, the reader will never be sure who's going to the square dance with whom.
You should not use adjectives, or nouns or pronouns in the possessive case, as antecedents.
www.uottawa.ca /academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/pronref.html   (1080 words)

 Cases in which the immediately preceding time is not an appropriate antecedent
An antecedent is considered to be appropriate according to the model if there exists a relation defined in the model such that, when established between the current utterance and the antecedent, it yields the correct interpretation.
Note that we allow antecedents for which the anaphoric relation would be a trivial extension of one of the relations explicitly defined in the model.
Column 1 of Figure 10 shows that, in all three cases in the CMU data and in two cases in the NMSU data, the second most recently mentioned Temporal Unit is an appropriate antecedent.
www.cs.cmu.edu /afs/cs/project/jair/pub/volume9/wiebe98a-html/node24.html   (1863 words)

 The Antecedent | Comixpedia
The Antecedent #6: James Monroe vs. The Axis of Regal
In the fourth installment of The Antecedent, Bryant Paul Johnson revisits the origin of the "gerrymander," a critter almost as old as American democracy itself.
In the third installment of The Antecedent, Bryant Paul Johnson examines the "federal ratio" inscribed in the original U.S constitution and how that compromise amongst the founding fathers trapped the young American nation on a path destined for the ultimate conflict of the Civil War.
comixpedia.com /taxonomy/term/110   (533 words)

 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
When the antecedent is a singular indefinite pronoun, use a singular pronoun torefer to it.
When the antecedent is a plural indefinite pronoun, use a plural pronoun to referto it.
Use a pronoun that agrees in gender and number with the closest antecedent torefer to antecedents joined by the coordinating conjunctions or andnor.
www.mhhe.com /mayfieldpub/tsw/pro-ante.htm   (448 words)

 Pronoun Antecedent Agreement
An antecedent is the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers, understood by the context.
Although the antecedent and the pronoun agree in number, they do not agree in person.
Even though there is person and number agreement between the antecedent, a person, and the pronoun, he, there is no gender agreement; in other words, the language appears to favor one sex over the other.
leo.stcloudstate.edu /grammar/pronante.html   (591 words)

 Pronouns — FactMonster.com
A pronoun "refers to," or directs your thoughts toward, its antecedent.
An intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent (the noun that comes before it).
pronoun - pronoun, in English, the part of speech used as a substitute for an antecedent noun that is clearly...
www.factmonster.com /ipka/A0885483.html   (402 words)

 definition of antecedent
The noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence "Solomon was the prince who built the temple," prince is the antecedent of who.
The first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move.
In the ratio a:b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent.
www.brainydictionary.com /words/an/antecedent130707.html   (150 words)

 Effects of antecedent hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and excess corticosterone on hypoglycemic counterregulation -- ...
Blood glucose was maintained at ~4.5 mM during antecedent hyperinsulinemia and at ~5.5 mM during antecedent corticosterone.
Basal plasma glucose and hormone levels after 4 days of antecedent treatment are summarized in Table 2.
The aim of this study was to differentiate the effects of seven episodes of antecedent hypoglycemia, antecedent hyperinsulinemia,
ajpendo.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/281/3/E455   (5803 words)

 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
An antecedent is a word for which a pronoun stands.
A phrase or clause between the subject and verb does not change the number of the antecedent.
Some indefinite pronouns that are modified by a prepositional phrase may be either singular or plural.
wwwnew.towson.edu /ows/pro_antagree.htm   (318 words)

 Gender-Related Differences in Counterregulatory Responses to Antecedent Hypoglycemia in Normal Humans -- Davis et al. ...
The central importance of antecedent hypoglycemia in causing subsequent
of antecedent hypoglycemia in causing blunted autonomic nervous
antecedent euglycemia (±6 ± 2 bursts/min) or hypoglycemia of
jcem.endojournals.org /cgi/content/full/85/6/2148   (5218 words)

 Antecedent Hypercortisolemia Is Not Primarily Responsible for Generating Hypoglycemia-Associated Autonomic Failure -- ...
Antecedent Hypercortisolemia Is Not Primarily Responsible for Generating Hypoglycemia-Associated Autonomic Failure -- Goldberg et al.
All study subjects completed all three study conditions: antecedent euglycemia (A), antecedent hypoglycemia (B), and antecedent hypoglycemia with metyrapone blockade (C).
Evans SB, Wilkinson CW, Bentson K, Gronbeck P, Zavosh A, Figlewicz DP: PVN activation is suppressed by repeated hypoglycemia but not antecedent corticosterone in the rat.
diabetes.diabetesjournals.org /cgi/content/full/55/4/1121   (3259 words)

 Agreement Problems: Subject/Verb and Pronoun/Antecedent
The antecedent for “their” is “each member.” Each is considered singular, but “their” is plural.
[ds13]The antecedent for this word is “women,” a plural noun.
Pronouns should agree with their antecedents in number.
www.ndsu.nodak.edu /ndsu/dasulliv/style/agreement_problems.htm   (509 words)

 Antecedent Blood Pressure and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: The Framingham Heart Study -- Vasan et al. 105 (1): 48 -- ...
Antecedent Blood Pressure and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: The Framingham Heart Study -- Vasan et al.
Antecedent time-averaged BP predicted the incidence of CVD events
antecedent BP, was consistent in both sexes and in all age groups
circ.ahajournals.org /cgi/content/full/105/1/48   (3039 words)

 Agreement: pronoun-antecedent
An antecedent is what we call the noun that comes before the pronoun.
In number 1, neighbors is the antecedent; their is the pronoun.
In number 2, dog is the antecedent, and he is the pronoun.
aliscot.com /bigdog/agreement_pa.htm   (407 words)

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