Factbites
 Where results make sense
About us   |   Why use us?   |   Reviews   |   PR   |   Contact us  

Topic: Antepartum haemorrhage


Related Topics

In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  
  Saving Mothers - Chapter 4. Obstetric Haemorrhage
The primary cause of death was antepartum haemorrhage in 27 (4,6%) cases and postpartum haemorrhage in 48 (8,2%) cases.
The primary cause of death was antepartum haemorrhage in 27 (4.8%) cases and postpartum haemorrhage in 48 (8.5%) cases.
Deaths due to antepartum haemorrhage in women with a parity of >5 and due to postpartum haemorrhage in the age group >35 years were in excess compared to the norm.
www.doh.gov.za /docs/reports/mothers/chap04.html   (2975 words)

  
  * Antepartum - (Pregnancy & Parenting): Definition
Antepartum -- Time between conception and the onset of labor; usually used to describe the period when a woman is pregnant.
Antepartum haemorrhage or excessive vaginal bleeding before labour: Bleeding just before labour starts is common, but a steady flow of blood or continual...
The third antepartum complication is uterine rupture before the onset of labor, occurring in 0.2 percent of previous-cesarean women.
en.mimi.hu /pregnancy/antepartum.html   (374 words)

  
 Article : Maternal Mortality due to Haemorrhage with Emphasis on Post Partum Haemorrhage ; Author : Joydev Mukherji ; ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Haemorrhage was a contributory cause of maternal mortality in 27.65% cases.
As haemorrhage is difficult to predict and swift to kill, rates for this cause of death are slow to decline even when the overall rate of maternal mortality declines.
Haemorrhage is a major cause of maternal mortality for which interventions to reduce the incidence and to treat are well known.
journal-obgyn-india.com /articles/issue_sep_oct2001/o_papers_130.asp   (1257 words)

  
 KFOG - Kerala Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Antepartum haemorrhage continues to be an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality and a leading cause of perinatal mortality.
The incidence of Antepartum haemorrhage, especially of abruptio placentae is on the decline, mainly due to the reduction in multiparity.
Caesarean section in Antepartum haemorrhage poses special problems which has to be given due consideration while taking such decision.
www.kfog.org /ar20030806_03a.php   (1431 words)

  
 Bleeding in Mid- or Late Pregnancy | Irish Health Focus | Vhi
Vaginal bleeding that occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy and before the onset of labour is referred to as antepartum haemorrhage and should always be reported to your doctor or midwife.
Antepartum haemorrhaging, even if it is mild, normally requires admission to hospital for tests and observation.
If the haemorrhaging continues, however, you may have to remain in hospital on bed rest until your baby is born.
www.vhi.ie /hfiles/HF-133p.jsp   (895 words)

  
 Older Mothers and Home Birth
Antepartum haemorrhage is a term used to describe bleeding from the genital tract after the 24th week of pregnancy (Mayes' Midwifery, p522).
Antepartum haemorrhage may occur because of placenta praevia or an abrupted placenta - where the placenta partially or wholly detatches from the wall of the uterus.
The incidences of antenatal complications (antepartum haemorrhage, hypertensive disorder, glucose intolerance, prematurity), labour performance (type of labour, mode of delivery) and neonatal outcome (birth weight, Apgar scores, neonatal intensive care unit admission, perinatal mortality) were compared between the 51 (24.9%) primiparous and the 154 (75.1%) multiparous mothers.
www.homebirth.org.uk /oldmums.htm   (8855 words)

  
 Obstetric Emergencies - Antepartum
Compression of the vena cava /aorto-iliacs by the gravid uterus reduces venus return, resulting in hypotension and reduced blood flow to the fetus; and increases lower abdomen venous pressure which may be transmitted to the retro-placental space, increasing the risk of placental separation and haemorrhage.
99% of these occur in the developing world, usually of infection or haemorrhage, but in the developed countries, HT is the major preventable cause of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality, affecting up to 5% of pregnancies.
It may progress to status epilepticus, with cerebral oedema or haemorrhage, pulmonary oedema, cardiac failure, aspiration pneumonitis, liver and renal failure, and DIC.
www.medicineau.net.au /clinical/womenshealth/ObsEmergPre.html   (1342 words)

  
 ANTI-D   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The magnitude of fetomaternal haemorrhage should be assessed by a method capable of detecting a haemorrhage of 6 ml of fetal red cells (12m1 of whole blood) (see Appendix).
A dose of 50µg of Rh D immunoglobulin is sufficient to prevent immunisation by a fetomaternal haemorrhage of 2.5 ml of fetal red cells (5m1 whole blood).
As studies of the efficacy of this dose for this indication are not available it is recommended that the magnitude of fetomaternal haemorrhage be assessed and further doses administered as for (2) especially where transplacental access or puncture of fetal blood vessels occurs.
www.wcox.com.au /anti-d.htm   (741 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
ANTEPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE (APH), after 20 weeks gestation (140 days) whether revealed or not excluding antepartum haemorrhage secondary to pre-eclampsia (which is classified under pre-eclampsia).
Minor degrees of haemorrhage at the start of labour (a show), and haemorrhage due to a cervical erosion or polyp should be ignored, but significant or recurrent bleeding of uncertain origin that is fairly closely followed by preterm labour should not be ignored.
Antepartum deaths associated with cord entanglement in the absence of strong circumstantial evidence that cord compression caused death (eg fetal death soon after external version) should also be classified as unexplained MATERNAL DISORDER.
www.cemach.org.uk /publications/PDN%20classifications/Obstetric%20(Aberdeen)%20classification.doc   (532 words)

  
 Antepartum Haemorrhage - PERS - Perinatal Emergency Referral Service
The clinical notes should be scrutinised for ultrasound evidence of placental localisation and for the patient's blood group and blood group antibodies.
A Kleihauer test may help to establish the type of antepartum haemorrhage which has occurred, by determining the presence or absence of a feto-maternal haemorrhage.
A paediatrician should always be present at the delivery of any baby where significant antepartum haemorrhage has occurred during the pregnancy.
www.pers.org.au /AntepartumHaemorrhage   (850 words)

  
 Article : A Comparative Study of Transabdominal and Transvaginal Sonography for Localization of Placenta in Antepartum ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Antepartum haemorrhage (APH) is defined as bleeding from the genital tract after the 28th week of pregnancy but before the delivery of the baby.
Antepartum haemorrhage continues to be one of the most ominous complications of pregnancy.
The seriousness and frequency of obstetric haemorrhage milkes it one of the three leading causes of maternal death and also a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity.
www.journal-obgyn-india.com /articles/jan-feb2002/o_paper61.asp   (2109 words)

  
 OBGYN.net Publications - Complications of the Third Stage of Labour: Postpartum Haemorrhage
It is excessive blood loss, from the genital tract after delivery of the foetus exceeding 500 ml or affecting the general condition of the patient.
In atonic postpartum haemorrhage: The uterus is larger than expected, soft and squeezing it leads to gush of clotted blood per vaginum.
A large Foley’s catheter balloon is inflated to control haemorrhage from lower uterine segment which may result from placenta praevia or cervical pregnancy.
www.obgyn.net /fm/articles/comp_third_stage.htm   (955 words)

  
 Bleeding in pregnancy advice from Dr Chris Brown   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Antepartum haemorrhage (APH) is defined as any vaginal bleeding after the 28th week of pregnancy.
If the degree of placenta praevia is severe, the woman may have to stay in hospital for the remainder of the pregnancy as the risk of severe haemorrhage is significant.
Occasionally the internal haemorrhage is only associated with a small amount of vaginal bleeding, but the total blood loss can be considerable with little outward sign of bleeding.
www.handbag.com /family/health/antepartumhaem   (589 words)

  
 PakMediNet Print Area   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Placenta previa is the major cause of antepartum haemorrhage.
It is one of the known cause of foeto maternal mortality especially in the unbooked cases.Pregnant patients of 15-45 years age admitted through OPD/COD during three years from April 1996-1999 were included in the study.Diagnosis was made on the clinical grounds and confirmed by the ultrasonography.
In unbooked cases haemorrhage, infection, coexisting pathology and surgical complications caused maternal mortality while prematurity, hypoxia & malpresentation were associated with foetal mortality.
www.pakmedinet.com /printit.php?id=283&choice=a   (182 words)

  
 Why Mothers Die   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Severe haemorrhage occurred and was treated with transfusion and hysterectomy but she died within two hours of the operation.
The reason for the atonic postpartum haemorrhage is unclear, and it is possible that sepsis was an underlying cause.
In another case of postpartum haemorrhage, inadequate precautions were taken after difficulty with haemostasis at caesarean section, and in another case, one unit of incompatible blood was given and there was delay in carrying out laparotomy.
www.archive.official-documents.co.uk /document/doh/wmd/wmd-04.htm   (3085 words)

  
 The Medicine Journal - March 2002:  Save a life, make a difference   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Although a hematocrit is essential in assessing any patient with acute haemorrhage, it is important to keep in mind that the hematocrit will not change significantly for at least 4 hours after the haemorrhage has occurred and one should never disregard clinical signs of shock because the patient has an adequate hematocrit level.
Obstetric haemorrhage that causes maternal deaths are usually of a placental or uterine origin, although severe trauma to the genital tract, such as vaginal lacerations, must be excluded in any patient with a postpartum haemorrhage.
If a young patient presents with severe postpartum haemorrhage after delivery of her first baby, and she is still bleeding profusely after ligation of the uterine arteries, it is well within the rights (and probably the responsibility) of an experienced surgeon to go straight onto hysterectomy in stead of continuing to systematically devascularise the uterus.
www.medpharm.co.za /safp/2002/march/savelife.html   (4230 words)

  
 Vaginal Birth After Caesarean
Babies born by elective caesarean are at increased risk of breathing difficulties, while mothers have a longer recovery from the major abdominal surgery of a caesarean, compared to a vaginal birth.
The risk of a mother who has one past caesarean ending up with a hysterectomy after a subsequent caesarean was 1 in 90, according to a recent study from the UK [5].
A VBAC mother is at least five times more likely to need an immediate caesarean for other acute conditions (eg antepartum haemorrhage, severel fetal distress) than she is for uterine rupture [1a].
www.homebirth.org.uk /vbac.htm   (1823 words)

  
 aph - antepartum haemorrhage - available resources from Patient UK
aph - antepartum haemorrhage - available resources from Patient UK aph - antepartum haemorrhage
aph - antepartum haemorrhage - also known as or related to antepartum hemorrhage (aph), antepartum bleeding, antepartum haemorrhage (aph), aph - antepartum hemorrhage, aph., bleeding during pregnancy
We found 11 resources matching on 'APH - ANTEPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE'
www.patient.co.uk /leaflets/aph_-_antepartum_haemorrhage.htm   (197 words)

  
 Antenatal Care - Chapter 2
Women with a history of antepartum or postpartum haemorrhage or pre-eclampsia/eclampsia should be monitored during pregnancy.
Grand multiparous women (1) are at increased risk of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity due to antepartum haemorrhage, postpartum haemorrhage and obstructed labour associated with abnormal fetal lie/presentation.
Because of the immediate attention needed to manage postpartum haemorrhage, grand multiparous women should be advised to deliver with an attendant who is able to manage the third stage of labour properly in a place which is equipped to deal with potential complications.
www.who.int /reproductive-health/publications/MSM_96_8/MSM_96_8_chapter2.en.html   (2291 words)

  
 Mother-baby package: implementing safe motherhood in countries - chapter 5
Overall, it is estimated that nearly a quarter of all direct obstetric deaths are due to haemorrhage.
Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is often an associated factor in deaths officially listed as from other causes.
Antepartum haemorrhage occurs commonly due to placenta previa or abruptio placentae.
www.who.int /reproductive-health/publications/MSM_94_11/MSM_94_11_chapter5.en.html   (1544 words)

  
 Placental Migration and Mode of Delivery In Placenta Previa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The remaining 12 patients had either emergency cesarian section before 36 weeks' gestation because of antepartum hemorrhage (seven patients), or elective cesarian section at 37 weeks for persistence of the previa (three patients) and cephalopelvic disproportion (one patient).
However, placental migration to a distance of 2-2.6 cm from the internal cervical os was observed in the remaining four patients with posterior placenta previa when the placental edge was 1-1.9 cm away from the internal cervical os at initial TVS.
The 62.5% of the total placenta previa cases that were studied had severe antepartum hemorrhage and required immediate cesarean delivery before 36 weeks' gestation.
www.kfshrc.edu.sa /annals/205_206/00-081.htm   (2630 words)

  
 IngentaConnect Assessing the relationship between maternal opiate use and antepa...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Assessment of the association between the regular use of opiates by women during pregnancy and antepartum haemorrhage has been made difficult by the low prevalence of these conditions observed in clinical settings.
Meta-analysis produced a pooled estimate of the crude odds ratio for antepartum haemorrhage in relation to maternal opiate use of 2.33 (95%CI 1.32-4.30).
The relative consistency of results from studies included in the meta-analysis that were conducted in different countries and at different times adds to the strength of the evidence for an association between opiate use and antepartum haemorrhage.
www.ingentaconnect.com /content/carfax/cadd/1998/00000093/00000010/art00012   (268 words)

  
 Pregnancy Care - Common Symptoms & Problems - Common Obstetric Complications
Antepartum Haemorrhage (APH) is bleeding from 24 weeks up to delivery of the baby.
Fortunately, in the majority of cases the amount of bleeding is small and no cause is found.
Post partum haemorrhage (PPH) is bleeding after delivery of the baby.
www.pregnancycare.co.uk /commonobst/commonobst4.htm   (235 words)

  
 Postpartum haemorrhage[md]PPH   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
As soon as her uterus is contracting firmly from the action of oxytocin or ergometrine, grasp her uterus, push it upwards towards her umbilicus and gently pull on the cord, first downwards and backwards, and then more anteriorly as the cord comes out.
If a mother has a history of any of these, she is more likely to have a PPH and should deliver in hospital: (1) Grand multiparity ([mt]5 children).
She is at serious risk from sepsis and secondary postpartum haemorrhage.
www.meb.uni-bonn.de /dtc/primsurg/docbook/html/x6544.html   (4416 words)

  
 MCQS Forums - Mx of Antepartum H'age
This being an antepartum haemorrhage, indeterminate cause, probably placenta praevia, probably abruption.
This is a case of Antepartum Haemorrhage due to Abruptio placenta.
Rupture Uterus: Patient usually presents in a state of shock and commonly there is history of previous intervention commonly by some Dai or untrained personnal.There is also history of prolonged labour followed by absent uterine contractions.Rupture uterus is most commonly seen in patients with previous Caesarean sections.
www.mcqs.com /forum/showthread.php?threadid=6440   (619 words)

  
 Dr Edward Rigby of Norwich (1747-1821) and antepartum haemorrhage -- Dunn 82 (2): 169 -- Archives of Disease in ...
Dr Edward Rigby of Norwich (1747-1821) and antepartum haemorrhage -- Dunn 82 (2): 169 -- Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Dr Edward Rigby of Norwich (1747-1821) and antepartum haemorrhage
Rigby E. An essay on the uterine haemorrhage, which precedes the delivery of the full grown fetus.
fn.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/82/2/F169   (1129 words)

  
 Towards reducing perinatal deaths in South Africa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The most important finding of this study was that antepartum haemorrhage, which mostly consisted of abruptio placentae, caused 27.8%, spontaneous preterm labour 24.8% and infection 9.3% of deaths.
The same study was repeated 7 years later in 1993, again looking prospectively at all perinatally related deaths in the Tygerberg area which occurred during 1 year.
Antepartum haemorrhage now caused 25.5% of deaths and preterm labour 20.3%.
www.mrc.ac.za /policybriefs/2polbrief1997.htm   (919 words)

  
 Map & Graph: Countries by Mortality: Antepartum haemorrhage, not elsewhere classified (per capita)
You can be imprisoned for not voting in Fiji, Chile and Egypt - at least in theory.
Map & Graph: Mortality: Antepartum haemorrhage, not elsewhere classified (per capita)
Antepartum haemorrhage, un Per capita figures expressed per 1000000 population.
www.nationmaster.com /graph-T/mor_ant_hae_not_els_cla_cap   (124 words)

Try your search on: Qwika (all wikis)

Factbites
  About us   |   Why use us?   |   Reviews   |   Press   |   Contact us  
Copyright © 2005-2007 www.factbites.com Usage implies agreement with terms.