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Topic: Anthropology of religion

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 Anthropology of Religion
Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought by Pascal Boyer (Basic Books) Utilizing cross-cultural studies and a multidisciplinary approach, cognitive anthropologist Boyer argues that the origin, development, and diversity of religion are scientifically explainable within the naturalistic frameworks of evolutionary biology and cognitive psychology.
Religion Explained, from the world's leading expert on religion and cognition, provides strikingly original answers to these questions, and many more, which are some of the most fundamental queries for all of humankind.
Boyer draws deeply on cognitive science and evolutionary biology to assume that religion is a natural outcome of the kinds of beings we are and especially of the kinds of brains we have.
www.wordtrade.com /society/anthropologyreligion.htm   (1954 words)

 Anthropology of Religion: Overview of Religion
The approach taken is that of cultural relativity--religious practices or beliefs are not evaluated in terms of their "correctness" or "sophistication" but, rather, in terms of their function within the societies that have them.
Religions also provide understanding and meaning for inexplicable events such as a loved one being killed in an earthquake or some other unpredictable force of nature.
For instance, the "partaking of the host" in the Catholic mass is a symbolic participation in the "last supper" of Jesus and, by extension, an affirmation of the acceptance of his teachings.
anthro.palomar.edu /religion/rel_1.htm   (914 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
He initiated what Evans-Pritchard calls a "pragmatic" way of regarding religion (1965: 49) by writing in 1750 that even though a religion may be thought to be false, it can serve a useful social function as long as it conforms to the type of government with which it is associated.
In the same article, attempting to open up a field for "political anthropology", he proposed as a central theoretical interest the study of the involvement of symbols with relationships of power, recognizing that this would create variance from classifications provided by the cultural traditions of which the symbols are part (op.
While there has been a crises of religion in the modern world, there is currently a crisis of secularity's "myth of progress" as well--the private suffering and injustice of individuals simply cannot be consoled by secular ideals (such as the triumph of natural science, the success of economic, revolutionary, or other political struggles).
asnic.utexas.edu /asnic/subject/essayonreli.html   (9063 words)

 Anthropology of religion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The anthropology of religion involves the study of religious institutions in relation to other social institutions, and the comparison of religious beliefs and practices across cultures.
In the 19th century, cultural anthropology was dominated by an interest in cultural evolution; most anthropologists assumed that there was a simple distinction between “primitive” and “modern” religion and tried to provide accounts of how the former evolved into the latter.
Today the anthropology of religion reflects the influence of, or an engagement with, such theorists as Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, Émile Durkheim, and Max Weber.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anthropology_of_religion   (435 words)

 Anthropology of Religion — www.greenwood.com
While fewer textbooks on the anthropology of religion are published each year and much of what is available is decades old, religion is playing an increasingly prominent role in society.
Religion has been found in all societies studied by anthropologists and is one of the hallmarks of human creativity.
Among the topics surveyed are shamanism, snake handling, rituals in particular cultural traditions, religion and altered states of consciousness, and the role of science in religion and anthropology.
www.greenwood.com /books/bookdetail.asp?sku=B6560   (470 words)

 Doug Padgett
Publishing in anthropology of religion is rising, and, while a great deal of the output consists of reprints of classic texts, people are also beginning to re-think their theoretical standpoint towards the study of religion in some creative ways (Glazier 3).
While in history of religion, for example, in asking the same questions of world religions, may look for answers in the literary record, in myth, and the work of religious professionals in world religions anthropology has tended to focus its efforts in ethnography.
Anthropology of religion thus tends to emphasize the local particularities of religious life--spirit worship, saint cults, possession--as opposed to the idealizations of religious specialists, world renunciants, or sophisticated religious ethics and scholasticism
www.indiana.edu /~wanthro/religion.htm   (2512 words)

 Anthropology and Religion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Whether a person is a Buddhist monk from Tibet, a Zoroastrian in Iran, a Muslim in Syria, a Jew in Israel, a Christian in France, a Nuer in Africa or an atheist in the United States, his or her brain is structured to accommodate religious belief and practice.
Although religion is extraordinarily easy to acquire and transmit, the human brain does not contain any one node or module specifically designed for the acquisition or transmission of religious belief.
Religion and science are both metaphorical ways of obtaining a sense of meaning about the world and thus, both subject to a degree of error.
www.brevardminister.com /theo607.htm   (3456 words)

 ANTH 537 - Anthropology of Religion
This is a course on the social anthropology of religion, cultural analysis of myth and symbolism and recent approaches to religious practices in complex societies.
The first is to familiarize students with classic problems and contributions of the anthropology of religion, its roots in issues of mind and society and views of religion as a kind of social "mind." The second is to introduce its methodological redevelopment as symbolic anthropology for analyzing of systems of thought and ritual action.
Origins and interests of the anthropology of religion: rationalism, secularism and enchanted worlds; from comparative religion to mind and society; primitivism and social change.
faculty.cua.edu /anderson/anth537.htm   (1655 words)

 Anthropology of Religion Position Papers
He says that religion on the societal level has an influence on economic desire and reinforces the ideals of the society that takes on that religion.
When looking at the effects the religion has had on the culture the focus will no longer be on doctrinal changes but on how the doctrinal changes allow the religion to be accepted and practiced by those who are not religious virtuosos.
The anthropological problem created by the religion of Buddhism is the fact that the teachings of the Buddha himself are not necessarily followed, and this conscious decision to oppose the words of the Buddha is not only accepted but is very common.
www.union.edu /PUBLIC/ANTDEPT/43f02/poswk4.htm   (3326 words)

 Anthro.Net Research Engine: Anthropology and Archaeology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The perspective taken is that the study of anthropology should be inclusive and should be found somewhere along the continuum between the celebration of multiculturalism and the search for human universals.
Anthropology is the study of human diversity past and present.
Anthropology's subject matter spills out into other areas of inquiry, such as evolutionary biology, history, psychology and sociology.
www.anthro.net   (348 words)

 Fear, religion and religious hatred - memetics and the meme theory of religion.
Fear, religion and religious hatred - memetics and the meme theory of religion.
Most religions teach that they are the one true path to salvation and all unbelievers are cast into hell.
Buddhism is sometimes described as a religion and sometimes as a philosophy.
home.btclick.com /scimah/memes.htm   (2014 words)

 Theology Today - Vol 41, No. 4 - January 1985 - ARTICLE - Anthropology and Comparative Religion
Religions must be measured by the religious standard: experience of the eternal.
Comparative religion is better protected from sheer fantasy when it concentrates on relating religious ideas to succession to office, family inheritance, marriage practices, and protocols for war and peacemaking.
If anthropology has a particular methodological idea, it is to look for systematic connections between changes in the social sphere and changes in the sphere of religion.
theologytoday.ptsem.edu /jan1985/v41-4-article4.htm   (7822 words)

 SAR Home
In January 2000, the name was changed to Society for the Anthropology of Religion (SAR), the same name but an organization different than that of one of the founding groups.
This includes anthropological approaches to religion from all the subdisciplines: cultural anthropology, archaeology, physical anthropology, etc. We also intend to encourage and help provide avenues for enhanced communication among scholars sharing the interests of anthropology and religion.
The formation of an anthropology of religion section within the AAA is an exciting development which we all hope will re-energize the field in the years ahead.
www.aaanet.org /sar/index.html   (195 words)

 buddhist religious anthropology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
These are provided as a resource for use in conjunction with the study of the Anthropology of Religions or of cultural and social anthropology.
Buddhism is a major global religion with a complex history and system of beliefs.
For the Buddhist, the "inner" psychological world cannot be divided from the "outer" material world, understanding the interdependence of mind and world, and all things, is central to the Buddhist struggle to overcome suffering and bring about peace.
www.archaeolink.com /buddha_buddhist_religion_general.htm   (1331 words)

 Religion and the Social Sciences - headings
"Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe is a fully peer-reviewed academic journal reflecting the finest critical scholarship in the study of regionalism and religion.
Formed in 1938 as the American Catholic Sociological Society, the Association of Sociology of Religion traces its roots to scholars in search of a hospitable place for both empirical study and social criticism animated by the social teachings of the church.
The Association encourages and communicates research that ranges widely across the multiple themes and approaches in the study of religion, and is a focal point for comparative, historical and theoretical contributions to the field.
www.wabashcenter.wabash.edu /Internet/social.htm   (1394 words)

 Morris: Religion and anthropology [Indologica]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Religion and anthropology : a critical introduction / Brian Morris.
Eschewing a thematic approach and treating religion as a social institution and not simply as an ideology or symbolic system, the book follows the dual heritage of social anthropology in combining an interpretative understanding and sociological analysis.
The book will appeal to all students of anthropology, whether established scholars or initiates to the discipline, as well as to students of the social sciences and religious studies, and for all those interested in comparative religion.
indologica.blogg.de /eintrag.php?id=651   (233 words)

To study religions in the light of cultural relativity and their function and meaning in the lives of non-Western peoples.
Students will also do a study of a non-Western or tribal religion for a written paper/project to be handed in at the end of the course, and also for class reports during the semester.
UNIT ONE - Introduction to course, the anthropological study of religion, the nature of culture and the definition of religion or belief systems.
chss2.montclair.edu /anthropology/425morse.htm   (535 words)

 ANTH E455 0430 ANTHROPOLOGY OF RELIGION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Specifically, through ethnographic case studies and analytical essays, we will critically examine the structure, organization, manifestations, meaning and function of systems of religious symbols, myths, and various forms of ritual acts/performances (e.g., spirit possession, magic, witchcraft, divination, pilgrimage, and shamanism) within particular social and cultural contexts.
The historically changing importance of religion as a cultural system in different societies, and the processes of religious change and social transformation will be also discussed.
Peter L. Berger, The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion.
www.indiana.edu /~deanfac/blfal03/anth/anth_e455_0430.html   (266 words)

 Anthropology and Archaeology: 42 - Anthropology of Religion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Anthropology and Archaeology: 42 - Anthropology of Religion
Study of religions in their cultural contexts; magic and witchcraft as aspects of religion; myths, rituals, and symbols; priests and shamans.
Prerequisite: Anthropology *1 or *2.1 or Core Studies 1 or 9 or Studies in Religion 1.1 or 1.2 or permission of the chairperson.
www.brooklyn.cuny.edu /bc/courses/ug/anthr/042.htm   (69 words)

 religion | Anthropology.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Religious conservatives like Pat Robertson claim that Islam is a violent religion and therefore it can be assumed that its followers – including those who emigrate to America – hate American values and could be members of terrorist cells.
The "Islam is violent" argument also provides an avenue through which people of other religions, such as Christianity, are able to justify their own violent acts against Islamic peoples, who in the eyes of someone like Robertson are infidels and, most likely, devil worshippers.
In reality, religion is a function of culture – it is not the culture itself – and as such can be manipulated to serve various power interests and serve as a unifying and/or oppressive force depending on the particular historical and political context and, of course, the environmental and economic situation of the region.
anthropology.net /tags/religion   (1734 words)

 Anthropology of Religion - Introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
People's views of their origins, the supernatural, and a moral life are based on a set of shared ideas they learn as they grow up in a given society.
The cross-cultural study of religion illustrates the anthropological perspective, showing the familiar in the strange and the strange in the familiar.
This course will examine the role of religion in societies and cultures in fostering social integration and community, as well as power, oppression and salvation.
www.cabrillo.edu /~crsmith/anthr8_smile.html   (517 words)

 Society for the Anthropology of Religion Annual Report 2002
The SAR sponsored book series in the anthropology of religion, published by Palgrave, entitled "Contemporary Anthropology of Religion," and edited by Robert Hefner, published its first two volumes in 2002, by Thomas Csordas and Michael Lambek respectively.
Last year's Roy A. Rappaport Distinguished Lecture in the Anthropology of Religion was delivered by Edith Turner, with commentary by Mary Douglas.
Plenaries included "Anthropology and Religious Studies: Encounter or Stand-Off?" and "Religious Conflict, Sectarian Violence, and Holy Wars." The program also featured a workshop on teaching the anthropology of religion.
www.aaanet.org /reports/02ar/sar.htm   (608 words)

 Countrybookshop.co.uk - Anthropology of Religion, The
Combines discussion of the origin and development of ideas and debates within the anthropology of religion, with a look at where the subject is going.
This introductory text combines discussion of the origin and development of ideas and debates within the anthropology of religion with a look at where the subject is going today.
For example: witchcraft in America is illustrated with Evans-Pritchard's famous study of the Azande and witchcraft in Cameroon; shamanism is discussed with reference to 'classical' shamanism in the Arctic, and to contemporary 'neo-shamanism'; and the ways in which anthropologists approach ritual are examined, particularly in relation to women's initiation ceremonies.
www.countrybookshop.co.uk /books/index.phtml?whatfor=0631208488   (322 words)

 ANT 352 Anthropology Examines Traditional Religion
Our focus is on the phenomenon of religion within the context of specific human social groups, primarily those which are sometimes referred to as "local" in that they are contiguous with specific cultural groups and are not part of the proselytizing religions.
We begin the course with examining anthropological theories about religion, discuss how these theories apply to specific religious phenomena, and end with an intensive case study of the Azande of East Africa, critically applying what we have learned to Evans-Pritchard's field data and analysis.
Students will be able to apply the theories of anthropology to a religious phenomenon in a non-western culture.
puffin.creighton.edu /bucko/courses/syllabi/ant352_syllabus.html   (2637 words)

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